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In the meanwhile they continued to walk on for • It is easy to tell you that,' said the old man, 'for several hours without seeing any end to the gloomy their names are well known to all. The name of the forest; the road was each moment becoming more hilly tall woman with the javelin is Hatred; that of the and rugged. Otto, who was beginning to feel some- young girl reclining in the chariot is Sloth; and that what fatigued, looked with an anxious eye upon the of the old hag with the flagon is Intemperance.' chariot in which the youngest female of the party lay Well, I can quite understand that when one has to half reclining at her ease. It was so ingeniously con- deal with such customers, one gets the worst of the structed, that the deepest ruts hardly gave it more than bargain,' replied the young miller ; 'but still I abide by a gentle swing. “ All roads must appear short and my old opinion, Otto deserved no better.' good in this chariot,” he said, approaching it with a * Alas !' replied the old man gravely, 'I know some wistful look : "I would give a great deal to have one like other people in the world who are no wiser than he it.” “Is that all you want?” rejoined the second of his What should you say, for instance, to a lad who, companions. “I can satisfy your desire in a moment." for the sake of ruining a master with whom he had She struck with her foot the chariot which bore her. quarrelled, exposes himself to the misfortune of being It seemed to unfold itself, and a second chariot, of left without employment? Do you think he is blessed exactly the same graceful and easy proportions, and with his full sight?--or has he not rather sold one of drawn by two fine black bullocks, presented itself to his his eyes to Hatred? Add to this, that he wishes to give astonished view. When he had somewhat recovered himself what he calls a “merry time of it"—that is to from his amazement, he thanked the young girl, and say, to taste the pleasures of idleness, without reflecting was about to step into his newly-acquired vehicle, when that, once unaccustomed to labour, and enervated by idleshe motioned to him to stop. "I have,” said she, "ful- ness, he will no longer find it so easy to regain the use filled your desire, but I do not intend to make a worse of the two stout arms which in former days constituted bargain than my sister ; you gave her one of your eyes, his wealth. Finally, to console himself under his vexaI require one of your arms."
tions, he has already lost in the tavern one-half of his Otto was at first somewhat disconcerted by this senses, and he will, before long, be deprived of the use request; but he was beginning to feel very weary; the of them altogether. If Otto was a fool, what opinion chariot seemed waiting most invitingly to receive him ; can Andrew have of one who is imitating his example?' and, as I before told you, he had never been accustomed
The group began to laugh; Andrew alone remained to resist the impulse of the moment. So, after some grave and silent. He did not seek any longer to detain slight hesitation, he agreed to the bargain, and found the Old Anabaptist, but suffered him to depart without himself seated in his new equipage, but at the same even saying farewell. Evidently the lesson had wounded time deprived of his right arm. They now proceeded him, as lessons which come home to our consciences for some time on their journey without interruption. generally do. But such counsels are often like those The forest seemed to stretch itself out to an internin- bitter draughts which at first are not only distasteful to able length. Otto soon began to feel the cravings of our palate, but seem even to increase our malady; yet hunger and thirst. The old woman clad in rags quickly afterwards they prove a means of restoring us to health. perceived it. “You are becoming gloomy, my lad,” said Andrew reflected all night on Otto's history, and next she.
" When the stomach is empty, discouragement morning he returned to Monsieur Ritter's mill, where is not far distant; but I possess a sure remedy against he resumed the duties which he ought never to have want and despair.” “What is it then?” inquired the abandoned. young man. * You see this flagon which I carry often to my lips ? ” she replied. “ It contains forgetfulness of pain, joy, and the brightest visions of hope : whoever EASTERN LIFE PRESENT AND PAST.* drinks of it becomes happy; and I will not drive with Miss MARTINEAU has committed an inadvertence in you a harder bargain than my sisters, for I only require the preface to this book, which operates disadvanin exchange one-half of your brain."
