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cient to state, that after traversing perhaps thousands glass or metal bell, and a straight tube formed of cane of miles of desert in a comparatively compact mass, instead of a flexible tube or snake. The luxurious they generally break up on their arrival in Cairo, each Syrians pass the smoke through iced water ; but this trader repairing to the locality where the articles he is a refinement unknown in Cairo. brings are usually stored. Thus, although the wakâlahs After partaking of the morning meal, the denizens of were intended to be miscellaneous depôts, many of them the wakålah disperse through the bazaars, in order to have gradually become set apart for particular classes buy and sell, visit their debtors, receive money, or asof merchandise: so that there are rice wakalahs, and certain the state of the market. At noon, the more wheat wakâlahs, and date wakâlahs, and manufacture prosperous or extravagant return to enjoy a pilau or a wakâlahs; and especially slave wakalahs. All sorts of dish of bamias; whilst others sit down wherever they articles, however, are temporarily stowed away in the may find themselves, and are content with bread and courtyards of these buildings, which are often encum- cheese, perhaps with a water-melon or a handful of bered with bales, barrels, and especially with huge dates. A siesta generally follows, and then business millstones, cut from the quarries of Gebel-el-Ahmar. occupies them until sunset, when the great meal of the Many are no longer resorted to by commerce; and long day takes place. In the evening, nearly all repair to a rows of tailors' and shoemakers' shops may be seen coffee-shop, where they end, as they began, with Mokka under the colonnades.

and Gebeli, talk about money or merchandise, brag of I have already hinted that the time when the greatest the wealth of their fathers, and of their own poverty, quantity of merchandise is brought to be stored in the or listen to the performances of some professional singer wakalahs is on the arrival of the pilgrim caravan, or story-teller. especially the outward-bound one. The Orientals con- An incident that came under my own observation tinue to reconcile their interests with their devotions; may be selected as an illustration of the accidents which and it is very rarely that they do not enter into specu- strangers who put up in the wakalahs are in the way lations both in going to the sacred city and in return of encountering. Near the entrance gate of one of ing. At anyrate they think it proper that they should these buildings there was a coffee-shop, kept by one reimburse the expenses of the journey, and bring home Ibn Daood, whose good tumbak (the tobacco smoked in some presents for their friends. The dangers to which shishehs) used often to lure me into spending half an they expose their lives they consider sufficiently meri. hour with him. Close at hand was a little cobbler's torious without any pecuniary sacrifice. It is vulgarly stall. It was a dull season, and the wakålah was nearly believed in Egypt that the pilgrims are always well deserted; so that almost the only customers for the provided with money; and I have often sat with the half-dozen shishehs and gozehs of the coffee shops were native merchants, and observed those holy men, though chance passengers; and the cobbler lacked a regular poor and ragged in appearance, making extensive pur- demand for his labours, there being no red shoes worn chases, generally without the furious bargaining which with travel requiring his attention. The consequence distinguishes the Egyptians. These are of course not was, that the cobbler passed half his time in the coffee the regular traders, but people who, according to the shop, spending his savings, and having his ears tickled established custom, wish to indemnify themselves by a by the interested sympathy of Ibn Daood, who pocketed little investment for the cost of their pilgrimage. Some several khamsehs, or five-para pieces, daily by the cir. of the more uncivilised Moghrebbis bring nothing but cumstance. Whenever I stepped in and took my seat jars of oil, which they will only sell for Spanish dollars ; on a kafass within ear-shot of these two worthies, I in. others barter their wares for shawls and silks, which variably found that their talk was of wealth, and I heard they dispose of no doubt at an enormous profit in their their tongues discourse glibly of sums which it never own country.

