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wash the hearth, sweep all up clean and trim, and lay ably, and where they devote themselves at all to the art, the wood on between the dogs, with a very tidy absence they excel in it. The organist was an admirable teacher, of all reliques of yesterday. As they sold the ashes as was also a young Spanish lady of good birth, who to the washerwoman, they made no objection to this had in better days followed her musical studies for her troublesome piece of neatness: but how much our Eng. pleasure, and now, expatriated during the troubles, she lish ignorance amused our landlord! He put an imme- supported her family by attending pupils. We are not diate stop to the traffic in ashes. He made them bring in the habit of thinking the French fond of music, but back all that were in the house, and he heaped them up I believe we are mistaken. They do not like the same behind the fire in a perfect bank, there to remain till the style of composition we do, but they enjoy their own size of it should become inconvenient: a thick layer was thoroughly, and they execute it perfectly well. The spread over the hearth in which the logs were bedded; tradesmen class are capable of playing well in concert; and certainly the degree of warmth thus produced was many of their wives excel on the pianoforte; and the delightful. It was never cold long together, seldon for lady and gentlemen amateurs are often very superior more than four or five days at a time, and this not very performers, and so obliging in making their agreeable frequently repeated: the average is about thirty wintry talent of use, that there was never any difficulty in days during the season; and the mornings were very society in arranging a band to dance to, all present rarely harsh enough to interfere with the early walk my offering their services in turn, to promote the amusebrother and I were fond of taking.

ments of the evening, with an engaging readiness which One cold afternoon we walked out to call on some the more adorned their good - nature. There was no friends who were living in a very prettily - situated attempt at display, no timidity, no trilling; it seemed country-house. On our way we found all the public to be a simple duty to do one's best, and in general it houses very full of company, very loud singing pro- would have been difficult to do better. At the smaller ceeding from most of them. It must have been a parties there was never any other music than what the holiday, for these merry-makings were not usual. The company thus produced for themselves. When it went wine shops are all distinguished by a 'bush,' a real beyond this sociable sort of gathering, the tradesmen of live green bough, hung out over the open dvor, truly the town were regularly engaged for the balls, and they verifying the old saying; for the wine within being the played with a spirit which proved that they really country produce, was very far, indeed, from deserving enjoyed this employment of their leisure. French praise. In a sort of barn belonging to one of these quadrille music is peculiarly exhilarating, well-selected, a dance was going on very merrily. The place was and admirably arranged: the dancing is more quietly nearly filled by decently - dressed peasantry, footing graceful than we were even prepared for. gaily away in the regular figures of a set of quadrilles The tribute to St Cecilia paid, the church was cleared to a sort of a jig tune played on a fiddle by a man who for a funeral, a side altar only remaining lighted. The was perched upon the top of a barrel in a corner. A coffin was brought in, surrounded by priests chanting quantity of straw had been swept up round him, for the a low monotonous sort of dirge, followed by a crowd double purpose of clearing the floor and keeping the of mourners, and placed upon tressels while the rebarrel in its place; and the company, perfectly satisfied maining ceremonies were performing. On quitting the both with their ball-room and their band, paced away church, the rain began to fall; and while hurrying in the very height of good-humour. They were quite along, a girl of a humble class, whom I had never unaware for some time of any addition to their own seen in my life before, came up to me with such a class of spectators, and when they did discover us, they pretty smile, and in the most graceful manner offered made way at the door to give us a better view of their me her red cotton unbrella ; as a thing of course, proceedings. The fiddler at anyrate fared none the her gown was cotton, mine was silk. There appeared worse for this civility. There is something particularly to be no question about my accepting it. I would not, agreeable in the native good - breeding of this whole for both our gowns, have pained her by a refusa). nation, a charm in mere manner worthy of the study Whether it were this sudden shower after the heat of of philanthropists. Our friends were at home, fortu- the crowded church, or the many changes of weather nately; for the heat was great toiling up the steep hill which I had neglected properly to guard against, I under that bright, though wintry sun, even while the know not, but the grippe, our dreaded influenza, seized air was chilly. We rested a while, and then returned me. I thought myself very ill, but the maids laughed leisurely, intending to have another peep of the happy at me. They promised a complete cure if I would group we had left dancing. But all were gone.

