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* Well, my Lord of Austria.'

that the revolution is here as well as everywhere else. M. de Metternich raised his head, looking sad as a Danton said " that we did not carry our country about German ballad.

with us on the soles of our shoes ;" but methinks I · Austria is no more,' said he in a gloomy whisper. must carry about with me dust pregnant with revolu'Austrians have destroyed it in destroying me. Diplo- tions. macy is no more, for I am the last diplomatist; and "At length, in utter despair, I thought of Ireland. I! Oh, Talleyrand, thou hast done well to die! "I have heard of no revolution in Ireland.” “ If not,” The great art of working the hinges upon which all answered Matilda, “ then we must not go; a revolution politics turn is at an end for ever. The people break there would imply quiet, for it implies change, and the the hinges when they cannot open them, and the axe is usual natural state of that country is disturbance.” a hammer that opens every lock. We have fallen upon * Her woman's wit at last suggested, “Why not go evil times, when words are of no other use to statesmen back whence we came?” She is quite right. Will you, than to express their thoughts, and that even when then, have the goodness to call at my house and tell perhaps they have none to express. Pity me then; my English servant--but I was forgetting that the behold me reduced to swallowing my last refuge of cause of liberty, equality, and fraternity would be comdiplomacy—that is to say, my Johannisberg wine, that promised by my retaining him in my service—but tell wondrous beverage with which I have mystified all any of my people you can find that we are on our way Europe for more than sixty years.'

to Paris, and hope to spend our honeymoon at home ? And M. de Metternich was silent, having nothing "Farewell. I have but time to add, health and fratermore to drink or to say.

nity,

HENRI DELMASURES.' I now lost all trace of Henri and Matilda for some time, but rested satisfied that they had at length found the promised land, when this evening I received the

BISSET THE ANIMAL TRAINER. following letter :

STERNE says it is easy to travel from Dan to Beersheba,

• BRESCIA, March 19. and cry •All is barren.' It is equally easy to glance at My Dear FRIEND – We have at length arrived in the capabilities of the brute creation, and cry ‘All is inItaly, after having passed through twenty countries all stinct. But what this instinct is, and what affinity it in revolution. Up to this moment we have not had an bears to man's boasted prerogative of reason, are queshour's quiet, for wherever we turned, there burst the tions of a graver character-questions which have derevolutionary waterspout. Whatever shore we reached, manded and received the attention of some of the wisest the waves broke in upon it, and drove us before them. of our race; but which have as yet received, and are We have been at Brescia about half an hour, and must perhaps at present capable of receiving, only vague and leave it before the hour is over. We were afraid of unsatisfactory replies. Vienna-afraid of Milan. “No strangers !” was the cry The actions of many animals, and even of insects, there; and though I knew they meant the Austrians, frequently exhibit an appearance of forethought and yet I was not certain how far they might carry their knowledge which may well excite our surprise. A renationality. We knew that Rome was celebrating a markable instance of this appears in the construction of constitutional carnival ; that Florence's Grand Duke the honeycomb, which is formed, in every respect, on was proclaiming constitutions; that Naples had a king the most approved mathematical principles. The botto-day, and will have to-morrow a Masaniello. We tom of a cell must be composed either of one plane, perthought of Monaco, but it appears a republic is pendicular to the side partitions, or of several planes proclaiming there. The republic of St Marine next meeting in a solid angle in the middle point; otherwise occurred to us, but there they are seriously talking of the cells could not be similar without loss of room. For proclaiming an emperor. À prophetic hurrah has the same reason the planes, if more than one, must be reached us from the Don Cossacks. Asia has turned three, and no more; and by making the bottom to conher eyes westward, and drawn the sword against the sist of three planes meeting in a point, much material Emperor of all the Cossacks. Every day we see the and labour is saved. The bees follow these rules with moon rising, it appears to us under every form, and in as much accuracy as if they had been regular students every colour.

