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The Nethod of treating Hogs during the Mast Seafon in the Woods of New

Forest *.

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The next morning he lets them look

in the Autumr feafun, into many parts pool, or stream, where they may ocof the foreft, but especially among the casiunally drink-leaves them to pick oaks, and beeches of Bolderwood, to up the offals of the last night's meal; farten on maft. It is among the rights and as evening draws on, gives them of the forest burderer's to feed their another plentiful repart under the hogs in the foreft, during the paunage neighbouring trees, which rain acorns month, as it is called, which commune upon them for an hour together, at ces about the end of September, and the sound of his hors; he then sends Jufts fix weeks. For this privilege they them again to deep. pay a trifliog acknowledgement at the : The following day he is perhaps at Iteward's couit at Lyndhurst. The the pains of procuring them another word pawnage was the old term for ' mal, with music playing as ufual. He the money thus collected.

then leaves theni a little more to them. The method of treating hogs at this felv:s, having an eye however on their season of migration, and of reducing evening hours. But as their beilies are a large herd of these unmanagcable full, they seldom wander far from brutes to perfect obedience and good home, retiring commonly very ordergovernment, is curious,

ly and early to bed. The firit step the fwine-herd takes, After this, he throws his fty open, is to investigate some clcfè fheltered and leaves them to cater for thempart of the forest, where there is a felves, and from henceforward has conveniency of water; and plenty of little more trouble with them, during oak, or beech-mast, the former of the whole time of their migration. which he prefers, when he can have Now and then, in calm weather, when it in fufficient abundance. He fixes mast falls fparingly, he calls them pernext on fi me spreading 'tree, round haps together by the music of his horn the bole of which he wattles a fight, to a gratuitous meal; but in general, circular fence of the dimenfions he they need little attention, returning wants; and covering it roughly with regularly home at night, thó' they of boughs, and sods, he fills it plentirul- ten wander in the day two or three ly with straw, or ferni

miles from their sty. There are 'exHaving made this preparation, he perienced leaders in all herds, which collects his colony among the farmers, have spent this roving life before, and with wbom he commonly agrees for a can instruct their juniors in the meshilling a-head, and will get together thod of it. By this management the perlaps a herd of five or fix hundred herd is carried hone to ther refpec. hogs. Havirg driven them to their tive owners in such condition, that a destined habitation, he gives them a little dry meat will soon faites them. plentiful fupper of acorns, or beech I would nut, however," hare it fupmast, which he had already provided, posed, that all the swine-herds in the founding his horn during the repaft, foreft manage their colonies with this He then turns them into the liter, exactness. Bad guveromenis ard bad where, after a long juurney, and a governors will every where exift; but hearty mcal, they acep deliciously. I mention this as an example of found

policy

* From Gilpin's Foren Scenery.

1

policy--not as a mere Platonic, or dance. But he is obliged to procure Eutopian scheme; but fuch as hath it by so laborious an operation, that been often realized, and hath as often his meals are rarely accompaniet with been found productive of good order "sätiety. He continues, however, by and public utility. The hog is com- great industry, to obtain a tolerable monly fapposed to be an obstinate, subsistence through the winter, excepe head-Itrong, unmanageable brute : and in frosty weather, when the ground he may perhaps have a degree of po- resists his delving fnout: then he must fitiveness in his temper. In general, perish, if he do not io fome degree however, if he be properly managed, experience his master's care. As he is an orderly docile animal. The Spring advances fresh grasses, and'saonly difficulty is, to make your mean- lads of different kinds, add a variety ings, when they are fair and friendly, to his bill of fare; and as Summer intelligible to him. Effect this, and comes on, he finds juicy berries, and you may lead him with a straw.

grateful feeds, on which he lives plena Nor 'is he without his social feel. tifully till Autumn returns, and brings ings when he is at liberty ro indulge with it the extreme of abundance. them. In thcfe forest migrations, it Besides thefe (tationary hogs, there is commonly observed, that of whate- are others in some of the more defover number.the. herd confifts, they 'late parts of the forest, which are bred generally separate, in their daily, ex. wild, and left to themselves, without cursions, in to fucir little knots and lo- 'any settled, habitation. As they coit cieties as have formerly had habits of nothing either in food or care, their intimacy together; and in these friend owners are content with the precarious ly groups they range the forelt; re profit of such as theyare able to reclaim. turning home at night, in different Charles I. I have heard, was at the parties, fome earlier and" fome later, expence of praçuring the wild boar as they have been more or less fortu- and his mate from the forests of Gerpate in the pursuits of the day. many, which once certainly inhabi

It sounds oddly to affirm the life of ted the forests of England. I have a hog to be enviable ; and yet there is heard too that they propagated greatly something uncommonly pleasing in the in New Forest. Certain it is, there is lives of th. fg emigrants---fomething at found in it at this day, a breed of hogs, leait more desirable, than is to be com nonly called forest pigs, which are found in the life of a hog Epicuri de very different from the esual Hampgrege. They seem themselves allo to fire breed ; an i have about them feenjoy their mode of life. You fee' veral of the characteristic marks of the then perfectly happy, going about at wild boar. The forest heg has broat their ease, and conve:ting with each shoulders, a high crest, and thick briftly other, in fhert, pithy, interrupted mane, which he erects on any alarm. sentences, which are no doubt, ex- His hinder parts are light and thin. His preslive of their own enjoymients, and ears are fort and erect, and his coof their social feclings.

