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place; he alightel, took it up, and drove to his inn in Rue
CROSSING last night a dreary moor, to the traveller. Having scented out the coin, which he
Where deeply lay the snow, had been ordered to bring back, in the pocket of the latter,
I overtook at midnight hour he leaped up incessantly at and about him. The gentle
An old man crceping slow. man, supposing him to be some dog that had been lost or
'Twas the Old Year! with age subdued, left behind by his inaster, regarded his different movements
Tottering, and cold, and lean, as marks of fondness; and as the animal was handsome, he
And seeking mid the solitude determined to keep him. He gave him a good supper, and
Some place to die unseen. on retiring to bed, took him with him to his chamber. No
IIe had brought me many happy days sooner had he pulled off his clothes, than they were seized
I would not on his ending gaze. by the dog; the owner conceiving he wanted to play with them, took them away again. The animal began to bark
Scarce had I passed the touching sight, at the door, which the traveller opened, under the idea
When a deep stillness fell; that he wanted to go out. Caniche instantly snatched up
I heard an old voice say . Good-night!' an article of dress, and away he liew. The stranger posted
And a young one chime' All's well!' after him with his nightcap on, and literally suns-culottes.
I turned me: the Old-Year was gone! Anxiety for the fate of a purse full of double Napoleons, of
And lo! a beauteous child forty francs cach, which was in one of the pockets, gave
With silvery laugh came dancing on, redoubled velocity to his steps. Caniche ran full speed to
And ever sweetly smiled ; his master's house, where the stranger arrived in a moment
And prattled with such guileless artafterwards, breathing and enraged. lle accused the dog
I clasped the New Year to my heart! of robbing him. "Sir,' said the master, ‘my dog is a very
So 'tis with life! when midst the gloom faithful creature, and if he has run away with your clothes,
of the soul's night, we see it is because you have in them money which does not be
A loved joy sink into the tomb, long to you. The traveller became still more exasperated.
Some young Hope comes with glce, Compose yourself, sir,' rejoined the other smiling; •with
And sings so sweetly in our ear out doubt there is in your purse a six-livre piece with such
Of gladness aye to last, and such marks, which you picked up in the Boulevard St
That mid our grief, we cease to hear Antoine, and which I threw down there with a firm con
The music of the pastviction that my dog would bring it back again. This is the
And long as much for joys unknown, cause of the robbery which he has committed upon you!' The stranger's rage now yielded to astonishment; he de
As e'er we prized the blessing flown. livered the six-livre piece to the owner, and could not forbear caressing the dog which had given him so much un
MAXIMS ON MONEY. casiness and such an unpleasant chase.
The art of living easily as to money, is to pitch your
scale of living one degree below your means. Comfort and NATIONAL PREJUDICES.
enjoyment are more dependent upon easiness in the detail From the moment in which the exercise of certain ex- of expenditure than upon one degree's difference in the pressions of good-will is exclusively directed to the body, scale. Guard against false associations of pleasure with the class, or nation to which we belong, and is denied to expenditure--the notion that because pleasure can be purothers—from the moment in which they break out into chased with money, therefore money cannot be spent withwords and deeds of antipathy-from the inoment in which out enjoyment. What a thing costs a man is no true the fact that a fellow-man speaks a different language, or measure of what it is worth to him; and yet how often is lives under a different government, constitutes him an
his appreciation governed by no other standard, as if there object of contempt, abhorrence, or misdoings-from that were a pleasure in expenditure per se. Let yourself feel a moment it is maleficent. A toast, for example, in America want before you provide against it. You are more assured has been given, “Our country, right or wrong!' which is in that it is real want; and it is worth while to feel it a itself a proclamation of maleficence; and is brought into little, in order to feel the relief from it. When you are unoperation, might lead to crimes and follies on the widest decided as to which of two courses you would like best, conceivable field-to plunder, murder, and all the conse
choose the cheapest. This rule will not only save money, quences of unjust wars. Not less blameworthy was the
but save also a good deal of trifling indecision. Too much declaration of a prime minister of this country, “That Eng- leisure leads to expense ; because when a man is in want land -- nothing but England -- formed any portion of his of objects, it occurs to him that they are to be had for care or concern.' An enlarged philanthropy indeed might money, and he invents expenditures in order to pass the have given to both expressions a Deontological meaning, time.— Taylor's Notes from Life. since the true interests of nations, as the true interests of
CONSUMPTION. individuals, are equally those of prudence and benevolence; but the phrases were employed solely to justify wrong, if
Sir James Clark, physician to the Queen, enumerates, as that wrong were perpetrated by the land' or government the exciting causes of consumption, "long confinement in which we call our own. Suppose a man were to give as a
close ill-ventilated rooms, whether nurseries, school-rooms, toast, in serious earnest, Myself, right or wrong!' Yet
or manufactories ;' he also says, “if an infant, born in perthe above assumptions of false patriotism, both in Ame
fect health, and of the healthiest parents, be kept in close rica and England, are founded on no better principle.- rooms, in which frce ventilation and cleanliness are ve.
