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confederacy, I shall convey to you our
may be feared, that in these institutions joint sentiments upon thein.
some imperfections hav- g'ided, that exTrue copy,
perience alone can discover; G. F. CHERRY, P. I. riation has an unalienable right to re
Cintiderinx, on the other part, that the (Signed) True copies,
viewin retorm, and change both the GEORGE PARRY, Act. Dep. Sec.
system of its constitutional laws, and even the act of its aiTociation;
That hence it is necessary, that at the
same time thar, for the benefit of all, FRANCE.
the reprezentatives of the nation require
in its name obedience to the laws which NATIONAL ASSEMBLY.
they have decreed, and it has approvede Paris, August 29.
they thill point out fure and prompt
means of riforming them, and of proM. Chapellier, from the committee of fi:ing for this end of all the aid of which Constitution, presented the
the natin sh..!! be capable, in the viitues, PLAN of a Decree on the next ASSEMBLY
the knowledy -, and the experience which of Revision.
these very laws are now to become the The National Affmbiy, af er having
source and the object ; fulfilled the mission given them by the
That it is only necessary that the forms French people, after having established by which the nation fail make known a constirution, founded on the iniefeslin its opinion th u'd be fixed in such a man
ner as not to lead to errors, and not to ble rights of men and citizens, and on
give io tumultuous movementsor haily the principles of reason and morality;
Confiderings on the one part, that if deliberations, the impofing characler of the maxims which they have taken for the national will, and to fix a period at the basis of their work bear the character which this will fall be examined; a peof evidence, and if a general affint, the riod which ought neith-r to be fo diftant: most folemn adherence of all parts of ihe
as to make the nation suffer from any empire, the rapid and scrupulous execu.
vicious parts of its social organization,
nor fo near as not to allow cxperi ncë tion frhe new laws, have lefi no doubt respecting the will of the raion to sanc.
to give her falutary l fons, or the spirit tion and to foll, w tne constitutional des
of party, and the recollection of ancient crees made by its representatives, and prejudices, to take the place of reason respecting the general opinion that there
and juitici, by which all the citizens law's attain the object of a great and hap- ouzht in future to be guided; py regeneration;
Finally,. Considering that the fixing Considering, that, if this union of fen- of this period, and the determination of timent, this spontaneous movement to
protecting forms for the national will, wards liberty, which have induced all the oughi, by directing all ideas to the cominhabitants of the Empire 10 pieis, as it ciai org nization, have the happy efect
n on benetic and the perfecting of the foo were, each before the other, io mix inio one nials, their rights and their inter: Its, time, and intentibl, bring nc back mens
of calming the agitations of the present to attach theinteres to the limplis, and submit themelves to the same public good, has resolved and decreed as
minds to the peaceable pursuit of the obligations, gives the Nationa: Afl: mily
toliows:the right, and impoles on them the duty of impreffing on their work he inviolable
SECTION 1. character of the general will, and of
Of the FORMATION of the ASSEMBLY of dispofing of the whole public power to
REVISION, confirm and mainiain it; having ne. verthelefs had a struggle against all the 1. In the year 18co, on the ift of June pafli ns and all the prejudicis; having there fal be an Aff mhly of Revision, Been obliged to fubftiiute i:alily a body whole p wer shall be determined as here: of new inftitutions for a mondrous mais in after mentioned. of decried abulis; finally, l'aviog given, 11. I shall be compof d of two hunand shocks of every fori, of dangers of dred and forty-nine el cted in each deevery kini', of difor 'ers too much exag- pariment, of which one third shall be gerared, but yet real and unfortunately, inofen in propor:ion to the territory, and intepararle from a revolution ; having two thirds in proportion to the active poo given a new form to a great einpire, it pulation.
