« ZurückWeiter »
All this was quite new to Virginia, in his eyes. They have no longer where there is neither barns nor pro that fire which his officers found in vision for cattle.
them when at the head of his arniy ; His horses, his affes, bis mules, but they brighten in conversation. In were wandering in the neighbouring his countenance there are no ftriking paftures. He told us, that it was his features"; whence it is difficult to intention to set his country the ex- catch a likeness of him, for few of his ample of cultivating, artificial mea. portraits resemble bin. Al his andows, so rare in it, yet fo neceffary, fw is discover good fenfe, consummate as in winter the cattle are frequently in prudence, and great diffidence of himwant of fodder. He had a noble felf; but at the same time, an upalstallion, which will keep up the breed terable firmness in the part he has of good horses in the country, 'and once embraced. His modefty canThowed us two fine asses from Malta not but be particularly astonishing to and Spain.
a Frenchman. He speaks of the His three hundred negroes were American war as if he had not bren distributed in log-houses scattered o. the conductor of it; and of his victover the estare, which in that partries with an indifference with which contains upwards of ten thoufand no stranger could' mention them. I
never saw him grow warni, or depart Colonel Humphreys, the poet of from that coulness which charaéterises whom I have already fpokén, and who him, except when talking on the preJives with him in the quality of his fent state of America. The divisions secretary assured me, that his poffef- of his country tend "his soul. He feels fions in different, places confified of the necessity of rallying all the friends more than two huodred' thousand of liberty around a central point, and
of giving energy to the government. The General had invited over To his country he is still ready to safrom England a good English farmer, crifice that quiet which conftitutes with his family, and placed him at the his happiness. Happiness, said he to head of his husbandry.
me, is not in grandeur, is not in the Every thing in the General's bufle of life. This philofopher was house is simple. His table is well fo thoroughly convinced of the truth supplied, but without ostentation. Mrs of this, that from the moment of his Wallington superintends every thing, retreat he broke off every political and wiih the qualities of an excellent connection, and renounced every farmer's wife unites that simple place in the government; yet in dignity which ought to distinguish'a spite of fuch a renunciation, of fuch woman whose husband' has filled the disinterestednefs, of such modelty, greater station. To these the adds this aftonishing man has ent mies ! He also that sweetness, and that attention has been vilified in the new papers, to strangers, which renders hospitality he has been accused of an bition, of fo agreeable. The fame virtues are intrigue, when all his life, when all pofleffed by her engaging niece, "whole America, can witness bis disintereft. health, unhappily, appears to be very "edness, and the rectitude of his condelicate.
duct: Virginia is perhaps the fole You have heard me blame Mr country where he has enemies.; for Chaftelleux for having difplayed fo do where else have I heard his name much wit in the portrait he has given pronounced but with respect, mixed of the General. An artful portrait of with affection and gratitude.
You an artless man is to:ally out of charac- would think the Americans were
The General's goodocfs bcams Speaking of their father. It would
be wrong perhaps to compare Wash. he knew, on the other, their profound ington with the most celebrated war. idalatry for their ancient government riors: but he is the model of a repub- and their monarchy, the loviolability lican ; displaying all the qualities, of which appeared to him ridicuall the virtue of one.
lous. He spoke to me of Mr la - Fa After having spent about three yette with tenderness. He consider. days in the house of that celebrated ed him as his son ; and saw with joy, man, who loaded me with civilities, mixed with anxiety, the part he was and gave me much information, reabout to play in the revolution prepa- specting both the late war and the ring in France. Of the issue of that present situation of the United States, revolution he had his doubis : if he I returned with regret to Alexanknew, on the one hand, the ardour of dria. the French in rushing into extremes,
Anecdotes of Count Cagliostro,*., SINCE the death of Joseph Francis sceptre of Trebisond! To infuse into Borri, the celebrated chemitt, be- this fory
, a greater portion of the mar. Tefiarch, physician, and prophet, who vallow, it was added, that a revolution distinguished himself about the hegin- taking place in consequence of which, ning of the seventeenth century, by the reigning sovereign was facrificed his uncommon capacity and numerous to the fury, of his feditious subjects, impoftures, Europe has not, perhaps, his infant fon was conveyeri by a produced such an extraordinary chia truftr. friend to Medina, where the racter as Jofeph Balfomo, commonly friului nran Sherif had the generofty known by the name of Couni Caglio to educate him in the faith of his
Christian parents. He himself af.. In a memoir published by himself ferred, that at an age, when he first 'while in England, being delrous to became conscious of his existence, he conceal the secret of his origin beneath found linelt in the city of Medina, an impenetrable veil of myilery, he was caled Acharat, had a person of pretended ahat he could not speak po- the name of Altaas for his
governor, fitively as to the place of his nativity, was attended by two çunuchs, who nor in regard to the parents from treated, bim with the utmolt deference whom he derived his birth.: This cir- and respect, and relided in the house cumstance gave an ample scope to the of the Mutu Salaahym, imagination of his followers, some of Ilus
account, which, it must be acwhomi pretended that he was the off knowledged, has all the air of a roSpring of the grand master, çf Malta, marce, spuld neither satisfy nor in.by a Turkish lady, taken captive by, a pofe upon the inquisition. The holy galley belonging to that riflnd; while fathers
, accordingly made the stricteit oth-r8y with equal probability, affert- search after the origin of Caglioltro, ed that he was the only furviving and at at discovered, that this preson of that Prince, who about thirty tended prince and beir apparent to five years ago fuayed the precarious the kingdom of, Trebiíond, was the son
* From his life, late!y published.
