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have a strong capillary attraction for moisture; whereas the great central Platz, we found it crammed, a part a cotton handkerchief, having neither of these advan- in the middle, however, being kept clear by soldiers ; tages, produces rather a sensation of heat. "Accurate and we had scarcely procured a good point of sight, experiments appear to justify the conclusion, that the annual evaporation of water averages thirty inches; nobility, gentry, and others, commenced, every one

when a grand procession of clergy of all orders, meaning that the vapour, if reconverted into water, would cover the surface from which it ascended to a carrying an unlighted candle in his hand about six depth of thirty inches; then the surface of all the feet in length. At the head of the long line of digni. waters of the globe being assumed at one hundred and taries walked an aged priest with long white hair, and twenty-eight millions of geographical miles, nearly by this venerable personage mass was performed at sixty thousand cubic miles of water would be annually several places in the open street-the altars for the changed into vapour.' The winds, which are so important to our comfort in gold, and embellished with the richest plate, being

occasion, gorgeously overhung with crimson velvet and summer

, are caused by the incessant disturbance of the erected against the face of a house. Each mass occuequilibrium of the atmosphere by heat. The phenomena of land and sea-breezes are thus explained by the pied about a quarter of an hour, and at its conclusion, chemist. "The solar beams are incapable of elevating the whole troops fired a volley in the air, which was the temperature of the transparent water of the ocean, replied to by the firing of cannon from one of the forts or the transparent volume of the atmosphere, but they in the neighbourhood. The last mass was performed heat the surface of the opaque earth with great facility; at a high altar erected in the centre of the Platz; and therefore an island exposed to the tropical sun has its when all was over, the procession was dissolved in an soil greatly elevated in temperature, and communicating heat to the air, a strong ascending current is pro

The devotion manifested by the

adjoining church. duced, whilst other portions of air from the cooler sur

vast crowds of persons of all ranks was apparently face of the ocean immediately glide inland to restore sincere; and one thing seemed to me praiseworthy the equilibrium, and this constitutes the sea-breeze. beyond controversy, that when the religious duties During the night, the surface of the island, no longer of the day were finished, there was no disorderliness, subject to the direct influence of the sun, becomes much no drunkenness, nor any of the other abominations cooler than the superincumbent air, and causes it to which usually shock propriety in the streets of Scottish contract in volume, to become heavier, therefore it cities on holiday evenings. At Vienna, the fête Dieu sinks down, and spreads on all sides, producing the is conducted with great magnificence, the emperor in land-breeze; this is frequently loaded with unhealthy exhalations from decomposing vegetation, whilst the his robes not disdaining to carry a candle; yet I was sea-breeze is salubrious and fresh.'

not sorry to have seen the spectacle on a smaller scale, Such are only a few of the inquiries prompted by for I was afterwards told that we could not possibly the beautiful season on which we are entering; but they have obtained accommodation in the capital. į are sufficient to show that the laborious chemist is In the after-part of the day I walked through the

introduced by his ceaseless experiments into at least town in all directions, and then ascended to the higher some acquaintance with the sublime laboratory of nature; and that he is led, by this examination, on a obtained of the valley of the Danube and surrounding

ground in the environs, whence a good view is to be minor scale, of the properties of bodies, to reason upon the phenomena of the seasons, and to act in some degree country. Linz is large and well built, and occupies a as an expounder to mankind of the physical plan and pleasant situation on the left bank of the Danube, which government of the earth. There is no department of is here a stream of a very different size from what I had science better adapted than chemistry to plant in the seen at Ulm. Augmented by the Iser, the Inn, the mind a firm belief in the power, wisdom, and goodness Salza, and other considerable rivers, it rolls past Linz a of the Creator.

mighty food, the volume of water being apparently

equal in bulk to that of the Rhine. By going round by SUMMER EXCURSION IN GERMANY.