itt. To forrh the Affembly of R vi. any part of the conftitution can be made fon, the primary ailemblies shall be before the first of January 1800. convoked, and electors chosen for this II. After this period,' every citizen purpose alone, in the same nucabit, and who shall think that any part of the con• a cording to the fame forms, as for the ftirution ought to be refor ned, fhail be election of the Lagidative Arnbiies. at liberty to express his with by a peti
IV. The Legislative Boisy and the ' tioni, ligned by himself and those who Kiny are chaiged by the constitution to agree with hin in opinion. This petiproclairn, three months at least before tion shall be deposited with the municithe ih of June, the meeting of all the pali:y of the residence of the petitioners, citizens in prirnity assemblies, and the and shall be regittered. li thall contain place where the Aftenbly of Revision a precise ftatéinent of the parts of the Hall fit.
conftiturion on which, according
to the The pace of meeting shall be at the petitioners, the reforın ought to take distance of twenty miles at leaft from place. the place where the Legislative Body III. When the number of petitioners Shall fit.
on the same fubject Mali form the maV. Theconstituting asse:nbly once met, jority of he citizetis who compose a com Mall be free to resnove to any part of munity, and the municipal officers fhail the kingdom.
a dress their petition to the adminiftraNo body of troops can be estahlished, tion of the deparıment: or remain within less than thirty miles IV. The administrator's in each des of it.
partment Mall verify the number of ciVI. The Allembly of Revision may iizens who shall have demanded the reeither adopt in its deliberacions che forms forin of one or more points of the cona of the Legislative Aff:mblies, or fraine ftrution, particularly marking out the others, provid:d they do not abridge the objets, if there are more than one; and time of discussion:
if the majority of active citizens of the Those who are then members of the departmárt join in making chis demand Legislative Body cannot be chosen nem on one or more points, the intimation bers of the conftituting assembly. of their petition thall be feni br the ad.'
min firators to the Legislative Body. SECTION II.
V. When petitions on the sainé sub
jed shall have been made in more than FUNCTIONS and Rights of the CONSTITU: Forty-vne departments, the L'gislative TING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY.
Body shall review the proposal which 1. The functions of the All-nbly of fall have been addressed to it. Every Revilian which Mall be held in soc, department "thall be counted in this ree thall be to examine if the confti ured view for the number of deputies which pow:rs, whose division is the fundamens it fends for the Legislative Affeably, to tal basis of every conftitution, and has that the calculation shall be established been the fole object of the National Af- upon 745 unites. fembly of 1789, have reciprocally pre
VI. After that bị the review it shall terved the limits which have been pre- have beer, a-termined that the petition fcribed to them ; and to reito e ther, it is formed by the absoute majoriy of any infringements have been made by citizens of the departments, the Leginaeither of the constituier powers..
tive Budy Mall clearly and precisely estaII. The Afsemily of Rivision in 1800 blish the objects of t'ie petitions: If they Mall have likewise the funct.od to de relate to several parts of the constitutions terinine respecting the duman :s which, they mail be fiat d distinct ý. according to the form that hal be eita
VII. The Legislative Body Mall then "blished, may be m. d. by the petitions of give its opinion on the queltion, whecitizens, by the Legislative Briy, or in ther the object ought to be fubmered to the King, for the purpose of retorming the examination of the Assembly of Re“any part of the contiturion.
VIII. The King fall equally declare
hi- opinion, by fanctioning, or refusing
to sanction, the decree of the Legislative Porons by wbich the wife of Citizens, and Body, &c.
the demands of the LEGISLATIVE BODY and Tle affent of the king to a decree of the King foall be cftabli bed.
the Legislative Body Thail bi exprefled I. Npetition to c ange and reform by the worde: The King confents.
Kk VOL. XIV. No $
His refusal of sanction shall be expres. 13. b. referred to the next Legislature, fed as tollows: The King will examine. will, if the majority always fubfifted,
The filence of the King, af ertwn Mall vy bound in declare, that the arris months from the day of the presenta- cie or articles shall be submitted to the tion of the decret, mhall be reported af. Affen bly of Revision. fent.
