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these-examinations produced was prints' wished it otherwise, but while truth
ed for the use of the Members of the guides the pencil," the portrait muft:
House of Commons ; but as it formed be of use. « Secrecy and concealment
frx folio vols. it was almost impossible appear 10 have been all along aimed
for the public at large to derive much at by the friends of the Slave Tradė;
information on the subject 'trom the they knew that deeds of darkness
publication. Exclusive of the difficul.' would not bear the light: now that
ty of obtaining a copy, the very bulk the enormities of the traffic are drag
of the work was sufficient to repel ged into open „day, it is much to be
even the most zealous from perceiving wished that they may no longer be fuf-
what would require so much time to fered to remain the disgrace of a po-
go through. The only mode, there. lished age.
fore, by which the important and inzi The preface to the Abstract con-
teresting facts contained in that tains i fome judicious remarks on the
publication could be generally circaa' characters and credibility of the evi-
lated; was by concentrating them dences on each side of this cause. Of
as far as possible, stripping off unnecef-thofe brought forward by the Slave
sary repetitions, and presenting them Merchants and Planters, it is observed,
in à form accessible to the bulk of there are few who are not deeply inte-
readers who wished to examine the 'rested in the testimony they had given,
subject. This has been done, so far as and the event of the d cision. Of
relates to one side of the cause, with those who fall not under this defcrip.
great accuracy and ability in the tion, the evidence is unsatisfactory and
publication before us, in which, befides inconclufive;-unsatisfactory, from the
the abridgement of the evidence, we want of opportunities of information
have it likewife arranged and metho- hand inconclulive, from its going
dised, fo'âs to exhibit the cleareft and only 'to' a few particular inftances,
most interesting view of the various which might probably take place,
points to be attended to in the difcuf: though the general facts were in all
cullion of the complex, thoughi inte? respects as stated by those on the
resting topic. ".779

other ade. The evidence again ad-
- "It cannot be expected that we should duced by the petitioners for the abos
be able to give an exact account of all litioni, comes from perfons whose op-
the particulars contained in this work ; portunities of information were abune
an abridgement of al' abstract muft in dant, who can have no possible in-
most cases be useless." ?All thát căn be têreft to blas them in giving their
done is, to ftate a few of the particu: teftimony and many of whom came
lars on which the evidence here details forward as witnesses, from a fenfe of
ed or given has effablished, and the duty alone, even against their appa-
general coricłusións that may fairly be rent interest, and under the prospect
åráwn from them : tờ those who are in of suffering by their zeal! From this
terested in or will to understand the statement of the characters of those
fubject, we earnestly recommend the who have given evidence in the cause,
perufal of this small tract; and can be statement, which seems "indeed
affare them that they, in doing so, will fully eltab!Ahed in the preface,-4a0d
find no caufe "to regrettleir labour. undeniably confirmed, fo far as regards
- The picture, indeed, exhibited in this the witnesfes for the abolition, by an
disclosure of the secrets of the prialphabetical lift of them, with their
fon-houfen is får from pleafing Scenes designations, and means of informa
of cruelty, injustice, bppresion, "and tigh, fhortly pointed out; there feems
misery, crowd upon us. For the èo be little room for determining to
Honour of humanity.we could have which of them most credit is to be
Tgain. Vol. XIV. No. 82.


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given. It must indeed be satisfactory when prisoners of war

war are taken to the reader, to find that he can and fold, to prevent their being put trust, with implicit confidence, to the to death ;- no, they are mere mafacts here fpoken to, the character of rauding, predatory expeditions, excitthe witnesses being fufficient to pre-ed by the European traders, frequentclude all dubiety.