Salzburg, I had unfortunately lost some of the best bits of scenery on the Danube—the very best being near

Passau ; but there was consolation in thinking that we Os opening the jalousies of our windows on the morn- had enjoyed an equivalent, and that a day's steaming,

ing after our arrival at Linz, we observed that in the which still awaited us, was better than nothing. Neither || long and handsome street below all business was sus

in Linz nor its neighbourhood is there a single thing to pended; and although still early, long processions of detain travellers, unless, indeed, they have a fancy for little girls, dressed in white frocks, and with ribbons and around the town, on both sides of the Danube, are

At different salient points

inspecting fortifications. wreaths of flowers in their hair, were seen pouring to erected thirty-two detached forts, each looking like a the churches. Occasionally, also, a school of boys, in low martello tower, and mounted with guns; they have their best attire, was seen parading along the street, been planted in this quarter with the design of retoo happy in the prospect of a holiday, to be kept tarding and vexing the progress of any future Napoleon perfectly in order by the preceptor. Countrymen in who may think of visiting Vienna via the vale of the red waistcoats were also coming pretty thickly into Danube. These forts, which are new, and untried in town; and in the crowds which passed might be no- invention of Prince Maximilian of Este. I did deem

strategy, and therefore not militarily orthodox, are the ticed gaily-attired females, with head-dresses of cloth them worthy of a visit. of gold, and rosaries of less or more value in their

Before a traveller can leave any town in Austria, he hands. It was evident they were going to make a day must not only have his passport visé, but procure a bit of it; and so we hurried over breakfast, and got down of badly-printed paper from the police, called a Passer to the streets just as matters were waxing to a crisis. Shien, and this he is called on to give up to a sentinel

The day was the 3d of June—this year, Corpus when he departs. Not till going to bed did I remember Christi, but better known on the continent as the I had not got my shien; and it was only after a good i s'éte Dieu. Fortunately, the weather was beautiful, night. When this giant was slain, another appeared.

deal of trouble that it could be negotiated so late at and when that is the case, a holiday is acceptable The hotel was full of guests, and, as usual, our room on any pretence. I was delighted to see the people was separated only by a thin door from the adjoining enjoying themselves, albeit the affair which called them apartment in the suite. Our neighbours were Germans, together was somewhat unintelligible. Hurrying to and their noisy talking was intolerable. They spoke as


loudly as if they had been hailing each other across the siderable size. Within these walls, now shattered, street. Repose was out of the question. It was no use and open to the gaze of the passing tourist, Richard our talking in a moderate key, in the hope of shaming Cour-de-Lion was confined for upwards of twelve them into silence. A severe malady requires a severe months (1192-3) by Leopold, Duke of Austria, the remedy. Lighting a candle, I took up Mrs C.'s crotchet unfortunate king having been treacherously seized at book, and gave them an example of reading in English | Vienna, in returning homewards as a pilgrim from the which astonished them. The effect was magical. My Holy Land. Immediately on passing the ridge on which harangue on crotchet working in an instant drowned Durrenstein is placed, the scenery altogether changes : their horrible jargon, and their voices sunk to a whisper, the river, emerging from its lofty banks, rolls through a They listened, and whispered again. The phenomenon great plain, dotted over with woods; here and there a of English was dumfoundering-perhaps I was an Eng- large and elegant building is observed; and beyond all, lish maniac? Whatever were their conjectures, the the hills far distant bounding the horizon. We have, in reading settled them; for we were no more troubled short, left the mountainous region, and entered on the with their screeching, and gladly went to sleep, prepa- plains of the lower Danube. From the midst of the ratory to an early start for Vienna. As daylight came green plain which first meets the eye rise the spires in, our loquacious neighbours broke out, as if from a of Vienna ; and landing at Nussdorf, a village on the moment's forgetfulness; but a few sentences from the right, where a number of carriages are in attendance, crotchet book, as we made our toilet, brought them to we reach in a quarter of an hour the capital of the their senses, and we heard them no more. Our own Austrian empire. aristocracy—the real as well as the vulgar counterfeit- In approaching Vienna, we lose sight of the Danube, affect loud talking, to the annoyance of all who are which disappears from view between willow-clad banks near them : might not some plan, such as I happily and islands, the city proper being built on a small thought of, be tried in order to teach them good man. tributary—the Wien-which, from anything I saw, is ners ?