In case the majority Mall no longer IX. When the petition shall relate to exist, the petition shall be regarded as several onliutional articies, the Legif- null. fative Body and the King shall proceed XV. If from the principle immediately upon them diftinctly, by declaring their after the review of the petitions, the Leopinion, so as to exp: els their aslent or gislative Body, or the King, do not conopposition to each of the articles fépa- cuir with respect to their affent or oppo. rately.
Irion, and either discover an opinion conX. If the Legislative Body and the trary to the wath of the petitioners, the Kinz concur with the petitioning citi- question shall be fubmitted to three fuzzens on the necessity of tùbmitting to the ceflive Legislatures ; or, if the majority Asembly of Revision an articte of con- of citizens who formed the petition alftitution, it shall be definitively determin- ways exist, the articte shall be carried to ed that this article shall be prefented to the Affembly of Revision. the Assembly of Revision.
*XVI. The Legislative Body and the XI. If the Legállature and tħe Kirg King shall have the right of proposing concur toʻprevent the object, ogany of the articles to the Afkmbly of Revision acobjects, or all the objects included in the cording to the forms which shall be prepetitions, from being taken into confi- fcribed. deration by the Assembly of Revifion, XVII. If two fucceffive Legislatures the petition, the decree of the Legisla- concur with the King with refpect to the tive Body, and the refusal of the King, articles to be proposed, they Mall be de. Thall be printed and published, and the finitively decreed to be submitted to the whole fall be left to the public opinion Allen bly of Revitinn. during all the continuance of the Legif XVIIÍ. If the King refase his affent lature which shall have declared its opi- to the deeree of the Legislature, his veto nion.
shall, have the same effect and the same XII. If the majority of the depart. duration, as that which is to extend to ments, reckuning them according to the the other acts of the Legislative Body. peguiations prefiribed above, cofit of fhall cafe when ihree fucceffive Lé. three-fourths, or otherwisio of 558 unites, giflatures that have presented the fame and if at leaft eighteen months after ihc wifn, and the article shall be referred to Legilature and the King all have pub- the Affembly of Revision, limed their opinion, the firft with o the XIX. In cate that the King shall procitizens has not been retracted in more pose to present to the Asembly of Rethan ten departe enis on any or all of vision one or more articles of the constithe objecis included in their opinion, the tution, he shall make the proposal by a Le illative Body fhall be bound to de. mefrige, alligning the reason to the Le-, clare, that the artick, or the conflitu- ginitive Body, which mall be bound to tior al articles, shall be presented to the deliberate. Allembly of R vision, and the sanction of XX. If three fucceffive Legislatures the King hall be deemed given. refuse to assent to the proposal of the
XII. If in more than ten departments King, it fall be regarded as null. she citizens have changed their opinion, XXI. The petitions which fhall be and the absoʻrite najorily Mail be never- made shall not contain a'y proteft, a. theless obtained, the Lifiature next af- gainit the chablished order, nor anv exo ter that which has given its opinion, pr:ffron contrary to the provisional beHall do so too as well as the King. dience due to the exiltinig law; but what
XIV. In cafe the Legislature and the ever proposals of change or of reform King Thall then concur with the petition- they may contain, they ear:not be em ing citizens, the artiele Thali be defiri- ployed against those who shall have fignEively decreed to be presented to the Af- edhem as an exclufion from obtaining fembly of Revision. In the contrary any place, public employment, or delccase, that the Legifiature and the King, gation conferied by the people. or either, shall with to prevent the object XXII. The Afičmbly of Revision can of the petition fro'n being submitted to not, under any pretexi, engage in any the Affembly of Revision, the question deliberations except what thall be tubo
mitted to them according to the forms a ftitution, N Thouret, spoke as follows : bove prescribed : The Jecrees which it thall “ The representatives of the nation prepass on any other Subject thall be nuii and sent to your Majesty the con!icutional code, of no effect.