* This time the young man rejected the offer. He tageously on its reception by those critics who compete began to feel a sort of terror at these successive bar- with each other in priority of reviewing. She has mengains. But the old hag induced him to taste the liquor tioned the work merely in its character of a journal of contained in the flagon, and when he had once done travels; and as an author should know best what he 80, it appeared to him so delicious, that his resolution has intended to write, few hasty examiners are likely gave way, and he acceded to the bargain. The pro- to consider it in any other point of view. As a mere mised effect
was not long in making itself felt. Scarcely journal of travels, it is unquestionably open to the accu. strength revive, his heart became joyous, and full of sation constantly brought against it, of bookmaking, and confidence ; and when he had sung all the songs he moro especially of the old-fashioned sin of seizing every could remember, he fell quietly asleep in his chariot, opportunity of ekeing out the chapter by the aid of perfectly indifferent as to what might become of him bygone historical matter. But if we let the preface When he awoke, his three companions had disappeared, alone, and look at the work in itself, we find it someand he found himself alone at the entrance of a village. thing very different from a journal of travels. The very He attempted to rise, but one side of his body seemed titles of the four books into which it is divided ought to paralysed; he tried to look about him, but the one eye be sufficient to correct our first impression : Egypt and which now alone remained to him was dim and uncerits Faith-Sinai and its Faith—Palestine and its Faith tain; he tried to speak, but his tongue faltered, and his ideas were confused. Now at length he began to com- -Syria and its Faith. It is, in fact, a historical essay, prehend how great were the sacrifices to which he had written in the localities of the history, and illustrating so lightly consented. His three fellow-travellers had the lucubrations of the learned by actual observation degraded him from the level of humanity-a crippled both of monuments and manners. idiot, no other resource remained for him than to beg
There is no living writer better fitted for a work of his daily bread from door to door during the remainder this kind than Miss Martineau. She is eminently an of his days.
Here the Old Anabaptist ceased. Andrew struck his illustrator. Without the power to originate speculation, fist upon the table, and burst into a noisy laugh. Ma she is highly gifted in simplifying and popularising it. foi, said he, 'I think your friend Otto was a fool, Unable to lead, she yet does more than follow; and the Father Solomon, and that he only got what he deserved light which her talent for minutiæ throws upon the As to his three companions, they were thorough sharpers, objects of research, must sometimes both surprise and whose names I should be glad to know, that I may tako care to avoid them.'
* By Ilarriet Martineau. 3 yols. London: Moxon. 1948.
benefit their discoverer. But while cheerfully award- brighten again in twenty minutes : the hills are again ing her the praise of illustration, we must not conceal purple or golden—the sands orange—the palms verdant that she is subject to the usual faults of a mere illus
-the moonlight on the water a pale green ripple on a trator. It is her business to explain, and therefore she lilac surface; and this after-glow continues for ten must explain—or seem to do so. There are to her no minutes, when it slowly fades away.' But it is vain to difficulties she cannot surmount, no depths she cannot that sparkle in almost every page. These occur with
attempt giving any idea here of the scenic descriptions fathom, no mysteries she cannot solve. When the old special effect in the voyage up the Nile, during which geographers came to a part of the map of which they our author seems to have been in a perfect fever of were ignorant, they wrote in it the words terra incog- delight. The pranks of the crew, and their imitation nita : these are words which have no place in Miss of the Europeans, even when the latter nodded and fell Martineau's ample vocabulary. We may have an op- asleep—the veiled women coming down to the river to portunity of exhibiting an instance or two of this defect fill their water-pots—the religious ablutions and prosin passing along; but our main business, of course, istrations of the men—the harrow drawn by a camelto show the general spirit and character of the book. the almost naked Arabs employed in irrigation with the