entered into my imagination to covet. The whole The portion of the wakalah buildings which may worldly possessions of one seemed to be a few pipes, a be compared to a hotel is situated over the magazines, coffee-pot or two, some small palm branch kafasses, and is sometimes divided into as many as thirty or and a huge earthen pot, that, standing in one corner forty houses, all of which have separate entrances of the shop, with a cooling bottle beside it, was daily from the gallery, which, as I have said, runs round filled with water, sometimes flavoured with mastic, for the whole quadrangle, and receives light and air from the gratuitous use of any passer-by who chose to step the courtyard. This gallery is seldom regular or hand-in. The cobbler's stock in trade was smaller still. He somely built, though its proportions are sometimes had a sharp knife, an iron block to cut out leather upon, majestic. Many of the wakalahs belong to a single a few red sheep-skins, a couple of awls, and the clothes proprietor, others are divided amongst several. Rent he stood up in; and he used to sleep sometimes on one is very low, but is always paid in advance. The of Ibn Daood's benches, sometimes with the bawab of houses are never furnished, but all that is required is the wakalah, sometimes in his own little stall. And generally bought by the travellers, who are satisfied with yet these two miserable beings dared to raise their a few mats, carpets, blankets, and rugs, cooking uten- hopes to millions of golden pieces, to spend them in sils, boxes, &c. Those who find it necessary, on account imagination, and, with remarkable consciousness of their of their baving their women with them, take a whole own Arab characters, to contemplate a return in their house to themselves, setting apart the upper rooms, old age to their primitive humble employments. It often reached by a steep, tortuous staircase, ending in a did not strike me at the moment that these enervating sort of trap-door, for the harem and their more portable aspirations might lead to the commission of crime; but and precious articles of merchandise, whilst they reserve I amused myself by listening to their wild speculatiori

, the lower portion for their own use. A seggadeh, and and sometimes joined in the dialogue. My Frank scep. a few cushions arranged in a raised recess, or upon a ticism, however, was not at all pleasing to their heated kafass, form the divan upon which the merchant, often fancies. At length a third dreamer joined the party. a man of considerable wealth, receives visits of compli- This was a coffee-pounder, who used to stop, with his ment or business. A slave or servant is always at hand pestle and mortar, to ask for work, and generally to get to present coffee and pipes ; and in these matters alone none. is any luxury displayed. Not uncommonly a party Things were going on in this way when, one day, fortuitously collected take a house in common, each three camels heavily laden, and one with a tachtericen, spreading his mat in a different room, whilst some or awning, covered closely with carpets, were seen coffee-shop awhile serves as a place of réunion. To this slowly turning into the wakålah. The whole party they repair very early in the morning--all Orientals rise happened to be collected, and by an instinctive more. betimes—and obtain for ten paras (little more than a ment of curiosity went to stare at the new arrival. halfpenny) a cup of coffee, and a shisheh or gozeh-the · Aysh fee khabar?' — [. What is the news?'] I inquired first the regular water-pipe, like the hookah; the second of Ibn Daood on his return. "A merchant from the the Egyptian narghileh, with a cocoa-nut instead of a Moghreb (west),' said he, with his harem; four bales


of tarbooshes; some carpets, worth each two hundred 'They thought they had, and were about to take his dollars; and pearls and precious stones.'

belt, when two Greeks came up and frightened them Nearly all this was gratuitous assumption on the away. The guard of the gates was then called ; Abpart of Ibn Daood; but the cobbler and the coffee- dallah recovered and denounced the assassins; and this pounder supported his asseverations; so I had nothing morning they have been arrested, and their chattels to say, and not feeling particularly interested in the destroyed. May misfortune come to them!' matter, went about my business. Two or three days I afterwards heard that the three criminals were afterwards, again passing that way, I saw a stranger in taken before the kadi, and pleaded a whisper from the coffee-shop. He had a large white turban, a good. Satan as an excuse for their attempt at murder. They humoured, handsome countenance, and a curly black were all sent to the galleys; whilst the merchant Abbeard; but his clothes were rather seedy, and his feet dallah, who, it is to be hoped, learned a little prudence were bare. Ibn Daood was boiling a small pot of coffee, by this adventure, proceeded on his journey to the which he held in one hand, whilst his face was turned Holy City. eagerly towards the stranger, who was holding forth; the cobbler and the coffee-pounder sat near, also attentively

CANCER SAID TO BE CURED BY listening. I went in, made my salaam, and soon found that this was the merchant from the west. He had