which confecrates the imprefiriptible rights, * It can neither engage in any arrange of the French people, which restores to the ment in the legislative order, nor in any in throne its true dignity, and which organizes spection of any part whatsoever of the ad- the government of the empire." ministrative order. It thall have no other power than that of examining the articles
The King's ANSWER. which shall be submitted to it. It may, however, give all the neceffary orders to le
I reeeive the constitution presented to cure its own entire liberty and perfect in me by the National Assembly.--I will comdependence, and it shall have, as they logiilat municate my resolution to the National Aftive body, the police in the place of its teet sembly as soon as the examination of so iming.
portant an object will render it possible. XXII. It shall be perfectly free in its or
lam tietermined to remain in Paris. I will pinions; and whatever be the majority of giye orders to the Commandant General of petitions, whatever be the coincidence, or be national Parisian guard respecting the opposition of the legislative body of the guard for my person. King, each of the members of the Amenably of Revision, shall be under no other obliga firbei deputation returned to the hall of
anim tion than that of voting according to his ke Ailensbly by the same way, and in the judgment and conscience, what he thinks fame order by which they had left it, when molt consonant to julkice and general utility.
M. Thouret gave an account to the miems XXIV. The legiflative body and the King his Majesty's answer.
bers there of what he said to the King, and Thail name cach four Commillioners, to remii to the Affembly of Revision at its opening the articles decreed to be the object of
Sept. 14. its laboúrs.
The Minister of Justice presented himself XXV. As foon as their labours shall be yesterday in the National Affembly, and finished, the Asembly of Revision shell give delivered into the hands of the Prelinotice to the Icgitiative body and the King. dent a written mesiage from his Majesty,
It shall name twenty-four Commissioners containing his full and voluntary ratification to wait upon the legislative body, and in
of the terms on which he is again to resume their presence, and that of the King, in a the exercise of the Royal Authority. minute deposited in the archives, folemnly
Here follows an exact copy of the notifimake upon the constitution the changes and cation, as it was read amid the plaudits of reforms which shall:have been decreed.
the audience, all of whom, the Patriots The Affembly of revision shall immedi- cfpecially, seemed to rejoice at this aufpicie ately separate.
ous circumstance. XXVI. In the reforms which it
GENTLEMEN, cree, it shall be regulated by the rights of men and of citizens, and those eterual prin " I have attentively examined the Conciples of liberty and equality, which forms ftitutional Act, which you have presented of government ought to secure, and which for my acceptance. I accept it, and I they nnot alter without being unjust and skall cause it to be executed. This diilaoppreffiy.c.
ration alone might have been thought suf
ficient at any other period; but I owe Sept. 3.
it, at the present moment, to the in
terests of the Nation, and I owe it to myThe National Assembly having spent some self, to disclose my motives. time in revising and amending the Consti “ From the coinmencement of my reign tution, now resolved that it was completed, I have been desirous to seform every kind and no farther change would take place in of abuse, and, in all the Acts of my Goit. A Committee of 60 Members was ac vernment, I have been ambitious to take cordingly appointed to present it that same the public opinion as the rule of my colio day to the King. The deputation accord duct. Divers causes, ainong the number ingly began its march in the evening, at of which
may be reckoned the situation of tended by flambeaux, between two files of the Finances on my coming to the Throne, National Guards, who kept great silence and the immenfe expences attendant op an The doputation was received in the Coun- honourable war, Sustained without the in cil Chamber. The King was surrounded crease of impofts, liad occasione a consider by all his Ministers, and a great number of able disproportion between tlie Revenue and other persons.
