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ther by knotting up the tail, or by ever, we cannot give up the point tying it with a leathero strap.

ler at least be confiftent. If But whatever becomes of utility, we admire a horse without a tail, the horse is certainly more beautiful, or a cock without feathers, let us we are told, without his dangling tail. not laugh at the Chinese for admiWhat a handsome figure he makes ring the disproportioned foot of his when he carries both his ends well! mistress ; nor at the Indian, for do. This is the constant language of horse- ting on her black teeth and tattooed dealers, ftable-keepers, and grooms; cheeks. For myself, I cannot conand such language, tho' originating ceive why it should make a horse in tasteless ignorance, and mere pre more beautiful to take his tail from judice, has drawn over men of sense him, than it would make a man to and understanding. It is incon- clap a tail to him. With regard inceivable how delusively the eye fees, deed to the natural beauty of a horse's as sell as the vaderstanding, when it tail, we want little reasoning on the is fascinated and led aside by fashion fubjet. In conjunction with his and custom. Aflsciated ideas of va mane it gives him rious kinds give truth a different air. hides his straddling buttocks, which When we see a game-cock, with all is a decency in nature we should adhis sprightly actions, and gorgeous mire rather than destroy. -It forms plumes about him, we acknowledge a contrast among the legs. The four him one of the most beautiful birds in equal legs of every animal are its greatnature. But when we see him armed eft deformity; and their fameness of with steel, and prepared for bartle; coursé gives the painter the most trove we cry, Whar a care-crow! But a ble in the management of them. cock-fighter, with all the ideas of the many of her forms indeed, where napit about him, will conceive, that, in ture does not seem to aim at beauty, this latter itste, he is in his greatest she neglects this economy: but as if beauty: and if his picture be drawn, ihe meant the horse for one of her most it must be drawn in this ridiculous elegant productions, fhe has provided

I have often feen it for him in this respect also, by giving Ler jockies and stable-boys, and him a graceful flow of hair, which cock-fighters keep their own' absurd hiding lometimes one leg, and some: ideas; but let not men who pretend times another, introduces a pleasing to fee, and think for themselves, adopt contrast'among them all. The acfuch ridiculous conceits. In arts, we cidental motion alio of the tail gives judge by the rules of art. In nature it peculiar beauty; both when the we have no criterion but the forms of horse moves it himself, and when it nature. We criticize a building by the waves in the wind. The beauty of it rules of architecture: but in judging indeed, to an unprejudiced eye is conof a tree, or a mountains, we judge of fpicuous at once; and in all parade the most beautiful forms of each which and state 'horses it is acknowledged : nature hath given us. It is thus in though even here there is an attempt other things. From nature alone we made to improve nature by arts the have the form of a horse. Should hair must be adorned with ribbons, we then seek, for beauty in that object, , and the bottom of the tail clipped in our own wild conceptions, or se square, which adus heaviness, and is cur to the great original from whence certainly so far a defornity. we had it? We may be assured, that' The captain of an Engih man of nature's fornis 'are always the most war gave me an accomt sometime abeautiful; and therefore we ought to go of his landing in one of the pirnii. correct our ideas by hers.--!, how cal fa:es of Parbary, while his things 3 N VOL. XIV. No.84


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anchored in the bay. He was recei- brave led men to cut off the tails of
ved by the Dey (I think, of Tripoli) horses, have led them also to cut off
with great civility; and among other their cars. I speak not of low grooms
things, faw bis liables. They were and jockies ; we have lately seen the
lined with a very long, double row, of ftuds of men of the first fashion, mis-
the niott beautiful Barb and Arabian led probably bay groons and jockicss
horses. He was ftruck with their producing only cropt horses.
beauty, to which their grand flowing When a fine horfe has wide, lop-
tauls. combed, and viled in the nicest ping ears, as he fometimes has, with.
manner, were no little addition. As out spring of motion in them, a man
he continued his walk through the may be tempred to remove the defor.
itud, he ca:ne to a couple of horses mity. But to cut a pair of fine ears
with nag-tails.

Ci inquiring into out of the head of a horse, is, if pos.
their history, he found they were Eng. fible, a ftill greater absurdity, than to
Jith horses, which had been presented cut off his tail. Nothing can be al.
to the Dey. The horses themfelves ledged in its defence. The ear neither
Were fit to appear any where; but the retards, motion nor frings dirt.
contrait of their rails, he thought, in

Much of the fame ground may be fuch

coinpany, made so very it range gone over on this futject which we and disgracetul an appearance, that he went over on the lat. With regard to was ashamed of his countrymen.-. the utility of the ear, it is not improThe case was, his eye having been bable that cropping it may injure the thus aceutoned to the beautiful forms horse's hearing : there is certainly less of nature, had gotten rid of its preju- concave furface to receive the vibradices; ard being a rational man, he tions of the air. ---I have heard it saw the matter in its proper light. allo affe: ted with great confidence,