I suppose you have it tricoloured in in geometry. Dr Reid, in the course of some perspiParis? But it is not the honeymoon : alas! we know cuous observations on this subject, observes—It is a not where to find that! To what shore, favoured of curious mathematical problem at what precise angle the Heaven, are we now to steer our frail bark of love, three planes at the bottom of a cell ought to meet, to launched into the open sea in such stormy weather ? make the greatest saving in material and labour. It is We had joyfully cried out "land !" when we reached one of those problems belonging to the higher parts of Brescia. Here in the fair fields of Lombardy, where mathematics, called problems of maxima and minima. spring has already come with her hands full of opening The celebrated M.Laurin resolved it by a fluxionary flowers and verdant foliage, we hope to forget the world calculation, to be found in the Transactions of the Royal and its revolutions ; but hardly had we alighted from Society of London, and determined precisely the angle the diligence, than a huge creature, one of the rabble, required. Upon the most exact mensuration which the collared me, and demanded if I were not the viceroy ; subject could admit, he afterwards found that it is the for the report had been already spread that the viceroy, very angle in which the three planes in the bottom of driven from Milan, was on his way to Brescia, which the cell of a honeycomb actually meet.' Though we he believed to be friendly to him.

apprehend there are few who would be disposed to dis“My worthy friend,” said I, “ you really wrong me. pute the doctor's pious and elegant remark, that 'the I have just come from a country where the very word geometry is not in the bee, but in the Great Geometrician royal is erased from the dictionary.” Apropos of the who made the bee,' it is a subject which, taken in condictionary, have you still an Academy? By this time nection with the many similar instances of skill and the diligence was surrounded by a crowd, not less knowledge which meet us at every turn, is not only of demonstrative in its greetings than my first friend. I deep interest in itself, but well worthy of the most commenced a parley with them, interrupted from time searching investigation which our powers will enable us to time by a poor nervous English woman, white as her to give it. country's cliffs, protesting that though she did come But there is something beyond this. It is sufficiently from Munich, she was not Lola Montès. In a few remarkable, and not too complimentary to our mental minutes, however, a diversion was effected in our favour supremacy, that a philosopher of eminence, in solving a by the arrival of a second carriage. The mob rushed mathematical problem of acknowledged difficulty, should towards it, and seizing upon a man who alighted from find that he had but discovered a principle which such it, dragged him into the next square. They say it is an insect as the bee had long known and acted upon. the viceroy: I am not sure ; but one thing is certain, But however surprising the acquisition of such know.