of Peter Balsamo and Felicia Braco. nativity, on account of having duped nieri, both of them persons of mean a goldsmith of the name of Morano. extraction, and that he was born at out of about fixty pieces of gold, by Palermo on the 8th of June, 1743. taking advantage of his avarice. The His father happening to die during exasperated jeweller not only applied his infancy, his maternal uncles took to a magiftrate for justice, but also him under their protection, endea- threatened to revenge his wrongs by voured to inftru& him in the pripci- means of his stiletto, and to avoid ples of religion, and gave him an edu- these impending calamities, Cagliostro cation fuitable to his years and their thought proper to withdraw himself own situation, but from bis se
earliest from his vengeance: infancy he is said to have shemo, him We Aall not follow this celebrated self fo averse to a virtuous course of adventurer through the several capiJife, that he would not remain at the fe- tals of Europe, por recapitulate the minary of St Roch at Palermo, where various deceptions by which he prohe had been placed for his inftruc... cured immense fums of money. His tion.
connexion with Cardinal de Ruhan, At thirteen years of age she was and with Madame de la Morte, in the sent to a convent at Caltagirone, : memorable affair of the diamondwhere he assumed the habit of a nou necklace purchased in the name of vice, and being placed under the tuis the Queen of France, his two jourtion of the apothecary, he learned nies to England, and his tricking a fron him the first principles of chemify quaker, during his residence in Lontry and medicine. He did not con. don, out of a sum of money by the agentinue long in this afylum ; during his cy of his wife, are all detailed at full ftay, however, if we are to put impli: lengtho. The fecrets too of his Egypt cit confidence in his right reverend tiad mafoary, and his successful impobiographers, he exhibited for many Sitions by means of a pretended internew symptoms of a vicious character, course with the world of spirits, are that the religious were often under the related and commented upon. necefty of chastising him. It is re After committing a multitude of corded, among other things, that frauds in various kingdoms, and ef. being employed to-read during meals, caping from the hand of justice in al. as is customary in all holy communi moft every capital of Europe, Cagli. ties, he could never be prevailed upon ostro at length, by oncommon fatality, to recite nhat aappared in the book was arrested in his career, and conbefore him, but, on the coutrary, he, demoed to death in the only metropo. would repeat whatever occurred to his lis, perhaps, in which he could not own imagination : nay, he has even have been convicted of a breach ccnfessed, that in reading the martyro. of the moral obligations that conjogy, he used to substitute the names nećta omans with fociety. Having of the most famous courtezans of she repaired to Rome in 1789, be endeatime, instead of those of the female voured to procure disciples, and even Saints !!
S.T. inftituted a lodge of Egyptian masonHaving soon after abandoned his copa ty. The papal government, jealous of rent on account of the rigour of its its authority, and terrified, left this discipline, and the severe morti@cas association should plot againft the fafetions he was exposed to, the friar-ele&t ty of the ecclefiaftical itate, ordered returned to Palermo. There he was. him to be seized on the evening of the frequently seized and imprisoned on 27th of December in the same year, , account of his conduct, and at length and, after an exact inventory of his was forced to fly from the place of his nøyeables had been taken and sealed
up in his presence, he was secretly favour or form societies and conventiconveyed to the castle of St Angelo. cles of free-masons, as by the edict of We shall not enter into the particulars the council of fate, against those who of his trial, but content ourselves with are guilty of this crime at Rome, or observing, that it is asserted with un- any other place under the dominion of common acrimony, that his religion the pope: • tended towards deism;' that during Norwithstanding this, by way of
wenty-seven years of his life he was special grace and favour, this crime, never perceived to make the sign of the expiation of which demands the the cross ;' and that, he was not a delivery of the culprit over to the sediligent observer of the precepts of the cular arm, to be by it punished with church which enjoin the hearing of death, is hereby changed, and commass on festivals, and fasting and ab- muted into perpetual imprisonment, ftaining from Aesh meat on cer- in a furtiess, where the culprit is to be tain occations. The only crime fair- strictly guarded, without any hope of ly proved against him was that of be pardon whatever. And after he shall ing a free mason; this however is a have made ahjuration of his offences, capital felony within the ecclefiaftical as a formal heretic, in the place of ftate, by an edict of Clemeat xii..of his imprisonment, he shall be abfolved glorious memory,' confirmed by a boll from ecclefiaftical censures; and cerof the immortal Benedia xiv. Ac- tain falutary penance is to be preferib. cordingly Cagliostro being convicted ed to him, to which he is hereby ore of this deadly fin," notwithstanding dered to submit. the knowledge and abilities of Signor: nThe manufeript book entitled, Gaëtano Bernardini, and Signor Egyptian Mafonry,' is hereby for Charles Louis Constantini, the coun. lemly condemned, as coitaining rites, fel affigned him, he was condemned propofitions, a doctrine and a lyftem, to death. The process was then care which open a road to fedition, as tendried before the general-affembly of the ing to deftroy the Christian religion, holy office on the 21 of March, and as being superstitious, improus, 1791, and, according to custom, was heretical, and abounding in blasphereferred to the Pope on the 7th of my: this book shall therefore be burnt April following.