little better than a foul and stagnant drain. Advancing The morning was beautiful, and at seven o'clock we towards the town, we pass through extensive suburbs, were on board the steamer, which lay hissing at the and finally emerge into an open space, grassy, and ornaquay. The vessel was large and commodious, seemingly mented with trees, of the third of a mile in width; and under careful management, and on the deck there mus- on the opposite side of which stands Vienna, seemingly tered nearly a hundred passengers of various nations, squeezed so hard within a high wall, that the houses artists in mustaches and gray fancy hats from Munich; look as if they were engaged in a desperate elbowing of Hungarians returning from a distant excursion; no each other, and about to burst their too tightly-drawn English but ourselves; one or two French; and a good boundary. By a cavernous tunnel, which perforates the many Germans of miscellaneous ages and appearance lofty wall and rampart, we reach the interior, and then -a vastly respectable company, as the steward most find ourselves streets narrow and winding, and lined likely thought, in making his calculations as to how with stone houses as high and spacious as those of many were likely to figure at the table-d'hôte. Off Paris. We procured accommodation at the 'Archduke we went down the broad bosom of the Danubc, all Charles'-

--a first-class hotel, according to the guidelooking forward to a pleasant run of nine or ten books, but deficient in various accommodations. How. hours. At first there was little to excite interest. The ever, we had no great reason to complain, and remained banks were generally level, and here and there muddy in the town about a week; not time enough to do the islands, covered with willows, divided the channel, and sights justice, but as much as I could spare. closed up the scene. By and by the hills approached I have never been so fairly baffled by any city as I was the stream, and villages nestling at their base, and by Vienna: such is its extraordinary jumble of streets, castles or monasteries crowning their summits, re- and so like are they to each other, that, till the last, I minded us somewhat of the Rhine; but with a few had considerable difficulty in finding my way. And exceptions, the main features of the landscape were yet there is a sort of plan by which the main thoroughtotally different. On the Rhine all is ancient; the fares are arranged. At the centre of the town stands universal ruin of the castles, which are perched on the the cathedral of St Stephens, an ancient and imposing tops of the crags, speaks of a bypast age-a period of edifice, with a lofty spire; and from this point the prinrapine and insecurity. On the Danube, almost every cipal streets radiate to different portals in the bastions, building is comparatively modern and inhabited. The whence they stretch far into the suburbs. There are, grandest edifices are the monasteries. Half way between however, many cross and circuitous streets, a number Linz and Vienna, on our right, we came to a short of open places, and many closely-packed lanes and paspause below the loftily-perched and palace-like convent sages, forming short cuts from one great thoroughfare of Molk. Good times, it may be said, for the monks; to another. The houses in the best streets are of enorbut the monks are Benedictines, which is equivalent to mous dimensions, all with inner courtyards, and of saying they are scholars and gentlemen ; and their spa- handsome and solid architecture. Excepting first-class cious mansion is as much an educational as a religious mansions, the houses are occupied in floors by different establishment; in this respect, the social condition of families, the access being usually by common - stairs Austria being analogous to what it was in our own from the courtyards. A nobleman and man of literary country previous to the convulsions of the sixteenth distinction on whom I called lived on a second floor century.

in a building of this kind; and a banking company About and below Molk, the banks of the Danube with whom I did some business had their office on a increase in picturesque beauty; and on the left side the floor higher up. The number of separate dwellings in vine makes its appearance, though on a scale not to be some of these huge edifices astonishes those who are compared with what is seen on the Rhine. Austria is unacquainted with the common-stair system. From not a wine-producing country to an extent worth men- four to five hundred inhabitants, occupying floors, tioning; yet some of the Hungarian wines are good. or parts of floors, in one building, is not unusual In descending the river from Molk, we soon came in a number, however, which can be matched in the more sight of a spot of more than ordinary interest. The ancient parts of Edinburgh. Like all ancient cities, banks, which here rise to a considerable height, and Vienna is ill provided with sewerage ; and yet, strange are covered with wood, press close upon the stream, to say, it is a remarkably, cleanly, town in external which seems to have cut its way through the ridges appearance-the generally light colour of the houses, that strive to intercept its passage. On the summit of and the absence of smoke, imparting a lively effect. the lofty crags on the right bank stand the remains of That which is most seriously defective is the general Aggstein, a feudal fortress long since dismantled; and want of side pavement for foot-passengers. The streets on the face of the arid cliffs on the left is seen the are well paved with square stones from side to side, the ruined castle of Durrenstein, which had been of con- part near the houses and shops being very slightly in