It will be understood, no doubt, that in so far as the primitive pole and bucket—the buffaloes swimming localities are concerned, this is a mere fashionable tour; from bank to bank—the ferry-boat with its ragged sail and that the chief merit of the book, in its lighter parts, and heterogeneous freight—the sugar-canes, wheat, and most consists in its presenting well-known objects in a lupins, fringing the banks and clothing the slopes—the new point of view, or at least with such adjuncts as towns and villages girded with acacia groves—all transconfer an air of novelty upon the picture. This is pre- ported the observer into a world of poetry and romance. cisely our author's forte. She sees more than most And then the change of scenery in the night! “No people, and very often sees differently, and has the fa. object was perceptible on the high black eastern bank, culty, besides, of investing even the most commonplace above and behind which hung the moon ; but in her circumstances with an extrinsic interest belonging golden track on the dimpled waters were the shadows partly to imagination and partly to style and manner. of palms, single and in clusters, passing over swistiyThe first thing in the book that strikes us as charac- “authentic tidings of invisible things. And then the teristic of Miss Martineau, as well as amusing in itself, rising of Orion !—which shone forth, night by night, is the antipathy she takes to the camel the moment till the punctual and radiant apparition became almost she sets eyes upon that modern antique. 'Presently a oppressive to the watching sense. I came at last to string of camels passed through the Square, pacing know his first star as it rose clear out of the bank. He noiselessly along. I thought them then, as I think never issued whole from a haze on the horizon, as at them now, after a long acquaintance with them, the home. As each star rose, it dropped a duplicate upon least agreeable brutes I know. Nothing can be uglier, the surface of the still waters; and on a calm night it unless it be the ostrich, which is ludicrously like the was hard to say which Orion was the brightest. But camel in forn, gait, and expression of face. The the stars and the water yield to the prairie-like views patience of the camel, so celebrated in books, is what I that extend till they are lost in the distance; and these never had the pleasure of seeing. So impatient a beast are all the better for the villages, overshadowed by I do not know-growling, groaning, and fretting when- dark palms, that dot the expanse, and the Arab husever asked to do or bear anything-looking on such bandmen and their camels wandering by the river side. occasions as if it longed to bite, if only it dared. Its In our walk this evening we saw a pretty encampment malignant expression of face is lost in pictures ; but it of Albanian soldiers among the palms. One had to may be seen whenever one looks for it. The mingled rub one's eyes to be sure that one was not in a theatre. expression of spite, fear, and hopelessness in the face of The open tent, with the blue smoke rising—the group of the canel, always gave me the impression of its being, soldiers, in their Greek dress, on the ground, and seen or feeling itself, a damned animal. I wonder some of between the palm stems—the arms piled against a tree, the old painters of hell did not put a camel into their and glittering in the last rays of the sun-all this was foreground, and make a traditional emblem of it. It is like a sublimated opera scene. And there was another, true the Arab loves his own camel
, kisses its lips, hugs the next morning, when they took their departure its neck, calls it his darling and his jewel, and declares southwards, their file of loaded camels winding away he loves it exactly as he loves his eldest son ; but it from under the shade into the hot light.' As a variety, does not appear that any man's affection extends be- a man would be seen crossing the Nile where it was very yond his own particular camel, which is truly, for its wide on a bundle of millet stalks, carrying his clothes services, an inestimable treasure to him. He is moved on his head like a huge turban. The same custom, we to kick and curse at any but the domestic member of recollect to have read, prevails upon the Indus; but the species, as he would be by the perverseness and there the water-chariot is usually drawn by a buffalo, spite of any other ill-tempered creature. The one the voyager having hold of the animal by his tail. virtue of the camel is its ability to work without water; In another picture our author figures in person, and but out of the desert, I hardly think that any rider in a way which will surprise those who are not aware would exchange the willing, intelligent, and proud ser- that literary ladies are frequently women, and somevice of the horse for that of the camel, which objects to times philosophers. The morning after visiting Eleeverything, and will do no service but under the com- phantine, the Island of Flowers,' she got up early to pulsion of its own fears.'
