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VI. Officers are chosen for a time, and Foreigners, whether set:le in France po cannot again be chosen, till after a certain in not, inherit the property o' their parents terval of service : :
whether foreigners or iren. hinun. They None shall command the National Guard
can contract, acquire, ani. of more than one diferia.
fituated in France, and dispose of it, as well VII. All the parts of the public force em as any French citizen, in every mode autho: iployed for the fafety of the State from fo- zed by the law's. reign enemies, are under the command of Foreigners in France are subject to the the King
fame criminal laws and regulations of police VIII, No body or detachment of troops as French citizens: their perfons, effects, inof the line can act in the internal parts of the custry, and religion, are equal.y protected by kingdom without a legal order.
the law. IX. No agint of the public force can be - French colonies and poremians in Asia, in the house of a citizen, if it is not in order Africa, and America, are not included in the to execute the instructions of Police and of present Constitution. Justice, or in cases forrrally provided for hy None of the Powers in rituted by the Con. the Law.
stitution have a rìglit to change it in its form, • X. The requisition of the public force in or in its parts. the internal part of the kingdom belongs to The Constituting National Assembly comthe civil officers, according to the regulations mits the deposit to the fidelity of the legislao provided by the Legislative Poiver. tive Body, of the King, and of the judges,
XI. When any department is in a fate of to the vigilance of fathers of fantális, to commotion, the King ihall ifsue, subject to wives and to mothers, to the attachnunt cí the responfibility of Minitters, the necessary young citizens, to the courage of all Freuchorders for the execution of laws, and the reestablishment of order; but with the reserve With respect to the laws made by the Nzof informing the Legislative Body, if it is af- tional Afrembly, which are not included in sembled, and of convoking it if it be not fit. the act of Corfitution, and those anterior ting.
laws which it has not altered, they shall be XII. The public force is essentially obedio observed, so long as they full not be revoked ent; no person in arms can deliberate. or modified by ihe Legislative Power. HEAD V.
Signed, the Members of the Conumittees
of Constitution and Revision. OF PUBLIC CONTRIBUTINS.
TARGET, 1. Public Contributions shall be debated
BRIOIS-BAUMEZ, and fixed every year by the Legislative Bo
THQURET, dy, and cannot continue in force longer than
ADRIEN DU-PORT, the last day of the foilowing Sellian, if they
B.;RNAVE, are pot expressly renewed.
LE CHAPELIER, II. The funds necessary to the discharg;
ALEXANDER LAMETH, of the national debt, and the payment of the
TALLYRANL), civil lift, can under no pretext be'refuied or
DIMEUNIER, 111. The Administrators of Department,
RABAUT, and Sub-administrators, can neither efablish
EMMANUEL SIEYES, any Public Contribution, nor make any dif
PETHION, tribution beyond the time and the sunis fix
BUZOT, ed by the Legillative Eody, nor deliberate, NotoN. STANISLAUS CLERMONTor permit without being authorised by it,
TÛNNERRE alfeni by permifun. any local loan to'be charged to the citizens of the department.
SPAIN. · IV, The Exccutive Power directs and superintends the collection and paying in of
STATE PAPER. Contributions, and gives the necessary orders to this effect.
ADDRESSED TO ALL VICEROYS, Gover. HEAD VI.
Art. l. On the receipt of the Royal ReNATION WITH FOREIGN NATIONS.
fçript, which accompanies the present in
ftrudion, the means of putting it into exeThe French nation renounces the under- cution fhall be forthwith adopted, without taking of any war with a view of making any delay or excuse whatever. In cities conquests, and will never employ its forces where there are couits of justice or courts against the liberty of any people.
of chancery, and where, of conscquence, The Constitution no longer admits the the various quarters thereof are superintendDroit d'Aubaine.
ed and gevei ned by particular Alcades (Judges and Governors), the criminal Al.