ledge may be, it is the common property of the race. Possessing that kind of talent which forms what is All honeycombs are constructed on the same principle, usually called a clever man,' he soon became noted as and the latest structure boasts no superiority over those a skilful workman in the neater branches of the trade, formed centuries ago. Thus, however astonishing the particularly in what is technically called women's work; original acquirement, there is no power of progression and as Perth did not offer the encouragement to which manifested." No Christopher Wren or Inigo Jones has he now naturally looked forward, he removed to Lonarisen among the bees to breathe over the cells an atmo- don, where he not only found a wider field for the exersphere of taste and elegance, and teach the plastic wax cise of his abilities, but was enabled to push his fortune to assume hitherto unknown forms of grace and beauty. in another and more tender way, by becoming acFrom this absence of improvement, many philosophers quainted with a young woman of property, whom he have attempted to draw the line at this point between soon afterwards married. This addition to his worldly instinct and reason. Smellie, in his 'Philosophy of means enlarged his views for the future: he established Natural History,' says instinct should be limited to himself as a broker, was successful in his new business, such actions as every individual of a species exerts, and in a fair way for quietly accumulating a compewithout the aid either of experience or imitation; and tence for the comfort of his old age, and then dying in accordance with the same views, Dr Gleig, in the with only his 'grandchildren's love for epitaph,' when *Encyclopædia Britannica, observes, that no faculty a chance circumstance gave a new current to his ideas, which is capable of improvement by observation and or at least changed the even tenor of his way. In the experience can with propriety be termed instinct. If year 1739, he accidentally read in the newspapers an we accept this view of the subject, it seems doubtful account of some surprising feats of a horse exhibited at whether we are not compelled to allow the animal crea- the fair of St Germain's; this seems to have awakened tion the possession of another faculty in addition to, in him a spirit of emulation, and he determined to see and above, this supposed boundary of their intellectual what he could achieve in the same way. It is scarcely nature. For though Smellie speaks of the improvement probable that this circumstance drew his attention to of instinct, the doctor very consistently remarks, that to animal teaching for the first time: such an incident, talk of such a thing is to perplex the understanding like many extraordinary accounts in our own day, by a perversion of language. And yet it is a fact, as might have made a transient impression, but would remarkable as interesting, that the faculties of animals scarcely have produced such immediate results. It are capable of such improvement; and that this capa- seems more likely that an early partiality for animals bility is not confined to the higher species, but extends had caused him to feel an interest in their habits and downwards to those grades which had hitherto been modes of action, which led to a more attentive observ. considered as quite beyond the pale of civilisation. Of ance of them than is ordinarily paid. The nature of this we have had such abundant testimony, that almost his early occupation, while it employed his hands, had every man's experience can supply him with the proof. allowed full leisure to his thoughts; and these thoughts Notonly have the wild denizens of the woods been brought were no doubt often engaged upon instances of brute by Van Amburgh and others to a surprising state of doci- capability which he had casually observed, and somelity and acquired knowledge, and the king of the forest times, perhaps, upon the means of further developing been taught to leap through a hoop, the elephant to make that capability by tuition. However this may be, the as dexterous a use of his trunk as a chevalier d'industrie account, if it did not first cause him to think, certainly does of his fingers, and several of the nobler animals to first induced him to act; and he immediately began sustain their parts with credit in the performance of a those experiments which have placed his name so regular drama; but some of the very lowest classes high on the list of animal teachers. The first objects have developed, in the process of teaching, such latent upon which he tested his powers were a horse and powers and capabilities, as not merely to excite our pre- a dog; with which his success was so decided, as to sent wonder, but seem to warrant the conclusion, that as strengthen the belief that his system of training we increase the skilfulness of our training, these deve- was no sudden and immature impulse, but the result lopments will be found to increase with it. We do not of close thought and patient observation. This sucthink that the philosophy of this part of the subject, cess encouraged him to extend his experiments; and considered apart, and as distinct from the ordinary for his next pupils he selected two monkeys, which he manifestations of instinct, has hitherto met with the trained to the performance of a regular exhibition ; one attention which it deserves. We cannot, however, with of them going through a good imitation of biped dancany degree of justice, make the same complaint of the ing, and tumbling on the tight-rope, while his comteaching itself; for the number of practical professors panion held a lighted candle in one paw, and played a has so increased of late years, that an exhibition of barrel organ with the other. As these feats began to trained animals which, a century and a half ago, would attract attention, and draw considerable audiences to have been considered as occupying the debateable witness them, he resolved to pursue his system on a land' somewhere on the road between cheating and more extended scale ; and the result was equally creditsorcery, is now almost as essential a part of every able to his ingenuity and his patience. Having procountry fair as those dear old associates of our child-cured three young cats, he contrived to teach them not hood-the wonderful puppet-show, with its men some- only so to strike the dulcimer with their paws as to thing larger than trees, and its skies something deeper produce a regular tune, but to add their most sweet than thumb-blue, and the venerable but ever_fresh, voices' to the concert, singing first, second, and third, mirthful, and delightfully-ridiculous Punch and Judy. in the regular way. This performance was sufficiently

Among those who have directed their attention to striking in itself, and doubly so at a time when such the training of animals, there are few who have evinced things were strange. We who live in an age when even more aptitude for the task, have prosecuted it with fleas are 'industrious'-that is, apart from, and over more ingenuity and patience, or produced more success and above, their usual vampire vocation--when cats ful results from their labours, than a man of the name turn coachmen to doves, and birds die and revive of Bisset, who was well known in London, and indeed again at bidding; when mice are dressed as ladies, and in most parts of the kingdom, about the middle of the go to bed with lighted candles ; and monkeys remind last century. We are not sure that we can claim for us of the enchanted prince in the Arabian Nights ;' him the title of the father of the art; but it had cer- we have been too much accustomed to these things tainly attracted little attention in this country before for them to inspire us with any vivid interest; but in his surprising exhibitions gave it an éclat which it has that day, when they possessed all the charm of novelty, never since lost, and which has now made it a regular their exhibition drew such crowds, that Bisset was inbranch of study among those who cater for the amuse-duced to transfer the performance from his own house to ment of the public. Bisset was born in Perth about the the Haymarket Theatre. There his feline protégés made Year 1721, and brought up to the trade of a shoemaker. I their first appearance on any stage' in the famous Cats'