ly practised by the petty princes against The Abtract is divided into sixteen their own subjects, and carried on chapters ;--the two first relate to the solely for the purpose of getting Slaves. manner of procuring the Slaves in Facts, in proof of this are given by Africa ;-the third, to their fitu. many witnesses who saw the parties ation in the Middle Passage ;-the go out on the horrid errand, were fourth, to their condition and treat eye-witnesses of the burning and desoment in the West Indies the fifth, lated villages, and learned from the to the characters of the Africans ;-the unfortunate captives the fad story of fixth and seventh, to the practicability their woes. The Criminal Accusaof establishing and carrying on a trade tions are charges of crimes, sometimes with the natives of Africa without imposfible and absurd, and sometimes. dealing in Slaves ;--the eighth and committed by the culprits in confeninth, to thc effects of the Slave Trade quence of feductions used for the on the sailors employed in it the purpose of getting them reduced to tenth, to the comparative fituation captivity: in both casesthe family of the Africans in their own country frequently all suffer for the fake of and the West Indies; the five follow-, their children. The real criminals, ing, to the possibility of keeping apa against whom their pavishment of fufficient stock of Slaves from their, cap.ivity is juftly awarded, amount, own increase by population, without noti perhaps to the thousandth part of further importation, and the regulations, the Slaves carried from the coalto, necessary for effecting this and the The kidnapping is practised by the laft chapter, to the policy of extend- natives on one another, excited by ing the cultivation of sugar colonies by the too powerful tempcations of Eurofresh Slaves, in place of waiting for a pean luxuries, to a degree that excites fupply by natural increase horror.. Friends, neighbours, even

Such is the comprehensive plan of relations, deceive, entrap, and fell one this work. The reader will perceive that another :--murders without number: it embraces every question that can be are the cenfequence, and constant agitated on the subject of the Slave Lufpicion reigns through the country. Trade.--It is but justice to add,, that The Europeans are not inferiour

, on every one the evidence is pointed to the natives in these acts of iniquiand decisive, che, facts convincing, ty; the traders make no scruple of and the natural conclusions from them kidnapping, where it can be done (tho' not drawn expressly in this work, without danger; the natives are which gives only facts) plain and ine marked when attending their business, vitable.

or they are enticed on board the In regard to the manner of procum vessels, and detained, and forcibly ring the Slaves, it appears that this carried off, is done by war, as it is called, by From this auspicious commence. accusations of crimes, and by kidnap ment of the traffic ; the mode of conping. The wars are not, as it has duding its subsequent affertions may be often been asserted, contests of ambi- conjectured. Of these we have next tion, or such disputes ass in the na- an account in the abstract. The tural course of events, frequently Africans come on board the vessels arise between neighbouring nations, dejected and in despair ;--;hey are



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immediately ironed, two and two to Slave catchers, or the hard-hearted gether, and crowded in the ship's barbarity of their transporters. To hold in a manner the most shocking talk of regulating such a trade is idle; that can be described. Of this last to teach decorum to a band of mani. particular we have an occular de-, ads; to train the tyger to the spaniel's monftration given by the draught movements, or set to music the


of of a Slave fhip, and the man hell hounds-would be fully as pracner in which the cargo is ftowed; ticable as to regulate the Slave trade a more striking proof, perhaps, was by the laws of justice or humanity. never given of the length to which From the mode of procuring avarice and cruelty can go, in violat- and transporting the Slaves, the Abing the feelings and aggravating the Aract goes on to their treatment in distresses of our fellow creatures. Tor the: Weft-Indies. The Africans are rures of every kind, and under eve considered there was a species of inry form, are common on the midt “ ferior beings; whom the right of dle paffage :--sometimes these are ap “ purchase gives the owner a power of plied to force the unhappy captives to « ufing at his will." Their labour is take food, fometimes in punittiment most fevere, and urged on with the for an attempt to escape. Some of whip by inhuman and wapton drivers, these species of torture are here men- who seem to take pleafure in their suftioned; and that heart must be cal ferings;-little respite is allowed them, Jous indeed that does not fhudder at even Sunday 'fhines no Sabbath day the descriptions. Even without these, to them. Their food is in general the corrupted air, the stench, the canty, and often unwholesome; their dirtiness, and the horror of their con- houses are miferable hovels, almof finement, carry off the Slaves in mul deftitute of furniture. Of all these titudes. The march of death'is' ac- facts the most fatisfactory evidence is celerated to a degree almoft incon- here adduced; it is unnecessary to enceivable. The mode in which the ter into particulars, which would lead survivors are fold on their arrival, 'is isto too copious extracts, but one not less Shocking to humanity than fort of the work exacted from the ne their treatment during the voyage. groes we cannot help fpecifying, as a

