Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]

may

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

ries, not prompted by desire of rejoic- to shine by his own light, he seeks reing with the fortunate or' condoling lief in the darkness of another. One of wiih the wretched, he listens to the this character is found in most small sorelation of calamity without pain, of cieties, and two or three in every comgood fortune without pleasure. Whe- mon room. He be easily diftin. ther the objects of his inquiry be link. guished; for when he enters the com-? ing into poverty, or rifing into wealth, pany, argument is relinquished and whether sick, dying, or dead, he hears laughter fubfides, and a general filence their story with the same vacant com- of expectation and apprehension preposure of muscle, the same complacent vails, till it appears who is to be lingo nod of apprehenfiop. Happy is the led out for the evening's persecution. company when the fortunate lapse of When once the spirit of raillery is cona letter in the recollection of a name, jured up, every one becomes intereftor some confusion in ascertaining a par- ed in fixing it in its circle, and the ticular day or place, fufpends his vo. whole evening wastes away in the dilubility.

strefles of one man, and the ungerer->
Equaliy frequent and wearifome is ous triumph of the rest: and while all
the man who is in the opposite ex. are actuated by one illiberal feeling,
treme. As the conversation of the and unite in one purpose, no
one is more copious than fluent, that mutual courtesies refine the manners,
of the other is more fluent than copi. no collision of sentiments strengthens
ous: the one bewilders himself among the taste, no interchange of informa-
a thousand different persons and things, rion enriches the mind.
the other confines himself to a very But of all impertinents he is the
few favourite topics. It is sometimes moft insufferable who talks from books
amusing to observe with what dexte. ' in great swaths.' He is positive in
rity he conducts the discourse round his affertions, because he believes he
to his darling fabjects, and with what has read them, and angry if they are
delight he expatiates on the well- controverted, because hie has not a fin-
known ground. I have an old and gle idea by which he can maintain
refpetable acquaintance fomewhat of them. In what inextricable confufion
this defcription; and when he falls have I seen such a man involve him.
into these harangues, he sometimes self and all around him, by having
brings so lively to my recollection the turned over two leaves together, or o:
place and time in which I first heard verlooked a comma in a critical place,
them, that I almcit doubt whether all Such a character generally positsfes a
which has intervened is not a dream, feeble intellect, which entirely bends
and half perfuade myself that I am under the weight of studies which,
ferral years younger, and in quite 4 with violence to nature, he pertinaci-
different part of the kingdom, than I oufly impofes on himself. You may
afterwards find I really am. But let track him through all the labyrinth
me be just to his merits. One fome. of his reading by the thread of his
tines is indisposed to ta'k or liiten, yet conversation his mind is a shallow
neither affects filence or solitude ; at stream, where every accession of rub-
fach seasons, what hours of indiscribe- bish appears above the surface.
able luxury have I passed in the con Disgusted at the fto quent recus-
verfation of

my
friend!

rence of fuch characters among men,
' Another leading personage is one we fly' to fen:ale circles. In women
who fits ante' while the conversation we persuade ourselves trifling will lose
continues general, and scarcely seems its insipidity, ignorance its arrogance,
to exist till he has turned it against and mirth its licentiousnels. A little
Eume unfortuna:c individual: uable experience teaches us thac the con-

verfeable

[ocr errors]

verfeable qualifications of both sexes serious, all vivacity and levity; she is are very equally poised.