follow their prescription; and as my own let-alone plan like a dream, or the change in a fairy tale. We were had not answered, I tried theirs. It was very simple : hardly sure we had hit the place. Not a soul but our- a foot-bath of hot water poured on wood ashes, the softest selves stood beside the doorway, and inside was the emulsion ever compounded, and a tisane of thin gruel straw spread equally over the floor, and four quiet cows and brandy-it was quite effectual. I was perfectly lying down to chew the cud upon it.

well in the morning. These tisanes, with or without The next market-day was St Cecilia's, when we at brandy, according to the nature of the ailment, were tended high mass in the church of St Martin's, for the principal medicines used here for all complaints, the sake of the music we expected to hear. The altars and as they supersede for the time any other nourishwere all splendidly decorated with flowers and sundry ment, they probably answer the purpose in ordinary elegant objects, in a manner pleasing to the feelings. cases. I was, however, still more pleased with the blending of My happy recovery on the brandy and ashes was an all classes of worshippers on the great open floor of the auspicious moment for our two maids to announce to church, instead of putting them into pews according to us, which they did very prettily, that they were going rank. The orchestra for this occasion was arranged on on a party of pleasure. They never asked leave, but benches in a semicircle behind the high altar : it was appeared before me ready dressed within a short period principally composed of the tradesmen of the town, each of the time they expected a carriage to call for them, to of whom was a tolerable proficient upon some one in take them and others to the country-house of a French strument, assisted by the military band and a very well. gentleman, who had given his servants leave to invite toned organ, remarkably well played by the Spanish or- a party of friends to spend the afternoon there. They ganist of the church. A young Spanish priest chanted were sure Madame, who was so kind, would never part of the service in a way that quite surprised us; his refuse them this little pleasure. Monsieur gave the yoice was fine, bis manner equal to it; altogether the féte, and provided the conveyances, and had certainly music was very creditable. The Spaniards are, it seems, made a number of people very happy, and merry too, an essentially musical people, possessing native airs of judging from that section of the company which left great beauty in several styles. Almost all the popula- our courtyard. Our ladies were in full dress. Made tion of all ranks throughout Spain play and sing agree- / moiselle Louise wore a pretty cap with pink ribbons,

It was

and a black silk apron; Mademoiselle Joséphine had a ral small tables to tea on their arrival. The occupations silk handkerchief round her head, and a silk shawl of the company proceeded afterwards in a matter-ofupon her shoulders, and a new striped apron with very course fashion, the consequence of pre-arrangement, large frilled pockets in it. Luckily for us we had which prevented the least appearance of fuss—an infriends glad to give us our dinner, so we had none of us decorum that would have been insupportable to these cause to regret the holiday. These parties are not very well-bred people. When there was dancing, the ladies common in the French houses, but amongst the servants and gentlemen played in turn, the quadrilles having of the British residents they are far too frequent. An been numbered beforehand, with the performers' names eternal round of dissipation is going on among them, attached, and laid on the pianoforte, where all could see which made me rejoice I had brought no maid with me their parts. Simple refreshments, cakes, and syrups, to be spoiled for my quiet English home. In the upper were handed about; and before separating, chocolate ranks the society was too small to allow of an incessant and rum punch were offered. A ceremonious habit of course of parties, and the rooms were too small to assigning to a lady for the evening the seat she bas admit of large numbers in them. With a few excep- been first conducted to, produced a degree of stiffness tions, twenty or thirty people quite filled an ordinary unsuited to our more erratic habits; yet it has its addrawing-room; the evening reunions were therefore vantages, as we were thus always sure of a resting. more sociable than brilliant, the refreshments very in- place after any short excursion, by merely leaving & expensive, the amusements a little carpet-dancing and deposit on the vacant chair. I was much diverted on cards. Whist and ecartez were the games generally the first evening of our attendance by the manners of a played; but good deal of gambling went on even very fine little girl, a child about seven years of age, or among the ladies, who played much, and high, some of maybe more-they are so little, so slight, compared the younger ones preferring cards to dancing. They with our children. She belonged to a relation of the were married of course : very few unmarried girls are family on a visit to them. I noticed her a good deal, taken out into company, though this is more frequently she was so intelligent, so perfectly at her ease, replying done now than in former days, and I heard the inno- to my observations with a tact many British young vation was approved of.