damp and fold linen, and then employed herself in ironThe next originality is what she calls the 'after- ing till dinner-time. By sparing a few hours per week, glow'-a
La natural phenomenon we do not recollect to Mrs Y— and I made neat and comfortable the things have ever seen alluded to before. 'I do not remember washed by the crew; and when we saw the plight of to have read of one great atmospheric beauty of Egypt other travellers--gentlemen in rough-dried collars, and --the after-glow, as we used to call it. I watched this ladies in gowns which looked as if they had been merely nightly for ten weeks on the Nile, and often afterwards wrung out of the wash-tub-we thought the little trouble in the desert, and was continually more impressed with our ironing cost us well bestowed.' This was a great the peculiarity, as well as the beauty, of this appear- mystery to the Arabs, and one which they never suc
That the sunset in Egypt is gorgeous, every- ceeded in comprehending. Another boat's crew, after body knows; but I for one was not aware that there a long consultation on the use of the flat-iron, liad is a renewal of beauty some time after the sun has decided that it was the English way of killing lice. departed and left all gray. This discharge of colour is . The dragoman of another party, being sounded about here much what it is among the Alps, where the flame- ironing his employer's white trousers, positively declined coloured peaks become gray and ghastly as the last the attempt; saying that he had once tried, and at the sunbeam leaves them. But here everything begins to I first touch had burnt off the right leg.' But Miss Mar
tineau ironed not merely from comfort, but on principle. has been to the Christians.' In this, without giving
I always thought,' says she,' and I always shall think, any opinion as to the fact, we venture to think there is that the finest specimens of human development I have more of the appearance than the reality of heterodoxy. seen are in the United States, where every man, how | All Scripture is full of foreshowings and prototypes ; ever learned and meditative, can ride, drive, keep his and even when the family unity of mankind was comown horse, and roof his own dwelling; and every pletely lost, that Jehovah was by no means the peculiar woman, however intellectual, can do, if necessary, all God of a single tribe, is affirmed in the person of that the work of her own house. At home, I had seen one mysterious Melchisedek, king of Salem, and 'priest of extreme of power, in the meagre helpless beings whose the most high God,' to whom Abram gave tithes of prerogative lies wholly in the world of ideas; here I the spoils of battle, and after whose order was Christ saw the other, where the dominion was wholly over the declared, both by the prophets and the apostles, to be a power of outward nature. This reflection was recalled king and a priest for ever. Osiris, whose sacred name to her memory when ascending the cataract of the Nile, Herodotus (the follower of a different faith) did not where 'a boy would come riding down a slope of roar- dare to pronounce, ' left his place in the presence of the ing water as confidently as I would ride down a sand. Supreme, took a human form (though not becoming a hill on my ass. Their arms, in their fighting method human being), went about the world doing good to men, of swimming, go round like the spokes of a wheel. sank into death in a conflict with the Power of Evil; Grinning boys poppled in the currents; and little seven- rose up to spread blessings over the land of Egypt year-old savages must haul at the ropes, or ply their and the world, and was appointed Judge of the Dead, little poles, when the kandjia approached a spike of and Lord of the heavenly region, while present with rock, or dive to thrust their shoulders between its keel his true worshippers on earth, to do them good.' and any sunken obstacle; and after every such feat, Among his allusive names were Opener of Good,' they would pop up their dripping heads, and cry“ bak- Manifester of Grace,' and · Revealer of Truth,' and he slieesh.” I felt the great peculiarity of this day to be was described as “full of grace and truth.' In his name my seeing, for the first, and probably the only time of the virtuous entered into blessedness. Miss Martineau my life, the perfection of savage faculty; and truly it is mentions the different theories by which learned men an imposing sight.'
have attempted to account for this resemblance to a On reaching Phile, the Holy Island,' the enthusiasm holier personage; but it is easy to perceive that she of taste changes to the enthusiasm of religion, and it is holds with those who, seeing 'that ideas are the highest no longer Miss Martineau who speaks to us, but an subject of human cognisance, the history of ideas the ancient priestess. Her first view of this congeries of only true history, and a common holding of ideas the temples had something of fatality in it; for when their only real relation of human beings to each other, believe vessel was being towed against the headlong current that this great constellation of ideas is one and the by the crew walking on the rocks, the rope suddenly same to all these different peoples; was sacred to them snapped, and she swirled down and away-* none of us all in turn; and became more noble and more glorious knew whither, unless it was to the bottom of the river.' to men's minds as their minds became strengthened The stern, however, caught on a sandbank; and being by the nourishment and exercise of ages.' This is all obliged to bring to for the night, the party set forth in we can afford upon so abstruse a subject; but it was
another boat for Phile. • And what a moment it was impossible to avoid some allusion to it in a notice of || Dow, when we trod the soil, as sacred to wise old races such a book.