Opera-a piece which, from its novel nature and inte before he possessed a dog and cat, whose feats did as
resting character, as an evidence that the brute creation much honour to his powers of teaching as those of their
possessed capabilities hitherto not only undeveloped, predecessors; and being put upon his mettle by the
but undreamt of, brought such overwhelming audiences assertion that, however successful with more docile
to the theatre, that in a very few days the fortunate animals, he would never be able to overcome the obsti.
maestro saw himself the possessor of nearly a thousand nacy of a pig, he immediately purchased a small black
pounds. He now resolved to convince the world that suckling for three shillings in Belfast market; and
however wonderful they considered it that such effects training it to lie under the kit whereon he again plied
could be wrought on animals hitherto deemed to rank low his original trade, he bent his energies to this new and
in the scale of rationality, there was still in the lowest more difficult experiment with all the zest which &
depth a lower deep,' from which equal food for asto- huntsman feels when he knows he is on the track of an
nishment might be drawn. He taught a leveret to bear old fox. For seven months, every means which inge-
its part in the singular concert, by beating on a drum nuity or experience could suggest were tried, and tried
with its hinder feet, and to play several marches in in vain: the brain of the pig seemed incapable of con-
the same way. At subsequent exhibitions, sparrows, taining any idea beyond that of wash ; and he was on
linnets, and canaries, spelt the names of the company, the point of relinquishing the experiment as hopeless,
told the hour and minute of the day, and performed when a fresh method of teaching happened to strike
other feats of a similar nature; and as a crowning spe- him, Unwilling to acknowledge himself baffled, he put
cimen of his power over the inferior races, he trained it in practice; and with such a triumphant result, that
six turkeys to go through a regular dance; and one to at the end of another six months his pupil was on the
fetch and carry like a dog, and, with blackened claws high road for becoming what is not unfamiliar to us in
on a chalked board, to trace out the name of any person the present day, but was then, we believe, an unheard.
present that was placed before it. The means by which of wonder-a learned pig.
he contrived to accomplish such surprising ends, not The hope of driving his pig to a good market the
merely with animals of recognised sagacity, but with force of old habits—and perhaps the astonishment ex.
creatures which had been deemed incapable of exhibiting pressed at his success, and a little pardonable vanity in
a ray of intelligence, were of course known only to being able to show the world, which had neglected him,
himself; and as the results appeared to warrant the his ability to instruct and control an animal whose stu-
presumption that he had found the golden key to the pidity has long been an axiom, and whose obstinacy has
coffers of prosperity, he was naturally not anxious to passed into a proverb, succeeded in tempting him once
peril his expectations by unlocking the secrets of the more from his trade; and we find him in Dublin, in
prison-house.' But though it is to be feared that, had August 1783, exhibiting his pig at Ranelagh. His
his system of instruction been disclosed, it would not triumph over its native stubbornness had been complete;
have been found accord with the dictates of huma- and besides manifesting a degree of docility and obe.
nity-for he confessed that he had taught the poor dience more characteristic of a spaniel than its own spe-
turkeys on the Eastern method, by heating the floor cies, it is recorded that it would cast up accounts with
beneath them—there is still much left for the results accuracy, spell the names of persons present without any
of ingenuity and patience, and much more for the exist. apparent direction, point out the words they thought of,
ence of a capacity in the animals themselves, hitherto distinguish the married from the single, and kneel and
unsuspected, and perhaps even now capable of higher make obeisance to the company at the close of the ex-
development under improved means.

