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barrack for any shipwrecked crew which might have necessarily so much time for reflection. Those changes, chanced to be thrown on the rock.
together with the continual succession of hopes and In May, the party took up their residence in the fears connected with the important work in which we barrack, and the time formerly consumed in embarking were engaged, and the oft-recurring calls for advice or and disembarking being thus spared, they were able to direction, as well as occasional hours devoted to reading advance somewhat faster with their labours. It was, and correspondence, and the pleasures of news from however, an uncomfortable habitation, and in bad | home, were more than sufficient to reconcile me to, weather, life on Skerryvore was far from agreeable. nay, to make me really enjoy, an uninterrupted resiAccording to Mr Stevenson-During the first month dence, on one occasion, of not less than five weeks on we suffered much from the flooding of our apartments that desert rock.' with water, at times when heavy sprays lashed the The masonry of the tower was commenced on the 4th walls of the barrack with great violence, and also dur- of July 1840, and conducted with great spirit for the ing rainy weather; and in northerly gales we had much remainder of the season, at the close of which it had difficulty in keeping ourselves warm. On one occasion, been carried to the height of 8 feet 2 inches. Recomalso, we were fourteen days without communication menced in the ensuing May, the solid part, forming with the shore or the steamer; and during the greater the basis, was completed on the 8th July. During the part of that time we saw nothing but white fields of early part of this season 'the weather was intensely foam as far as the eye could reach, and heard nothing cold, with showers of sleet, and heavier showers of but the whistling of the wind and the thunder of the spray, which dashed round us in all directions, to waves, which were at times so loud, as to make it almost the great discomfort of the poor masons, whose apartimpossible to hear any one speak. For several days ments did not admit of a large wardrobe, while they the seas rose so high, as to prevent our attempting to go had not the benefit of much room for drying their down to the rock; and the cold and comfortless nature clothes at the small coboose or cooking-stove in the of our abode reduced all hands to the necessity of seek- barrack. For days together, also, the men were left ing warmth in bed, where (rising only to our meals) we without building materials, owing to the impossibility generally spent the greater part of the day, listening to of landing them, or, what was worse, without the power the howling of the winds and the beating of the waves, of building what we had on hand, in consequence of the which occasionally made the house tremble in a startling violence of the winds. During such times we often felt manner. Such a scene, with the ruins of the former much anxiety about the safety of the stones which we barrack not twenty yards from us, was calculated only had piled on the rock ready for being built; and it took to inspire the most desponding anticipations; and I well no small trouble, by the occasional application of the remember the undefined sense of dread that flashed crane, to save them from being swept into the sea by across my mind on being awakened one night by a the surf. Nothing struck me more than the illusive heavy sea, which struck the barrack, and made my cot effect produced on the mind by the great waves which or hammock swing inwards from the wall, and was im- rolled past the rock. The rapidity of their movements, mediately followed by a cry of terror from the men in and the noise which accompanied their passage through the apartment above me, most of whom, startled by the the gullies and rents of the rugged reef, seemed to give sound and tremor, immediately sprang from their berths them the appearance of being much larger than they to the floor, impressed with the idea that the whole really were; and even when viewed from the tower, fabric had been washed into the sea. The alarm, how- after it had risen to the height of thirty feet, they ever, was very short, and the solemn pause which suc- seemed, on approaching the rock, to be on the eve of ceeded the cry was soon followed by words of reassurance washing right over the top of the building, and sweepand congratulation. Towards the end of the fourteen ing all before them into the sea. It was a long time days I began to grow very uneasy, as our provisions before, by continually watching the waves, and comwere drawing to a close; and when we were at length paring their apparent height with the results of their justified, by the state of the sea on the rock, in making impact on the rock, we were enabled to correct our the signal to those on shore (at the hour fixed for point- notions of their magnitude, so as to mark the approach ing the telescope at Hynish on the barrack) that a of their crested curling heads with composure; and landing could be effected, we had not more than twenty- some of the party never became sufficiently familiarised four hours' provision on the rock, so that when the with those visitors to avoid suddenly looking round steamer came in sight she was hailed by all bands with when the rush of a breaker was heard behind them, or the greatest joy.'