women beyond their teens would give the world to pos. Some of the English gave dinners in the English sess in equal apparent simplicity. All this interested style; very heavy affairs I thought them; but they me. What amused me was a different thing. She were much approved of by the French, especially when became so familiar, that at last, taking a gentle pinch of fine capons from the north, or a salted round of beef, my gown, and looking up in my face with a most en. were produced at them. The cooks at Pau are good; gaging smile, 'Ah,' said she, raising the tiny eyebrow the best have been taught at Bordeaux, and they with a little knowing nod, velours de soie !' When manage all the meat part of the dinner very well. The would a little English girl have begun to make her little bits they buy for their dishes, and the singular observations on such a subject ? delicacies they seek after, are odd to us. Calf's brains At the balls, when the town band was engaged, a was a favourite entremêt; tripe, admirably dressed, considerable degree of trouble was taken to make the another. They bring home two slices of ham, a quarter evening pass off well. I will describe a ball at a of a pig's cheek, three ribs of a neck of mutton, French house, which, all things considered, was the never preparing for any to remain over, cold meat not best-managed of all we attended. On ascending the being liked by the French. The fish was very good ; stairs, I was shown by a maid into a small room, conbrought from Bayonne most of it, and well dressed, taiping every requisite for rearranging any accident to except the red salmon, which was spoiled to my taste a dress which might be slightly discomposed. After by the quantity of olive oil poured over it. The pastry throwing off my shawl, I was handed over to Monsieur, and other confectionary rather disappointed us : there who received me at the door of the anteroom, and was no great variety in it, and it had always to be with his arm took me to Madame, by whom I was bought in from the shops, few of the cooks understand- placed in an arm-chair, among other lady friends, in ing that department, their skill extending no further the middle room of three all open to company. Dancing than custard creams in cups—a sort of hot cake_and a went on in the outer room; the one I sat in was used plumpudding! made from an English receipt, and for lounging in between the dances; the inner one was without which no dinner is ever given. Coffee, without devoted to cards; it was Madame's bedroom, but in all milk, is always handed round after dinner.