Jour cicher black, or darkly brindled. Besides ihe hogs thus led out in the He is much fiercer than the commu matt feafon to fattan, there are others, breed, and will turn agaiot an ordi, the property of foreit.keepers, wiih nary dog. All thefe are marks of the Spend the whole year in such focieties.' will boar, from whom, I have lit: le After the mast season is over, the in- duubi, that in part be derives his pedigenous forest-hog depends chiefly for dig ee, though his blood may be conhis livelibood on the roots of fern: täivisa ed with vulgir mixtures.and he would find this food very nou. But though be is much more pictu. rithing, if he could have it in abun. refque than the commoa bog, he is in

much

much less repute among farmers. The disadvantage in the ham and the lightness of his hind quarters, and the flitch. thinness of his flanks appear to great

a

Remarks on the Horse of New Forest in Hampshire, with a digreffion on the

practice of Docking and Cropping. HE horse here is gregarious. Longslade-bottom, which is crofled

Herds of twenty or thirty are by a mole thrown over it. With this often feeding together; in fummer paffage the colt is well acquainted : especially, when they have plenty of and on being pursued, is easily driven pasturage, and can live as they please. towards ir. When he is about the 'In winter they are obliged to separate, middle of the mole, two or three men and seek their food as they can find start up in front, and oblige him to it. In general, indeed, they are left leap into the bog, where he is intangin all seasons to take their chance of led and seized. the foreft. Where there is no ex At all the neighbouring fairs, these pence, there can be no great loss; horses are a principal con modity, and and what is saved is so much gained. are bought up for every purpose to In marshy parts a severe winter often which horse can be applied. Dimi. goes hardly with them. But in dry nutive as they are, you may often see grounds, where heathand surzearbound, half a dozen of them ftraining in a they pick up a tolerable winter sub-' waggon : and as it is fashionable to filtence, especially if they have learn- drive them in light carriages, their ed the little arts of living, which ne- price lias been enhanced. It is a lit. cesfiy teaches. Of these arts, one of ile fortune to a poor cottager, if he the most useful is to bruise and pound happen to postess three or four colts, with their fore-feet, the prickly tops that are tolerably handsome and match of furze. This operation, which I well. He may probably fell them for have often seen performed, prepares ten or twelve pounds a-piece. the rigid diet of a furze-buih in some In point of value, the New Forest degree for mastication, and renders it herse would rise higher, if the fame rarler less offensive to the palate.

were taken in breeding him, When such colis, as have long run which was formerly taker, and which is wild, are to be caught for fale, their fill in fome degree taken in the neighideas of liberty are so anconfined, from bouring foreit of Bere ; where, I have palturing in so wild a range, that it is heard, the keepers are ordered to dematter of no little difficulty to take them. Itroy all hories, which, at three years Sometimes they are caught by flight of of age, are under thirteen bands, and hand, with a rope and a roofe. But all mares under twelve. if this method fail, they are common

There is another evil likewise which ly hunted down by horsemen, who tends to injure the forest colt ; and relieve each other. Colt hunting is a 'that is, putting him to business ar 100 common praciice in the foret

early an age. Though a small horse The colis which fied on Obergreen, attaios maturity earlier than a large are sometimes taken by the following one, yet these horses, tred chiefly by Itratagem: In this part suas a long indigent people, and generally of little bog, described under the name of valuc, are introduced much sooner to

labour * From the Same,

care

1

among furze.

labour than abier and better horses acquire by constantly lifting their legs com.nonly are.

The fame and exploits are still re But though the form of the New membered of a little beautiful grey Forelt horse is feldom beautiful, yet, , ho.te, which had been suffered to run as the ornament of a forest scene, he wild in the forest til he was eight is very, picturesque. The horse, in years

of
age,

when he had atrained his natural state, rough with all his his full ftrength. His first fenfations, mane about him, and his tail waving on the lufs of his liberty, were like in the wind as he feeds, is always those of a wild bat. He flew at his beautiful, but particularly in so wild keeper with his open mouth ; or rear a scene as this, which he graces exing on bis hind legs, darted his fore. ceedingly. feet at hin wich the moit malicious On this subject I cannot forbear difury. He fell however into hands grelling a little, (and I hope the crithat tamad him. He became by de- tical reader will not be too fastidio's) grees patient of the bit, and at length on the great indignity the horse fuf. fuffered a ridir. From this time his fers from the mutilation of his tail and life was a scene of glory. He was well ears. Within this century, I believe, known on every road in the county; the barbarous custom of docking horses was the favourite of every groom ; and came in use, and hath passed through the constant theme of every hostler. various modifications, like all other But in the chase his prowess was most cutoms, which are not founded in naThewn. There he carried his master ture and truth. A few years ago the with so much swiftness, ease, and firm- soort dock was the only tail (if it may ness, that he always attracted the eyes be called such) in f.thion, both in the of the company more than the game army and in carriages. The absurdi. they pursued.