recoiling a few paces when they saw its towering crest He says elsewhere_The economy of our life on the apparently about to burst in a torrent over their heads. rock was strange enough. At half-past three in the It was only after a long residence on the rock, and conmorning we were called, and at four the work com- tinual experimental observation, that I acquired conmenced, continuing till eight, when half an hour was fidence to approach within a few feet of the point which given for breakfast; after which it was carried on till I expected the breakers to reach.' At the close of the two, when another half-hour was given for dinner; and season in August, when the pile was gauged, it was the work was again resumed, and continued till seven, found to preserve the diameter due to the height to the cight, and even nine o'clock, when anything urgent was 16th of an inch, and the height exceeded the contemin hand. Supper was then produced, and eaten with plated dimension by only half an inch! more leisure and comfort in the cool of the evening. On the 21st July 1842, the masonry was completed, Such protracted exertion produced a continual drowsi- being a tower of 137 feet 11 inches, curving inwards ness, and almost every one who sat down fell fast asleep. from a basis of 42 feet, and containing nine apartments I have myself repeatedly fallen asleep in the middle over each other, for the accommodation of the establishof breakfast or dinner; and have not unfrequently ment by which the light was to be sustained. It conawakened, pen in hand, with a half-written word on the tains 58,580 cubic feet, and 4308 tons of material. From paper! Yet life on the Skerryvore rock was by no the exactness with which the stones were dressed, it means destitute of its peculiar pleasures. The grandeur had never been necessary to redress any deviation from of the ocean's rage, the deep murmur of the waves, the the outline of the building to an extent materially exhoarse cry of the sea-birds, which wheeled continually ceeding an eighth of an inch. Not a joint in the strucover us, especially at our meals, the low moaning of the ture was ever found in the slightest degree to give way. wind, or the gorgeous brightness of a glassy sea and a The lantern was now put up, and thus the whole struccloudless sky, and the solemn stillness of a deep blue ture was completed before the close of the third season: vault, studded with stars, or cheered by the splendours but it was not till February 1844 that, the whole furnishof the full moon, were the phases of external things ings being complete, and the keepers introduced to that often arrested our thoughts in a situation where, reside in the building, the light was for the first time with all the bustle that sometimes prevailed, there was exhibited. It is an apparatus of eight annular lenses revolving round a lanıp of four concentric wicks, and ing which, in number or size, ought to reckon for most; producing a bright blaze every minute, visible to the and now making all contentedly equal by emptying the distance of eighteen miles.*
baskets, and refilling them from one common heap. So ended the construction of the Skerryvore light- Thus engrossed, we had forgotten all but our occupahouse--a work which we hope will long remain as a tion and ourselves, when suddenly a long shadow was monument of the power of man over the physical ele thrown in amidst our little group; and raising our ments by which he is surrounded. Notwithstanding all heads with a start, we saw standing between us and the the difficulties and perils attending the work, and though last rays of the sun a figure not at all like the gigantic several scores of men were engaged in it for several one prostrate before us. It was only a young lad, not years, it was accomplished without any serious accident. very much older than the oldest of ourselves, bareIt is a work which could only have been carried into headed, barefooted, and with garments more picturesque execution in a time of great material wealth and great than entire, evidently the shepherd of the flock, which, scientific skill like the present. There are some short- now closing up together as they hastily cropped the sighted persons who condemn capital as a thing opposed short herbage at our feet, told audibly, as well as to the interests of the industrious classes ; and there are visibly, that they at least felt it time to prepare for the others who, with less in their circumstances or educa- night. tion to excuse them, speak disparagingly of our age as a The boy returned our look of inquiry with one still mechanical one. Let the one inform us how, without more searching, relaxing at last into a sort of comical great stores of wealth, any country could have afforded glance as he spoke some words in Irish, which we to spend eighty-nine thousand pounds on a lighthouse, guessed to mean that he had mistaken us for fairies; in order, among other objects, to save poor sailors from but changing the expression of his face in an instant, destruction. Let the others tell us if there are many with a perplexed but still shrewd and inquisitive look moral spectacles more sublime or ennobling than that he thus more intelligibly addressed us :- - If ye didn't of natural science turned to such purposes, and working rise up out of the earth, or drop down from the sky, at out its ends amongst such difficulties. The age of anyrate 'tis far from home ye must be, and the night chivalry is not past : only, the heroes of our age are coming on. Where is the house that would hould ye, men who, instead of pursuing whims or wreaking out or the people that own ye, for I never laid eyes on the sanguinary feelings, endure great toils, in order to bring likes of ye before ?' the laws established by the Almighty to work for the True enough now was our time to look really extension of human happiness, and the diminution of startled. We all stood up, heedless of our overturned human suffering.