of men as Mecca now to the Mohammedan, or Jeru- Our author's descriptions of the monuments of Egypt salem to the Christian; the huge propyla, the sculptured are always happy, but her picture of the ancient capital walls, the colonnades, the hypæthral* temple, all stand of the Pharaohs is curious for its brevity. In the days ing in full majesty under a flood of moonlight! The of Abdallatif, the ruins occupied the space of half a day's most sacred of ancient oaths was in my mind all the journey every way, and the learned physician of Bagdad while, as if breathed into me from without; the awful was in ecstasi of admiration at the splendour of the oath—“ By Him who sleeps in Philæ.” ilere, sur. sculptures. “At the end of seven centuries,' says Miss rounded by the imperishable Nile, sleeping to the ever- Martineau, 'the aspect of the place is this. From the lasting music of its distant cataract, and watched over village of Mitrahenny (which now occupies the site) by his Isis, whose temple seems made to stand for ever, can be seen only palm woods, a blue pond, rushes, and was the beneficent Osiris believed to lie. There are a stretch of verdant ground, broken into hollows, where many Holy Islands scattered about the seas of the lie a single colossus, a single capital of a column, a halfworld—the very name is sweet to all ears--but no one buried statue of red granite, twelve feet high, and some has been so long and so deeply sacred as this. The fragments of granite strewn among the palms. This is waters all round were this night very still; and the all of the mighty Memphis !' more suggestive were they of the olden age, when they In her visit to the mummy-pits, idealising and ex: afforded a path for the processions of grateful worship- plaining all things as usual, she endeavours to account pers, who came from various points of the mainland, for the funereal pomp and religious worship lavished with their lamps, and their harps, and their gifts, to upon cats and birds, by the reverence of the Egyptians return thanks for the harvests which had sprung and for instinct ; but she fails to show what claim these ripened at the bidding of the god. One could see them animals had, upon this principle, above the camel, the coming in their boats, there where the last western horse, or the ass. This is one of those spots on her light gleamed on the river ; one could see them land at varied map on which it would have been better to have the steps at the end of the colonnade; and one could written words analogous to the terra incognita of geoimagine this great group of temples lighted up till the graphers. But such prudence would not have suited prominent sculpture of the walls looked almost as her intellectual habits-perhaps not her organisation. bright and real as the moving forms of the actual A curious proof of the peculiarity of the latter is given offerers.'
in her description of the ascent of the Pyramid. She forHere comes out the theory which governs our author got to take with her that instrument usually so indisin beholding, with the eyes both of the soul and body, pensable to an absolutely deaf person-her ear-trumpet ; the life past and present of the East. It is the old but although eagerly conversing for nearly an hour with thought, that all knowledge is sacred, all truth divine. those around her, as might be expected in such new and The ideas that now influence the destinies of mankind exciting circumstances, she found no difficulty in hearare as old as the civilisation of Egypt; and for aught ing till she got down again to common life on the ordiwe know, older. Osiris was to the old Egyptians what nary level of the desert! The view from the Pyramid, the Messiah is to be to the Jews, and what Another after all the fatigue of the ascent and descent-for there
appears to be no real danger-is described in a sentence * Hypäthral-open to the sky.
or two, and is probably not worth the trouble it costs.