glected, a few months will often suffice to induce tubercu
lous cachexia'-the beginning of consumption. Persons THE LAW OF KINDNESS.
engaged in confined close rooms, or workshops, are the chief In a quarter of the town of Hingham, known as Rocky- sufferers from consumption: thus, of the 233 tailors who nook, there is a pond where a little girl, not six years old, died in one district in London, in 1839, 123 died of diseases who resides near the bank, has tamed the fishes to a re- of the lungs, of whom ninety-two died of consumption. Of markable degree. She began by throwing crumbs in the fifty-two milliners, dying in the same year, thirty-three water. Gradually the fishes learned to distinguish her died from diseases of the lungs, of whom twenty-eight died footsteps, and darted to the edge whenever she approached; from consumption. Dr Guy reports, that in a close printers' and now they will actually feed out of her hand, and allow room, he found seventeen men at work, of whoin tliree had her to touch their scaly sides! A venerable turtle is among spitting of blood, two had affections of the lungs, and five hier regular pensioners. The control of Van Amburgh over had constant and severe colds. After reading these sad his wild beasts is not more surprising than that which this facts, who can deny that the chief cause of consumption is little girl has attained over her finny playmates. The fishes the respiration of bad air?-- Ventilation Illustrated. will have nothing to do with any but their tried friend. They will trust no one else, let him come with provender Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, High Street, Edinburgh. Also ever so tempting. Even fishes are not so cold blooded but
sold by D. CHAMBERS, 98 Miller Street, Glasgow ; W. S. ORR, they will recognise the law of kindness, and yield to its all
147 Strand, London; and J. M'GLASAAN, 21 D'Olier Street, embracing power.- Boston Transcript, United States.
Dublin.-Printed by W. and R. CHANBEAS, Edinburgh.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR
THE PEOPLE, CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,' &c.
No. 215. New SERIES.
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1848.
SUMMER EXCURSION IN GERMANY.
ordinary fancy for collecting bibles. It was a mania.
He devoted his means and his life to the pursuit. His STUTTGARD, AUGSBURG, MUNICH.
object was to have a bible in every language in which ONE may now very nearly make the tour of Europe by the Scriptures had been written or printed, from the steam-steamboats by sea and river, and steam-impelled most remote times till the present. Accordingly, he locomotives by land! A man may go from Edinburgh accumulated bibles to the number of eight thousand to Vienna, and not have more than a few hours of or- five hundred, and at his death, bequeathed them to this dinary vehicular travel. Last summer I had a run of institution in Stuttgard. The bibles are of all sizes. A this kind through Germany, and the pleasantest thing large number are in folio and quarto, many in octavo about it was, that almost the whole time was spent in and duodecimo. Going from shelf to shelf, our attenviewing interesting towns; the transit from place to tion is drawn to ancient tomes, in dingy vellum, or faded place occupying a very brief, and, for its briefness, a very leather and gold — bibles in Hebrew, Greek, Arabic, agreeable space. Having probably tired the reader with Sanscrit, Latin, all the modern tongues of Europe, Indetailed accounts of former continental tours, I propose dian, African, Celtic-in all, I believe, sixty languages. to devote but a very few papers to this excursion. The Some were written with a pen on vellum, others were truth is, one loses the relish for novelty after seeing the rare copies of printed editions. One was written with continent several times, and leaves himself but little to great elegance by a nun; and a curiosity equally valuglean. After the first sight of Calais, says a traveller, able was a copy of the first printed bible of the illusnothing surprises.