OF THE CONNECTION OF THE FRENCH
cades tall verify, whether in the registered Consequently foreigners can neither be phy. or matriculated lists, which it is their duty frcians, surgeons, nor architects, unless they to make out, all ítrangers residing in the have an express licence from his Majelty... districts have been noticed, as well as their Neither can they be mechanics a la Verre families, their names, their country, their (to fell by the ell or yard) nor retailers of religion, their employment, their destina- any m.rchandise ; nor peruke-makers or tion, and the reason of their sojourning.' hair-dressers, nor haberdashers, tailors, shoeThere shall also be expressed, whether they makers, nor 'even domestics. have declared their unwillingnefs to con- ' Art. VII. Fifteen days shall be given to tinue to relide there domiciliated and fub- foreigners included in the preceding article, jeds of his Majesty, or simply as traveliers. to quic Mairid, and two months to go out in cases where these informations have not of the kingdom ; or within the said term, been taken, they ihall be immediately af- they. ihall be compelled to hecome domiciliccrtained.
ated, and take the oath required, submitting Ait. II. In cities where there are Alcades themselves to the pains and punishments alof Districts, but without a tribunal, the ready pronounced. Those who wish to be Corregidor, or chief Magistrate, thall, with regarded as foreigners, can neither appear nor the asli tants of the Alcades, take the same remain at Madrid, without having obtained information.
permission from the Office of the Principal Art. III. In the other cities, towns, and Secretary of State. villages of the kingdom, the Corregidors Art. VIII. With regard to foreigners and Justices of rlie Peace shall take the same coming into the kingdom, his Majesty, deinformations, availing themselves of the af- firous of maintaining the treaties which subfiftance of the notaries, the Alguazils (Sers fift with foreign Powers with respect to the jeants or Bailiffs) and other confidential per commerce of their respective fübjects in his fons, in order to ascertain the number of kingdom, the permillions and passports by che domiciliated.
virtue of which these merchants enter the Art. IV. These measures have been put ports and commercial towns shall be examinin execution, foreigners of both sexes, who ed; and they shall be prevented from coming shall not be matriculated, shall formally de- any other way than that which shall be clare whether or not they intend to remain pointed out to them, except by express Royal domiciliated and subjects of his Majetty; permission. and they shall sign their declarations. The Vice-Roys, Captains-General, and
Art. V. Foreigners who are already, or Governors of the Frontiers, are in this rewilling to be domiciliated, must be Catho-, spect, to specify in the passports of strangers, lics, and take the following oath before the whether they are come to seek refuge, asyTribunals:
lum, or hospitality; and point out the roads
which they are to take in the interior parts “ I swear to observe the Catholic Reli- of the kingdom, after they have sworn, progion, to be faithful to it as well as to the visionally, obedience and submislion to the
laws of the country. King, whose subject I am, in submitting to
Art. IX. In cities where there are manuthe laws and customs of this kingdom; re- factures established by order and for the aca nuuncing every right and privilege of fo. count of his Majesty- and in the other mac reigner, and every relation to, and union nufactures where there are overseers or with, or dependence, on the country in workmen who do not profess the Catholic
Religion, particular lists shall be made of which I was born. promise not to avail these manufactures, containing details of the myself of its protection, nor that of its Am- date and duration of their undertakings, bassadors, Ministers, or Consuls, under pain These lists shall be remitted to the President
of the Council of Castile, that the said workof the galleys, imprisonment, or expulsion
men may be afterwards informed what they from his Majesty's dominions, and confisca- have to do ;-but in the mean time, they tion of my property according to my trans- fhall not be molested.
Art. X. In the dispositions and principles gression and quality."
determined by the Royal Edict, the Justices The above oath being made and signed, shall take care to include all strangers, and Shall be deposited in the archives of the Tri- even those who are employed in the King's bunal, to have recourse thereto in case of military househoid, and also those in civil need.
employments. Art. VI. Notice shall be given to those Art. XI. The ceremony of matriculation, who shall declare themselves travellers, that of the declaration, and of the oaths of stranthey cannot exercise any liberal art or me. gers who are, or wish to be domiciliated, bechanic profestion withcut being domiciliated. ing performed, an account thereof shall be
immediately given to the Tribunals, who castern shores of the river Bog, fortified by Thail transmit them to the Council, even be the Russians, and the western ones of the føre the lists may be complete.
river Nielter by the Turks, would, ' with respect to this important business, answer
the most fanguine expectations. ENGLAND.
