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north of the south point of Jekyl island; Frederica shall be a
of the revenue. Ports of entry,
§ 2. That every port of entry established by this act, shall and ports of
be a port of delivery also: Provided always, That no ship or delivery.
vessel not wholly belonging to a citizen or citizens of the
United States, shall be admitted to unload at any port or place Ports of delive- except the following, to wit: Portsmouth, in the state of New ry to which
Hampshire ; Portland, Falmouth, Dighton, Salem, Gloucester,
Wiscasset, Machias, and Penobscot, in the state of Massachu-
same, be admitted to enter at any other than the following
Boston, Newburyport, Salem, Gloucester, Portland, or Falfrom the Cape mouth, in the state of Massachusetts ; New
London, or New of Good Hope, Haven, in the state of Connecticut; New York; Perth Amare restricted. boy; Philadelphia ; Wilmington, in the state of Delaware ;
Baltimore Town, Annapolis, or George Town, in the state of
$ 3. That the master or commander of every ship or vesto a port of de sel bound to a port of delivery only, in any of the following livery only, in
first come to at
districts, to wit: Portland and Falmouth, Bath, Newburyport, certain disNew London, (except the port of Stonington in the said districts, shall trict) Norfolk and Portsmouth, Bermuda Hundred and City the port of enPoint, York Town or Tappahannock (except the port of Ur- try. banna in the said district) shall first come to at the port try of such district, with his ship or vessel, and there make entry, deliver a manisest of her cargo, and pay, or secure to be paid, all legal duties, tonnage, port fees, and charges, in manner by this act provided, before such ship or vessel shall proceed to her port of delivery; and that any ship or vessel bound to a port of delivery in any other district not under like restrictions by this act, or to either of the ports of Stonington, or Urbanna, may first proceed to her port of delivery, and then make legal entry within the time by this act limited.
§ 4. That the master or commander of every ship or ves- Vessels bound sel, if bound to the district of Nottingham, shall, before he to certain dispass by the port of Town Creek, and immediately after his ar tricts, shall not rival, deposite with the surveyor of the said port, a true mani- ports without fest of the cargo on board such ship or vessel; if bound to delivering maany district on the Potowmac, shall, before he pass by the rivers See act of 1789. Saint Mary's and Yeocomico, and immediately after his arrival, ch. 15. 8 1. deposite with the surveyor at Saint Mary's, or the collector at Yeocomico, as may be most convenient, a true manifest of the cargo on board such ship or vessel, including a declaration of the port at which the same is to be entered; if bound to the district of Tappahannock, shall, before he pass by the port of Urbanna, and immediately after his arrival, deposite with the surveyor for that port, a like manifest : and if bound to the district of Bermuda Hundred or City Point, shall, before he pass by Elizabeth river, and immediately after his arrival, deposite with the collector of the port of Norfolk and Portsmouth, or with the collector for the port of Hampton, a like manifest; and the said surveyors and collectors, respectively, shall, after registering the manifests, transmit the same, duly certified to have been so deposited, to the officer with whom the entries are to be made, without which certificate no such entry shall be received.
§ 5. That the duties of the respective officers, to be appointed by virtue of this act, shall be as follows: At such
Duties of the of the ports to which there shall be appointed a collector, collector. See naval officer, and surveyor, it shall be the duty of the collec- $ 8, infra. tor to receive all reports, manifests, and documents, made or exhibited to him by the master or commander of any ship or vessel, conformably to the regulations prescribed by this act, to make due entry and record, in books to be kept for that purpose, all such manifests, and the packages, marks, and numbers, contained therein; to receive the entry of all ships and vessels, and of all the goods, wares, and merchandise, imported in such ships or vessels, together with the original invoices thereof; to estimate the duties payable thereon, and to endorse the same on each entry; to receive all monies paid for duties, and to take all bonds for securing the payment of duties; to grant all permits for the unlading and delivery of
goods, to employ proper persons as weighers, gaugers, mea-
and to perform all other duties which shall be assigned to him Duties of the by law. It shall be the duty of the naval officer to receive
copies of all manifests, to estimate and record the duties on
granted ; to countersign all permits and clearances granted Duties of the by the collector. It shall be the duty of the surveyor to susurveyor. See perintend and direct all inspectors, weighers, measurers, and 8, infra.
gaugers, within his district, and the employment of the boats
to the control of the collector and naval officer.
in case of his necessary absence, sickness, or inability to
on his behalf, all and singular the powers, functions, and du-
(for whose conduct the estate of such disabled or deceased
the authority and perform all the duties, until a successor shall Naval officer
be appointed. But in cases where no deputy is appointed,
the authorities and duties of the disabled or deceased collector
a successor duly authorized and sworn, shall enter upon the
$ 8. That at such of the ports established by this act, to
collector shall execute all the duties herein required to be
to act where
Form of the oath of a col.