respects furnished as a drawing-room, with the single The préfet having an allowance for the purpose of exception of the bed: this was in the style now com. entertaining the town, had a reception every Monday mon with ourselves—a sofa with a canopy over it. The evening, and two great balls during the season. One or curtains and coverlet were of silk, and there were inner two other balls took place in commodious apartments ; curtains of muslin, trimmed with lace. Several handand the commanding officer gave one to the garrison, to some cabinets were in this room, some old china, and which every officer, with his wife, was invited, and a two valuable paintings. Refreshments were handed few of his private acquaintance besides. There were round during the whole evening in much profusion on more pretty women at this gay and very pleasant as- large silver waiters. There were dried fruits, ices in sembly than we had noticed any other where. French small glass saucers, and rum punch immediately aftermen are in general very handsome, and their manner wards, in addition to the ordinary list. The rum punch adds very much to their attractions : they are so quiet, was in great request. Rum seems to be in high favour so self-possessed, they can always command words to with the French. We never went anywhere without pay their little compliment, or to make their pertinent meeting it in some shape or other. At the dinners it answer; and their attentions to our sex, of whatever was put into the jellies, and half the bonbons were in. age, are so respectfully obliging. The manner which debted to it for their flavour. The company ate and in our own country belongs only to the very highest drank incessantly ; few of the various services were rank, is here characteristic of the nation. The charm nodded away.' Just before breaking up, cups of it throws over daily intercourse is indescribable. The chocolate, of rice and milk, and gravy soup, were prewomen possess less personal beauty--they want height sented, and very freely partaken of. The rooms were and shape in figure, and outline in features-neither is crowded, yet little confusion occurred, owing to the their manner so agreeable as one less studied ; but their custom of numbering the contre-danses, and calling out powers of conversation are surpassing; they are ani- the number on a new one being formed, when the partmated without pertness, clever without pedantry, lively ners, who have their engagements regularly entered on without being frivolous, and they have a particularly the tablets hanging from their wrists, find each other graceful way of saying what is pleasing. The Monday out with little difficulty-the ladies, whether married evenings at the Préfecture were very amusing-seldom or single, always resuming their seats between the more than forty people, who were all set down to seve- I dances. There was very little parading for change of


air, no march for refreshments, these being perpetually for the first time at a small distance from the ground that handed about, and no introductions, the host and host- was afterwards occupied by the army. These men had ess being considered responsible for the respectability never been exposed to rain or lain wet; by this separation of those they invited, and of course incapable of bring from the line they were also removed from the contagion ing together guests who would be unsuitable. Any of the privies; and having pitched close upon the river,

means of such favourable circumstances, it was remarkable dance with him; but if she be unmarried, he must bring that, while the main body suffered greatly, this little camp gentleman may therefore ask any lady to get up and they had the benefit of a constant stream of fresh air. By her faithfully back, at the conclusion of their engage, almost entirely escaped, though the men breathed the same ment, to the side of her chaperone. The host and air, the contagious part excepted, ate of the same victuals, hostess are incessant in their attentions to all assembled: and drank of the same water. This immunity continued half an hour never passed without a visitor finding him- for six weeks, until the army removed from Hanau, when self addressed either by Monsieur or Madame in the these companies joined the rest, and encamping in the line, way most calculated to leave an agreeable impression ;

were at last infected, but suffered little, as the flux was for this unvarying politeness is quite an art.

The then so much on the decline. Fruit, potatoes, and green French women were all prettily dressed—the younger vegetables are essential parts of the food of man; and it is ones, whether married or single, very simply, in light only when taken to excess that, like other articles of diet,

they disorder the stomach. materials, with flowers. The Spanish ladies were more magnificent: the jewels worn by some of them were very costly. There were no public amusements in Pau. There Alsace, which contains 600 or 700 inhabitants, there was

In the commencement of this century, in the parish of was a club for the gentlemen, which met in a large a teacher who, of his own accord, had organised his school room over the market-house ; but there was no estab- very much in the manner I have been describing. I relished theatre—no concerts, except a very few given by ceived my own first instruction from him, and what I have a private society formed of the musical tradespeople, now to say-inspired by gratitude as much as by the desire and such ladies and gentlemen as felt themselves capable of being useful-is only the faithful expression of my reof affording pleasure by joining the orchestra. A com- membrances. The grave has long covered the mortal mittee of management took the direction of these con- remains of James Toussaint, but his memory lives in the certs, and generally contrived to engage the assistance hearts of his pupils, who never pass his tomb without of some professional star, to give a brilliancy to the per- experiencing the greatest emotion, and bowing with reformances. The tickets were presented to the audience spect. His school consisted of 120 pupils; the teacher, a by the members, who made up a small subscription who had taken refuge in Alsace, had not received any