hibition. These performances, which, after allowing for Bisset's own labours in the field, however, now re- the usual charlatanism of such exhibitions, were still ceived a premature check. He had gone on for some highly surprising, began to create what the newspapers time reaping his golden harvest, and no doubt calculat- call . a sensation.' Some of the old tide of prosperity ing that the same seed would always produce the same began to flow back; and Bisset already saw, in anticifruit. But the simple-hearted shoemaker had yet to pation, the return of at least a portion of those guineas learn the instability of the popular mind. The novel which had formerly weighed down his purse-strings. character of his early exhibitions had caught the atten- These expectations were strengthened when, on the tion of the town; they became the rage, and every one weather's rendering it necessary that he should remore was eager to witness them : this zest had now begun to the animal into the city, and having procured the chief cool; the votaries of fashion had set up some other idol ; magistrate's permission, he advertised it for exhibition and poor Bisset had the mortification to see the benches, in Dame Street, many persons of distinction honoured which had once scarcely sufficed to accommodate the him with their presence, and the applauses bestowed crowds that eagerly thronged to fill them, now gradu- on his skill and patience were of the most flattering ally grow thinner and thinner. His exhibitions were character. This event, however seemingly so auspicious, more carefully got up than ever, and varied by every proved a fatal one for poor Bisset ; for he had not occumeans which he possessed ; but all would not do: the pied the room many days, when an officer-evidently one public curiosity was satisfied, and they would no longer of those who consider that even a little brief authority' draw. Bisset did not find the expense of his establish- is worth nothing unless made the most of-broke into ment decrease in the same ratio as its magnetic powers, the apartment, under the pretext of its being an unli. and saw his guineas melt away like snow in the sun. censed exhibition, wantonly destroyed the apparatus beam, till he was at last compelled to dispose of a which directed the performance, and loaded with coarse portion of his long-cherished animals, and descend to abuse the inoffensive proprietor himself, who in vain an itinerant exhibition of the rest. Even this re- pleaded the magisterial permission as a sufficient sancsource seems to have been only partially successful; for tion for his presence. A threat of a prison and the loss of we find him in 1775 abandoning London altogether, his pig, if he dared to repeat the exhibition, was the only and travelling through a portion of the north of Eng- answer to his mild remonstrances; and the dread of the land; till at length, finding it impossible to rekindle fulfilment of the menace, together with the destruction the extinguished embers of excitement, he resolved of his property, so terrified the poor man, that he lost upon a totally opposite course of life-by exchanging a no time in quitting a place where his hopes had been profession whose aim was to raise the brute as near as a second time so lamentably disappointed. He had might be to the level of the man, for one which too scarcely regained his home, when the agitation of his often debases the man to the level of the brute. He mind, acting on a weak and enfeebled body, threw him opened a public-house at Belfast, and for some time into a fit of illness, which, in effect, brought both his seemed not to have an idea beyond licensed victualling. interesting labours and personal anxieties to a pre. But the habits of years are not to be eradicated in a mature close. For although he partially rallied, and moment: the old tree is not to be drawn out of the being pronounced able to travel, had resolved to return earth like the plant of yesterday. It was not long I to London, the scene of his early triumphs and his tran.

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sient prosperity, a relapse of his illness overtook him at was to impart to it life and motion. The difficulty, howChester, and a few days saw his quiet and harmless ever, was found to be a poser : he needed celestial aid to spirit removed to another world.

accomplish his purpose. Accordingly, conducted by the goddess Minerva, he skimmed lightly through the regions

of several planets, and at last approached the sun. This SNEEZING.

was the stuff he wanted. Concealed under the mantle of Among the many enchanting tales of the 'Arabian Nights,' and filled with its liquid fire a phial which he had

his divine guide, Prometheus neared the resplendent orb, in which our youthful fancy of old luxuriated, we re- brought for that purpose, hermetically sealed it, and member there was one of a certain humpbacked school- forthwith regained earth sound in limb and overjoyed in master, who gives the history of his unfortunate de- spirit. Applying the flask to the nostrils of his statue, formity. Among the various valuable precepts which he opened it, and instantaneously the subtle sunbeams he inculcated, those of politeness seem to have held a insinuated themselves with such power through the pores chief place; and when he sneezed, we are told the scho- of the spongy bone that the image sneezed. Upon this lars were taught to clap their hands, and exclaim ' Long brain, the nerves, the arteries—and the image stood forth