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clined upwards, so that there is nothing to prevent car- creatures in the world. He is generally in bad health, riages from crushing you up to the wall, or running you and takes little or no part in public affairs. The actual down—a misfortune the more likely to occur from the government, as is well known, has for many years excessive narrowness of the thoroughfares. All this of been in the hands of Prince Metternich, a man of concourse suggests that Vienna was built for that portion summate abilities, though, like many statesmen, ignoof mankind who ride in carriages, not for those whose rant of the true foundations on which power can alone inclination or means lead them to walk on foot. Never- safely repose. The next place we visited was that to theless, much seems to be done to render the streets which the imperial family, after the splendours of the comfortable to poor as well as rich. Great expense is giddy and false world have passed away, are pompously incurred for the stones with which they are laid. carried to 'rot in state.' It is a spacious vault, situated These stones are brought from the rocky banks of the beneath the church of a convent of capuchin friars; and Danube, below Linz, and I was informed that each under the guidance of one of the brotherhood, clothed costs & zwanziger, or twentypence.

in a brown tunic, with a rope round his waist, and & Whatever be the general incommodiousness of the lamp in his hand, we descended a long flight of steps to streets, neither that nor anything else prevents them this remarkable mausoleum. The apartment, which from being a scene of bustle and gaiety from morning receives a little light and air from gratings, consists of till night. Well-dressed people are seen pouring along several vaulted chambers, dry, and not unpleasant to to enjoy themselves in the restaurants, or in the public the senses. What a melancholy spectacle! Rows of gardens ; equipages of the most splendid set-out dash large sarcophagi of lead or zinc are ranged along the past on airing excursions; and to add to the liveliness paved floor, and by the lamp of the monk we are enabled of the thoroughfares, many of the shops are distin- to read the inscriptions, which tell us that within repose guished by paintings outside representing some emi. the bodies of kings, queens, archdukes, emperors, and nent personage - as the Queen of England, Prince empresses. The largest and handsomest of these metal Metternich, or the Archduke Charles. These portraits, boxes is that which contains the remains of Maria which are full length, and well executed, are painted on Theresa, the greatest of all the Austrian rulers ; but it shutters, which are open only during the day. No city is surpassed in value by the sarcophagus of Joseph I., is better provided with gardens, pleasure-grounds, and which is of pure silver. We noticed also some small walks open to the people. Around the glacis, or ram- sarcophagi containing the remains of baby archdukes ; part, there is a delightful promenade with seats, com- and for a few moments, the lamp of the capuchin was manding fine views of the Vorstädte, or suburban new held over the plain and unnoticeable sarcophagus in town, which rivals in elegance of architecture the best which reposes the body of the youthful and unfortunate houses in Paris. The Volksgarten, situated close upon Duke of Reichstadt, son of Napoleon. What an end to the city, is a spacious piece of ground, decorated with the hopes of a dynasty which was to rule half the world! trees, shrubs, and flowers, laid out in agreeable walks, The being ushered into existence with the firing of a and furnished with coffee-houses, and arenas for bands | hundred cannons successively at the Invalids, at the of music. This garden was given to the people by the sound of which all Paris was frantic with joy — or late emperor; and here, in the fine summer evenings, pretended to be so—lies decomposing in a metal chest Strauss's band performs for hours. Nothing is paid at Vienna, the groom of his chamber a nameless capufor admittance. For lengthened promenading and driv- chin monk! We had better not ask what France now ing there are the roads environing the suburbs; but thinks of the Bonaparte family! besides these, and the cross paths leading to them, the I did not quit Vienna without making some inquiries Viennese have the Prater, à park on the north-east, into the state of elementary instruction. In this matter which is several square miles in extent, richly wooded, it is but justice to say that Austria, with all its religious and partly tenanted with deer. Parties of pleasure and political intolerance, is much in advance of nations who desire a still wider range proceed to Shönbrunn, possessing greater freedom. Education in its primary the seat of the emperor, at two or three miles distance. branches is universally established, and as far as I We spent a day in rambling through the grounds, and saw, is conducted on a liberal footing. I visited an acaseeing the gaieties and curiosities of Shönbrunn, every demy which serves as a model for provincial seminaries. place, the palace excepted, being open for the inspection It is accommodated in a building of considerable size, and recreation of all comers. From a lofty ornamental each floor being divided into several spacious halls, structure on an eminence within the grounds, we had opening on corridors. The resident director, an aged an excellent view of Vienna and its environs, and had gentleman, to whom I introduced myself, politely conthe satisfaction of having pointed out by our guide the ducted me through the establishment, explaining everyspots rendered historically interesting in the last siege thing as it occurred. The method of teaching is explaof Vienna by the Turks (1683), when not alone Aus- natory, with the use of the black board. The number tria, but Christendom, was saved by the gallant John of children attending this school was fifteen hundred, all Sobieski. The spot occupied by the tent of Kara Mus- boys, divided into juvenile and advanced classes, each tapha, the Turkish general, is now marked by a church. class under one master, and occupying a separate apartNext day, in a large collection of antiquities in Vienna, ment. The routine of instruction embraced reading, We were shown the horse-tail standard and tent appa- writing, arithmetic, drawing, and mathematics. It was ratus of Mustapha, who, it will be remembered, was pleasing to observe the decorum and quietness which strangled, by orders of the sultan, for not winning the prevailed throughout the establishment. On our enterbattle.