This is now the first point of an accom
modation, which said Ministers, with conSTATE PAPER
sent of her Ruflian Majetty, will take upon
them to propose to the Turks, as a basis of DELIVERED BY THE MINISTERS OF LON- peace.
DON AND BERLIN, TO COUNT ster The second propofal in question would MAN THE RUSSIAN MINISTER.
have a relation to the ceffion of Ockzakow,
and its inmediate territory, with all soveTHE underwritten Ministers Plenipo. reignty, with a!l privileges' attached to it, tentiaries of England and Prufiia, presum-' whatsoever, and without any distinction, to ing to infer, from the answer made by or- Ruília, leaving, however, to the Turks, on der of her Ruffian Majelty to the Repre- the east shore of the river Nieiter, a space Tentatives of the Courts of London and more or less extended in measure, as, with Eerlin, on the 25th ult. that her Majesty more or less difficulty, one or other natural is inclined to permit her Ministry to open a demarcation capable of being determined negociation concerning the principles pro- and fixed upon; such as, for instance, the posed in faid representation, with respect fea Teli Gli, or any other, which then in a defensive demarcation of the frontiers, ought to be agreed upon, might be found both in favour of the kufian empire and the out and well understood; however, that it Porte, have determined to represent to the ought to be at a fufficient distance for seCourt of Petersburgh every thing relative curing to the Turks the free navigation of to this objeci, as far as their instructions the Niefter. Nay, an engagement might will allow, to concentrate it in one point of even be made to persuade the Turks to view, and to bring it under the eye of her grant the neutrality of that part of the cedMajesty without any ambiguity. They do cd district which was to be met with benot doubt but her Majesty will look upon tween the new demarcation of the frontiers their ardour, and this liberty, fo little com- of Ruffia and this river. patible with the common course of negoci The Allied Courts do not think they will, ating, as an unquestionable proof of the be able to persuade the Porte to the conclufincere defire of their Masters, in order to fion of peace, if they leave Ockzakow all make their good offices and friendly inter- fortified in the hands of Russia, unless this vention terid to a pacification, altogether sacrifice, fo dangerous for the Porte, would speedy and advantageous to the Belligerent be compensated by the safety of both shores Bowers.
of the River Niefter. And the above Mia The aforesaid Miniiters, in consequence nisters flatter themselves, that her Imperial of the overture made by his Catholic Ma- Majesty will have no objection to it, jesty and the Court of Denmark, and which If, nevertheless, hero Imperial Majesty does not seem to be rejected,
or even disap- Mould have any objection to accede to these proved by the Court of Russia, and pursue propołals, the above Ministers offer, as the ant to the proposition of inconveniencies, laft means, to propose to the Turks to make arising from an immediate contiguity of the a cession to Rufiia of the District of Ock-. frontiers, which is found in the above ans- zakow, from the Bog as far as the Neister, Wers, are apt to think, that her Majesty in full property and fovereignty, as a price
nay be prevailed upon to give her consent for the peace, on condition that her Imperial to it, in order to conclude the peace, on Majesty will authorise them to give such condixon that the District of Ockzaków, assurances to the Porte, as will be able to between the river Bog and as far as the quiet the minds of her subjects, to prevent river Nietter, hall be declared neuter, and her apprehensions, and to make her easy independent of either Power. This condi- with respect to the consequences of such a tion being exactly and faithfully observed division of her empire, by enabling the by the contraciing parties, will perhaps at. Courts of London and Berlin to be respontair: the end much better than anything else, fible that her Majesty will level the fortress and procure the advantage of a reciprocal of Ockzakow, and not rcbuild it; that she defensive demarcation of the frontiers; and is to erect no other fortresses in that district, two large rivers, besides an untilled waste and that she will let the navigation of the trast of land of more than 200 wrefis, Niester remain in perfect freedom. which must first be got' over before the The Courts of London and Berlin think troops of either of the Powers can come they can propose to the Porte nothing butinto each other's dominions, would at least these conditions; but they defire her im freu both states from all surprise ; and the perial Majesty to choose out of these several
means of pacification, which are equitable, tion she feels at the free and open turn the moderate and just. They are are convinced Ministers of their Majesties the Kings of her Majesty will doubtless find, that they Great Britain and Prullia have given to have had the greatest confideration for her their negociations, and the fincere defire of person, and the utmost attention to preserve their Ministers to accelerate the delirable the dignity of her Crown, the honour and work of pacification between Ruffia and the glory of her Empire, and the interest of her Porte. An intention of this kind coincides subjects.