invariably careful never to join in the In most companies we observe a prevailing topic, at which she is ever lady who draws bếr chair close to one, disposed to sneer, as too superficial, or of her own sex, with whom she dis- too profound. If a character of this cuiles all those important topics which defcription be of an age verging om transfer the burden of entertainment' shirty, and yet of the filterhood of virfrom the brain, which is fusceptible of gins (which ņot unfrequently happens) every exertion, to the tongue, which is the becomes particularly troublesome proof against all fatigue. While she to the men, whose company she arow, thus breaks the current of conversation, edly affects, declaiming on the inanity the wonders at its want of fluency, of her own fex; a preferences for and by the fignificant glances which which the one feels little gratitude, and fhe darts around her at every pause, the other little concern.-Such a chafilently reproves an inattention in the racter is generally a very extensive and men which she seems ftudious to pro- excursive reader. Her favourite vovoke. . At length the retires from the lume is a thin folio, which takes uy company full of complaints of its infi- much room and contains little matter. pidity, forgetting, that 'to one who One subject is not more difficult to her mixes not in the discourse, fense will than another, except as it employs, often fzem dull, and wit pointłefs ; greater number of pages; and if a ferand that they who bring indifference tence be but fairly printed, she feldom intu society, will depart with difguft. finds any obscurity.--There is a very

Another character equally fre- literary lady, esteemed a great ornaquent is one who, after the customary ment to our family, who often lays forns of falutation, addrefits herself to down Reid and Horsley, and runs Qnone, and if any man address her, in ver the Loiterer without the least rer clines to him with frigid composure of mission of the wisdom which, on these feasure and averted eye. Not content occasions, the summops into her counto withhold by her filence the contri- tenance. Under the pressure of most butions due from berself to the general of the mortifications of life, I preferve fund of amufement, by her prying a tolerable balance of temper; but I Juoks and intent pofture she becomes a confess this circumstance fometimes restraint upon others. Not a compli- sways me entirely from my wonted ment passes on one fide, or an acknow. equability. Jedgment on the other, but that at her But to return to my subject--A te:urn home the details it to a maiden thoułand other improprieties might be aunt or a younger, liiter, with a vivapointed out, which ought to be avoidcity and volubility, an bundredth part ed by all who wish to excel in conversaof which, seasonably exerted, would tiod. One man cuts you fhort in the make her one of the moit agreeable middle of your speech by contradiction; companions in the world.

another, which is still more vexaticus, But above all in folly, is she whom by allent. One discountenances your the weak of buth sexes ter.n a fenfible brightest sallies with provoking gravity; woman. To compliment her is an im- another has always a laugh ready to ap. peachment of her understanding; to prove your graveft remarks. Most of argue with her, an infult to ber charms. these errors may be considered as the If a man contradict her, the openly af- effect of affectation and perbaps one fronts bim; if he assents, the secretly general maxim nay be sufficient cp desp ses bin. She is fastidious to direct us in conversation. We may show her judgment, and sarcastic to study to conceal our defects.let us exercise her wit. If the company be leave our excellencies to display them. gay, she is all gravity and referve; if selves.'

Account

Account of Rollin Chapel.

THE
HE Chapel or College of Roslin, the pedestals are still extant, curiously

in some old writs Roskelyn*, in cut out into antique and grotesque fic the shire of Mid-Loihian, about four gures in basso-relievo. miles south ward from Edinburgh, is {i There are five large arched win. tuated on a rising ground, called the dows below in the outer wall, with a College-Hill, charmingly beautified pillar or column rising in the middle with wood, water, and rocks, the Elk of each, and waving to the top

of the gliding along the west and south foot arch in various shapes, some circular, of the hill.

others semicircular, &c. fo that noe The church-yard is surrounded with one waving on the top of a pillar is a good wall of stone and lime ; on the like another. All these windows are north side of which you enter by a pretiily carved even on the outside, door, whose pilasters and architrave particularly on the arches, with foliare adorned with sculpture of flower. age, &c. having niches on the jambs, work: on the middle of the architrave in which probably there have been is placed a stone cut into an equilate- ftatues of old, the pedestals of which ral triangle, on which are carvings re are still remaining. Tembling net-work; no doubt there There are five lesser arched winhave been other ornamental stones dows above, reaching almost to the placed on each fide of this triangle, top of the inner wall, which appear to and perhaps on the top of it, which is have had no pillar in the middle of a little flat, as there are some such each. The roof between the outer ftones, resembling pieces of lefser pil- and inner wall, formerly leaded, now lars or spires, lying at the foot of this slated, with a flop to make the rain entry into the church-yard.