trious Guttenberg. My route on this occasion was across Belgium to Co- Another room in the museum was devoted to missals logne by railway, and thence up the Rhine by steamer and psalters, most of them beautifully illuminated; and to a point near Frankfort, whence I had the railway to here we saw a greater curiosity still. This consisted of Carlsruhe. Here, in crossing a hilly tract to Stuttgard, several large volumes of costumes, the execution of a I entered on new ground: it was the first time I had nun, and about three hundred years old. On each page gone any distance eastwards from the valley of the
was a figure, whose face and hands were painted in Rhine. Stuttgard, the capital of Wurtemberg, lying water colours ; but the whole of the dress was in the embosomed in a fertile valley, and built of stone, in a actual materials employed in the garments of the oriregular and tasteful manner, formed a point of interest ginal, every part being stuck on with the most surprising for a day's leisurely observation. After seeing a good neatness. The labour must have been immense ; most deal of Germany, I think it is one of the handsomest probably the work of a lifetime, and undertaken to of its towns—the long rows of white and tall houses lighten the solitude of a cell. We were informed that having a cleanly and pleasing effect. The town is the volumes embraced the costume of every religious evidently literary—a centre for printing and booksell order, male and female; also of most of the kings of ing. I had the fortune to light upon a young and Europe, soldiers, and civil functionaries of distinction enterprising publisher, who, strangely enough, has at the time. Adjoining this apartment was shown a entered on plans of publication similar to our own, room devoted entirely to manuscripts, some of them and with the present Journal, as he acknowledged, as said to be valuable. I need hardly explain that the his model. I saw some my own articles in German museum owes many of these acquisitions to the dissoluin his paper-one of them, “A Day in Manchester,' tion of monastic establishments, and their careful sewhich had conveyed an account of the Manchester questration by the state. Atheneum and soirée of 1846 to his readers. Nothing From Stuttgard, the ride up the valley of the Necker could exceed the attention of this ingenious publisher, was charming. It was the 21st of May, and the whole on learning who it was that had dropped in upon him. country was white with the blossom of fruit-trees. Some A round of visits to remarkable lions was at once pro- of the hill-sides appeared at a distance as if covered posed and agreed to. The place most interesting to with snow, such was the density and brilliance of the which we were conducted was a large edifice employed blossoms. The country was fertile and beautiful; but as a Public Museum and Library. The museum, con- it betrayed all the evidences of poverty. The land in taining the usual variety of stuffed beasts, birds, and Wurtemberg is alleged to be too much subdivided, fishes, reptiles in bottles, insects stuck on pins, and and there are swarms of people with the scantiest fossils, I pass over. I daresay it was a very good collec- means of subsistence. On the roads, and in the fields, tion ; but my feelings led me to take more interest in women wrought along with men, and, what was more the library, which abounded in bibliographical curio- new to us, they were labouring in gangs on a railway sities. The greatest curiosity of all is a large room which is designed to connect the valley of the Rhine containing nothing but bibles. It seems that a late with that of the Danube. This railway pursues the professor of the university of Tubingen had an extra- | valley of the Necker to its summit, and there ascends and crosses the mountains to Ulm. It seems to be cut old Chelsea pensioner, a German, who had been a serwithout tunnels, and effects a most daring ascent by geant in the British service. By this chatty veteran long winding gradients, which occasionally approach we were introduced to a knowledge of the place, and the brink of the precipitous banks. All the way to the hauled into a variety of odd holes and corners, top, the female labourers clustered like bees, their churches, convents, and places of historical note. Augs. severe bodily toil, and skinny brown faces, imparting an burg is evidently but the ghost of what it was—a town unpleasant effect to what would have been otherwise of the middle ages, kept up, as it were, to satisfy archæoan agreeable scene.