* by the hand of the executioner; and We shall conclude this curious ar- also the other books, fymbols, &c. &c. ticle by a copy of the definitive fene, appertaining and belonging to that tence, which will convey a lasting re- fecta proach on the reign of Pius vi. who," • By a new apostolic law, we shall under such light pretences, detained, confirm and renew not only the laws tried, and condemned Cagliostro to per of the preceding ponciffs, but also putual imprisonment.
the edict of the council of Atate, which • Joseph Balsamo, attainted and cons prohibits the societies and convenvicted of many crimes, and of having cicles of free-masons, making particu. incurred the cenfures and penalties Jar mention of the Egyptian test, and pronounced against formal heretics, of another vulgarly called the Illumina dogmatists, herefiarchs, and propaga. ated ; and we fall enact the mot tors, of magic and fuperftition, ibas grievus corporal punishments, and been found guilty and condemned to principally those provided for heretics, the cenfures and penalties denounced, against whofoever hall associates. Hold as well, by the apoftolic laws of Cleo communication with, or protect cholement. xij. and of Bcoediet xiv. against focieties.' those who in any manner whatever
Now proceed to speak of the most the Elyfian fields, they shall enjoy a
important article of the Athenian pure light, and shall live in the bosom religion, of those myfteries, the origin of the Divinity; while those who have of which is loft in the obscurity of noi participated in the mysteries, shall time, of which the ceremonies inspire dwell after death in places of darkno less dread than veneration, and the Dess and horror. secret of which has never been reveal. To fhun fo fearful an alternative, ed but by some persons immediately the Greeks repair from all parts to focondemned to death and the public licit at Eleusis the pledge of happiness execration ; for the law is not fatis there offered them. From the most fied with depriving them of life and tender age the Athenians are admitcoo fiscatiog their goods, the remem ted to the ceremonies of initiation, and brance of their crime and punishment those who have never participated in must be preserved on a column expos them request to be admitted to them ed to every eye.
before they die; for the menaces and Among all the mysteries inftituted representations of the punishments of in honour of different divinities, there another life, which they had before reare none fo celebrated as those of the garded as a subject of derifion, then goddess Ceres; she herself, it is faid, niake the ftrongeit impression on their appointed the ceremonies. While the minds, and fill them with fears, which traversed the earth in fearch of Profer are sometimes of the most abject kind. pine, who had been carried off by Plutó, Yet fome enlightened perfons do The arrived in the plain of Eleusis, not believe that to be virtuous there and, pleased at the reception she met is any neceflity for such an affociawith from the inhabitants, bestowed tion. Socrates would never be initi. on them two signal benefits; the art ated, and his refusal gave birth to fome of agriculture, and the knowledge of doubts concerning his religion. Diothe facred doctrine. The leffer my- genes was once advised, in my presteries, which ferve as a preparation lence, to contract this facred engageto the greater, were instituted in fa ment; 'but he answered: “ Paracion Tour of Hercules.
“ she notorious robber obtained initiaBut let us leave such idle traditions « tion; Epaminondas and Agefilaus to the vulgar, since it is of less import- "never solicited it; is it poffible I ance to be acquainted with the au 6 should believe that the former will thors of this religious fyftem, than to enjoy the bliss of the Elyfian Fields, discover its object. It is affected that, w while the latter shall be dragged wherever it has been introduced by “ through the mire of the infernal. the Athenians, it has diffused a spirit “Shades ?" of union and humanity; that it peri All the Greeks may claim to be fies the soul from its ignorance and admitted to initiation into the mystepollution; that it procures to the ini- ries, but the people of every other natiated the peculiar aid of the gods, the tion are excluded by an ancient law. means of arriving at the perfection of I had been promifed that this laws virtue, the serene happinefs of a holy should be dispensed with in my belife, and the hope of a peaceful death balf. I had in my favour the title of and endless felicity. The initiated citizen of Athens, and the powerful . hall occupy a distinguished place in authority of examples. But as it
would * From “ Travels of Anachards the Younger, in Cre.ce.".