descendant of one of the numerous Protestant families among themselves to defray the expense of the light other education than was then given in ordinary schools. ing. The music was not first-rate, but the instrumental He had learned the trade of joiner, and wrought at the part was quite creditable. The stars were the least Ban de la Roche, where a worthy rival of the pastor Oberlin, agreeable part of the entertainment to me—they were struck with his capacity and vocation for teaching, gave generally pianoforte players, educated at the Academy him lessons and excellent advice, and placed him at the in Paris, and for the sole purpose, apparently, of asto- head of a school, where, under his direction, he was ininishing, by the rapidity of their execution. This fashion tiated in the profession of teacher. From that position he of overloading a fine air with a variety of brilliant pas

was called to the one whose organisation I am now about sages, equally applicable to any melody, partakes too

to describe. Early in the morning-from five to seven in largely of the wonderful to please an ear formed on the summer, and from six to eight in winter--he instructed

the pupils in the first division: those from twelve to fourpurer style of the old and severer masters. It is too

teen years of age.

After them came the others in assemmuch a mere display of the agility of the fingers : there bled classes, who received four hours' teaching each day. is nothing satisfactory in the effect produced. It may At five o'clock in the evening he held what he called the be well to possess the power of commanding the instru- French school, which was a sort of innovation-French ment so perfectly; and in private, performers are right not being generally taught in Alsace at that period. After to study passages of difficulty ; but the extraordinary the school for French, at which a considerable number of combinations of noise and dexterity so characteristic of adults attended, there was in winter, from seven to nine, the new school, give little pleasure to lovers of true an arithmetical class for young persons; and thus did this harmony.

indefatigable man teach ten hours a day in winter, and
eight hours a day at least throughout the year.
this all; there were, besides, about ten children from ten

to fourteen years of age, who, in order to be more POPULAR ERROR RESPECTING EATING FRUIT.

thoroughly instructed, spent the whole day in the schoolIn the last quarterly return on the state of public health, house, under the superintendence of the teacher and his some notice is taken of the common notion that dysentery, wife, who assisted him greatly in his undertakings. By and other diseases of the sort, are occasioned at this season degrees he formed a sort of boarding-school at his own by eating fruit. That it is an error, is established by the house, and something like a normal school, from which fatality of these diseases to infants at the breast, to the came many distinguished teachers, some of whom still live. azed, to persons in prison and public institutions, who pro- Toussaint was also organist and notary of the mayoralty, cure no fruit, and by many such facts as the following, re

and fulfilled all his duties with the greatest fidelity. When ported about the middle of the last century by Sir John I add that this energetic man was a prey to a painful maPringle in his classical account of the diseases of the cam- | lady, arising from no fault of his, but from a defective paign in Germany :-Nearly half the men were ill or had organisation, which every day at the same hour caused recovered from dysentery a few weeks after the battle of him great suffering, it will be seen what can be effected Dettingen, which was fought on the 27th of June 1743. by means of few materials, and even little science, proThe dysentery, the constant and fatal epidemic of camps, vided that zeal is joined with some ability, and, above all, began sooner this season than it did in any succeeding with love of one's vocation. The career of Toussaint was campaign. Now, as the usual time of its appearance is not short: he died in 1811, scarcely forty years of age; but his before the latter end of the summer or the beginning of work survives in his pupils, in the generation he has formed. autumn, the cause has been unjustly imputed to eating

-Willm on Education, fruit in excess. But the circumstances here contradict that opinion; for this sickness began and raged before any fruit was in season except strawberries (which, from their Many years since, when the late Lieutenant-Governor high price, the men never tasted), and ended about the Phillips of Andover, Massachusetts, was a student at Hartime the grapes were ripe; which, growing in open vine-vard College, owing to some boyish freak, he quitted the yards, were freely eaten by everybody. To this add the university and went home. His father was a grave man, following incident:--Three companies of Howard's regi- of sound mind, strict judgment, and of few words. He ment, which had not joined us, marched with the king's inquired into the matter, but deferred expressing any opibaggage from Ostend to Hanau, where, arriving a night or nion until the next day. At breakfast he said, speaking two before the battle, and having orders to stop, encamped to his wife, • My dear, have you any tow-cloth in the house

Nor was


suitable to make Sam a frock and trousers ?' She replied “Yes.' • Well,' replied the old gentleman, 'follow me, my

THE LILIES OF THE FIELD. son.' Samuel kept pace with his father as he walked near

(From Glimpses of the Beautiful, and other Poems, by James the common, and at length ventured to ask, “What are yo:1 going to do with me, father?'. I am going to bind language and sentiment.]