ty however of this total amputation The New Forest horse is often sup- began.to appear. . The gentlemen of posed to be of Spanish extraction, from the army led the way. They acknowancestors, imagined to have been ih p- ledged the beauty and use of the tait wrecked on the coast of Hampshire as nature made it. The mort dock in the time of the armada. But I every where disappeared, and all, look on this as a species of the ancient dragoon, horses paraded with long vaunt, genus a Jove summo, and to tails. deserve as little attention. Some of The

nag

tail however still contin them have a form which would not nued in ute. Of this there are five-, disgrace so noble a lineage. The grey ral species, all more or less matilated. horfe is among the most beautiful. The most deformed one is nsked tail; But in general, the croup of the foreft so named froin a cruel operation used horse is low; and his head is ill set in forming it. The under finews of on, having what the jockies call a the dock being divided, the tail starts füiff jaw. Of this defect a resemblance upwards, directly contrary to the pois common in some horses, whose fition which nature intended. The, head is set on, as those of the forest nag-tail is still seen in all genteel carhorses commonly are. Their claim riages ; nor will any person of fashion therefore to high lineage muit in ge. ride a horse without one. Even the neral rest more on their good qualities gentlemen of the army, who have than on their beauty-on the hardi: fewn the most sense in the affair of ness of their nature --on their uncom- horse-tails, have been so misled as to mon strength-on their agility and introduce the nag-tail into the light: fureness of foot, which ihey probably horse ;. though it would be as difficult

to give a reason now for the nag-tail but when he is in violent action he as formerly for the short dock. raises and lyrcads it as a bird does ist

Two things are urged in desence of the same fituation. Would the fwal. this cruel mutilation--the utility, and low or the dove be a mited in their the beauty of is. Let us as briefly as flight by the loss of their tails: poffible examine both.

or the greyhound in his speed by To make an animal weful is, no docking him? For myself, I have no doubt, the first conaduraiiin: and to doubt, but if the experiment were make a horse so, we must necessarily tried at New narket, which I suppose make him fufer fone things which it never was, the horle with his long are unnatural, becaule we take him cail

, however the literati there miglit out of a fute of iuiure. He must be laugh at hin, would not be in the fed with hay atá corn in the winter, leat injured in his speed; and would which he cannot get in his open paf- certainiy anfs er betier, in all his fud. tures: for if he have excruise teyond den turns to the intention of his rider. nature, he musi bave such food as will lie would extend and spread his helm; enable him to bear it. As it is ne- it would facer his

way;

and we would ceffary likewise to make our roads feldom hear of his running out of his hard and durable, it is neceffary also course or on the wrong fide of the to give the horse an iron hoof, that he post. may travel over them without injuring Besides, his tail probably affifts him his feet. But all this has nothing even in his common exertions, and to do with his tail, from which no in- balances his body when he trots, and cumbrance arises.

prevents bis itumbling. I have heard Yes, says the advocate for docking; a gentleman who had travelled much as it is neceffary for the horse to train the east remark, that the Turkish vel, to hunt, and to race, it is use- and Arabian horses rarely stumble ; ful to lighten him of every iacum- which he attributed, and with much brance; and as it is necessary for him appearance of truth, to their long to travel through dirty, roads, it is fails. ufeful to rid him of an inftrumént But whatever use the tail may be to which is continually collecting dirt, the horse in action, it is acknowledged and lashing it over himself and his on all hands to be of infioite use to rider.

him at reft. Whoever fees the horse To ease your horse of every in- grazing in fumnier, and observes the cumbrance in travelling is certainly conulant use he makes of his long tail right. You should see that bis bridle in bashing the flies from his fides, and saddle (which are his great in- must be persuaded, that it is a moft cumbrances) are as easy as poffible: useful instrumenti and must be hurt and that the weight he carries or to see him fidget a short dock backward draws be proportioned to his strength. and forward, with ineffectual attempts But depend upon it he receives no in- to rid himself of some plague which cumbrance from nature. It is a mas- he cannot reach. im among all true philosophers, that As to the objection againft the tail nature has given nothing in vain; and as an instrument, which is continually there can be no reasonable doubt, but' gathering dirt, and lashing it around, that pature has given the horfe his if there be any truth in what I have tail to balance and assist his motions. already observed, this little objection That this is the case seems plain from dissolves itself, especially as the inconthe use he makes of it. When the venience may with great ease be reanimal is at reft his tail- is pendent, medied when the road is dirty, ei

wher

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