MESMERIS M. preceded by some days the great caravan from Tripoli, The October number of a periodical work called the and was of course bound for Mecca. It now appeared Zoist contains an account by Dr Elliotson of a case of that Ibn Daood had originally come from the same cancer alleged to be cured by mesmerism. The patient, country-the same town, in fact, as the stranger; had Miss Barber, presented herself to Dr E. in March 1843, claimed acquaintance with him; and was listening to a with an intensely hard tumour in the breast, of about a pompous promise of protection. I did not like the looks year and a-half's standing. The doctor commenced of the trio as the good gentleman dilated, with verdant subjecting her to mesmeric treatment, with a view to simplicity, on his mercantile good luck, but of course her being rendered insensible to the pain of the operaheld my peace.

tion which he then thought inevitable. After daily It was some time before I went that way again. When passes' for a month, she attained a slight degree of I did so, I found a crowd collected round the door of susceptibility;' her pains during this time and for some the wakâlah; and working my way through it, saw months after lessened, and she improved in complexion; the coffee-shop and the stall deserted, the furniture but the disease still went on; and many surgeons who broken and scattered, a soldier mounting guard in each, saw the breast declared it a case of decided cancer, for and numerous groups in eager conversation around. I which nothing could be done but excision of the part. asked what was the matter; but could only learn that Dr Elliotson continued to throw her into the mesmeric something evil had happened. At length a Jew money- sleep every day during the ensuing winter, and she at changer, who was sitting in his little shop opposite, length became liable to fall into a state of perfect rigibeckoned to me; and when I had seated myself by his dity, during which her arms, unconsciously on her part, side, spoke as follows:

would follow those of the operator, from whose fingers Young sir, I perceive you are interested in what has on those occasions she beheld a stream of colourless taken place; I will tell you the news. Ibn Daood is fluid passing towards her. The summer of 1844 saw the greatest rascal in the world, and the cobbler and her pain diminished, her strength increased, the canthe coffee-pounder are greater rascals than he.'

cerous sallowness gone, and a warty-looking substance • That is a misfortune,' I threw in, 'for I have often had dropped from the breast, leaving a sound smooth sat talking with them.'

surface. • Very true,' said my new friend, 'I have seen you do In autumn, Dr Elliotson being abroad on a tour, the 80; but you will not talk with them again. You re-operations were performed by another person, but less member the merchant that arrived from the west regularly. The bad symptoms then returned with before the new moon?'

great virulence, and the diseased mass was found to • I do."

have adhered to the ribs. Regular operations being • Well, you must know that he was a fool, and resumed, an improvement recommenced; and in the boasted of having monies. God knows, I should not summer of 1846 the pain had entirely ceased. During boast of riches if I were rich! He arrived with two 1847 the disease steadily gave way. The mass had not thousand piastres in his belt, and twenty thousand only become much less, but detached from the ribs. At piastres worth of merchandise, besides a beautiful slave. length, during the present year, under the constant He used to go into the sooq (bazaar) every day, and sit daily practice of the mesmeric passes, the cancer has with the merchants, and sell his goods in small parcels been pronounced to be entirely dissipated; the breast is for ready money, putting what he received into his belt, perfectly flat; the skin rather thicker and firmer than and boasting of it to Ibn Daood, and to the cobbler, and before the disease existed. Not the smallest lump is to the coffee-pounder. The other day he sold the slave now to be found ; nor is there the slightest tender. -her name was Nefeesa, and she was like the moon- ness of the bosom or armpit.' The quondam patient for ten thousand piastres, all which he put into his lives at Mrs Gower's, No. 12 New Street, Dorset belt. Now you must know that Ibn Daood had gained Square, open to any examination or interrogation on his confidence because he came from the same town; the subject. and the day before yesterday, as they were sitting Assuming that the account of the case is correct, it together after sunset, spoke to him about a hidden is certainly a remarkable one. Here, fortunately for treasure, the locality of which is known, but which can the mesmerists, there ought to be no dubiety about the only be got at by an incantation. The Moghrebbis are means of the cure; for cancer is universally regarded very famous magicians, and the merchant Abdallah by the profession as incurable by anything but the said he knew seven verses which could not be resisted. knife, and the knife, as we see, has not been employed. Being a learned man, too, he could write tarshoon, and The doctors will scoff; but is scosling in such a case all the other charms. So last night the four went out strictly rational ? Would it not be better to investitogether to the tomb of Sultan Berkook, near which gate, and ascertain if there be not, in certain operations they opened a trench and lighted a fire; and the mer- inferring a nervous intercommunication, a sanatory chant, having written and burnt the necessary papers, influence capable of effecting great good for suffering began to chant. But it will never be known whether humanity? It is surely but the simplest dictate of or not there was a treasure; for he had scarcely uttered common sense, as well as benevolent feeling, which ten words, when the coffee-pounder hit him with his would prompt an unprofessional person to point out pestle over the head, and knocked him down.'

this course as preferable to the eternal gabble of a • They killed him!' I exclaimed.

barren scepticism.