I shall conclude my remarks on this that this mutilation injures his health : cruel mutilation, with an epigram by for when a horse has lost that pentVoltaire.---That celebrated wit was house which nature has given him oin England about the time when the ver his ear, it is reasonable to believe Birbarcus cultom of docking horses the wind and rain may get in and was in high filhiin. Fie was so give him cold. Thocked at it, that he wrote the fol But if these injuries are not easily lowing verfcs. which, it is faid, he proved, the injury he receives in point gave to Lord Lytileton.

of beauty may strenuously be insisted

Few of the minater parts of aniVous, fiers Anglois, et barbares que vous

mal nature

are more beautiful than etes,

the ear of a horse, when it is neatly Coupent les tetca vos rois, et les queues' formed and well set on. The contrait

a vos hetes, Mais ies irancois plus polis, et aimant les and the convexity being generally seen

of the lines is pleasing, the concavity loix,

together in the naturalturn of the ear: Kaiffet les queues a leurs betes, és les noris the proportion of the ear less pea

fing; it is contracted at the inferion, There is nore indignation ihan wit fwelis in the middle, and rapers to a I think in these verscs. Voltaire seems point. The ear of ro animal is so beauto consider cucking a burke, ant kik tifully proportioned. That of fome Jing a king, as egnal crimes, which, balts, ciecially of the favage kinds, however, is carrying the matter fume. as the lion, and paid, is naturally what farther than the picturesque eye rounded, and has litile form. The wishes to carry it.

Cits of other animals, is the fux, and The fame abfurd notions, which cat, are pointed, fixort, and thick



tetes i leurs rois.

Those of the cow are round and hea- courage ; and of anger ci malice.
ty. The hare's and ass's ears are The former he expresies by darting
long, and nearly of the fame thickness. then forward; the laiter, by laying
The dog, and swine have flapping ears. then back.
The sheep, alone has ears that can Tois digreffion hath carried me
compare with the horse. The ear of much farther than I intended ; but
the horse receives great beauty also the mutilation of ihe tail and ears of
from its colour, as well as form. The this noble animal is so offensive to rea-
ears of bay and grey horses are gener- , son and common sense, that I have
ally tipped with black, which melts been imperceptibly led on by my in-
into the colour of the head. But the dignation, Tho' nothing I can say
ear of the horse receives its greatest on the subject, I am well persuaded,
beauty from motion. The ear of no

The ear of no can weigh against the authority of animal has that vibrating power. The grooms and jockies, so as to make a ears of a spirited horse are continually general reform ; yet if, here and there, in motion ; quivering, and darting a small party could be raised in oppotheir Rarp points towards every ob- fition to this strange custom, it might ject that presents: and the action is in time obtain fashion on its side. We still more beautiful, when the ears commonly suppose, that when niankind are so well set on, that the points are in general agree in a point, there is drawn nearly together. Virgil, who, truth. I believe no nation upon earth, was amongit the most accurate observo except the English, have the custom ers of nature, takes notice of this qui- among them, of docking, nicking, and vering motion in the ears of a horse. cropping their horses. The wisdom -Si qua sonum procul arma dedere,

too of all antiquity decides fully an

gainst the practice. Inftances perhaps Stare loco nefcit; micat auribus

might be found in the bas-reliefs of The fame word which he uses here to the Antynine column, and other reexpress the motion of a horse's ears, mains of Roman antiquity, both of he uses elsewhere to express the gleam- the cropt ear and of the hogged-mane, ing of arms, the glittering of a gem, (which I take for granted were never and the vibrating motion of a serpent's practiled except in cases of defect,) tongue. But it is not only the quiver- but I am persuaded, no one instance ing motion of the horse's ears that we can be found in all the remains of admire, we admire them a so as the Grecian, or Roman' antiquity, of a interpreters of his paffions; particular- foort dock, or a nag-tail. ly of fear, which some denominate



Historical Account of Marseilles; by Lord Gardenstone *.

MA ARSEILLES is undoubtedly lic, governed by excellent laws ;

the most ancient city in France ; flourishing and advancing in wealtia --it was founded by a colony of Gre- and population by its great cummerce, cians several centuries before the to fuch a degree, that at different Christian æra-When the rest of Gaul periods they sent out colonies, founded was in a state of barbarity, Marseilles and peopled other cities and towns, long sublisted as an independant repub- on or near the Mediterranean coait,

N 2

parricularly . From his Travelling Memorandums, just publici."