baskets and their lately-valued contents; we stood up,
and gazed far and wide, as well as the fading light SHANEEN OF THE HILL.
would perniit; but not one familiar landmark could
we descry, and turning to each other with faces blank Did any of our readers ever go mushroom-gathering? with dismay, the one thought needed no words to exIt is pleasant sport; at least so we thought long ago in press it-we have wandered too far: we are lost! How what is called life's holiday—though the time we are exactly that scene returns—that feeling-the miserable supposed to be learning our lessons--when with basket transition from unthinking enjoyment to alarm and in hand, or with hat or bonnet as a substitute, we care; the sudden inportance acquired by the ragged would ramble away, on some summer's eve, over the little shepherd, as we all turned our eyes on him for breezy hills, diligently looking out for the snowy little information and advice, and his own quick conscioustufts, that showed their heads here and there through ness of his position, as, assuming the great man in a grass so green, and so short, from the cropping of the moment, he looked down on us wretched little people sheep, that even the tiniest foot could find nothing to with a grave and troubled air, all the while preserving sink in. What sharp reconnoitring glances were cast an ominous silence, more reproachful and alarming than around; what demure unconscious looks lest another words could have been! At last the smile that all the should espy our prize before we could reach it; or if, time had been lurking in his eyes broke out into a perchance, more than one keen pair of little eyes did laugh of irrepressible gaiety, as, bounding down from light on the same object at the same instant, what the little mound on which we were standing, he led the headlong racing, what rolling on the close slippery way to the brow of the hill behind us; and there, on the grass, what active bounding-one, two, three, and away other side, far away indeed across the valley, but still -over the prostrate bodies; what gratitude to the lazy within view, pointed out a line of plantation, at the good-natured one, always the last, that saved his credit same time pronouncing the name of our home with so well by stopping to pick up the fallen ; and then another quick glance of inquiry, succeeded by a nod of what forgiveness to the success of the foremost, return- satisfaction, as we all joyfully exclaimed, Oh, is it ing with contrite face to offer the fruits of victory as there!' And yet the sight was but a passing relief.! an amende!
Every one that remembers an adventure of childhood, In such sport then, and on such an evening, we chil- can recall how powerfully imagination always magni. dren once wandered away, regardless of distance or of fied the danger or the delight; how far away the landtime, until our well-filled baskets allowed no excuse for marks seemed — how very near the clouds; and we, farther lingering, and the brilliant clouds in the west, young as we were, being well read in story, all kinds of now growing paler and paler, warned us it was time we recollections mingled with our anticipations to heighten should return home. Yes, we knew it well—that even our distress : wild beasts, banditti, forests, caves; the then we were expected—that we must bave strayed too wide, wide valley before us, the river in which some far--that we were surely earning a lecture: but all the one had been drowned; until at last a night on the same was it to us in that happy heedless hour; and hill, and a bed on the heather, seemed the better alterstill, and still we loitered : now yielding to each fresh native to those imaginary fears that conquered the temptation of adding another, and yet one more, to our more rational dread of alarm to our parents, and anger gatherings; now sitting on the mossy bank beneath to ourselves. But there were brave little hearts amongst some old hawthorn counting over our spoil; now argu- us after all; and their exhortations, with reiterated
assurances of safe guidance from our new friend, at last * The completion of Mr Stevenson's labours has been the pre- gave some courage even to the most timid; and with paration of a splendid quarto, giving an Account of the Skerry. spirits somewhat calmed, and hearts at anyrate resolved, vore Lighthouse, with Notes on the Illumination of Lighthouses.' we set out eastward darkly going' on our pilgrimage Adam and Charles Black, Edinburgh. To the narrative portions home. of this volume we are indebted for the materials of the above The scientifio details, and numerous illustrative plates,
So this was our first acquaintance with Shaneen. give the work itself an attraction which must be felt considerably We have dwelt so long on the introduction, that there beyond the bounds of the profession.