IMPROVEMENTS IN THE HIGHLANDS. In the course of a ramble in Banffshire in 1843,' says the editor of the Inverness Courier, we noticed a rural improvement then commenced by the late Sir George Macpherson Grant of Ballindalloch-the reclamation of a tract of waste land about 200 acres in extent, which in some parts was covered with several feet of moss. Last week we revisited the spot, and saw the ground in full occupation as a farm, all thoroughly drained, and producing abundant crops. The works were finished in 1844, and since then, Marypark, as the farm is called, has produced 1400 quarters of grain, exclusive of the present year's crop, besides having each year about forty acres under turnip, and maintaining from seventy to eighty head of cattle. The spirit of agricultural improvement characteristic of the late proprietor has descended to his son, Sir John Macpherson Grant, who has already laid off a farm adjoining Marypark of about 100 acres, one-fifth of which will be in crop next year. He has also improved forty-five other acres by trenching and thorough-draining. The tenants on the estate have caught the contagion, and one of the number (Mr Robertson, Burnside) has 120 acres marked for improvement, twothirds of which are to be trenched, thorough-drained, and enclosed. He expects the whole to be completed in about two years from the present time. These tenants' improvements are effected by advances made under the drainage act, the government inspector and the proprietor together selecting the portions most likely to yield a good return. Small crofters paying only L.2 of rent share in this advantage the same as large tenants. All is done by contract, and in many cases the tenant or his sons contract for portions of the work, thus earning the means of liming or manuring the land, and putting it into a productive state. The interest demanded by the proprietor is six per cent., but it is not chargeable till after the first crop at Martinmas. These rural improvements have made the estate of Ballindalloch a scene of busy industry for the last year or two. Above two hundred persons were at work, and the general aspect, the amenity, and productiveness of the soil will be all altered for the better. We have occasionally,' says the same paper, called attention to the spirited improvements carried on by Mr Rose, farmer, Kirkton on the lands of Leanachs, rented by him from Culloden, and situated close by the battle-field; and have just learned with very great pleasure that Mr Forbes has marked in a most flattering way his sense of the importance of the labours of Mr Rose. On Saturday, Mr Rose was invited to Culloden House, where an elegant piece of silver plate, valued at fully L.30, was presented to him by his young but excellent landlord.' In eight years Mr Rose expended L.6000 on his improvements, and reclaimed two hundred acres of land ! His operations were upon Drummossie Muir, but he has carefully abstained from any intrusion upon the graves of those who fell on that fatal field. He has cut on the farms 63,000 yards of drains, or about thirty-six miles ! - has erected 5000 yards of double stone dike, and 2700 yards of feal dike, which will be faced with stone; and has laid upon these reclaimed lands 10,000 bolls of lime. In addition to all this, he erected at his own expense, in 1845, a splendid slated farm-steading. When one contrasts such a record as this with the miserable accounts daily received from Ireland, of ejectments, of seizures of crop, of burnings of houses, and of murders that almost invariably follow, and of the poverty and distress prevailing generally wherever the tenant-at-will system exists, it surely says something not only for the spirit of the tenant and the excellence of the landlord, but also something for the superiority of the legal relation betwixt landlord and tenant now general in ali the more forward districts of Scotland. No tenant would peril such an amount of money, or carry on plans of improvement so extensive, unless backed and sheltered by a lease. We have little doubt that already Mr Rose has reaped a portion of the reward which is his due.'

MORAL SEASONS. With many persons the early age of life is passed in sowing in their minds the vices that are most suitable to their inclinations; the middle age goes on in nourishing and maturing these vices; and the last age concludes in gathering, in pain and anguish, the bitter fruits of these most accursed seeds.-D'Argonne.