tice of the peace.
surveyor, at the ports where such officers are established ; that
lector, naval will truly and faithfully execute and perform all the duties of a officer, and of the port or district
, according to law, and surveyor. the best of my skill and ability.” The said oath or affirmation Oath by a jusshall be administered by any justice of the peace, and a certificate thereof, under the hand and seal of such justice, trans- To be certified mitted within three months thereafter to the comptroller of to the compthe treasury : Any collector, naval officer, or surveyor, failing Penalty on faiherein, shall forfeit and pay two hundred dollars, recoverable, lure, 200 dolls. with costs, in any court having cognizance thereof, to the use
Weighers, gauof the informer. And no weigher, gauger, measurer, or in-bets and inspec spector, shall execute the duties of his office, until he shall tors, to take have taken the above oath or affirmation.
§ 9. That the collectors, naval officers, and surveyors, to Collectors, na, be appointed by virtue of this act, shall respectively keep fair val officers and and true accounts of all their transactions, relative to their krep accounts duty as officers of the customs, in such manner and form as of their transmay be directed by the proper department, or officer appoint
actions, &c. ed by law to superintend the revenue of the United States; and shall, at all times, submit their books, papers, and accounts, to the inspection of such persons as may be appointed for that purpose : And the collectors of the different ports Collectors to shall at all times pay, to the order of the officer who shall be pay all moneys authorized to direct the same, the whole of the moneys which they may respectively receive by virtue of this act (such mo- counts every neys as they are otherwise by this act directed to pay, only
three months, excepted ;) and shall also, once in every three months, or oftener if they shall be required, transmit their accounts for settlement to the department or officer before mentioned.
§ 10. That every master or other person, having or taking Masters of vesthe charge or command of any ship or vessel, bound to any port of the United States, from any foreign port or place, shall deliver two
reign ports to deliver, upon demand, to any officer, or other person lawfully manifests to authorized, who shall first come on board his ship or vessel, shall first go on 2
the same oath.
settle their ac
sels from so
other sent to
two manifests, signed by the said master or person having command, and specifying, in words, (and not in figures,) a true account of the loading which such ship or vessel had on board at the port from which she last sailed, and at the time of her sailing, or at any time since, the packages, marks, and numbers, and noting thereon to what port in the United States such ship or vessel is bound, and the name or names of the person or persons to whom the goods are consigned, or in
cases where the goods are shipped to order, the names of the One of the ma- shippers, noting the goods consigned to their order. One of nifests to be which manifests, such officer or other person shall sign, and signed and re- return to the master or other person having the charge of such turned; the
ship or vessel, certifying thereon as nearly as may be, the the collector. time when the same was produced, and that a like manifest
was delivered to him; and shall transmit the other manifest to the collector of the district to which such ship or vessel is
bound. Masters to re
11. That the master or other person, having the charge port within
or command of any ship or vessel (ships and vessels of war forty-eight hours, and
excepted) coming into, or arriving in any of the ports or disswear to their tricts of the United States, or in any of the creeks or harbours manifests.
thereof, shall, within forty-eight hours after such arrival, repair to the office of the collector of the district where such vessel shall so arrive, and shall report to the said collector the place from whence he last sailed, with the name and burthen of his ship or vessel, and shall deliver to such collector two manifests, agrecably to the directions of this act, unless he shall before have delivered one manifest to some officer, or
other person lawfully authorized in manner as hereinbefore is [*] 10.] required ;* in which case he shall deliver the manifest certifi
ed as aforesaid, together with such documents as are usually
furnished in the port from whence they came, and shall take Masters to take and subscribe an oath or affirmation before the collector or and subscribe other proper officer, which oath or affirmation he or they are an oath or affirmation to
authorized and required to administer, and shall be in the manifest. words following, to wit: “1, do solemnly swear or afForm of the
firm (as the case may be) that this is, to the best of my knowledge and belief, a just and true manifest of all the goods, wares and merchandise, on board the — -, at the port from which she last sailed, at the time of her sailing, or at any time since, and of which
vessel I am at present master.” And if the master or other perPenalty on re- son having charge or command of any such ship or vessel, glect, 500 dolls. shall refuse or neglect to make entry, or deliver his manifests
and documents, pursuant to the directions of this act, or to take the oath or affirmation herein prescribed, he shall forfeit and pay five hundred dollars for each refusal or neglect.
12. That no goods, wares, or merchandise, shall be unlanded in open laden or delivered, from any ship or vessel, but in open day, day, and by or without a permit from the collector for that purpose; and permit.
if the master or commander of any ship or vessel shall suffer
or permit the same, such master and commander, and every others offend- other person who shall be aiding or assisting in landing, reing herein. moving, housing, or otherwise securing the same, shall forfeit
Goods to be
Penalties on masters and