is hardly time to tell how well he fulfilled his under
taking; how the look of mischief and fun vanished at obdurate to say, 'I wish we could tell what became of the sight of our evident distress; how nothing but poor Shaneen.' good-nature shone out as he would stoop to mount the At length a round-about message gave news of his smallest of us by turns on his back; how exactly he existence, and of his yearning to see us again. Poor made his way to the ford with the stepping-stones ; fellow! he had viewed his offences in a much more aghow he knew all the short cuts, and the gaps in the gravated light than any one else, as he did not venture ditches; and above all, how, when utterly foot and even to send a direct messenger with his earnest request heart-weary, some stumbled and fell, declaring they for forgiveness, and permission to play for the dancing never again could get up; how he drew out, as if by on 'Miss Lucy's birthday;' and we with curiosity, or magic, a little fife from his pocket, and playing up a rather interest, too much alive to await his arrival, had well-known national air, put fresh vigour into us all, some difficulty in tracing the intelligence to a source and enabled us to march steadily to the sound of it for that could supply us with farther news. At last we the rest of the way.
made it out, and then for the first time learned that He was a wonderful Shaneen! What a speech, nothing Shaneen's enterprising spirit had worked out the fulfildaunted, he made in our favour when we hadn't a word ment of its own early day-dream. By a kind of freeto say for ourselves ! What a first-rate performer we masonry, which stood him instead of other recommenall considered him, when, forgiven and rested, we were dation, he had ingratiated himself with a favourite old allowed after supper to bring him into the parlour, and piper, who used to pay his periodical visits quite in hear him play two tunes more, a slow and a merry one, reputable guise with his pony and his boy. To become before we went off to our nests! What regrets when we his pupil and attendant was Shaneen's secret ambition, inquired for him again in the morning; and yet what the plan for which he had hoped our influence would approval to find that no persuasions could induce him not be refused; and he had only been waiting the next to desert his post for the night, and that, before our visit more effectually to propose it, when he was thus weary heads were well laid on the pillow, he was off and suddenly thrown upon his own resources, and acting for away to his flock on the hills! But from that time for himself at a venture, succeeded as well as if he had all ward Shaneen often paid us a visit. Many an old tune our interest at his back. The old man took a fancy to he taught us, many a new one he learned : gradually him at once, taught him his art, made him the comhe was made possessor of shoes, and a cap, and more panion of his wanderings—the life of all others most comfortable clothing; and then he was taken to watch delightful to Shaneen-and even in regard to his feel. our own sheep, and then at last he was sent to school. ings, withdrew for a while from the line of route which All was well until then : but Shaneen was a born idler. included the scene of his delinquencies; and finally, It was said he was a genius; but if so, it lay between quite won by his assiduity, his talent, and his progress, mischief and music-his friends giving him credit for bequeathed the ipes and the pony to his worthier the one, his foes for the other. He would set the whole hands.' school distracted with his song or his whistling, his And now, to use Shaneen's own phrase, he was settled pranks or his jokes ; and the master could never leave for life to travel about.' The first use he made of his the house for ten minutes, without finding himself re- independence was, as we have told, to renew his intercalled by the sound of the fife. This was particularly course with his earliest friends; and never surely was unfortunate, as he was of an agricultural turn, and arrival hailed with greater pleasure. He came exactly would gladly have made leisure, even during school on “Miss Lucy's birthday.' How we rejoiced in his hours, to bestow on his farm. Under the monitorship advancement, wondered at his improvement, praised of some good stupid lads, this had been always attain and introduced him to our assembled guests; while inable, until the luckless moment of Shaneen's admission: vitations and engagements came so fast upon Shaneen, then all was turned upside down. What a scandal to that one would have thought there was to be nothing have the passers-by think he was holding a pattern, but dancing for the rest of the year. Merrily on our when he, decent man, had set all to their Voster, and side we set the example; well was his part rformed; little expected to find them figuring in a reel when he and dear little Lucy, when she stood up at the top of came back from the field ! Human patience could that long country-dance set, promoted for the first time bear no more; so Shaneen also probably thought after to the honour of a grown-up partner, what would she undergoing a merciless drubbing; and being further have done, 'midst her embarrassment and blushes, with threatened with expulsion, he escaped the disgrace by every eye fixed on her, waiting until she named the a voluntary flight.
