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the mind, at such a time, finds little inclination to contend about words and phrases, it would be much less proper for me, to enter into any controversy about them here.

Let it suffice for the present, that I have given you this plain representation of that change, which is wrought in a man's apprehensions, when he is made a new creature. When Old things are passed away, he has new apprehensions of God, of himself, of Christ, of eternity, and of the way to obtain the happiness of it: And as at this happy time all things are become new, there are “ New affections, new resolutions, new labours, new enjoyments, and new hopes,” which are the result of the change already described. But it will be much more difficult to reduce what I have to offer on these heads, within the bounds of the next discourse, than proper to attempt any of them in this. Go home, my friends, and try yourselves by what you have already heard; and be assured, that if you are condemned by this part of the description, it is impossible you should be approved by any that will follow; since they have all their foundation in this.



Of the Nature of Regeneration, with Respect to the Change it

produces in Men's Affections, Resolutions, Labours, Enjoyments and Hopes.

2 Cor. v. 17.-If any Man be in Christ, he is a New Creature: Old Things

are passed away, behold, all Things are become New, AMONG the various subjects, which exercise the thoughts and tongues of men, few are more talked of than religion. But it is melancholy to think, how little it is understood; and how much it is mistaken, and misrepresented in the world. The text before us gives us a very instructive view of it, such a view, that I am sure, an experimental knowledge of its sense would be infinitely preferable to the most critical and exact knowledge of all the most curious passages, both of the Old Testament and the New. From it, you know, I have begun to describe that great change, which the word of God teaches us to represent under the notion of regeneration, or according to the language of St. Paul, in this passage of his writings, by a new creation. I know I am explaining it before many, who have been much longer acquainted with it than myself; and it becomes me to believe, before many, that have attained to much higher advances in it: But I fear also at the same time, I speak of it before many, who are yet strangers to it; and I am labouring, by the plainest addresses that I can, to give them at least some just ideas of it. Oh that to all the descriptions, that either have, or shall be given, God may by his grace add-that understanding, which arises from feeling correspondent impressions on the mind!

I have already endeavoured to illustrate those new apprebensions, which arise in the regenerate mind; apprehensions of the blessed God, of itself, of Christ, of the eternal world, and of the way to obtain the happiness of it. It now remains, that I consider those “ New affections, resolutions, labours, enjoyments, and hopes,” which result from them. I observe therefore,

II. That these new apprehensions will be attended with new


I readily acknowledge, that the degree, in which the affections operate, may, and will be different, in different persons, according to their natural constitution : But as in some degree or another, they make an essential part of our frame, it is impossible but they must be impressed with a matter of such infinite importance, as religion will appear. And the apprehensions described above, must awaken the exercise of correspondent affections, and direct them to objects very different from those, by which they were before excited, and on which they were fixed. And here now, 1. This may be especially illustrated in love. .

Love is indeed the ruling passion of the mind, and has all the rest in an avowed and real subjection to it. And here lies the very root of human misery, in our fallen and degenerate state : We are naturally lovers of ourselves in a very irregular degree , Lovers of pleasure more than lovers of God*. But on the contrary, The first and great commandment of the law is written in the breast of every regenerate man: Thou shalt love the Lord thy God, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mindt. It is true indeed, that if his soul were perfectly delivered into this mould, and his attainments in divine love were complete, there would be an end of all sin, and almost of all calamity too: For what evil could assail or impress a mind, entirely and unchangeably fixed upon God? Yet that the love of God should be the prevailing affection, is not merely a circumstance, but an essential part of true religion. While the good man Sees him who is invisiblet, as infinitely perfect in himself, and as the author of being and happiness to the whole creation, he cannot but acknowledge, that he is beyond comparison the most amiable of all objects. And though it is certain, that nothing can so much induce and inflame our love to God, as a well-grounded assurance, that he is become our God, and our Father in Christ; yet before the regenerate soul has attained to this, a sense of those favours which he receives from God in common with the whole human race, and more especially of those, which are inseparable from a christian profession, together with the apprehension of his being accessible through a Mediator, and reconcileable to sin. ful men, will diffuse some delightful sense of God over the mind, which will grow sweeter in proportion to the degree, in which his own hopes brighten and settle, while they are growing toward the full assurance of faith.