In taking leave of ancient Egypt, our author gives a put it into her next neighbour's ear, and said " Bo!" picture of its life, whiclı, although interesting, has not and in this way it came round to me again. But in novelty enough to tempt us to extract at length. This two minutes it was asked for again, and went round a Egypt is buried in sand; but the desert has answered second time, everybody laughing as loud as ever at each to the interrogatories of learning and science, and we all“ Bo!” and then a third time! Could one have con. know now that the ladies before the Flood lounged onceived it? The next joke was on behalf of the Jew. chaises longues, and knitted, and netted, and darned esses, four or five of whom sat in a row on the deeván. as ours do; and that the little girls had dolls, and Almost every body else was puffing away at a chibouque instead of yelping bow-wows, little wooden crocodiles or a nargeeleh, and the place was one cloud of smoke. with snapping jaws. We know, too, that some two The poor Jewesses were obliged to decline joining us, thousand years before Abraham's visit to Memphis, the for it happened to be Saturday: they must not smoke people worshipped one supreme God, whose favour in on the Sabbath. They were naturally much pitied; this life, and acceptance by him hereafter, were held and some of the young wives did what was possible for forth as the great desiderata of human beings. Their them. Drawing in a long breath of smoke, they puffed passage through death to immortality was pioneered by it forth in the faces of the Jewesses, who opened mouth a Divine benefactor, who had become the judge of the and nostrils eagerly to receive it. Thus was the Sabquick and the dead. Their notions of creation were bath observed to shouts of laughter.' drawn from the phenomena of the Nile; and they were So much for Egypt and its Faith, and its Life, Present
taught that every mind, whether of map or brute, was and Past. The book relating to Sinai is quite as sugan emanation from the Supreme; and that the body gestive of reflection, but not very rich in extractable was only its abode and instrument; the soul being, matter. Moses is of course its hero—that mortal but from its nature and derivation, immortal.'
little less than divine, who brought forth into the desert Cairo is a thread bare subject; but Miss Martineau a crowd of abject slaves, and converted them into a even there contrives to amuse us. • The little rogues powerful nation; and who threw open to his meanest of donkey-boys were always ready and eager close by countrymen the loftiest mysteries of the Egyptian the hotel, hustling each other to get the preference temple, converting the Israelites, in the midst of the one displaying his English with, “God save the Queen gross darkness of the time, into a really peculiar' ros bif!” another smiling amiably in one's face; and people. Our travellers followed, as well as they could, others kicking and cuffing, as people who had a prior the track of the wandering Hebrews through the wil. right, and must relieve us of encroachers. Then off derness; and in their journey to Petra, Miss Martineau's we went briskly through the Ezbekeeyeh, under the recollections of biblical story are mingled with Inter acacias, past the water-carriers, with their full skins on events. We felt ourselves really now among the their left shoulder, and the left hand holding the orifice haunts of Esau and his tribe, and of the children of of the neck, from which they could squirt water into Ishmael, whose hand was against every one, as every the road, or quietly fill a jar at pleasure; past the one's hand was against them; and when, a little fursilent smoking party, with their long chibouques or ther on, we stopped in a hollow of the hills to rest, it serpentine nargeelehs ; past the barber, shaving the was strange to remember who came here in later days, head of a man kneeling and resting his crown on the and what an extraordinary depôt this was for the mer. barber's lap; past the veiled woman with her tray of chandise of the East for a course of centuries. Up bread-thin, round cakes ; past the red and white this pass came long trains of camels, laden with the striped mosque, where we looked up to the gallery of silks, muslins, spices, and ivory of India, and the pearls the minaret, in hope of the muezzin coming out to call of Arabia, and amber, gold, and apes from Abyssinia, the men to prayer ; past a handsome house or two, and all the fine things that the luxury of Europe derived with its rich" lattices, its elaborate gateway, and its from the far East. These all came through Petra, and shade of trees in front, or of shrubs within the court, of were lodged there for rest, and for no little traffic, as which we might obtain a tempting glimpse; past Shep- in a place wholly inaccessible by any foe. The eagle herd's Hotel, where English gentlemen might be seen might pounce upon the kid among the areas of Petra, going in and out, or chatting before the door; past a and the lightnings might dart down from the summits ; row of artisan dwellings, where the joiner, the weaver, but no human enemy could enter to steal, or arrow and the maker of slippers were at work, with their from human hand to destroy. Up this pass, then, had Oriental tools, and in their graceful Oriental postures; wound many a caravan laden with Oriental wealth; and and then into the bazaars.' In these bazaars the trades- in this hollow had rested perhaps many a company in people looked like kings and princes in fairy tales, and ambush, and no doubt many a baffled foe. cheated like Europeans. The gentlemen of her party single trees, perched on fantastic heights, were some were purchasing clothes to wear on their journey in the of them old enough to have been living in those days, desert; and after a world of effort, and of tying and landmarks to the traveller, and signal stations to the hooking, and inquiring of prices, it came out that the desert warrior.' clothes were second-hand; and they were pulled off The descriptions of Petra and Mount Hor exhibit much more quickly than they were put on.'