dance—what would she have done with that cruel Very sorry were we for poor Shaneen, and uneasy partner that enjoyed her confusion, calling audibly for about him too. Days and months passed away without Miss Lucy's fancy,' by way of giving help, had not sly bringing any tidings, and we often blamed the school. Shaneen, prompt and good-natured as ever, caused a master, and even sometimes blamed ourselves, as we diversion, and given them all full occupation in a moremembered the simple pastoral life from which we had ment, by playing up that irresistible measure, the Foxwithdrawn him, and feared that it had but badly pre hunter's Jig? pared him for the friendless intercourse with the world Honours and rewards fell thick on Shaneen - Mr to which in all probability he had subjected himself. O'Flaherty now, except amongst ourselves. In those
But long as we had known Shaneen, we did not jovial days he was made welcome wherever he went: really know him: he had a plan of his own, to which short need be the invitation that at the same time all his aspirations long had been tending; and he was announced his arrival; and many an impromptu ball only waiting an opportunity to place it before us in a was got up for the sake of the piper, instead of the favourable light, when his hopes were completely upset piper being summoned to attend at the ball. Indeed it by finding us bent on his mental improvement. Silently began to be whispered that prosperity was spoiling him submitting, he was still heard at the time to say, ' If the —that he had his especial favourites, and could be relied ould masther must make a scollard of me, why, there's on only by them : but we never found out that he unno saying agin' it. I'll do my best; and no blame to reasonably disappointed any; and if he had favourites, me or his honour if natur breaks out.'
could we blame him while we were at the top of the list? This soliloquy was often afterwards remembered in Once only—for complaints were always brought to us his favour when charges of ingratitude were brought - we found it hard to excuse him, when, being appointed against Shaneen; and he had still better advocates; for piper to the Esmonde Hunt, and called on to play for never would a burst of the dairy maids' chorus float in the club after dinner, he shut up his pipes and walked from the bawn, or never would an old lonesome Irish out of the room, because whisky punch was ordered for air rise up from the valley, whistled by the ploughman him while the members were enjoying their claret. It as he followed his team, without reviving a memory of surely seemed an absurd impertinence: but he had his our own little minstrel, and winning even the most favourites there too, and some of them followed to remonstrate — some advising him to apologise, some 'you do not know what pleasant recollections the sound requesting him to return, and all promising better treat- would recall;' and beckoning to her side two little ment for the time to come: but no; Shaneen was inex-prattlers, in whom she had an especial property, and orable, and to all their intreaties gave this one answer, who on this occasion had been allowed to sit up somecomprehending all he would say for past, present, and what later than usual, she prepared them and the circle future—'Twas not for myself, but for my music I stood round her for the enjoyment they were about to have. up ; 'tis that alone that brings me into sich honourable It was a large, long room, and at the farther end the company, and for its sake expect honourable trate musician entered, and making his bow, took a seat near ment wherever I go. I would play for the childer on the door. Lucy's glance just rested for a moment on the cabin flure, and thank them kindly for the dhrink the uniform of the regiment, and then leaning back in of cowld water they brought from the spring; the girls her chair, with eyelids half-closed, in silent pleasurable at the farm will never say I slackened my hand when expectation listened to the first few preluding notes ; there was nothing in theirs but the cup of fresh butter- but hardly had they floated up along through the room, milk; and yer honours can remember that many's the when, starting, her eyes met those of her husband's, time the jug passed backwards and forwards between turned towards her at the same moment, and instantly the ould masther and myself, till I bothered him fairly the same exclamation burst from each, .Can it be-can to sleep with “ The colleen dhas crutheen a mo.” But it possibly be Shaneen?' new music for new fashions they will never match me- It really was himself. In a minute they stood beside and if I once was to light up my heart with a dhrop of him; in a minute glad words of recognition, of surprise, the cratur, while the cowld wine was quenching their and of welcome had mutually passed; then followed the hearts and their brains, believe me for once--and there's hurried questions, when, how, and why did he come all no more use in talking-we'd part before the end of the the way, and of course Shaneen in one word threw the night with more difference than now.'