logical curiosity. Once a free city, with a reputation After crossing the bleak mountain tops, we found for artistic talent, and the great emporium for the inourselves descending into the great broad valley of the terior of Germany, it suffered a decline, along with Danube, and passing some fortifications in the course of Nuremberg, and various other cities, owing to the disconstruction, we entered Ulm. Hemmed within walls, covery of the route to India by the Cape of Good Hope. badly paved, and with crooked narrow streets, Ulm has This discovery threw Venice out of the richest trade in nothing to interest strangers but its ancient cathedral. the world, and Augsburg and her other depôts fell in It was a great relief, in a desperately hot afternoon, to consequence. To the religious wars of Germany it also take refuge in this grand old edifice, which, besides owes some of its misfortunes; and Bonaparte terminated being as cool as a cellar, is attractive for some fine its independence - at the time very little worth - by sculptures in wood and stone, and several painted win- constituting it a provincial town of Bavaria. It has dows of ancient date. The town being Protestant, we still a few manufactures, but its chief attractions as a found a portion of the building fitted up with pews. The place of residence seem to be its perfect silence and the view from the summit of the lofty tower rewards the cheapness of living. The houses are generally huge fatigue of climbing, by at once bringing under our eye in size, exhibiting marks of faded grandeur. The fronts the scene of several important battles, including that of of several have at one time been covered with frescoes Blenheim, which lies within the verge of horizon on the representing historical subjects ; and these paintings, east. In the foreground, the Danube is seen pursuing partially obliterated by the weather, testify the former its way through a flat country in an easterly direction, wealth of the city, and the vicissitudes to which it has and here dividing Wurtemberg from Bavaria.
unfortunately been subject. The town is spoken of as Descending from the tower, we enjoyed a pleasant having still some influence in money dealing; though, walk along the long line of ramparts which hem in the if this be the case, the trade is carried on in anything town on the side of the river. It was my first inter- but that open and liberal manner we are accustomed view with the Danube, and I was correspondingly in- to in England. The principal banking establishment, terested. Coming apparently out of a hilly region on which I had occasion to visit, more resembled a prison the west, the stream, in this its upper part, was already than a place of business. The money-room was & as large as the Clyde at Glasgow, but of a dingy white gloomy vault, in which, within a railing of iron bars, colour, and too rapid for any other navigation than the in the midst of dark iron-bound chests, each garnished floating of rafts of wood to the low country. A steamer with a padlock as large as the crown of my hat, mivis. some time ago was attempted in vain. The fierceness tered the genius of the place with a gravity and imof the current, and shifting character of the sandy portance worthy of Plutus. My business was to relieve bottom, have prevented steamers carrying on a trade him of twenty pounds, which I carried away in the higher up than Donauworth, a day's journey below Ulm; form of a sackful of florins-gold not being obtainable and I would recommend no one trying to steam down for love or money! After visiting such terror-struck the Danube before reaching Ratisbon, whence the boats concerns as this, one feels wonderfully pleased with the are large and commodious. Next day, in crossing the spectacle of bank interiors in England-a row of affable bridge into Bavaria, we could not help looking back on tellers behind mahogany counters, with great heaps of Ulm with a degree of compassion. Considered as the notes and sovereigns laid fearlessly before them, as if key of Austria, may be said to be at present the there was no such thing as covetousness in the world. furnace of military operations—its beautiful environs One of the chief lions of Augsburg is a long whitebecoming dotted over with fortresses, and its fine river washed house of no great mark, bounding the extremity shut out by an odious thick wall. So, in order that the of an open space, in which stands the cathedral. This cabinet of Vienna may sleep in peace, the poor Ulmese house, once the palace of the bishop, now used for governmust be confined to a species of prison, and breathe a ment purposes, is that in which the celebrated Confesfoul atmosphere instead of the free breezes of heaven! sion of Augsburg was presented to Charles V. Some