run the better off, covers the greatest The Chapel, of old called the part of these higher windows, and Chapel amid the Woods, is all of free- spoils the symmetry of the fabric. tone, and one of the most curious On the east end, or altar, there are pieces of old Gothic workmanship in five lower spires, with niches for staEurope, having on the north fide tues, all adequate to those of the same twelve turrets, or spires, seven lower model on the north fide, with four arising on the face of the outer wall, - large windows, a pillar raised in the and five higher arising from the top of middle of each, as in the windows befaid wall, and placed exactly behind low in the north fide, but differing an equal number of the lower: the o- from these in the various wavings on ther two of which are placed nigh, and the tops of the arches, as well as from at the east end of the wall, making each other. The pedestals on which up the north part of the outside of the the statues have b-en placed, are all altar. The lower and higher spires are curiously wrought off in sculpture of united by two short segments of an antique and grotesque figures in bassoarch ; a longer segment passing from' relievo, varying from one another, aod each higher spire to the top of the in. from those on the north side. ner wall : upon each of these fpires, The south side is exactly the fame both lower and higher, there are fe- with the north, as to the number and. veral niches for ftatues; but there are proportion of spires and windows, in no ftatues in them now.: However the many Ornaments of which still the

same

* A Gaelic word, signifying a hill in a glen.

man, &c.

fame wild agreeable variety is most no doubt, there has been an altar, tho’ carefully observed.

there be no veftige of one now: There are spouts at proper distances When looking towards this window, for letting the rain down from the on your right hand, i. e. on the south roofs, cut into various fhapes, as the side of the window, there is an efbudy of a lion the head of an old cutcheon couped CAITHNESS and Rus:

LIN: the second part couped of three. On the west gable is a very plain or. In the first part three stars or nullets : dinary bell-house, with places for two in the second three flowers de-luce : belis, and an iron cross still entire at in the third a hehrt.--in a direct line the top

of it. There have been iwo with the said efcutcheon, on the north other iron croffes, one on each corner fide of the window, is a ragged cross of this gable, of which the erect part's very distinct. It has had a lofty archare only now remaining : the tranf- ed door, now shut up with stone and verse pieces being quite worn away by line, on the south wall, by which one the injuries of the weather.

could enter into the veftry, without The high roof is arched, and well going into the large chapel above covered with flag-stones. The entry ground - It has two square niches in into this grand and sacred structure is each side wall, wherein, I suppose, the by two doors, one on the south, the sacred vessels have been kept; but, the other on the north side; and no particularly, in the north wall there is person can enter into it, without being a large arched opening, like a press; itrack with reverential awe at its au- in which the iron hinges, or hooks of guit appearance.

a door, are still to be difcerned: in The height of the Chapel within, this I suppose the clerical vestments from the floor to the top of the high kave been laid up: There has been arched roof, is 40 feet, 8 inches.- another like arched opening in the Breadth 34 feet, 8 inches.—Length fouth wall, which is now filled up with 68 feet.

stone and lime. In the south-east cor. At the south-east corner you go her there is a font, with a little square down four steps to a flat, having on nich close by the east side of it. The each hand a plain square pich in the arched roof of the facristy is pretty wall; from which flat you descend plain, having only fix ragged lines cut twenty steps more, into a subterrane- a-cross from fide to side in basso-relieogs chapel, which has been likewise vo, and one' on the top, from end to the sacriity and veftry, whose height end, in the same way, and crossing the cannot be so exactly ascer:ained, as former ones at right angles. the floor is not laid with flag-stones, On the top of the entry, which is but is very uneven with rubbish and an arch, down to the facristy, is the ftones : however, with the utmost ex. high altar, 2 feet 7 inches, by two actness that can be observed, it is in steps up from the south end of the height 15 feet, 2 inches.-Breadth 14 large altar, with a beautiful font above feet.---Length 36 feet.