blame on the praties ;' adding, that between poor-laws There was no arguing further; the club dinners lost and poor-houses, 'ould Ireland was no place for a gintletheir chief attraction : but one of the members secured man now. And the short and the long of it, Miss Lucy, it at once for his own. A jolly old sportsman, he asthore-madam, I mean, begging yer honour's pardon applauded O'Flaherty's spirit, dubbed him his family -sorry a wedding or a christening from Advent to piper, and carried him home. Here for a while Shaneen Shrove, or to Advent again : and when mirth is gone, seemed quite contented, 'with the best of tratement, music may well say good-by.' company, music, and dancing galore;' but at the first “Well, Shaneen,' said Lucy's husband, 'I hope you opportunity the errant nature once more broke out: will find a different story here; and as they are all in he transferred his allegiance from the father to one of expectation, will you give us once more " Miss Lucy's the sons; and sorry, though not much surprised, we fancy,” for the sake of old times?' received his farewells before he set out with Master Shaneen's lively glance rested on them both for a Darby,' and some others as restless and enterprising as moment with its happiest expression; then something himself, to try their fortune in fighting with the Irish made him bend over his pipes as if to tune them ; but legion for the young queen of Spain.
they wanted no tuning, so again looking up, he said gaily Their fortune was sorely tried—to believe their own as ever, “Shall I give it all to them? The “Madhereen story—the fickle goddess having made them her espe- Rhue" will astonish the natives.' cial sport. But in one respect they were successful * Then do give it all,' answered both of them laughthey returned again ; though without one other com- ing; and yet not to astonish the natives, Shaneen, but panion left to contradict or confirm their tale. For this for the sake of many an Irish heart now in the room, singular good luck Master Darby modestly and quite that will warm to the sound of the Madhereen Rhue' satisfactorily accounted, by hints of royal regard, which We hope that few of our readers are so unlucky as of course no one expected to have more fully detailed; never to have heard this exciting composition. Played but Shaneen, who did not feel under such deep obliga- on the Irish bagpipe, and by a good performer, it gives, tions, whispered, in confidence, that they had barely as far as mere sound can convey, a scene of life and escaped from a prison, where he at least was near being motion, a complete idea of a fox-hunt—the Madhereen ruined for life by the rats having taken a fancy to nibble Rhue' being the Irish for the little red dog,' alias · Mr his fingers and toes; and he never could remember the Fox,' whose peccadilloes form the opening and burden outlandish name of that princess to whose favour Master of the air all along in every interval between the find, Darby imputed their deliverance, though always ready the pursuit, the death, until at last the supposed conto swear in Spanish, English, and Irish, that she would vivialities of the evening are wound up by the nevergladly have made him her own, only he thought it failing Fox-hunter's Jig. Even on the spot where those rather pleasanter to come home with his head on his scenes are real, how often have we been carried away shoulders than remain to have it chopped off for the by this lively representation! What, then, must have amusement of the furrinners. Upon my life it is no been its effect on those who now heard it again for the lie, though not one of ye believe me. If Miss Lucy first time in a foreign land? All outward, all present was here, 'tis she would give me credit, for she under associations forgotten, once more the hand was on the stood my manners, and knew I always meant the truth bridle, the light laugh upon the lip, then the gatherwhen I tould a good story of another or a bad one of ing by the covert-side, the throwing off, the breathmyself.'