impulse the living principle was diffused through the live our noble master!' One day the dominie and his as good a man as its manufacturer. It is added that pupils were walking in the country: the day was sultry, Prometheus, overjoyed at the success of his experiment, and they were all glad when at last they fell in with a broke into words of benediction and of prayer for the well. But, if we remember aright, the bucket was at the preservation of the wondrous work of his hands; and bottom, and the worthy dominie resolved to descend and that this first man, awakening into consciousness while bring it up full. Having filled the bucket with the the words were being spoken, ever afterwards remembered crystal treasure,' the master gave the word, and the them; and on every instance of sternutation in himself

or his descendants, imitated the example of his artificer. youths forthwith commenced hauling him up again.

It was thus that the poets of Greece and Rome endeaWhen near the top, as ill luck would have it, their pre-voured to account for the existence of the wide-spread ceptor sneezed! Simultaneously the boys let go, and, custom of saluting any one who sneezed; but the monks clapping their hands, vociferated the accustomed • Long of the middle ages have not been behind-hand with them live our noble master!' while the luckless dominie, in the attempt. According to their legends, in the days bucket and all, went rattling down to the bottom again of St Gregory the Great there reigned a deadly poison in -breaking at once his back and many of his prejudices the air of Italy, so that any one who sneezed or yawned in favour of etiquette.

instantly fell dead; and in consequence of the great mor

tality, the Pope ordained that on all occasions when a When this tale first met our youthful eye, little re

yawn or sneeze occurred, the bystanders should repeat Alective though we were, sneezing we thought was an odd certain words of prayer, to avert danger from the luckless thing to make the subject of compliment. But the dis- wight who had been seduced into so perilous an indul. coveries of our maturer years have sufficiently proved how gence. But in this case the heathens have undeniably very ignorant we must have been to come to any such the advantage over mother church: in regard to truth, conclusion. Jewish rabbi and Christian pope — Arab we believe they are pretty much on a par; but for the norelist and classic author--the sands of Africa, even the children of the Vatican to attribute to the sixth century savannas of the new world — all furnish proofs of the the origin of what had existed for a thousand years before,

is ignorance ' beyond all hooping.' high importance attached to the sternutative functions.

The custom was of long standing even in the days of Records of this are found in all countries and in all | Alexander the Great, whose preceptor Aristotle made it times-except the antediluvian.

the subject of erudite remark. In all countries the And this brings us at once into contact with the Jewish spirit of the salutation was the same—from the terse rabbis—those extraordinary fellows, who seem to have

Salve!' of the Romans, to the rather Irish Orientalism, been better acquainted with Eden than ever were Adam May you live a thousand years, and never die!' and and Eve-who know all the secrets of the Ark, and would among the Greeks and Jews the very word was identical beat Noah himself at an inventory of its furniture. Such their comedies of an old fellow called Proclus, who had

_Live!' The Greeks have a capital story in one of extensive chronological attainments must be invaluable a nose so very big that he could not blow it, as by no in searching out the origin of things; and we are glad possibility could his bands reach to the end of his nasal we can derive the early history of sneezing from autho- protuberance; and to give posterity a still better idea of rities so unimpeachable. As there is no mention in the this formidable proboscis, the Greek dramatist adds, that Sacred Writings of illness among men until some time when this Mr Proclus sneezed, he could not even cry after the Flood, the rabbis declare that sickness was

'God help me!' as the nose was too far off for the ear to

hear. altogether unknown in the early world. How, then, it may be asked, did men die in those days? Why, they realms of Asia, the practice existed even in the depths

But far from being confined to classic ground and the just sneezed, and expired. So say the rabbis. They tell of barbarous Africa. "Old accounts of Monomopata tesus, moreover, that Jacob, disrelishing this speedy exit tify that whenever the king of that region sneezed, all from life, earnestly desired that some warning should be those who were in the place of his residence, or even given in order to prepare for the momentous change. in the environs, were simultaneously apprised of it, This, say the rabbis, was the object for which he wrestled either by signs, or certain forms of prayer made on his with the angel. His prayer was granted: he sneezed, and behalf

, which instantly spread the intelligence from the fell sick. The hitherto unheard-of circumstance of a nothing was heard around but devout wishes for the

palace to the city, and thence to the suburbs; so that man sneezing, and yet surviving, must, on the supposition prince's health, and a kind of God save the king !' of the rabbis, have made a great sensation among man- which every one was obliged to repeat aloud. More kind: still more would the advent of disease—and thus extraordinary still, this piece of etiquette was witnessed associated, sneezing thenceforth ranked as one of the most by the Spaniards among the natives of the new world. important phenomena of the human system.