* 2 Tim. iii. 4.

+ Mat. xxii. 37, 38.

Heb. xi. 27.

And as the real christian Loves him that begat, he loves him also that is begotten of hin*. He Loves the Lord Jesus Christ in sincerityt, viewing him not in a cold and insensible manner, as he once did, but with inflamed affections, as The chiefest among ten thousand, and altogether lovelyt. If he knows in any degree The grace of our Lord Jesus Christş, in becoming incarnate for the salvation of his people, in making himself a sacrifice for their sins, and paying his life for the ransom of their lives; he feels himself drawn toward Jesus, thus Lifted up on the crosslli and The love of Christ constrains him to such a degree, that he longs to find out some acceptable method to express his inward and over-bearing sense of it. How divided soever true christians may be in other respects, they all


in this, in Loving that Jesus whom they have not seen**.

We may further recollect on this head, that the apostle in a solemn manner adjures christians by The love of the Spirittt; thereby plainly implying, that such a love to him is an important branch of their character: And it must be so in all those, who regard him, as every regenerate soul does, as the author of divine light and life, and as the source of love and happiness, by whom this Love of God is shed abroad in the heartif, while it is enlarged with sacred delight to Run the way of his commandmentss; as that Spirit by whom we are sealed to the day of redemption||||, and who brings down the foretastes of heaven to the heart in which he dwells, and which by his presence he consecrates as The temple of Godgs.

And most natural is it, that a soul filled with these im. pressions and views, should overflow with unutterable joy, and feeling itself thus happy in an intercourse with its God, should be enlarged in love to man: For, says the apostle, Ye are taught of God to love one another***. Those, whom he apprehends as his brethren by regenerating grace, he knows are with him beloved of the Lord, and as he hopes to dwell with them for ever in glory, he must love them, so far as he knows them, now. And though a narrow education, and that bigotry, which some

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times conceals itself under very honourable and pious names, may perhaps influence even a sanctified heart, so far as to entertain unkind suspicions as to those whose religious sentiments may differ from his own, and it may be, to pass some rash censures upon them; yet as his acquaintance with them increases, and he discerns, under their different forms, the traces of their common Father, his prejudices wear off, and that sometimes by very sensible degrees; and christians Receive one another, as Christ has received them all*. And where the good man cannot dove others with a love of complacency and esteem, he at least beholds them with a love of compassion and pity ; and remembers the relation of fellow-creatures, where he sees no reason to hope that they are fellow-heirs with him. In a word, the heart is melted down into tenderness ; it is warmed with generous sentiments ; it longs for opportunities of diffusing good of all kinds, both temporal and spiritual, wide as its inhuence can reach ; it beats with an ardour, which sometimes painfully recoils upon a man's self, for want of ability to help others in proportion to his desire to do it : And that God, who knows all the inmost workings of his mind, hears many an importunate intercession for others in the hours of solemn devotion, and many a compassionate ejaculation, which he is occasionally sending up to heaven from time to time, as he passes through so sinful and so calamitous a world.

These are the ruling affections in the heart of a good man; and though it is neither reasonable, nor possible, that he should entirely divest himself of self-love, yet he endeavours to regu. late it so, that it may not interfere with the more important consideration of general good.

Self has the lowest place in his regards, nor does he limit his affection to a party ; but aiming at extensive usefulness, he guards against those immoderate attachnrents to particular friendships, and those extravagant sallies of personal fondness, which are often no more than selflore under a specious disguise ; which at once alienate the heart from God, and contract the social affections within very narrow, and those very irregular bounds ; and so prove almost as fatal to the health of the mind, as an excessive How of blood into one part, would be to that of the body.

I have enlarged so copiously on this change in the leading affection of the mind, that I must touch in a more transient mane ner on the rest. I add therefore,

* Rom. xv.7.

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