great graphic power; but our space warns us that we In Cairo, Miss Martineau gets into a passion about must hasten on to Palestine and its Faith-to Beth. polygamy; and notwithstanding the schooling she had lehem and its fulfilment of the Promise, and realisation previously given her mind as to all sorts of liberality, of all the human mind had panted after throughout 80 she fairly declares that if we are to look for a hell many thousand years. Miss Martineau deprecates the upon earth, it is where polygamy exists; and that as literal understanding of the Scriptures, which Colepolygamy runs riot in Egypt, Egypt is the lowest depth ridge called " bibliolatry,' and turns to the great reliof this hell
. I always before believed that every ar- gious Ideas which have been the guiding lights of men rangement and prevalent practice had some one fair from the remotest past, and which Christ presented side, some one redeeming quality; and diligently did I anew, purified and expanded! What an exquisite plealook for this fair side in regard to polygamy, but there sure it is to stand where Jesus stood, and look around is none.
The longer one studies the subject, and the upon the old faiths and sectarian tenets of the world, deeper one penetrates into it, the more is one's mind and bring forth from them all a faith and hope which confounded with the intricacy of its iniquity, and the should, notwithstanding dreadful corruptions, elevate more does one's heart feel as if it would break.' The mankind through many future ages ! - to have insight following scene from her visit to a harem gives an idea into the sacred mysteries of Egypt, and the national of the intellectuality of the native ladies. But the theology and Law of Sinai, and the ritual morality of great amusement was my trumpet. The eldest widow, the Pharisees, and the philosophical scepticism of the who sat next me, asked for it, and put it to her ear, Sadducees, and the pure and peaceable and unworldly when I said " Bo?” When she had done laughing, she aspirations of the Essenes, and to see how from all these
Those together come the ideas, and from the unseen world the that she was deprived of the powers of speech and spirit, of the religion which Jesus taught!' But these hearing, and the senses of taste and smell, and that her ideas and this 'spirit' she avows do not belong to the mental faculties were quite benumbed or paralysed, existing phase of Christianity; and her announcement giving no indication that she recognised any of her will be heard either with pity or indignation by the friends about her. The only remaining media of commureligious world, that the actual Kingdom has already nication with the external world were the senses of touch come 'in the new heavens and new earth of the rege- and vision. Her sensibility to objects coming in connerated human mind.'
tact with her was excessive, insomuch that the slightest 'Syria and its Faith' has but little to do with the touch would startle her. When left quite still, she esoteric plan of the book. It comes in near the close of appeared to be lost to everything that was passing the work, and Miss Martineau appears to have had no around her. She did not even know her own mother, room to elaborate the fertile subject of Mohamme- who attended upon her with the greatest assiduity and danism. From this department, however, we take a kindness. Mr Dunn goes on to state-Her memory, picture of the markets at Damascus. “The goldsmiths' and the power of associating ideas, were quite gone. bazaar was one of the most interesting; not from the Wherever she was placed, there she remained throughquality of the jewellery, but from the picturesque out the day. She was very weak, but her bodily health figures of the workers, bending their turbaned heads was not much deranged; the tongue was clean ; the over the blowpipes in their little dim shops. The skin moist; and the pulse quiet and regular; but the alleys where galloon-weaving and silk-chain making, bowels sluggish. Her appetite was good; but having and the manufacture of slippers, were carried on, were neither taste nor smell, she ate alike indifferently whatvery attractive, from the number of children employed. ever she was fed with, and took nauseous medicines as The little boys, weaving and shoemaking, were ex- readily as delicious viands. She required to be fed. tremely industrious. They appeared to put their “ Arab When I first saw her, she had no notion of taking the intensity” into their work, young as they were. Some- food that was placed before her ; but a few days aftertimes, in curious contrast, a dealer of graver years wards, if a spoon was put into her hands, and filled by would be seen fast asleep in the next shop, his head her mother, and conveyed for a few times to her mouth, laid back on a comfortable pillow of goods, and his she would afterwards go on by herself until the whole whole stock open to the attacks of any one who chose was eaten.' to steal. The prettiest sight in connection with the After some medical particulars, and an account of bazaars was when a net was drawn over the front of certain fits to which she was liable, Mr Dunn addsthe shop, to indicate that the owner was at prayers. *One of her first acts on recovering from the fit had
