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EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

OR,

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

VIEWS IN SCOTLAND.

GLAMES CASTLE,

IN
N the county of Forfar, is the seat of the Earl of Strathmore. It is fac

mous in our history for the murder of Malcom II. by the hands of assassins in a passage still shewn to strangers. It was formerly a royal refdence, and on the accession of Robert II. was bestowed on his favourite Sir John Lyon. The ancieot buildings were of great extent, consisting of two long courts divided by buildings; in each was a square tower and gate-way beneath; and in the third another tower, which constitutes the present house, the reft being totally destroyed. This received many alterations in 1656 by Patrick Lord Glames, and some modern improvements by the late Earl of Strathmore.

Buffon's Natural History of the Canary Bird : (Continued from Page 446,

Vol. XIII.) O the particular remarks we have mother, and acquire the long ears,

already made, which are all im- tail, and skinny legs of the afs. It portant, I must add a general and very would seem therefore, that, in the ininteresting observation which may timate union of those fluids by which throw some light on the generation of generation is accomplished, the orgaanimals, and on the developement of nic molecules of the female, occupy their different parts. It has been the center of that living sphere which constantly observed in mixing Canary, increases in every direction, and that birds either with their own or with the molecules furnished by the male, other species, that the mongrels pro- surround those of the female in such ceeding from them resemble the cock manner that the external coat and the in the head, the tail, and legs ; and the extremities of the body belong more hen in the other parts of the body. to the father than to the mother. SeveThe same observation may be made ral mongrels which I obtained from a with respect to the mules of quadru- goat and a ewe, instead of wool, were peds; those from the Jack-afs and all covered with the strong hair cf mare, have the body as large as the their father.

In

man

In the human species it may like. sheep, for only rams of a diffewise be observed that in general the fon rent race, can improve the breed; resembles his father more than his mo- and the finest ewe, with

a dimither, in the legs, the feet, the hands, nutive ram, will never bring any but inthe hand writing, the quantity and co. different lambs. This subject is imlour of the hair, the quality of the portant; and as many people amuse skin, and fize of the head; and in themselves in the breeding of Canarymulattoes, proceeding from a white birds, which does not consame much

nd a negro woman, the colour time, would not be difficult to infti. is not so black as in those that spring tute a number of experintents on the from a negro man and a white woman. mixture of different birds, and on the All this seems to prove, that in the ultimate products of these mixtures, so local deposition of the organic mole. as to ascertain the truth of the doccules, furnished by both sexes, those trine I have here been supporting. of the male rise above, and invelope In the lower animals as well as in those of the female, and as it were man, even in our small birds, the diform the nucleus of the being which versity of character, or if you will, of is to be organized; and that notwith- moral qualities often injures the constanding the intimate penetration and sonance of physical qualities. If any intermixture of these molecules, more thing could prove that the difpofition masculine ones remain on the surface is a good or bad impression given by and most feminine ones within ; this nature, which education cannot alter; is natural, as the former go in quest it would be the instance of our Cana. of the latter; whence it follows; that ry-birds.

os Almost every one of in the developement of the body, the then says, M. Hervieux, differs from limbs ought to take after the father another in disposition. There are more than the mother, and the body fome cocks that are always melanchoto take after the mother more than the . ly and even sullen, singing feldom, father.

and then in a dismal strain ; they are Now, as in general the beauty of long in learning, and learn at last but the species is not brought to perfec- imperfectly what you teach them, and tion, nor maintained except by cross the little they know they very soon sing' the breed'; and as the Atature, the forget. These are often so uncleanly, strength, and vigour of the body de. tl:at their feet and tail are generally. pend almost entirely on the propor- dirty; they do not please the female, tion of the limbs, it is only by the whom they never regale with their males that the breed of mea and ani- song, even when her young

first

apmals can be exalted or improved. pear, though indeed these are seldom Large and beautiful mares with little much better than their father. There puny horses, will never produce any are others so wicked that they kill the thing but ill made foals ; whereas the hen they are put to, and there is no noble stallion, with an indifferent other way of taming them, than by mare, will always produce fine horses; giving them iwo females who juin for, and the more beautiful, the more re- their common defence; and when they mote and diftinét the father and mo- have once vanquished by force they ther have becn. It is the fame in conquer afterwards by love *. There

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* It sometimes happens, that these ill-natured males have other qualities, which repair in fonie moafure their defeats, such as a most melodious song, a beautiful plumage, and great tameness. If therefore you would have a breed from them, you must take two hens that are vigorous, and a year older than the cock; put these hens for a few months into the same cage, that they may know each other well, and then they will not be jealous ar fight when put to the cock. så nionth before hatching time, put them both into the

fame

are others fo barbarous as to break and thers, and of so gentle a disposition eat the eggs when the hen has laid and so happy a reinper; that they are them; or if this unnatural father al- 'susceptible of every good impression, lows her to hatch, the young are hard- and endowed with the best inclinas ly excluded from the shell, than he tions: they charm-incessantly the hen seizes them with his bill, drags them with their fong; they foothe her in from the nest, and kills them * Some the dittressful assiduity of hatching; are so wild, favage, and ungovernable, they invite her to quit her place to that they will allow themselves nei. them, and actually sit on the eggs se- . ther to be touched nor caressed ; these 'veral hours every day : they join with must be left at liberty, and cannot be her in feeding the young, and, lastly, treated like the others: if they are they are docile, and learn whatever we meddled with in the least they will choose to teach them. It is by these not breed ; their eggs must not be alone that we must form an opinion of touched or taken away, and they the fpecies; and I have only ineruionwill not hatch if they are not suffered ed the others, to demonftrate that the to pair and build as they please. Last- temper and dispofition, er en in anily, there are some of an indolent dis- mals, proceed from nature, and not position; such for example are the from education. grey ones; these never build, and This bad difpofition, which makes the person that tends them must make them break their eggs and kill the a nest for them. All these tempers neftlings, often prceeeds from their are very distinct, and very different temperament and from the impetuolity from that of our Canary-birds, which of their love ; it is to enjoy the female are always gay, always singing, tame, that they drive her from the neit, agreeable, good mateś, attentive fa. and destroy the teoder objects of her