Henderson;' a volume exhibiting a good deal of elegance both of you an apprentice to that blacksmith,' replied his father: * take your choice: return to college, or you must work.' Each at the dawn uprears its silver chalice, 'I had rather return,' said the son. He did return, con

When day-spring ushers in the dewy mornfessed his fault, was a good scholar, and became a respect- Gems that make bright the sweet sequestered valleys, able man. If all parents were like Mr Phillips, the students

Day-stars that mead and mountain glen adorn! at our colleges would prove better students, or the nation God said • Let there be light !' and lo, creation would have a plentiful supply of blacksmiths.-Louisville Shone forth with smiles emparadised and fair, (U.S.) Presbyterian Herald.

Then man had Eden for a habitation,

And ye, bright children of the spring, were there! VOICE OF THE TENCH. In the spring of 1823 I received from a friend a brace of Ye came to bless the eye when sin had clouded very fine tench just taken from the water. They were

The glorious earth with ruin pale and wan; deposited by the cook in a dish, and placed upon a very Ye came to cheer the heart when sin had shrouded high shelf in the larder, a room situated between the

With peril dark and dread the fate of man! dining parlour and cooking kitchen. On the following Ye came to whisper with your living beauty midnight, whilst writing in the dining-room, to which I A lesson to the hearts that doubting stray; had removed in consequence of the extinction of the fire To win the spirit to a trusting duty, in the library, my attention was suddenly excited by a And guide the wanderer's steps in wisdom's way! deep, hollow, protracted groan, such as might be supposed to proceed from a large animal in extreme distress. It What though your accents, gentle, sweet, and lowly, was twice or tlırice repeated ; and all my efforts to dis

Unto the silent ear no sound impart ? cover the source of the alarming sound were ineffectual, Ye whisper words all eloquent and holy, At length my ear was startled by a loud splash, succeeded To wake the finer feelings of the heart ! by a groan more deep and long-continued than those which Meckly ye tell your emblematic story I had previously heard, and evidently proceeding from the Of the Creator's love with pathos true, larder. Inspection of that room at once explained the For Solomon, with all his pomp and glory, mystery. One of the fishes had sprung down from the Was ne'er arrayed like any one of you ! shelf on the stone floor, and there lay with mouth open, and pectoral and ventral fins extended, and uttering the

Ay, ye have lessons for the wise, revealing sounds by which my midnight labours had been so unex

Truths that proclaim Jehovah's bounteous love; pectedly interrupted. Next day both fishes were cooked And wisdom then grows wiser, nobler, feeling for dinner; and such is the tenacity of life in the tench,

How all that's good descendeth from above ! that although thirty hours had then elapsed since their Ye touch the thoughtful soul with pure emotion, removal from their native element, both fishes, after having

When contemplation doth your beauties scan; undergone the processes of scaling and evisceration, sprang Ye fill the heart with calm, serene devotion, vigorously from the pot of hot water when consigned to it And breathe a moral unto erring man! by the cook. ---Communicated by Dr Shirley Palmer. CULTIVATION OF TASTE.