less pause ; while amidst the measured notes would But Miss Lucy was no longer there—that ally was break in the chopping of some favourite hound, then gone. Whether in a spirit of observation or of pro- another, and another, and then the wild burst as all phecy, Shaneen struck the right chord when he played mingled in full cry, and were off at a view: hardly could the Fox-hunter' as Miss Lucy's fancy. Happily her even Lucy refrain from joining in the 'tally--tally! choice possessed other perfections also, and more than that broke from every lip; hardly could she bear the supplied the place of home and friends when they had laugh it excited the next minute ; and proudly would to cross the Atlantic together, and settle for a while in she have directed her husband's glance to the old Irish a distant land. There, one evening at a party in her blood mantling up in the cheek of their own bright boy, own house, an Irish officer in command of the neigh- as instinctively it warmed to the sound, had she not bouring garrison came up to her with a smiling apology been restored to recollection by a smile that said plainly, for bringing an uninvited guest; but,' added he, 'we • I trust he is born to better things.' brought a piper over from Ireland with the regiment- Poor Lucy, she answered the smile with another, a capital one too-and I thought, for the sake of our that might just as well have been a tear, for memory at common country, you would like to hear some of its old the moment would not down; and in the young beammusic again.'
ing face beside her she saw again her own boy brothers, 'Oh surely-most gladly,' answered Lucy eagerly: I and many a dear companion of their time; and now, when the music saddened, and the wild lament at the should almost systematically take so narrow a view of death was played, when it seemed answered back again this very serious and complicated subject. That much by the still wilder echoes of her own native glen--and crime is imputable to drunkenness, is quite true, but last of all, when her darling, forgetful of everything but drunkenness is surely nothing more than the causehis delight, sprang across the room, and threw his arms round Shaneen's neck, she was fairly overcome, and proximate: there is a cause remote-a cause which burying her face in the sofa pillow, wept outright.
causes the drunkenness; and can that, with any jusAgain, poor Lucy, what would she have done but for tice, be said to be merely the number of public-houses the winding up?' when her own dear husband, taking the convenience presented for purchasing and imbibher hand, led her forward, and each individual, old and ing liquors ? Of course temptation leads to error; and young, in the room, following their example, the past every well-disposed person would wish to see the tempand the future were swallowed up for the moment in tation to drinking lessened as far as is practicable. On the present enjoyment of the Fox-hunter's Jig.
And Shaneen, amidst a continually-shifting tide, has that we agree with the speakers on the above occasion. at last, strange to say, come to a quiet anchor : he has But we hope to be excused for stating it as our belief, found out that there are better ways of settling than that local authorities will find it necessary to go some“thravelling about,' being partly indebted for the dis- what deeper into social statistics, if they desire to reach covery to Lucy's light-hearted Canadian maid. But the origin of the mischief. still
, even as in earliest days, his notes give fresh life to The prevalence of habits of intoxication in Scotland the disheartened and weary ones : many a poor and would require to be investigated on a comprehensive careworn emigrant has passed onwards, revived by scale, and with constant reference to the usages and some well-beloved strain that was heard in the fresh social condition of other countries. A few observaness of life's early promise, and now almost renews that tions will show the necessity for this form of inquiry. promise again ; while on happier occasions, when even far away over the waters, a rale Irish wedding' may Drunkenness is caused by the cheapness and accessibe still brought about, who like Shaneen to complete bility of liquors, says almost every body. But how does the illusion, and make them all but believe they are this assumption agree with the fact, that there are coundancing again with those they've left behind them ?' tries-Holland, for examplewhere intoxicating liquors
are abundant and cheap, and yet the people in these A WORD ON A DIFFICULT SUBJECT.