ing and retiring from each class-room, all the pupils In the course of our stay we visited a number of col. rose and bowed: and this was no sham reverence. On lections of pictures, museums, and other public show- the dismissal of one of the classes, the pupils crowded

places ; but any notice of these would only tire the around my venerable conductor, and with terms of | patience of the reader ; and in truth the sight of them endearment covered his hand with kisses.

was tiring to myself, for one may be surfeited with pic- It is absurd and presumptuous for a traveller who tures as with anything else. On Sunday we went to rushes through a country to philosophise very deeply the chapel connected with the imperial palace, not to on its social condition; yet a man is entitled to at least hear the music, finely as that was performed by a vocal use his eyes and ears wherever his destiny carries and instrumental band, but to have a glimpse of the him, and to form his impressions accordingly. My great nominal ruler of the nation: nor were we disap- notion, then, from all I saw in Vienna and elsewhere, pointed. The emperor entered about the middle of the is, that Austria, though under a pure despotism, is service, and took his place in a small gallery without not uncared for morally, physically, or intellectually.

any fuss. He is a little man, with an unnaturally large I saw, however, only the best part of the empire-that 1 forehead, diffident and mild in demeanour, and with in which the land is owned in portions of reasonable the reputation of being

one of the kindliest-disposed extent, and below which portions it is not allowed to be

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divided. In Hungary, the form of society and terri- cimen—not of a . charming man,' but of'un homme char. torial possession is very different. Admitting much mant;' one who, about seventy years ago, was idolised that was presented to our view to be far from unpleas- in that character by the fastidious people of the French ing, I felt that the entire system was hollow and unna capital. tural, and could not last. Mankind are not destined to Although Monsieur de Létorières (the person of be for ever managed as if they were children. Passing whom we speak) was simply a French gentleman of circumstances prove that Austria has been under a Xaintonge, whose only wealth on setting out in life gross mistake in imagining that it is either safe or just was his trusty sword, yet in the eyes of an English to keep its people in tutelage an instant beyond the reader his history may derive additional interest from time they can think and act for themselves. For the the circumstance of his relationship with the House of military and police oppressions in the conquered pro- Hanover, through the marriage of his aunt, Madevinces--for the heartless proscriptions and imprison- moiselle D'Olbreuse, with George William, Duke of ments at Venice and Spielberg—the day of reckoning Brunswick, whose only daughter became the unhappy has already to all appearance arrived.*

wife of George, Elector of Hanover, and was thus the W. C. ancestress of our present royal family.