it in the south wall. Part of the floor This facristy is only subterraneous of the high altar is demolished. On at the entry, or west end of the east the high altar, upon the east wall, is gable, being all above ground, occa- built fomething like a feat, about two tioned by the sudden declivity of the feet high, which, perhaps, may have tising ground. There is only one win. been a prothesis or side-altar table. dow in it, which is in the east wall, The low or large altar is only one and is arched and large, but without step up, though perhaps more of old, eny pillar in the middle of it. Here, from the floor of the chapel, of fix } Vol. XIV. No. 79.

inches.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

inches and an half. It is in breadth, nich on each side of its capital, ia 11 feet, 3 inches.--Length, 26 feet, which a statue has been placed. -A jo inches and an half.

the back of the altar, on the east wall, The roof of the altar, composed of are three risings like seats, each of four double arches, not being so high them about two feet high, which peras that of the chapel by one half, the haps may have been so many prothe. height of it, from the floor to the tops ses, or fide-altar tables ; and who of the double arches within, is fifteen knows but that the large altar may feet.

have been divided into three equal There are seven pillars, or columns, parts, as so many different altars? on the north side from end to end, in- There are three little arched niches in cluding the pillar on the west wall, the east wall, or back of the altar, ap: which is cut in basso-relievo ; and as parently for sacred vessels to stand in ; many on the south side. --There are the bottom of each of them being al. likewise two pillars exactly in the most in a line with the tops of the amiddle of the chapel, proceeding from bove risings, like seats. the step up to the altar westward. All the ornaments are in basso-re

The height of each pillar, including lievo, or cut out of the solid stone, as base and capital, is the exact fourth of not one of the statues in niches, either the whole height of the chapel, from within or without, is now to be seen. the floor to the top of the high arched Each architrave is united to the oproof.

posite architrave by a broad arch, ever Each range of pillars, from the op- ry one of which arches is carved in posite wall to the centre of the colon- like manner as the roof of the facristy ; nade, or range, is diftant eight feet two and these arches, from architrave to inches; from the centre of each of the architrave, form the roof between the two pillars in the middle, proceeding outer and the inner wall, both on the from the face of the altar westward, north and south sides. to the centre of the pillars on each All the capitals of the pillars are hand, north and south, nine feet two preitily cut out into flower-work, foinches; diameter of the fùft or shaft liage, or chaplets. of each pillar, at the middle point be. The principal pillar, placed at the tween base and capital, is two feet adjoining corner of the low and high four inches ; therefore the circumfe altar, just as you go down to the farence must be seven feet.

cristy, on your left hand, is commonThe three pillars on the face of the ly called the Apprentice's Pillar, but altar have, opposite to them on the eaft by Slezer, in his Theatrum Scotia, wall, or back of the altar, three smaller fol. p. 63, London 1693,

thé pillars cut out in baffo.relievo ; and Prince's Pillar, I suppose from the each range of pillars from east to weft princely founder. has, on the opposite wall, an equal

At the north-west corner, is the number of smaller pillars, cut out in tomb of George Earl of Caithness, the same way, each large pillar being which (though fomewhat defaced by united to its smaller opposite by an are the mob in 1688) hath this inscripchitrave; excepting the three columns tion, in capitals,' still very legible : on the forè part of the altar, which HIC JACET: NOBILIS• AÇE POTENS DOare united to their smaller opposites MENYS GEORGIVS QUONDAM COMES by an 'arch, as all the large ones are CATHANENSIS DOMENVS: SINÇLAR- JVSfrom east to west, except fome few TICIARIVS

DIOCESIS which shall be remarked as we go a CATHANENSIS QVI OBIIT EDINBURGI 9. long.--Every one of the three smaller DIE MENSIS“ SEPTEMBRIS' ANNO DOMINI pillars on the back of the altar has a 158z

$

HEREDITARIVS

Above

« ZurückWeiter »