lands are comparatively sober in their habits? Again, In 1846, an Industrial School for the education of poor of public-houses on Sunday. But this assumption is met
drunkenness is pretty generally ascribed to the opening children gathered from the streets was established in by the equally startling fact, that there are countries Dundee, from which the best effects, as regards the where there is no legally-recognised Sabbath, and where diminution of petty crime, were confidently anticipated nearly all kinds of traffic are carried on as usual on We are sorry to observe by a police report in a Dun- Sunday; and yet the people in these countries are less dee newspaper, that notwithstanding the operations given to habits of intoxication than the Scotch, or even of this useful seminary, crime cannot be said to have the English. We appeal to all travellers if such is not diminished in amount within the town; at least only obviously the case. Nothing is more common than to treo persons fewer have appeared before the police court hear otherwise well-informed persons accounting for in 1847 as compared with the number in 1846 ; while social evils by an exclusive reference to things only there is an increase of 101 persons as compared with secondary or superficial, or which, in reality, have no 1844. This phenomenon has naturally attracted con- actual connection with the subject. How frequently, siderable attention, and the conviction is arrived at, for instance, do we hear it stated that the whole cause that there must be some power at work'counteractive licism, while, by taking a short trip to Belgium, it would
of Ireland's poverty and wretchedness is Roman Cathoof the exertions made to cut up crime at its roots, by be distinctly seen that a country may be most inthe establishment of the institution to which we have tensely Roman Catholic, and yet that its people may be referred. If there be such a power, what is it? This is sober, orderly, industrious, their houses and farms a question which merits an earnest investigation, and models of neatness, and their morals unexceptionable. we could have wished that it had engaged the atten. To account for great national idiosyncrasies by a refertion of the local authorities, and others interested, in a
ence to causes not borne out by principles universally manner which would have gone far to settle all doubts applicable, is neither wise nor safe. In all investigations on the subject.
of this sort, we must ever take human nature, with all At a public meeting which ensued on the publication
its aspirations and failings, along with us.
A volume would be required to treat the subject of of the Report, all the speakers, the resident sheriff in- intemperance thoroughly; and all we can here expect cluded, were of one mind as to the cause of fully one-half to do, is to point out the fallacy of imputing this monof all the criminal cases which occurred in the town; strous evil to either Sunday trafficking or general dramand that cause, as will readily be supposed, was inor selling, and to lead those who possess more leisure into dinate indulgence in intoxicating liquors. The power the track of right investigation. For the sake of seeing counteractive of peace and orderly behaviour was trace-overboard the small and local notions which at present
an effective reform accomplished, we would wish to toss able to drink. On this point there could not exist the unfortunately misdirect public attention. Let the authoslightest doubt, for the fact was proved by statistical rities by all means proceed to regulate the public-house analysis. Having arrived at this unavoidable conclusion, system; but with the assurance that where there is a dethe speakers one and all seem to have formed the opi- mand, there will be a corresponding supply. They may rest nion that the cause of drunkenness was the great satisfied of a fact warranted by experience, that the number of public-houses and shops in which drink was shutting up of all public-houses on Sunday, as some sold; and that it would be proper to adopt all reason
have recommended, would probably lead to the sale of able means to have that number reduced. One speaker, liquors in private or unlicensed dwellings. As it is, no a clergyman, imputed the evil chiefly to the opening of introduce quantities of spirits into private houses ; for
little tippling takes place by the clubbing of pence to public-houses on Sunday, and contended for some rigo-by this means the profit to the public-house keeper is rous measures to enforce their being closed on that day. saved. And how far such clandestine practices will be There the matter appears to have rested.
aggravated by the general closing of licensed houses need It is to be regretted that bodies of intelligent men I not be particularised. Any attempt whatever to lessen