The early youth of Lancelot-Joseph de Létorières

was passed at the college of Plessis, where he had been L'HOMME CHARMANT.

placed by his uncle, the Abbé du Vighan; but finding So accessible were the ancient Greeks to visual im- his vacations too short, and his studies too long, the pressions, and so enthusiastic in their admiration of impatient youth escaped from college, and hastened to beauty, as well as of gracefulness of form and move the capital, where he found himself as free as air, but ment, that even the sage Areopagites were obliged to dwelling in an empty garret. Whenever he suffered listen in obscurity to the pleadings of their celebrated from cold or hunger, he left his solitary apartment, and orators, lest, unwittingly, their judgments might receive descending into the gay and crowded streets of Paris, a favourable bias towards some handsome speaker ; or, forgot his wants, and thought himself, for a while, the on the other hand, lest they might prejudge the cause happiest being in existence. of one less happily endowed with personal attractions. One of his early friends used to relate that M. de

The love of the beautiful is not less instinctive in Létorières having left his lodging one cold winter's humanity than the appreciation of goodness, or the day, to recreate himself among the busy haunts of men, reverence for truth; and when found in harmonious he was overtaken by a pelting shower of rain, and took combination with these-its kindred faculties-we can refuge from the storm beneath an archway. Meanscarcely estimate too highly the blessing of having an while a hackney-coach passes slowly along, and the eye and a heart open to delight in all that is graceful driver looking earnestly at him, inquires — Shall I and lovely, whether in animate or inanimate creation. drive you, sir, across this stream of water?' Even where this admiration of Beauty seems to exist a • No, thank you,' replies the handsome youth, looking little out of its due proportion, we would gladly excuse somewhat sad. the error, knowing how mighty and how magic is its • If you want to go farther, sir, I can take you to any sway; and also how vain it is to expect a perfect part of the city you please.' development of every good and noble faculty in the 'I was only going to walk in the Galleries of the same human soul.

Palais de Justice, but I mean to wait here until the rain Among no modern people is the homage rendered to is over.' beauty more enthusiastic than among the Parisians, What! under that cold archway?' who have often been compared in this and other respects 'I have no money to throw away in coach-hire, so go to the Athenians of old ; and truly in many points the away, and leave me in peace.” resemblance seems complete, though we stay not here Sir,' replied the coachman, jumping off his box, and to trace it out: we have at present to do only with their opening the carriage door, ‘it shall never be said that admiration of beauty, which they are wont to express I allowed so handsome a young gentleman as you are by a single word-charmant-a dissyllable significant to ennuyer yourself here, and to catch cold into the bar. not only of beauty, but of a thousand nameless attrac- gain, for the sake of twenty-four sous. It is all on my tions, which, clustering around personal grace of form, way to pass by the Palais Marchand, so, if you please, make it tenfold more lovely and beloved. It is a word I will set you down there, close to the image of St not altogether unknown to our own language, although Pierre.' The gracious offer was accepted. in its insular rendering it is perhaps less refined in its On opening the carriage door at the entrance to this shade of popular meaning than in the French language. celebrated traiteur's, the coachman respectfully took off It is somewhat singular, too, that among us the word his felt hat, and begging of the youth to accept a louisis more frequently applied to man than to the gentler d'or from him, said, 'You may have occasion for it in