There was no stoppage to examine passports or other spots, interesting from their connection with the baggage in entering Bavaria ; and we jogged on in our Reformation, are pointed out in the neighbourhood, voiture to Augsburg - country undulating, and well The town is now pretty equally divided into Roman cultured and wooded-the peasantry, men and boys, Catholic and Protestant; but I am glad to say, on the dressed in long coats and ample jack boots, as if there faith of our conductor, that exasperation on the subject was a scarcity in neither cloth nor leather. At a glance, of religion has long since disappeared. Perhaps the on entering Augsburg, as we wheeled through a decayed religious wars and other misfortunes of the country had portal, at which a Bavarian soldier stood sentry, we the good effect of inspiring mutual respect and tolerasaw we had got into a curious old city, and the oddity |tion. In a back street near the cathedral, we visited was not diminished on acquaintance. We of course the printing-office of the famous ' Allegemeine Zeitung,' took up our quarters at the Three Moors, a hotel of or Augsburg Gazette, and had an interview with one princely dimensions, in the Maximilian Strasse, one of of the editors. The paper, which has a circulation the most ancient and princely streets in Europe. An of about fourteen thousand, and is the most popular inn of the same name had been on the spot five hun journal in Germany, is printed by several smart steam dred years ago, and, from all appearance, the present presses. edifice is from two to three centuries old. Pertaining Augsburg will by and by be connected with the printo the establishment in its original state, is the room cipal cities of Germany by railway ; but at the time of which accommodated Charles V. Our apartment, our visit, the line was completed only to Munich, a dislarge and lofty, commanded a view of the great long tance of rather more than forty miles, across a flattish street, ever dull and solemn, with its windows uni- country. The whole mechanique of the line seemed exversally closed with jalousies in defence against a sun of cellent, and the fares about one half of what they would overpowering brilliance. It is only justice to say that be in England or Scotland. The price charged for a the Three Moors is one of the very best inns on the place in a superb first-class carriage is equal to four continent.
shillings-baggage a few pence additional. The fuel We were several days in Augsburg, and had the employed by the locomotives is peat, of which we saw pleasure of driving out daily under the guidance of an large quantities preparing in the line of route.
It is hopeless to give an account of Munich, such as hundred pictures, the productions of the first masters of it deserves, in a less compass than a volume. I can their craft; while the very taste with which they are point only to a few of its leading features and objects of accommodated, is in itself a thing commanding our adinterest. Situated on a plain on the banks of the Iser, miration. As is well known, the collection is rich in it consists partly of an old and little-improved town, the works of Rubens; but those which gave us the and partly of modern erections. The newer part, which greatest pleasure were some of the pictures of Murillo, stretches away from one side of the old, is mostly the of which there are a few of great value. We visited creation of the last thirty years, and has been the work this magnificent institution several times during our of the present king, Ludwig (Louis) I. The expense stay in Munich, on each occasion loitering for hours on lavished on buildings and embellishments has been im- the seats scattered about for the accommodation of mense, but a large portion, I was informed, has been visitors, and discovering new beauties in the collection. defrayed from the private revenues of the king. There The Glyptothec is a similar establishment for sculpcan be no doubt whatever that Ludwig is the most ture, ancient and modern. Its elegant Ionic portico of munificent patron of art in the world; and his taste white marble; its highly-finished scagliola walls; the equals his munificence. A walk through the newer roofs of its halls green, white, and gold; its marble part of the city overwhelms one with the variety and floors-all must be left to the imagination of the reader. costliness of the creations which have sprung up at It is divided into twelve halls, each devoted to a dishis bidding; and we feel that to his principal architect, tinct class of sculptures; as, for example, the halls of Von Klense, the highest merit of a designer and adapter Egyptian and Etruscan antiquities, the hall of Grecian is due. The streets are mostly arranged in long lines sculptures of the era of Phidias, the hall of Heros, the at right angles to each other, and are lined with public hall of Roman sculptures, and the hall of modern masand private buildings of a lofty and imposing character. ters. Inferior in extent or in value to the collection in the The style of the private houses is chiefly the Italian British Museum, there is nevertheless here much to de(families living in foors); while that of the public edi- light, from the great care and expense lavished in making fices is more varied; but the Byzantine, modified in the exhibition commodious, classic, and therefore unex. many agreeable ways, prevails. There cannot, indeed, be ceptionable, in point of taste. Many of the ancient figures