DO OR DON'T. I hate to see a thing done by halves : if it be right, do it boldly; if it be wrong, leave it undone.-Gilpin.


My ancient favourite! while I bend
On thee my

fascinated gaze,
The voice of some old pleasant friend

Seems talking of my childish days.
Such sweet and mingling memories cling

About the dear familiar page ;
Back to my mind they freshly bring

The joys of that light-hearted age.
Time shakes not thine established sway

So long as boys and girls there be;
Forgotten tasks, neglected play,

Will prove thy changeless witchery.
To me what real life they seemed,

While yet thy graphic scenes were new!
Admiring childhood never dreamed

They could be otherwise than true.
I read till twilight's gradual shade

The letters to confusion turned,
Then stooping to the fire I read,

Till eyes and forehead ached and burned.
When bedtime came, the volume lay

Beneath my pillow closed in vain-
I spent the hours till dawn of day

With Crusoe in his lone domain.
Girl as I was, I felt thy spell,

My cherished day.dream for a while,
How I, like thee, should one day dwell

On some far-off un peopled isle !
Since then, old friend ! I've learned too well

How desert islands there may be,
Surrounded by the roar and swell

of human life's great restless sea.
To be shut out from sympathy,

Unloved, and little understood,
The heart feels all too bitterly

How deep that real solitude !
For 'cast away'I too have been ;

Just such a lonely spot was mine ;
As desolate, although I ween

Not half so beautiful as thine.
Its culture was a sickening toil,

For the green things I planted there
Refused to grow in such a soil,

Or withered in the chilling air.
I had my cats and parrots too,

Bright flutterers with plumage gay,
Who not, like thine, attached and true,

Chattered of love, and flew away.
And those sleek silky friends whose stay

Lingered till they could wound no more,
While the rough billows washed away

The few strange footsteps on the shore.
I watched till hope itself was spent,

While some fair bark went heedless by,
And signal after signal sent,

Till distance mocked my straining eye.
Love's language, all unused, grew strange,

Not even a Friday turned to me,
I had but God, whose eye can range

O'er field and desert equally.
And now that those dark days are gone,

And that I am at home again,
A life in Eden's bowers alone

I feel would be a life of pain.
The loving tone, the kindly glance,

Must be the spirit's longed for food,
Despite the rose-hue of romance

Which sheds such charms o'er solitude.
Had we no love, no friend to greet,

What would our human nature be ?
Sure Ileaven's rich anthems rise more sweet
Because they're sung in company!

E. A. G.

Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, High Street, Edinburgh. Also

sold by D. CHAMBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow; W. S. ORR, 147 Strand, London; and J. M'GLASHAN, 21 D'Olier Street, Dublin.—Printed by W. and R. CHAMBERS, Edinburgh.





No. 259. NEW SERIES.


Price 11d.

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ciple of the society. The club began with five or six, THE CROSSCAUSEWAY CLUB.

but subsequently was increased to thirteen members. EARLY in the winter of 1787, a few lads who had been At the time they commenced operations, books were schoolfellows and playmates in the Crosscauseway, a not easily got. There were no cheap publications in humble street in the suburbs of Edinburgh, celebrated those days, and few even at a moderate price. The by Walter Scott as the residence of his hero Greenbreeks, only way of obtaining a book at a cost within ordimet together one evening in the house of a friend. It nary bounds of possibility, was to pick it up at a stall; was a pleasant and not particularly silent assemblage ; and from the keeper of one of these venerable depothe enjoyment of a social chat was the object which sitories of literature, at the foot of the High School drew them together, and their merriment was not the Wynd, our party of self-improvers managed to secure less that the place of meeting was a small garret room a decayed copy of Euclid, an English grammar, and a at the top of a house seven storeys high, and lighted by Latin Rudiments. a penny candle, which had been as good as begged for With these aids to study, the business of mutual the occasion.

teaching was begun; and in about six months afterwards • What would you think of instituting a club?' said a French grammar was added. A poor student of divione of the party during an interval of laughter.

nity for the Latin, and an old soldier who could smatter Capital !' said another. “By all means let us get a little French, helped to forward the scheme of inup a club. What shall it be called ?'