The author of the ‘History of the Conquest of Florida' So much for tradition. But mythology also pays a

informs us that the cazique of Guachoia having sneezed like homage to this' wind of the head.' Sneezing is said diately bowed low before their prince, venting aspirations

in the presence of Soto, all the Indians present immeto have been the first act of the first man made by Pro- that the sun would preserve him, enlighten him, and be metheus. After giving the last finish to his work, Pro- always with him. metheus, we are told, cudgelled his brains as to how he A custom so singular and so universal could not fail

to attract the notice of ancient writers, who have endea

• Acme then her head reflecting, voured to deduce its origin from natural religion. The

Kissed her sweet youth's ebriate eyes, head, they said, is the principal part of man: it is the

With her rosy lips connecting

Looks that glistened with replies. fountain of the nerves, of all the sensations--it is the

“ Thus, my life, my Septimellus ! dwelling-place of the soul, that divine particle which

Serve we Love, our only master: thence, as from its throne, governs the whole mass-that

One warm love-flood seems to thrill us, hence a peculiar dignity always attached to it, and men

Throbs it not in me the faster ?" in early times used to swear by their head as by some

She said : and, as before,

Love on the left hand aptly sneezedthing sacred--that they never dared to taste or touch

The omen showed that he was pleased any kind of brain-that they even avoided naming the

To give his blessing.' * word, usually expressing it by a periphrasis, such as white marrow.? From all this, it is added, it is not with the classic ages; but the custom of saluting those who

This harmless superstition, however, seems to have ended strange that their descendants should continue to reverence the brain, and attach importance to sneezing, In the beginning of last century, M. Morin tells us that

sneeze still survives in many parts of continental Europe. which is its most visible manifestation. As the ancients cannot now defend themselves, it markable, among other things, by the whimsical zeal’

the Anabaptists in England had made themselves rewould be ungenerous to make disparaging remarks on this theory of theirs; so we will rather pursue our theme, ceding century, the essayist Montaigne said, 'Let us gire

with which they combated this custom; and in the preand find the sternutative function, in unholy wedlock with superstition, playing the part of an influen the head, and is blameless.' Snuffing, we fear, has had a

an honest welcome to this sort of wind, for it comes from tial, but on the whole very harmless, familiar spirit. hand in the decay of this remnant of ancient politeness; Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, all listened to its “ warning for we find the first-mentioned author lamenting that trump' as to the voice of a present deity; and there are there is great reason to fear that we shall soon see this on record endless instances in which a sneeze has deter- respectable custom die out; for sneezings have become so mined an embarrassed heathen in his line of conduct. One day, for instance, Xenophon was haranguing his frequent, and so much in vogue, that it is rare now-atroops, and just as he was impetuously exhorting them to which the human race has so justly deemed worthy of its

days to see produced naturally those salutary functions adopt a hazardous, but in his view indispensable resolution, a soldier sneezed: spontaneously, says the historian, respect. They are forced from nature whether she will the whole army adored the deity; and Xenophon, skill or no, and it is no longer the same thing.'There can fully profiting by the incident, wound up by proposing a

be no doubt that superstition, from whatever cause arissacrifice to the saviour god who had thủs counselled ing, mainly engendered this respect for the function of them to adopt the salutary plans of their general. In times, it was frequently disregarded as a vulgar preju