said to be any originality. Greece and Italy have given have been restored in part by Thorwaldsen ; and after models for almost everything in Munich ; yet it would having seen some most objectionable mendings of this be unjust to say that this diminishes the pleasure which kind at Dresden, I cannot but give the greatest praise is derived from seeing so fine an assemblage of works of to the artist who has performed this delicate duty for art. A number of the buildings are of sandstone, but the Glyptothec. In the hall of modern sculptures are the greater proportion are faced with cement. The some exquisite pieces by Canova, Thorwaldsen, Schadow, centre of attraction is the Ludwig's Strasse-a long and Rauch-the latter at present the greatest sculptor street of noble width, in which are many of the finest in Germany, and of whom I shall have occasion to public buildings-palaces, churches, the Library, Blind speak on arriving at Berlin. Asylum, the University, &c. The interiors of the After paying visits to the foregoing lions, the stranger churches are superbly decorated with gilding and fres- usually proceeds to the palace of the late Duke of coes; the latter exquisitely beautiful, representing Scrip- Leuchtenberg (Eugene Beauharnois), where there is a ture subjects. Cornelius has been the principal painter gallery of paintings, and also some sculptures of conof these frescoes. In the church of St Lewis is one of siderable value, which are shown to the public. On the his productions, a fresco painting of the Last Judg- occasion of our visit, the crowd here was much greater ment, of the enormous height of sixty-four feet. The than at any place where we had yet been. Instead, howBasilica of St Bonafacius, a church (red brick, of fanci- ever, of noticing the beautiful works of art in this collecfol arrangement) in the Karl Strasse, was finishing at tion, I shall cross the broad Ludwig's Strasse, and conduct the time of our visit—its seventy-two marble columns the reader to the precincts of the royal palace. Here, supporting a roof of blue, dotted over with gold stars; on one side of the king's residence, is the Hofgarten, a its marble floor, its frescoes, and other decorations, large square enclosure, plentifully dotted over with trees, transcending in splendour all that had previously been under whose shade, and also in an arcade, which runs attempted.
along two sides of the ground, is the great daily lounge This and other churches we took in our way to two of the inhabitants. The arcade, in its whole extent, edifices which constitute the glory of Munich-the is decorated in the inner side with frescoes illustrative Pinacothec and Glyptothec. The Pinacothec, so called of Bavarian history, and other subjects. This method from a Greek word signifying repository of paintings, of telling a nation's history by the pencils of the most may be styled the national gallery of Bavaria, for it eminent artists, is surely one of the best means of culcontains the largest and most select collection of works tivating popular feelings : we have, in fact, here a long of pictorial art in the country, and, like everything else, series of pictures of high art in an open public promehas been given to the nation by the king. It is open to nade, but protected from the weather by the roof overthe public without fee or inquiry. The building is a head. The king has been the presiding genius of this large and beautiful edifice of sandstone, isolated on all novel gallery, and some of the frescoes are adorned with sides; and the interior, one floor up, consists of nine poetical mottoes from his pen. Adjoining the Hofgarten magnificent halls, lighted from the roof, with twenty is the entrance to the English Garden, a large park laid smaller side-apartments for cabinet pictures, lighted by out with wood and water. This was one of the useful ordinary windows. The pictures in the great halls are works of the celebrated Count Rumford during his resiarranged according to schools. We have first the hall dence in Munich. of the royal founders, with pictures of the present king On the opposite side of the Hofgarten is the new and his predecessors; then we enter, second, a hall royal palace, an edifice of fine sandstone, presenting a devoted to pictures of the German school; the third, Grecian front of eight hundred feet. Behind, and the same; the fourth is devoted to the Dutch school; partly in connection with it, is the old palace. We the fifth, which is about double the size of the others, made two several visits to this extensive suite of buildis the hall of Rubens; the fifth is also the Dutch ings, in which German art has done its utmost to unite school; the sixth the French and Spanish schools; and the classic style of Pompeii to that of modern Italy. the seventh, eighth, and ninth, the Italian schools. The The state apartments are a succession of superb halls, paintings in the side-cabinets are likewise arranged for the greater part painted in fresco, or with walls of according to styles and eras, but they do not require to scagliola, and having floors of the finest inlaid wood, of be particularised.