struction; but beyond this no external aid was sought. 'I am not talking in jest,' added the first speaker. As time went on, the members found their mental 'I do not mean any sort of convivial affair, but a society capacities not a little expanded ; and they undertook for reading and instruction. I have an idea that we the writing of essays for debate at their evening meetmight do a great deal in the way of teaching and im- ings. Little superior to the ordinary compositions of proving each other. One knows one thing, and another young men of indifferent education, these essays neverknows something else. Would it not be an excellent theless evinced that their authors were thoroughly in plan to melt down into a lump, as it were, all that we earnest in their pursuit of mental improvement. Being individually know, and then distribute a fair share of at the mercy of general criticism, any tendency to superthe whole to each?'

ficiality, carelessness of diction, or unsoundness of logic, First-rate idea!' was the general declaration. When was peremptorily checked. A material benefit which shall we set the thing on foot?'

arose from the practice of essay writing, was the degree I vote for meetings twice a week as long as we can of self-reliance it imposed. It compelled the writers to hold together,' said a lad of shrewd parts ; ' and that think; and though they might not always think rightly, Hogmanay evening, the last night of December, shall the mind was exercised—a point of no little importance be our anniversary.'

to the young and aspiring. Probably the practice was The proposition was carried. Without reflecting on also negatively advantageous; for it occupied attention the nature of the engagement, all pledged themselves to during leisure hours, and may have prevented indulmeet, if in their power, on the last night of every year gence in profitless or unworthy pursuits. during the whole term of their lives; and that, in the We need say no more of the mutual-instruction part event of inability to attend, the absentee should for- of the plan, than that it contributed to advance in life ward a let explaining the cause of absence. The several members of the society. It also gave to nearly purpose of the annual meeting was to talk over young all a greater zest in their respective occupations, for days; to relate matters of personal adventure to each the pleasures derived from the pursuit of knowledge other; and to ask and give mutual counsel and as- are independent of mere worldly station. A mentallysistance.

trained artisan has an infinitely greater enjoyment of From the whimsicality of the proposition, it might life than one who is acquainted with little more than be inferred that the impossibility of carrying it out animal sensations. How sped, meanwhile, the anniverwould soon be apparent, and that after one or two sary meetings? It is of these we would chiefly speak, years, the whole thing would dissolve, and be no more because it must be curious to know how long the assoheard of. Such, however, was not the case. In this ciation remained without a break in its membership, or cluster of youngsters there was something more than rather how long any were left to meet on the appointed usual. A congeniality of disposition seemed to unite Hogmanay evening. The imagination was excited with them in close friendship, and they stuck together with the idea of an annual assemblage which should stretch amazing tenacity. Perhaps something was due to the on till the extinction of thirteen individuals; and many clannish spirit which has always distinguished the a laugh was raised among the young men, as the memCrosscauseway boys; but after all, a general desire for bers pictured to themselves one hobbling into the meetmutual improvement was the primary cementing prin- | ing on a crutch, another carried in a sedan, and all bearing at least wrinkles and gray hairs. Then they world, did credit to the early and united effort at selfwould raise the mysterious questions who should be improvement. One, who had begun as a carpenter, the last ?—what would be the feelings of that one man rose to be a professor of natural philosophy in one of when no longer any of his twelve early compeers re- the universities. Another, who commenced as a coachmained on earth to greet him? This thought as to the painter, became a considerable wood-merchant. Anlast survivor, as well as who should be the first to go, other started as a printer, but afterwards was taken naturally imparted melancholy feelings. There was a into partnership in a country solicitor's office; here he double problem to be solved.

finally became the sole proprietor of the business, and Five anniversaries took place in succession, and still was, in addition, made manager of a bank. Another