sneezing; and accordingly, by the learned even of ancient Homer, likewise, when Penelope, harassed by the impor: dice.' But Clement of Alexandria, in his little treatise tunities of her suitors, is renting imprecations against of politeness, goes further than this, and regards sneezing them, and breathing wishes for the return of her Ulysses, as a mark of intemperance and effeminacy: he says that her son Telemachus interrupts her with a sneeze so loud, it should be suppressed as much as possible, and is most that it shakes the whole house : Penelope gives way to unmeasured in his reprobation of those who seek to protransports of joy, and sees in this incident an assurance

cure it by extraneous means. Though very many nowof the speedy return of her long-absent husband. Even the wondrous demon of Socrates, which the sage so often a-days set at defiance this anathema of the Greek Chesconsulted in the exigencies of his eventful life, was main with his suggestions; and when in company with

terfield, yet the usages of modern society coincide in the neither sylph nor salamander, if we are to trust a pas- those we respect, if sneeze we must, we at least endeavour sage in Plutarch-neither genii nor conscience-it was a

to conceal it from observation. sneeze! It is true there is something rather anti-romantic in a symptom of health; and the rather humorous light in

Aristotle of old declared sneezing to be a favourable sneeze; yet in olden times, when Venus was still queen which we generally regard it seems to confirm his deciof beauty and love, a gallant would often not have exchanged the sound of its rasping blast for the softest sion. It is a gentle stimulus to a languid system-it is breathings of Zephyr, or the sweetest

song of the nighting and relieves us : such, say many, are the benefits of a

a refreshing evacuation of the head, which at once pleases gale. Indeed, in the ever-shifting world of love--of all others the brightest, yet most troubled—this omen was

hearty sneeze. But not so think many erudite disciples regarded as the weightiest and happiest of all. Parthenis

, and his followers ; why, sir, you're jesting with an earth:

of Æsculapius. 'Hearty sneeze !' says Olympiodorus a young Greek girl, who has rather foolishly allowed her- quake, sir-an alarming physical convulsion! Does it self to get head and ears in love with a youth, after many not disfigure the prettiest face with epileptic tremors! sore struggles, and long irresolutions, resolves to write an avowal of her passion to her dear Sarpedon. Let us fol- | It is a syncope, sir; nay, sir, it is a short epilepsy !' low her to her bower or her boudoir. There she sits

, the (brevis epilepsia), Verily this is a grave charge against loving, foolish creature! with as heavy and anxious a

sneezing. It is but lately that it first met our startled heart as ever belonged to a sweet girl of sixteen. The cars; but since then, we have ever looked upon a snuffer

as a sort of swindler of the sexton-one who should long gentle murmurs of the Ægean come floating into the room; and as she looks up, the evening sunlight falls ago have been a source of revenue to some deserving cheeringly on her pale cheek as it quivers through the cemetery company. Either the classic doctors are supervine trellis. Her eye is brimming, and her heart flut- annuated, or snuffers are infatuated sensualists, who, for ters as she resumes her stylus; for now she is at the the sake of a gentle titillation, and a still gentler nasal very crisis of her letter, and is avowing her passion with Their existence is a constant libel on the fair fame of

intoxication, peril in a single day more lives than a cat's guiseless ardour, when a light, rapid convulsion shakes Olympiodorus. Which, then, is right-the Greek or the the stylus from her grasp. enough! Parthenis is once more all joy: for she knows disciple of Raleigh! The question, doubtless, seems that at the same instant Sarpedon is thinking of her primâ facie a very interesting one, affecting alike the with sentiments as loving as her own. The heathen queen on the throne and the child' in the nursery; but divinities themselves seem to have sneezed when more

on so grave a subject, than usually pleased, and inclined to be beneficent; and

•Who shall decide, when doctors disagree?' the poets used to say of persons remarkably beautiful, Perhaps much, as Sir Roger de Coverley remarks, may that the Loves had sneezed at their birth. Cupid ap- be said on both sides. For ourselves, we are content to pears to have been especially fond of thus testifying his approbation, as we learn from the sweet little poem of

* Blackwood's Magazine. Acmé and Septimellus, from which the following lines

+ Mémoires tirés des Regitres de l'Académie Royale des Inare translated:

scriptions et Belles Lettres." Vol. v. p. 446 Paris, 1794.

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