'I was altogether disappointed in the silk goods of been to busy herself in picking the bedclothes, and as Damascus. I saw very few articles that I thought soon as she was able to sit up and to be dressed, she pretty, more or less, though the fabric was substantial continued the habit, by incessantly picking some porenough. There was a vulgarity about the patterns, tion of her dress: she seemed to want an occupation especially about those which were the most costly- for her fingers, and accordingly part of an old strawwhich perplexed me till I learned the secret. The bonnet was given to her, which she pulled to pieces of famous old Damascus patterns, the inheritance of cen- great minuteness; she was afterwards bountifully supturies, and of which every Damascene is proud, have plied with roses; she picked off the leaves, and then been imitated by our Manchester manufacturers, so as tore them into the smallest particles imaginable. A to become quite familiar to English eyes. The effect few days subsequently, she began forming upon the of this in Damascus is curious. The inhabitants import table, out of these minute particles, rude figures of our cotton goods largely ; and when they see their own roses and other common garden flowers : she had never patterns again, the gentlemen think they look as well received any instructions in drawing. as their own heavy silks ; and they make their wives *Roses not being so plentiful in London, waste paper wear them instead, greatly to the discontent the and a pair of scissors were put into her hands, and for ladies. The saving to the Damascene husbands is very some days she found an occupation in cutting the paper great; as indeed it must be, if we consider the cost of into shreds; after a time, these cuttings assumed rude dressing a dozen women in one house-wives and hand- figures and shapes, and more particularly the shapes maids-in such costly articles as the heavy silks of made use of in patchwork. At length she was supDamascus. For my own part, I would rather wear plied with the proper materials for patchwork ; and Manchester cottons.'
after some initiatory instruction, she took to her needle, and in good earnest to this employment. She now
laboured incessantly at patchwork from morning till REMARKABLE CASE OF SUSPENSION OF night, and on Sundays and week-days, for she knew no THE MENTAL FACULTIES.
difference of days; nor could she be made to conipre
hend the difference. She had no remembrance from PAINFUL as the idea may appear, it seems certain that day to day of what she had been doing on the previous disease is one of the avenues by which we are day, and so every morning commenced de novo.* What. approach a knowledge of the character and functions ever she began, that she continued to work at while of the human mind. A curious light is thrown on the daylight lasted, manifesting no uneasiness for anything subject by cases of suspension of the mental faculties to eat or to drink, taking not the slightest heed of anythrough the influence of shocks sustained by the ner- thing which was going on around her, but intent only vous system. Mr Dunn, surgeon, London, reported on her patchwork. Occasionally, indeed, and not unone such case of extraordinary interest a few years frequently two or three times in the course of the day, ago: it appeared originally in the ‘Lancet,' but we she would have what her mother called her “ fits.” have now before us a reprint in the shape of a pam. Whilst intent upon her work, and without any external phlet.
exciting cause, her head would fall backwards, her eye. The patient was a healthy young woman, and a dress. lids close, her arms and legs become rigid, and her maker. While living with her grandfather, July 14, hands clenched. After a short time, varying in extent 1843, she accidentally fell into a river which traverses from a few minutes to half an hour or more, the the park of Lullington in Kent. Rescued after a muscles would become relaxed, the eyes open, and she quarter of an hour's immersion, she was with difficulty would resume her work, apparently unconscious that restored to life ; for several days she continued sensible, anything had happened. About this time she began to bat indisposed; meanwhile she was removed to her show indications of feeling interested in the figures of home in London. On the eleventh day she was seized the flowers and buds, &c. upon the silk, and other matewith a fit, which kept her in a state of complete stupor rials which are made use of in patchwork. The perfor four hours, on the cessation of which it was found | ception of colours, and the exercise of the imitative