Such is the nature of what proper-proof at once of the light in which ly constitutes the Slave - Trade ;- these people are regarded by their op, trade begun itt murder and robbery, presfors, and of the lengths in depravicarried on ¡n cruelty, and ending in ty to which avarice and tyranny will moft galling oppreffon. After the go. It appears that it is a practice Evidence here brought together we (and from the manner in which it is can scarce believe, or feriously ima- fpoken of it would feem not uncomgine, that any Regulation of the Trade mon) for women, women too not can make it consistent with justice mentioned as of disreputable characor humanity. “It can never, as juft- ters, but we suppose “ good as in lý here observed, cure melancholy, or these countries deem'd,” to keep fe

diseased mind; it can never male negroes, whom they turn out prevent injused people from for prostitution, and oblige to bring rising, if out of irons ; nor can home the wages of their iniquity! it take away corrupted air, unlefs it Oo this fact we shall make no com*Teduce the number to be carried so low, ment, but leave our readers to imaas not to make it worth the while of gine, if they can, what must be the the Slave Merchants to transport tate of manners and of morals in a them." We will add, as little can country where such women are not bam it cure the unfeeling avarice of the nished from all creditable fociety,




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The account of the labour of the Africans, which will soon sapersede Slaves is followed by a detail of their the barter of human creatures for Eupunishments. These are indeed of a ropean commodities. piece with the other parts of their u That the Slave Trade is the grave lage. Flogging, to a degree of cruel- of our seamen; that in it they are treatty to which our feverest military pa ed with a crueliy almost equal to that nishments are trifling,--thumb-screws, of the negroes, and that it ope's

-iron boots,-iron collars,--sufpen- rates among this useful class of mua fion by the hands and thumbs ---cruel with the fury of a pestilence, are next beatings and maimings--with others established upon evidence equally clear Nill more shocking, are frequent, and with the foregoing. Out of 12,263 in many places almost general. These seamen employed in this trade, we find are inflicted at the will of a cruel ma. 2643 died, and only 5760 returned Iter, an inhuman driver, and we are home, the remainder being, in one forry to add, often of a capricious way or other, lost to their country. mistress, for instances are here given of The absurd idea entertained by Ladies, ordering, Superintending, and fome, that the Africans are happier even with their own hands infli&ting in the European colonies than in their these punishments. Against all this own country, is combated with many accumulated bad usage, it clearly ap- decisive facts in the tenth chapter. pears that the Slaves have little or no The possibility of keeping up the protection, and the laws in their fa- stock of Naves without importation, is your are of no avail whatever.' We next: adverted to, and we apprehend would recoinmend the whole of the completely proved. The regulations 4th chapter of this work as the com- necesary to affc& this are mentioned; pleteft refutation of two affertions bold- they are those which humanity would Jy made by the friends of Slavery; the dictate, which justice might even der one, that the Slaves live more happily mand, and which sound policy, were than the labouring poor in this coun, it understood, on every eftate, woulò try, and the other, that the mafter's enforce. These we shall pot attempt own interest will secure them good to particularise, but content ourselves

treatment : iwo affertions which it with referring our readers to the last would be losing time to refutę, and fix chapters of this Abstract, where they which no man, who has lat: all exa- will find them clearly detailed, and mined the subject, can posibly be their propriety established almost be

yond a doubt. We are the more con, In the fifth chapter we have some cise on this head, as we really conAriking and even affecting instances of ceive thas, to the enlightened philofothe general goodness of disposition, as pher and the friend of mankind, it well as capacity for every species of will appear less neceffary to be infifted improvement, in these apprefied and on. It favery and the Slave Tradę injured Africans in the fixth and se are attended with the evils already venth chapters prove clearly what this stated, no narrow maxims of crooked country might gain by a trade with A- policy should be allowed to interfere frica, for its valuable productions ve- and prevail to the continuance of fuch getable and mineral; as the natives a practice. Granting that the stock of would be bosh able and willing to en- Hayes could not be kept up without ·

ter into fuch a traffic, were the Slave importation, does that afford the flight: Trade opce fairly annihilated. To this eft apology for our wading through

wished-for event, we fincerely hope blood and laughter, through cruelty she newly establithed Sierra Leona and unheard of barbarity, to procure Company will effe&ually contribute, the instruments of gain or the objects by opening channels of trade with the. of luxury ?



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Covetoufness its own Punishment; a Tale.