Which of us have not known among the circle there, sir, and you can find me out any time you please, of our acquaintance a charming man? Whether and repay me at your convenience. The number of it be the literary coterie, the fashionable world, or the my coach is 144.' professedly-religious circle, each society can boast of The name of this good-natured man was Sicard. He its charming man-one who is handsome, clever, and was an honest, worthy fellow, and through the recomagreeable; who is usually more plausible than pro- mendation of M. de Létorières, ended by being coachfound; more commonly the admired acquaintance of man to the Princess Sophia of France. Whenever any all, than the tried and trusted friend of any. The one alluded to his liberal conduct towards M. de Léto. career of the charming man is not always a satisfactory rières, he was wont to answer, that any one else in his one, inasmuch as popularity has its appointed limits; place would have done just the same; 'for,' added he, and the idol of to-day is too often the outcast of to- he was so charming a young gentleman, that one might niorrow. Nor is dame Fortune less capricious in her almost have mistaken him for an angel.' favours than the giddy multitude ; for occasionally she Another time his tailor's wife, growing impatient delights to snap asunder the golden threads of some about a debt of four hundred francs, which he had owed brilliant destiny, and show how frail at best are the for a considerable time, rated her husband soundly for bonds by which happiness and humanity are linked not insisting on his rights. What a chicken-hearted together in this our lower world.

being thou art!' exclaimed she, and all, forsooth, out Such was the case with a personage whom we are of complaisance to Monsieur le Charmant!' (for so was about to introduce to our readers as a most perfect spe- he nicknamed in the family). *As for thee, thou hast

not courage to show him thy teeth; but I will soon * This article was written sume weeks previous to the late over

settle the matter with him. I am going forthwith to throw of affairs in Vienna.

his lodging, and you shall see if I come away empty

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handed. Charming as he is, I will manage him properly. of perplexity and surprise, as if it were impossible for Let me alone for that.'

him to suppose that he could be the object of applause, No sooner had this resolute woman returned home, which is usually reserved for favourite actors or for than her husband, perceiving that she looked rather royal personages. This inquiring gaze was full of the crestfallen, inquired where was the money which had easy and simple gracefulness which characterised his been paid to her by M. de Létorières.

every movement, and it drew forth still livelier demonCome, come, you must not worry me; but the truth strations of pleasure from the multitude. He wore on of the matter is, that on going into his room, I found that evening a suit of rich moiré straw-coloured silk, him playing the guitar, and he looked so sweet and with facings of golden tissue, shot withi emerald green. gentle, that I could not find it in my heart to annoy The knotted band on his shoulder was green and gold, him in any way.'

and his Steinkerque belt was clasped with emeralds. And the four hundred francs ?' resumed the tailor, The buttons of his coat were formed of opals set in looking at her rather sarcastically.

brilliants, and the handle of his sword was similarly *My good friend,' replied his imperious spouse in the ornamented. Moreover, his coiffure consisted of two meekest tone imaginable, you must only enter them tufts of waving curls, sprinkled with light-coloured on your books; and you may as well at the same time powder, and falling gracefully upon the collar of his add three hundred more to the account, for there was dress. A soft and humid brilliancy sparkled in his something so melancholy, 80-I don't know what to eyes, which were a thousand times brighter than the call it--about him, that I could not help taking one costly jewels which he wore. In short, I was obliged hundred crowns out of my pocket, and in spite of his to confess that I had never before seen a being who was refusal, I left them on his chimney-piece.'

so truly charmant.' As soon as M. de Létorières had completed his It is almost needless to say that M. de Létorières, so twenty-first year, he brought his family papers to M. popular among all classes and conditions of people, was Chérin,* from whom he speedily obtained the certificate a favourite with the beau sexe. Among the court beau

necessary for his presentation at court. When walk. ties was one, however, who more especially won his | ing one day in the gardens at Versailles, the king took attentions, and who returned his love with all the ar

notice of him, and having learned from his courtiers dour of youthful enthusiasm. Victoire-Julie de Savoiewho the handsome gentleman was, he inquired of his Carignan was a naïve and lovely young creature, whose counsellor Chérin, Of what family, pray, is the Poitou princely family being suspicious of her attachment to gentleman, named Létorières, whom I see about here? the charming vicomte, and conceiving that an alliance