Expenditure of the State. The Roporter of the Committee of Cope * Struck with the magnitude of the evil,
I not only fought for the means of admi tutional ones. In short, the voice of the page niftering a remedy, but I also perceived the ple is to me no longer dubious; 1 perceived. neceffity of preventing its return. I ac, it to thow itself at once, both by its adhe cordingly conceived the project of placing fon to your proceedings, and by its attach the happiness of the People on a constitu ment to the fupport of Monarchial Gow tional and stable basis, 'and of subjecting vernment. to invariable rules, that authority of which “ I accept therefore the Constitution. I was the Depository. I accordingly called “ I undertake the engagement to main the Nation around me to execute this plan. tain it within ; to defend it from every at. During the course of all the events produc- tack from without; and to have it executed by the Revoļution, my intentions have ed by every means it has put in my power. never varied. After having reformed the “ 'I declare that, now informed of the atancient inftitutions, you began to replace tachment which the great majority of the them by the firit ellays of your political la. People has for it, I renounce the joint cons bours. I waited only for the complerion of currence I had ciaļmed in that work; and the Constitution to give my entire aflent being only responfible to the Nation alone, to it; I even favoured the component parts, no one else, when I renounce it, has a right before I could view them 23 one great to complain. (The left side oi the Hallo whole ; and if the disorders which have and all the Galleries, here resounded with accompanied almost all the epochs of the applauses) Revolution, have often allisted my heart, · I should nqvertheless be wanting to I still hoped that the Law would regain its truth, did I say that I had discovered in the proper impulfe, when confided to new means of excéuting and admiuistrating the powers, and as the term of your labours Constitution, that energy which is necetiary approached, every day would add to that to impress the motion and to preserve urity respid for it, without which the People in ali the parts oj vaft an Empire; but çan neither enjoy !iberty' nør happiness since opinions are at this day fo aivided in
"! perfile for a long time in that hope, regaru to these objects, I conteot that exand my resolution never charged till the perience plane thall become the fale arbia moment thai it abandoned me,
Whoeverter. recollects the period when I left Paris, “ When I have made a faithful üfe of all must know, although the Constitution was the means which have been entrusted to me, nearly atchieved, that yet the authority of no reproach can po...ily be urged agáinit me; the Laws was becoming more feeble. The and the Nation, whose intereit alone ought moft exaggerated opinions alone obtained a to serve as a rule, will explain itself, by tholą hearing; the licentíoyfwess of the Press was means which the Constrution has reierved at its heighth; np power whatever was re- for its preservation. Reiterated plaudits.] fpected, I could no longer recognize the “ But, Gentlenien, for the support of character of the general will in those Laws Liberty, for the itability of the Continua. which I beheld without force and without tion, for the individual happiness of all cho cxecution. I then began to think, that if French, there are certain interests which you prefented the Constitution to me, ! command us to re-unite all our ehorts, ihould ngi be able to believe that the in. These interests are, a respect for the Laws, terest of the people (the constant and only the re-establishment of order, and the rea Tule of my conduct) would permit me to ac union of ail the Citizens. cept it. í had but one sentiment; I formed “ Now that the Constitution is definitivebut one projeçt; I resolved to withdraw my, ly settled, frenchmen living under the fame self from all parties, and to make myself Laws ought to know no other enemies than acquainted with the real with of the Na: those who infringe upon them ; discord and çion,
anarchy, these are our worst focs I shall “ The motives which then directed me, combat them with all my powe. 't is ne, no longer exist at this moment ; ever since, ceffary that you and your fucceftors fhould the inconveniencies and the evils I complain. second wie with energy, and that without: od of, have made an you the fame impreffion tyrannising over the mind, the Law should they did on me. You have manifested your protect all tho e who submit their actions inclination to order ; you have given your to įts direction. attention to the insubordination of the ar: “ ļt is necessary that all those who, from my; and you have felt the necessity of re the dread of troubles and of perfecutions, prelling the liçentiousness of the Press. The have abfented themselves from their Counrevision of your labours has placed among try, should be certain of finding safety and the number of regulatiops, several Articles, tranquillity on returning to įts boson. which are at first presented to me as Con “ Änd for the extinction of the animo. ftitutional Laws. 'You have established le fities, and lefieping the evils that a great gal forms for the revifion of those Articles, Revolution always produces; and on purą hich you have placed among the Conftig pose, that the Law from this very day may