so much with the wishes of her Imperial. They freely submit to the judgment that Majesty, that it will be promoted on her all Europe shall pass on their candid inten- part to the extent so reasonable an intention tions of re-establishing Peace and general demands; but if the fupporting for such a tranquillity, on their impartiality and per. considerable time the burden of the war, fect disinterestedness, which are very evi- which she has been provoked by the unjuft dent in the steps they have taken.
attack of the Turks, has a greater influé As to the form of the business which re
ence than any other consideration, in mains to be fettled, the above Ministers bringing it to an end, fe no less thinks will readily comply with every thing her herself entitled to determine, in her wisdom Majesty shall think proper relative thereto, and moderation, the means and ways, in provided the fascty of the engagements for order to secure to her subjects, if not indeme which they must hold themselves responsible nifications proportionable to their claims, at to the Forte is preserved.
least a certain and uninterrupted rest. · If it is true that the regular conferences The claims her Imperial Majesty has set are not opened till this day, it is, no less up in consequence of this, and which she true, that the Ministers of her Imperial has caused to be published at the Courts of Majesty, by familiar interviews and other London and Berlin, and those of all Europe, means, were informed before about the pro- presage in reality only this harmless and posals of peace which were about to be equitable object. made.
All the neutral powers camot but behold It is thus to be presumed, that the resolu- them in this light--and if there should be tion of her Majesty is greatly advanced, if any, who have proposed modification on not taken already, concerning this import those claims, without either any deliberant business, and her final determination is ation with the Court of Russia, or its affent, expected with impatience at the Courts of this can only be through confiderations, London and Berlin,
which did not proceed from the claims bea The friendship and confideration her Ma. ing inconsistent with strict justice and public jesty has for the King of England and interest, but merely from an apprehenfion Pruffia, her great anxiety for the tranquil- of extending any further the troubles of war. lity of Europe; her affection for her sub Such were doubtless the motives for the jects; her desire of restoring peace to them, overtures made by the Court of Copenhagen and of avoiding the further effusion of hu-, to those of London and Berlin, but of man blood, pledge to the underwritten which the Court of Russia - was never' of Ministers that they will soon be informed ficially informed, nor did it authorise the of her resolution, and that it will be favour- fame to hold out the facrifices which the able; the more so, as, conforming in every Said Court proposed.' thing, her Majesty feerns to denand only But as the apprehensions seemed to be re. some other \small compensations, which are moved, by means of the friendly explanas left to her known goodness and generosity', tions, for which the two laft mentioned
CHARLES WHITWORTH. Courts have laid the foundation, the Em-
the powers to her propofals, that her InPETERSBURGH, June 29.
perial Majesty finds herselt necesitated,
from very powerful motives relating to the ANSWER OF RUSSIA TO THE management and the tranquillity of her own ABOVE NOTE.
dominions, as well as those of all Europe
in general, 'not in the least to shrink from The second Memorial delivered on the the moderate and disinterested conditions 29th of June by the Ministers Flenipoten- she has hitherto proposed. And tiary of England and Pruffia, being pre Whereas three bases for a pacification, sented to her Imperial Majesty, her Mini- represented in the above Memorial of the ítry have received her Majesty's orders, 291h of June, are not all of equal importand are now able to continue the amicable ance, and the letter being the only one negociations which are the object of said that in some measure approaches the known Memorial.
intention of her Imperial Majesty, we shall In the first place, her Majesty feels the fix our attention only on it, and make pocaiest pleature in expreling the satisfac our obfervations accordingly.