divers colours. The throne-room may be considered A walk through the Pinacothec cannot fail to have the grandest thing which human art can reach—floor an inspiring effect on all lovers of the fine arts. Large of polished marble, from each side of which rises a row and small, we have presented to us a selection of fifteen of twelve lofty columns with gilded capitals. Between these columns are placed colossal statues in bronze, but silver gilt, enamelled with green and other colours. gilded all over, representing the most illustrious ances- Nearly square in form, it opens in leaves, so as to form tors of the reigning monarch, and after models by two side-wings, with a part above the centre, making Schwanthaler. This magnificent saloon, which is in three leaves in all. Thus expanded, it presents minialength 112 feet by 75 feet in breadth, and 57 feet high, ture paintings of Scripture subjects in the style of the is further enriched by frescoes picturing incidents in fifteenth century—the last things on earth, it may be the works of the Grecian poets, surrounded by Ro- supposed, on which had rested the eyes of the unformanesque borders. A gorgeous throne, draped with tunate Mary Stuart.
W. C. crimson-velvet hangings and gold, occupies the upper extremity of the floor. Adjoining the new palace stands the chapel-royal, for
HANNAH WHITE; which likewise marble, gold, frescoes, and scagliola,
A SKETCH OF IRISH HUMBLE LIFE. have done their utmost. The encaustic paintings on the roofs of the different compartments are among the BY THE AUTHOR OF 'MY FATHER THE LAIRD,' &c. finest things I have ever seen—that of Christ blessing It was an agreeable change to Hannah White, after little children leaving an impression on the mind every- the scene of discomfort in poor Biddy’s desolate cabin way becoming the subject. In this, as in all the other described in our last number—to pay an occasional places of worship visited by us in Munich, we observed | visit to her foster-father's ‘snug little piece of a persons of the poorest class in attitudes of devotion- farm,' which_lay all along down the sunny slope of women of the humblest rank in life, with their children a low hill. It was a narrow strip, descending pretty about them, being seen kneeling in the midst of splen- equally, between well-marked double ditches, from the dours such as are reserved exclusively in England for furzy summit to the meadow by the river side. Old individuals occupying the highest stations. Without Luke White, or rather Terry* White, old Luke's son, drawing the slightest inference unfavourable to the re- held about three-and-twenty Irish acres of good land, ligion of our own country from this circumstance, I feel ill cultivated, neither weeded, nor drained, nor rightly impelled to remark, after some experience in church- fenced, nor properly cropped, yet profitable, even under seeing, that the perfectly free entrance, at nearly all his untidy management, from the small rent he paid hours, to highly-embellished places of worship on the for it, and the light burdens it was taxed with. He continent, must have in itself, and apart altogether from would have made more of it had he possessed it unany question as to devotion, a useful effect in culti- encumbered; but there were several roods, and even vating habits of veneration and respect-respect for half-acres, and an acre each patch, with a ruinous cabin works of art, and a love of what is beautiful. The ab- belonging to it, which he had sublet to different paupers, sence of all means, secular or religious, for exciting into or in a few cases had, more correctly speaking, suffered activity a similar class of emotions in the humbler to remain with the original tenant of a larger propor. orders in England, and most of all in Scotland, has pro- tion, who had been at some fitting opportunity • bought duced fruits which it is unnecessary to particularise. out of his holding.' In Hannah's time, her foster-father