Chérin replied that the young man's pedigree, als with him would be unsuitable to her rank, obliged her though noble, was not such as to entitle him to ride to become an inmate of the Abbaye de Montmartre, in the king's carriages, for his proofs were not alto- where she was virtually a prisoner ; for although treated gether'

with the utmost deference and respect, all her move* But,' interrupted the king, ‘he is charmant; vraiment ments were under the surveillance of a guard of the charmant; and I desire that he may be presented to me provost-marshal's office. In spite of these precautions, with the title of vicomte.'

she attempted to maintain a correspondence with her So Chérin inscribed him on his register as having a lover; but their communications were discovered, and certificate by command; and the Vicomte de Létorières the result was a challenge to the vicomte from one of shared at once all the honours of the court.

her relations, the Barou d'Ugeon. Just at this time Whenever he was concerned in any appeals to the Louis XV. was attacked by the smallpox in its most tribunal of the point of honour,f his adversaries were virulent form, and our Galaor of Saintonge had obsure to be obliged to offer their apology to him, and to tained leave to shut himself up with his royal master, make exorbitant reparations, which was attributed to and tend him during his illness. The permission thus the gracious and fascinating manner in which he had granted gave great offence to the courtiers, who carried solicited Noseigneurs les Maréchaux. He gained every their absurd passion for etiquette even to the very lawsuit in which he was interested, among others an gates of the grave, and were displeased at this close important one against the Dukes of Brunswick-Oëls, attendance upon royalty by one who had not previously on the subject of some property which had belonged to enjoyed the entrée into the king's chamber. Louis XV. his grandaunt and their grandmother D’Olbreuse, to died, and M. de Létorières came out of the infected whom we have already made allusion.

palace only to meet his challenger in single combat. *He is like the serpent of Paradise,' observed Monsieur The Baron d’Ugeon inflicted on him two severe wounds de Beaumont, the archbishop of Paris; and if ever he in the right side, and he was carried home in a precahas an affair with the officiality I of Paris, I will take rious state. He was, however, carefully tended by a care to have him masked with a monk's cowl and frock, friendly surgeon, who gave out that his patient was lest he should beguile his judges.'

suffering from smallpox, and could not therefore receive The feeling of admiration and interest excited by M. any visits. After a while, there seemed to be every de Létorières became at length so universal, that some prospect of M. de Létorières's recovery, when through times on his appearing in public he was greeted with his impatience to seek an interview with Mademoiselle acclamations by the multitude. An eye-witness thus de Soissons, he left his house before his wounds were describes his reception at a sacred concert which was thoroughly healed; and having, by means of liberal given in the theatre on Shrove Tuesday 1772:

-M. bribes, obtained admittance within the walls of Montde Létorières was only just recovering from a sword. martre, he met his betrothed under the arched arcade wound received in a duel with the Comte de Melun. which led from the cloister to the cemetery. Their When he heard the popular acclamations, he rose in his interview was brief. She hastened back to her honourbox, and looked around him on the house with an air able prison, little dreaming that she had for the last

time beheld her charming friend, who was found a few * Monsieur Bernard Chérin was a very important personage at

hours afterwards, stiff and cold, upon the pavement of the French court, as it belonged to him, in his capacity of genea.

the cloister. It seems that the emotion excited by logist of the king's house and of the court of France, to investigate meeting Mademoiselle de Soissons after so long a sepathe proofs of nobility of all those who desired to be presented at ration had opened his wounds afresh, and he died alone court, and also the higher pretensions of others, whose ancient and

on this gloomy spot, unsuccoured and unseen by any exalted ancestry entitled them to the honour of a seat in the king's carriages

human being. ť In the reign of Louis XIV., duels had become so prevalent Thus perished, in the prime of life, he who was conamong the young noblesse of Paris, that a special tribunal was fessedly the most exquisite model of un homme charmant appointed to take cognizance of offences which did not fall under that had ever been beheld in the Parisian world. the rule of ordinary courts of law, and for a time it was effectual | Already had he not only won the good graces of a fasin restraining the rage for this species of single combat. # An ecclesiastical tribunal.

tidious public, and subdued the heart of a high-born

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