, there was no break: there was not even a removal from who began as a linendraper's shopman, removed to the town. But as all were now pushing out in life, Manchester, where he rose to be at the head of a large the club could not expect to remain much longer entire. manufacturing concern. He who started for the church Before the sixth Hogmanay elapsed, an unexpected and never obtained a living, and died in somewhat pinched sudden casualty occurred, which reduced the numbers to circumstances, universally regretted. Among the party, twelve. The youngest of the party, having received an at least nine attained highly-respectable positions in appointment to a situation in India, set out with two of society. his fellow-members to take leave of some friends, at a The life of the young man who went to sea was perfew miles' distance in the country. Duddingstone Loch haps the most romantic of the whole. He began as a was in the way, and the season was winter. In the cabin-boy in a Leith smack, was afterwards pressed as evening, on their return, the party, to shorten the road, a seaman into the royal navy, fought with great galattempted to cross the lake on the ice; but a thaw lantry in an engagement off the coast of Holland, and having commenced, the surface gave way, and the when, some time afterwards, he was discharged, he was whole were instantaneously plunged into the water at appointed to the command of a merchant vessel trading the point where it is deepest. Two had the good for- to St Petersburg. Now he experienced the benefit of tune to scramble out; but the third, the youngest, got having studied Euclid in early life; for a knowledge of below the ice, and his body was not recovered till life mathematics, with his experience in seamanship, rewas extinct. The feelings of the two survivors need commended him to the Emperor of Russia, by whom not be dwelt on.

he was raised to an admiral's command in the Russian Now reduced to twelve, the members at next annual service. The intelligence of this promotion imparted meeting were somewhat less hilarious than usual. He great satisfaction to the Crosscauseway Club, which whose death was the least expected, and who promised doubtless felt that it was no small matter to have proto be the longest liver, was no more. Such a circum-duced an admiral. But the club was still more delighted stance had a certain sobering effect. Death, they had when, at its next meeting in the Archers' Hall

, a letter reason to observe, was exceedingly unceremonious and was read from Admiral detailing an amusing capricious in his visits.

interview with the emperor when presented at court. In the course of the seventh year there may be said The account recalled an incident of old times—a bicker, to have been a visible divarication in the standing or battle with stones, which had taken place between which the members were respectively to assume in the youthful democracy of the Crosscauseway and the society. They had all started pretty equally as to more aristocratic boys of George Square; on which position. Some had become apprentices to handicraft occasion the great man, now an admiral, had received professions, others had gone into places of business, one a wound that left an ugly scar over one of his eyehad entered the church, and one had gone to sea. brows. The jocular part of the story must be given in Now, the remarkable thing was, that success did not the admiral's own words :seem to depend on the nature of the pursuit. Some 'I observe,' said the emperor sympathisingly, speakdid not appear to be able to keep pace with others who ing in French, and pointing at the same time to the were not a whit better off as to profession. It was ob- deep scar over my eyebrow, that you have suffered served with regret that nothing could brisk up the severely in some affair : may I ask the name of the energies of two or three members. All the instruction engagement ? and counsels lavished on them seemed as if thrown *La bataille de Crosscauseway!' said I, with becoming away. Not that at first there was anything positively gravity. bad about them. Their defect was a want of proper self- Ah!' said his majesty in reply, with his usual politedenial and foresight; in short, of a determined wish to ness, bowing with much dignity, C'était une grande get forward, with the virtues which such a wish never affaire que la bataille de Crosscauseway!' fails to inspire. We shall take the case of two members. A joke is as good as an endowment to a club. This Each was apprenticed to a shoemaker, and they there one about the bataille de Crosscauseway told admirably, fore started fairly in the race. One of the two had a and furnished the members with a never - failing regreat taste for botany, and he contrived to advance source. Admiral - died in the Russian service, in himself so considerably in that delightful science by which his son now holds a high appointment. dint of private study and practical examinations, that To go on with the history of the club: the anniverhe was taken from his last, and after a few transitions, sary meetings, as may be supposed, fell wofully off. raised to be the keeper of one of the largest public when the ninth came round, only five members musgardens in England. The other of the two, Peter tered. Two had been cut off by death, one could not preferred loitering away his evenings in the High show face, and five had left the town. When the Street, with a pipe in his mouth and his hands in his twelfth anniversary rived, one of the absentees had pocket, and finally he settled his destiny by marrying died, and now only ten were alive. At the seventeenth the widow of an old clothesman in the Cowgate, with annual meeting only four were present, and what rena family of half-a-dozen children. What came of this dered this assemblage particularly dismal, was the fact wayward personage we shall afterwards see.

of the ne'er-do-weel who had made the unhappy On the whole, the party, dispersing abroad in the riage having been transported for a by no means light


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