« The Allied Courts offer, as the last on the contrary, he will favour it with her means, to propose to the Turks to make a protection. ceflion to Rullia of the District of Ockza She is the more willing to do so, as durkow, from the Bog as far as the Dniester, ing her reign she has laid it down as a conin full property and fovereignty, as a price ftant rule, to encourage, by all possible for the peace; on condition that her Impe- means, the trade and navigation of all peacerial Majesty will anthorise them to give such abie nations. However, her Majesty hopes, assurances to the Porte, as will be able to that these powers will be pleased to take quiet the minds of her subjects, to prevent upon themselves to make the Porte agree, her apprehensions, and to make her caly in this respect, to the same and to the with respect to the consequences of such a fame principles. division of her empire, by enabling the And in general, though her Majesty has Courts of London and Berlin to be respon no notion whether the allied Courts are au: fible that her Majesty will level the fortress thorised by the Porte in a special manner to of Ockzakow, and not rebuild it; that she act, and make proposals in her name, she, is to erect no other fortresses in that district, however, is apt to guess, from their unremita and that she will let the navigation of the ting care and pains for ettablishing peace, Dniester remain in perfect freedom.” Be that their intervention and remonftrances fides, that a clause of this kind contains an will have all the energy they deserve ; on incompatibility with the principles of pro- which account the flatters herself they will perty and perfect sovereignty, according to employ all their credit and influence at the which the two above Courts consent to ne Porte, in comniunicatıng to her the convicgociate with the Porte for the cession of tion of the equity and candour of the Emthe country in question, it does not answer press's sentiments, which certainly neither to the principles of perfect equality or reci- aims at the destruction of the Ottoman procal safety, which ought to be an indif- Porte, nor the subversion of the general bapenfible basis of this negociation: for her lance, but which, on the contrary, displays Majesty is thereby to leave to the Turks a the most sincere desire of a general pacifica: perfect liberty of preserving along their tion, and putting a stop to a further effufion Ahores, all their former fortresses, to repair of human blood. them, and to erect new ones, according to Nevertheless, if, contrary to all expectatheir good pleasure:
tions, and in spite of the moderation and e. Moreover, such a clause would destroy quity of the claims of the Empress, and in and annul the chief object that is cxpected spite of the care of their Majesties the Kings from this acquisition, and which consists of Great Britain and Pruffia, in giving them in obtaining for Russia a safe and distinct a proper weight with the Porte, she should frontier, and which neceflity is felt by her persevere in her unwarrantable obstinacy Imperial Majesty so much the more, as the in this case, her Imperial Majesty expects, present war, as well as the preceding one; from the equity and friendship of these fowere begun by the Turks. Besides, thé vereigns, that they will leave the care of fibuilding of fortreffes in general does not nishing this war to the mere chance of ethew any design of attacking; this only be vents which it will bring on. longs to measures of precaution and defence, She thinks she has a right to expect this and will for this reason create no just fear of compliance on their part, the more, as her aneasiness; on the contrary, the more fron- Majesty (far from having a mind to conceal, ziers, separated by a demarcation, such as that the mitigations which she had made, that of the Dniester, are fortified on either in these preliminaries of peace, are mostly fide, the more respective fafety there will to be ascribed to that which she has the fabe for the preservation of a good harmony tisfaction to thew them on her part) fall and neighbourhood between the adjoining on every occasion display the value the sets states.
on the preservation of their friendship, and Several other motives might be alledged,' the desire she is inspired with to continue, taken from the situation of the country, and without any alteration, the beit harmony, the character of the neighbouring nations, and the most perfect good understanding. which all concur in not suffering any en Petersburgh, July 20, 1791. gagements to be made which at the fame time militate against the intention of the
The following letter was fent from Mr Empress and that of the mediating powers. Burges, one of the Under Secretaries of But in order to fhew to them, in a visible
State, to Mr Taylor, of Lloyd's Coffeemamer, as much compliance as esteem of house, for the information of the Vadertheir interventions, her Majesty does not writers : hefitate to give them the most solemn affurances, that not only she will not impede the free navigation of the Dniester, but that, A letier has, this day, been written by