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particularly Nice, Toulon, Hyeres, lations ;--- so that no inconsiderable
Antibes :-at leogth it was subjected degree of security and liberty to the
by the Romans, and governed by a subject is almost, inseparable from, and
maritime prefect, fent annually from effential to, the subfiftence and dura-
Rome. Cæsar's account of the fiegetion of a great monarchy ; but it is
of Marseilles is a precious morfel of usual for petty princes to practise an
their history. They long enjoyed arbitrary and irregular exercise of pow.
the important benefits of a free and in- er, by which their people are reduced
dependant republican state ;-during to the condition of miserable slavery.
that happy period, they, not only Indeed, very few of them, in the
flourished by comnierce and opulence, course of ages, are capable to
but were also distinguished for learn- ' ceive any other means to maintain the
ing, arts, and sciences. The Greek oftentatious flate, the luxurious and
language was spoken with high purity indolent pride, which they mistake
at Marseilles T.-Cicero celebrates for greatness.--I heartily with that
their literary fame, and attefts, that this observation and cenfure may not,
in his time the Romans sent their in some instances, be applicable to
youth, for education, indifferently to great landed proprietors in some parts
The academies of Athens or to Mar- of Britain.
filles. With the loss of liberty, as One of the most pernicious conse-
usual, their glory and prosperity de- quences of the Gothic conquests was,
clined, and ceased to make a great fi a distribution of vast territories among
gure in the world. This city almost their leaders or petty fovereigns, with
perished in the common ruin of the the various titles of kings, princes,
Roman empire, when conquered by' dukes, marquiffes, counts, &c.-A
the inundation of barbarous nations : great part of France was fo' divided
yet in consequence of a fingularly great and subdivided. This country of
and natural advantage of situation, Provence, comprehending Marseilles,
they soon revived'; and even during was for ages governed by a
the dark ages of Gothic ignorance and counts;- ihough they had assemblies
Tyranny, they continued to practise a of the states, of parliaments, those af-
very confiderable and extenlive com- semblies neverpcffessed any ragulated or

It is certain, and demonftrat- established constitution, and were no (d by experience of ages and nations, more than feudal head courts of the futhat the government of petry princes fuperior, or over-lord, which he might is less favcurable to the security and call and diffolve at pleasure --They interests of society than the govern- were always either servile or tumuirua. ment of monarchs who posseis great ry; and no real security or public adand extensive territories. The race of vantage could arise from their unsettled great monarchs cannot poslibly preserve and undefined pretensions to rights a safe and updillurbed Itate of govern- and privileges. --The state of Britain ment, without many delegations of was not, for ages, materially different. power and office to men of approved Marseilles languished under this goabilities and practical knowledge, who vernment ;- but ever fince their union are subject to complaint, and relpor fitle with the great monarchy of France for their administration, or without they have been allowed to enjoy vaan eitati fed syftum of laws and regu- luable public rights and municipal


race of


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4. Their common langurge now is either a Celtic jargon, called Patois, or a mix:ura va corrupted isendi ana Italian ;---but the better sort fpeak French properly.

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privileges, -and they have made a of France. With such benefits of wonderful progress in industry, popu- government, and a fișuation moft relation, and opulence.

markably commodious for trade to Marseilles, since united to France, all parts of the world, with the adthough locally part of Provence, is ditional advantages of a fine fertile detached from it in regard to jurisdico country, and a healthful climate, tion and the administration of govern- it is no wonder that the people of ment.---They elect their own magif. Marseilles do in reality enjoy an extrates, who have fufficient revenues traordinary and enviable measure of and powers for internal police and good public prosperity and private happiorder.---The subsidies annually impofed nefs. by the king's edićts vary according to They reckon above two hundred public exigencies, and are proportion. thousand inhabitants ;--yet the froed at certain fixed and established rates, gress of building and population goes on the different districts and com

on rapidly. - Though the Old Town munities of the whole province. is ill built, and indeed very nally, it The proportion laid on this city is is mostly inhabited by a numerous, nearly one third of the whole sublidy, useful, and uncorrupted body of peva

- It is not levied by arbitrary or dif- ple;---fishermen, and their families.-cretionary powers of a farmer-general, They still preserve the fuple manbut by équitable and moderate rules of ners, industry, and frugality of their valuation, long eltabliihed, and under remote ancestors.—Strangers may ea. the authority of their own magiftrares, fily diftinguish them from the reit of which is exercised without either the people by their dress:-- he ruddy grievance or complaint.

freihuels of their complexions, and by No perion here will admit that the the appearance of their persons, which government of France is an absolute are vilibly more hardy and robuftiand despotic monarchy *,-and, in They have been for ages palt all me. fact, no great city in Europe enjoys a mory an incorporated body, and have milder administration of government, enjoyed certain privileges, wirich are or feels a less burdensome taxation. regularly confirmed by letters patent Really and fubitantially they poffefs from every king after his acceffion. all the advantages, comforts, and blef. In particular, they chuse their own fings of a republican faze, without its judges, who are four in number, and disorders, and under the iteady effcc- are called Les prudes hommes. tual protection of a powerful monarch. The charge of a law-fuit before -Indeed, there can be no reasonable then, by regulation strictly observe.), ground to suppose or fufpect, that the cannot exceed two-peoce balfpenny fystem of their free government, so sterling to each party, and this fun manifestly beneficial to the state of is consigned when they enter the France, so well and so long establish court. Those ruftic natural judges, ed, can ever be shaken or overturnéd, selected by the people subject to their or that any king or ministry will ever jurisdiction, have maintained an uni. be so mad as to oppress and provuke a form reputation for the good sense and great community, whose successful ap- integrity of their determinations., I plication to arts and industry acquires have an engagement to visit their court ever-growing wealth to the whole soon, and may set down farther rekingdom from diftant nations; and marks concerning them. whose extensive trade is the grand pil The New Town is undoubtedly one Jar which supports the maritime power of the most beautiful in the world; the

ftreets * Lord Gardentone was at Ma feilles in 1786.

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