Ichthegrity of Mexico, as we are toled by

that famous and much to be depended the weather, but might have defended hine historian Father Giardino, thereliveda certain from the effect of a bullet had it been aim. gentleman, called Don Cavanilla Quignata- ed at him. Of similar or superior strength Lorenzano, who had once followed the pro were a pair of jack-boots which he constantfession of a scrivener, but had now betaken !y wore : these, by frequent accretions of himself to that honourable and useful em contributory leather to the legs, and of tinployment, the assisting of his fellow-creatures plate nailed to the soles, became so strong, with a portion of his own wealth at cent. that they might well have served as buckets per cent. interest, vulgarly denominated to the most frequented well in Mexico. But ufury. This worshipful person, in the fifti- that he might not be quite borne down with eth and fourth year of his age, entered into the weight of his apparel, he uniformly car, á contract of matrimony with the virtuous ried in his right hand a thick knobbed stick, Donna Eftifania Montenella, in the eight and which not only served him for fuppost, but thirtieth year of hers. To this transaction as a defence against the noisy curs of the city, he was the rather induced, not more on ac- which always barked at him as he passed coupit of the beauty of her person and the along: Af his left fide he likewise wore a qualities of her mind, than because the was sword, which resembled, as one egg does anę very rich, and as careful of her money as he other, that of the renowned Sir Hudibras, as was of his. Already had Lorenzand passed friend Butler describes it. Notwithstanding ten good years with his dame in the honor- this miserable armour and sorry apparel, hc able fate of holy matrimony, without how. never forgot to display the enligns of an orover enjoying the comforts of a family of der of knighthood conferred on him by a children; for the want of which blefling he late Viceroy of his Catholic Majesty, for cercomforted himself in public by expreffing his tain services rendered to the revenues of the thanksulness to Providence for being thus state of Mexico, or rather to the emoluments freed of a multitude of cares, and in private of the faid Viceroy. Certainly the insignia of by the thoughts of the great expence he was 'that celebrated order had never hung on the thus faved; for as the prudent Lorenzano breast of a more miserable subject; but it hardly allowed himself tħe'neceffaries of life, convinced the people of Mexico, that a dungwisely considering that his riches, great as hill cannot receive lustre even from a dia. they were, might make to themselves wings mond. and fly away, you may judge whether he It happened one fine morning the would have relished the expence attending Spring, that Lorenzano set out for the fields the feeding, the clothing, and educating a' in the neighbourhood of the city to gather numerous family. He was wise from ob- simples for a pectoral draught, more falutary fervation; for his father disinherited his than tea, to his confort; and to regale himelder brother, because he was a thoughtless, felf with a fresh falad, made luxurious by the gay, extravagant youth, and left his fortune thought that he should pay nothing for it. to Lorenzano, whofe difpofitions were fimi- As he passed some magnificent country seats lar to his own. Of this he had many proofs; without the town, he observed below a tree but one in particular determined him; for, an Indian servant, whom sleep had overtakeria when a favourite dog which was warmly at- and beside whom láý a pair of delicate

new tached to Lorenzano, having grown up boots, which attracted the eager gaze, and with him from his infancy, had become too excited the covetous desires of our noble old to go abroad to find its food in the dung-, knight. He spoke and coughed aloud, hills or on the streets, he had shut it out of and when he saw that the sleeper did not the house, and allowed it to die for want. awake, be considered this as a charming op

When Lorenzano had not occafion to go portunity to poffefs himself of a pair of nein to market for the purchase of viduals, an boots at no expence. He quickly dilenci nie expedition which he took, perhaps twice a bered himself of his own old fervants, which month, he feldom left the house. When he he laid down belide the Indian, and having appeared in the streets the children used to nrade free with the new ones, he foampered sun after him, and a mischicvous little rogue off with as much celerity as if he had beco would often pick an onion out of his pocket running for a wager. through the holes of his old cloke as he was With what joy, when he got home, did travelling homeward loaden with vegetables, he relate in secret to his spoufe his successful

His coat was so ancient, and had been so trick, and with what rapture did he survey often patched, that few people in 3 Texico his well-dressed feet ! remembered its original colour; the thrif. . God knows, said he co himself, it wag $y Donna Eftifania had exerted her skill ä lucky hour when I first thought of going op it with such fuccefs, that it not only for out to gather Gniples.".

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