INWARD INFLUENCE OF OUTWARD BEAUTY. I cannot help taking notice of an opinion which many persons entertain, as if the taste were a separate faculty

Believe me, there is many a road into our hearts besides of the mind, and distinct from the judgment and imagina. our ears and brains ; many a sight, and sound, and scent, tion: a species of instinct by which we are struck natu

even of which we have never thought at all, sinks into our rally, and at the first glance, without any previous reason

memory, and helps to shape our characters; and thus ing, with the excellencies or the defects of a composition. children brought up among beautiful sights and sweet So far as the imagination and the passions are concerned, sounds will most likely show the fruits of their nursing by I believe it true that the reason is little consulted; but I thoughtfulness, and affection, and nobleness of mind, even where disposition, where decorum, where congruity are by the expression of the countenance. Those who live in concerned-in short, wherever the best taste differs from towns should carefully remember this, for their own sakes, the worst, I am convinced that the understanding operates, for their wives' sakes, for their children's sakes. Never and nothing else ; and its operations are in reality far from lose an opportunity of seeing anything beautiful. Beauty being always sudden, or when they are sudden, they are

is God's handwriting-a wayside sacrament; welcome it often far from being right. Men of the best taste, by con

in every fair face, every fair sky, every fair flower, and sideration, come frequently to change their carly preci- thank for it Him, the fountain of all loveliness, and drink pitate judgment, which the mind, from its aversion to it in simply and earnestly, with all your eyes: it is a neutrality and doubt, loves to form on the spot. It is charmed draught, a cup of blessing.Politics for the People, known that the taste (whatever it is) is improved exactly

THE KINDLY GERMANS. as we improve our judgments, by extending our knowledge, by a steady attention to our object, and by frequent exer- 'Gellert's Fables,' says a memoir of that writer, 'apcise. They who have not taken these methods, if their peared between the years 1740-1750—a time of literary taste decides quickly, it is always uncertainly; and their drought in Germany. They were received everywhere quickness is owing to their presumption and rashness, and with enthusiasm, and soon became the book of the nation. not to any sudden irradiation that in a moment dispels all By their means Herr Gellert made his way into every heart darkness from their minds. But they who have cultivated in every family of all classes and conditions. They gained that species of knowledge which makes the object of taste, for him not cold admiration merely, but glowing cordial by degrees and habitually, attain not only a soundness, love. The substantial proofs which he received of this but a readiness of judginent, as men do by the same me- affection were not few; and the nature of the gifts frethods on all other occasions. At first they are obliged to quently bespoke the naïveté of the givers. For instance, spell, but at last they read with ease and with celerity; one severe winter day a countryrnan stopped before his but this celerity of its operation is no proof that the taste house with a huge wagon, drawn by four stout horses. It is a distinct faculty. Nobody, I believe, has attended the was loaded with well-seasoned firewood, ready split for course of a discussion which turned upon matters within use. On being asked its destination, he replied that it the sphere of mere naked reason, but must have observed was for Gellert-—“For I shall feel more comfortable," he the extreme readiness with which the whole process of the said, “when I am certain that the poor poet, who amuses argument is carried on, the grounds discovered, the objec- us well while we sit in the warm chimney of an evening, tions raised and answered, and the conclusions drawn from has the means of warming himself well also."" premises, with a quickness altogether as great as the taste can be supposed to work with ; and yet where nothing but Published by W. & R. Chambers, High Street, Edinburgh. Aba plain reason either is or can be suspected to operate. To

sold by D. CRANBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow ; W. & 088. multiply principles for every different appearance is use- 147 Strand, London; and J. M'GLASHAN, 21 D'Olier Street, less, and unphilosophical too in a high degree.--Burke. Dublin.-Printed by W. and R. CHAMBERS, Edinburgh.





No. 250. NEW SERIES.