Magnificent as was this chapel, and the halls of the had never owned above six or seven acres, on which he palace of which it forms a part, we had reason to be had contrived to bring up a large family very creditably; more interested in what was still in reserve--a visit to for he had been an active man, of frugal habits in his the old, or, as it is called, the Rich chapel, which is working days, and a simple’man, busied merely with reached by a gallery from the more ancient part of his own small affairs in all honesty. The English the royal residence. Apparently unused for any reli- hardly understand the Irish_interpretation of this gious service in the present day, this little old chapel, simple’ word, although Miss Edgeworth has done her which consists of one apartment, about fourteen feet best to explain it to them in one of her delightful chilsquare, and which could not well hold more than a dozen dren's tales. The son, Terry, exemplified the converse people, was founded by the Elector Maximilian 1. It of the meaning given to it by his countrymen to perfecmay be described as one entire gem, consisting of a com- tion. He was a very different character from the father bination of precious stones, pearls, gold, silver, ebony, --people said he had • a strong dash of the mother in ivory, and other costly articles-a treasury to which him.' Lounging through the world in the most sleepy each successive prince has given a contribution. The way, with his eyes apparently half-shut, no one saw roof is of lapis-lazuli, the floor of marble, and the walls more clearly all that was going on around him ; no one Florentine mosaic. At the entrance are a few antique knew better how to bide his time,' and act at the seats, and on the left-hand side a small organ with sil- fitting moment for his own advantage. He was greatly ver pipes. The objects to which attention is drawn by admired by his neighbours for his quiet abilities. To the exhibitor are six cupboards of ebony, adorned with be as “'cute an' knowin' a'most as Terry White,' was coloured stones. One by one these are opened ; and high praise of any endeavouring young man. He their contents, consisting chiefly of vessels in gold and had thus, in his own easy way, nearly tripled the size of silver, and reliquaries, are explained. In one were the his holding, gaining credit all the while for helping the skulls of four popes, set in velvet and pearls ; also the distressed, by coming forward at the critical hour when hands of four saints, dried and brown like shrivelled the wonderfully-enduring powers of his race could bear mummies. Another reliquary contained a bone set no more. While he relieved the unfortunate both of with precious stones, and another a circular piece of land and difficulties by means of his closely-kept purse, skull as large as a crown-piece. The contents of five he spared himself the odium of removing the family of presses having been exhibited, each article involving the outcasts. He had permitted them always to remain curious points in personal history, we came at last to in the cabin built by themselves, and given a bit of the sixth press, adjoining the entrance. The objects ground adjoining, charging for the same, however, a brought into view on opening the doors, were de- rent that nobody talked about, and which was generally scribed as of the greatest interest, and the spectators, taken out in labour. with eager eyes, crowded closely round the exhibitor. Terry White's most ardent admirer was his wife ; Taking from one of the shelves a small article of for he had married, though not early, a woman made about four inches long, three inches broad, and half expressly for himself, young, but not young-looking, an inch in thickness, resembling a lady's card-case, quiet, managing, home-keeping, an adept in getting one the general interest became quite impassioned. Remov- drop more out of what he imagined he had already ing the exterior case, which was of ebony, we held in squeezed dry. She had brought him money too-money our hands the altar - piece used by Mary Queen of and stock-otherwise it is more than probable she would Scots at her execution. This great curiosity, which not have been solicited to come herself. She brought a had come into the possession of the Bavarian family, and whose history is of undoubted authenticity, is of
* Short for Terence.