affection, same cage, and at the proper season, introduce the male, who will instantly endeavour to heat the two hens, cfpecially for a few days at first ; but they, standing upon their defence, will soon gain the absolute command of him ; fo that feeing he can gain nothing by force, he will begin to grow tame and enamoured. These forced marriages sometimes succeed better than others from which much more has been expected, and which often produce nothing. In order to preserve the brood, you must take away the eggs as the hen lays them, and substitute others of ivory, and when they are all laid, the cock must be removed, the eggs replaced, and the hen left to hatch them. The cock is to be kept in a cage, in the same room, while the hen is fitting on her eggs and feeding the younge but as soon as you take away the young to feed them with a {tick, you must relieve the cock, and restore him to the female.

Traite des Serins des Canaries. * There are some cocks of a weakly habít, careless of love, and always fickly after pairing. These should never be uled for breeding, for I have observed, that their iffue al. ways resembles them. There are others fo petulant, that they beat the hen off the neft, and prevent her from fitting these are the strongest birds, the best fingers, and often the mott" beautiful and familiar; others break the eggs and kill the young, that they may the longer enjoy the female. Others have a remarkable predilection, and marked preference for certain females. A cock placed among twenty hens, will single out one or two, which he will constantly attend and make love to, without minding the rest. These cocks are of a good natural temper, which they communicate to their progeny. Others do not attach themselves to any female, but remain sterile and inactive. The fame difference of temper and manners is found anong the hens. · The jonquil-coloured hens are the gentleft; the agates are capricious, and often quit their young to give themselves to the male : the hen spangled birds are constant to their eggs, and good to their young; but the cock spangled birds are the most ardent of their species, and must be provided with two and even three hens, otherwise they will not suffer the "hen to fit, and they will break the eggs. Those that are entirely jonquil-coloured are nearly of the fame disposition, and require two or three females. The cock agates are the weakest, and the hens often dio when fitting

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prevent their

affection. Accordingly the best means have no green thing while they are of making these birds hatch, is not to breeding, which would weaken the separate them, and to put them in young too much; but in order to different cages. It is better to put vary their food a little, and chear them into a room well exposed to the them with a new mess, give them, every sun, and to ļhe east, in winter, where third day, on a plate, instead of the there are many hens and a few cocks: dry cake, a bit of white bread dipt in here they enjoy themselves more and water and pressed with the hand; this multiply better : when a hen Gts, bread not being so substantial a food the cock finds him another mate, as the cake, will

grow. and does not disturb her. Besides, the ing too fat while hatching: it will likecocks have many quarrels among wise be proper to give them, at the same themselves from jealousy; and when time, some poppy feeds, but only once they see any one fo ardent as to tor- in two days for fear of heating them ment the female, and attempting to too much : lugared biscuit generally break the eggs, they beat him Juff. produces this effect, which is followed ciently to deaden his desires.

by another still more hurtful; for When they are about to build, you when they are fed on bufcuit they muft furnish them with lint, the hair often lay addle eggs, or bring weak of oxen or stags, which has not been and fickly young. While they have employed in other uses, with moss young boil their rape seed to deprive and very small and dry straw. Gold- ir of its acrimony. " A long experifinches and Sifkins, if put with hen ence, says father Bougot, has taught Canary-birds, when mule birds are me, that this food is that which best wanted, prefer small straw and moss, agrees with them, notwithstanding but the Canary-birds like better to what all authors have said, who have use the hair and lipt: thefe must be written expressly on the subject." cut very small, for fear the threads After the eggs are all laid, give should entangle the feet of the hen, them plantane and lettuce seed to and cause her to pull the eggs

from

purge them, taking away however the the nest as the rises from it.

young ; for this food would weaken In feeding them, you must place in them, and must be given only for two the room a hopper pierced all round days to the pareot birds. When you so as to admit their head, filled with wish to rear Canary-birds with the a portion of the following compofi. ftick, you muft not, according to the tion; three quarts of rape-feed, two directions of most bird catchers, leave of oats, two of millet' and of hemp them with the mother to the eleventh feed ; every twelve or thirteen days or twelfth day; it is better to take athe hopper is to be filled, taking care way the young after the eighth day i that these seeds are clean and well take them away in the neft, and leave winnowed. This food is proper as nothing but the case. The food of long as they have only eggs, but the the nestlings must be previously preevening before the young are to be pared; it is a paste composed of boilexcluded, they must have a dry cake ed rape seed, a yolk of an egg and kneaded without salt, which may be crumb of the cake mixed and kneadleft till it is eaten up, and then you ed with a little water, which is to be may give them eggs boiled hard ; a given them every two hours. This single hard

egg if there are but two paste must not be too liquid ; and for cocks and four hens; two eggs if fear of its growing four, it must be there are four cocks and eight hens, renewed every day till the young cap and fo in proportion. They must feed themselves.

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