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the result? They have all blown past. Each, in its

week, or its month, or its six months, has gone into It might almost be supposed from the conduct of man- oblivion (the ' Annual Register'), leaving scarcely any kind, that experience of the evanescence of worldly indication of its having ever passed at all. That which things had been lost on them. They do not keep in has been will be again. All of these troubles will float mind sufficiently how things blow past. There is at all away like so many bubbles down the stream of time, times felt among large sections of the race the impres- succeeded by similar bubbles, but passing into nothing sion of some great event, or series of events, happening, themselves. Will it not, then, have been a distressing or about to happen, by which they believe their des consideration that so much uneasiness has been felt, tinies are to be eternally affected, or from which they and so many losses incurred in stocks, without any just apprehend the most serious and immediate dangers, but occasion ? Think of this, my friends, and read of matuwhich, at the end of six months, are no more heard of, tinal revolutions in the Times' with patient and simply the simple fact being, that the whole thing has blown contemplative minds. Besides, I have some doubts past. I do not know how many wars we have been about the very events about which all this pother is about to have with one state or another, chiefly with made. It is not sufficiently kept in mind that history America and France, within the last ten years, not one is a muse which wears pockets, and must eat and drink. of which has taken place. There was the Macleod war She scatters her priests over the earth, on the pretence (probably the very name is already forgotten), and the that they may be present at the very making of the Boundary war, and the Prince de Joinville war, and events, and send them hot and hot to her various the war about the Spanish marriages, all of which made temples in Fleet Street and the Strand. But, these a most alarming appearance in the newspapers, parti- gentlemen having so obvious an interest in the intensity cularly those which occurred during the prorogations of events, can anything be more likely than that they of parliament, and were, for their time, things that give them a certain depth of colouring which does not affected the spirits of men and the prices of stocks, but belong to them; perhaps here and there help out halting yet passed away into the region of forgetfulness without effects, or possibly (God forgive them !) make the whole one particle of gunpowder being exploded on either story out of next to nothing? To be quite candid, I am side. People appear to be under a similar delusion sceptical respecting most of the alleged events of this regarding the importance of the time at the moment wonderful year, for having lately passed through Europe passing over their head. Almost every year that I can almost from one side to the other, I found nothing changed recollect has been regarded as constituting the most or deranged, not one dish less at the table-d'hôtes, the important era that ever was known, no one ever re- same civility everywhere, no troubles or vexations bemembering that what is thought of the present was yond those usually arising from passports and customthought of the last, or reflecting that the same thing houses; and on conversing with a lady from Dublin will be thought of the next, whatever may be the com- about the state of things in that capital, I was assured parative character of its events. One might acquire there had not been so gay a season for a long time. I some general sense of these absurdities by a retrospec- am not very sure that I was not in one Rhenish town tive glance over the leading articles of any leading at the very time when a revolution, or demonstration, newspaper. He would there see how often we have or something of that kind, took place, and I knew nobeen under the most intense pressure from events, and thing of it till a fortnight after, when I chanced to catch crises, and conjunctures of policy in matters foreign it up in a stray copy of Galignani.' Against the jourand domestic, for a fortnight or three weeks at a time, nals on such points I pitch the hotels. They never but no more. At one time an alarm about the want admit that anything extraordinary has happened in of defences for our island; at another the Irish rebel- their neighbourhood, but laugh at all those newspaper lion ; at another the Chartists. Nothing ever comes stories as, at the best, frightful exaggerations. Not a of it. It blows past.

landlord did I meet with over the continent who did It seems a pity that the public should be continually not deplore the absurd terror of the English for the sounder an agitation of anxiety, or something worse, on called events, by which they had been deprived of the account of such things. We are anxious to do what in enjoyment of one of the finest summers for travelling us lies to place them above such temporary impressions. and for continental residence which had been known We shall take, for instance, the present European crisis, for a long time. Now the hotels are surely as likely to which every one says has been totally unprecedented. know what is passing before their eyes as the corresWell, it is a strange year for revolutions. But what pondents of the various newspapers; and when I find of that? Thousands of events similar to those which one of these establishments conducting itself with unare calling forth our wonder have happened before, affected serenity during the whole time that the city in though not so many about the same time; and what is which it is placed is said to be in a paroxysm of poli

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