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forty to fifty vessels of the line, besides merchantmen. her load, was then removed to the ground marked out The surveyors' report contained, in addition, the plans by the mooring chains, and made fast at the required and specifications for supplementary moles, to project spot; a truck was heaved up, run along to the tilting from the shore as circumstances might require. Most platform, and the block of stone dropped into its place. skilful precautions were taken against the formation of In this way the entire lading was deposited in less than deposits and the influence of currents, and the calcula- an hour, and in favourable weather the vessels made tions, as shown by the result, were in all cases well three or four trips a day. Besides these, there were founded.

forty-five smaller craft, for the conveyance of smaller Here the matter rested until 1811, when it was again stones and loose materials for filling up interstices. The resolved to attempt something for the protection of the rails, trucks, wagons, and vessels, were provided by the

magnificent harbour,' one of the reasons urged being, government, and kept in repair by the contractors, who, that it was ‘so well situated for the stationing of his on their part, furnished labour, tools, and implements, majesty's fleets that are to oppose the navies of France and powder for blasting. The expense of working the and Spain.' Projectors came forward with their schemes : tilting vessels, and of conveying all stones above five the most noteworthy were those of General Bentham : tons in weight, was also borne by the government. he proposed to construct huge frames of wood, and On the 12th August 1812, the Prince-Regent's birth. moor them in the required situation, so as to break the day, the first stone was deposited on the Shovel Rock. force of the waves. These were objected to, from their As the best means of determining the length of the liability to be carried away by every gale. Another structure, the work was commenced in the centre, and plan was put forward, which comprised the building of carried towards the two extremities. By the end of 140 hollow towers of stone, each fifty feet in diameter, March 1813, 43,789 tons of stone had been thrown down, with walls six feet thick, to be floated out to the station, and in some places the blocks appeared above water. In and there filled with stones, and sunk in two rows; the another year the mass was of sufficient size to afford a towers of the inner row opposite the intervals in the protection to ships: the Queen Charlotte and some other outer one: the force of the waves would thus be broken, large vessels rode out a gale in safety, anchored inside while no impediment was opposed to the tidal currents. the breakwater. Eleven hundred yards were above the Some discussion arose out of these plans; but the mole surface in August 1815, when, instead of ten feet above or breakwater, as first recommended, was finally de. low water, it was determined to raise the barrier to cided on.

twenty feet, at which height it would be two feet above The depth of water on the rocks varied from five to high water, and afford shelter to small as well as large eight fathoms; the proposed structure was to be ten vessels. The engineers' anticipations as to the tidal yards wide at top, seventy yards at the base, and to rise currents were completely verified ; their flux and reflux ten feet above the surface at low water. Experience were found to be scarcely if at all interfered with. In had demonstrated the uselessness of throwing down a November 1816, heavy gales broke out, and continued heavy mass, and trusting to its weight to resist attacks for several days; but the work stood firm, although of the sea. Old ocean is not famed for docility: the 300 yards were up to the full height. Two months action of waves, and other natural laws, had to be con- afterwards, gales, at times fierce as a hurricane, and sidered ; and under all the circumstances, the plan of accompanied by spring tides, set in, when the value depositing loose angular blocks of rubble, or rough and efficiency of the breakwater were proved by the stone, as raised from the quarries, from half a ton preservation of the vessels anchored within it, while two to ten tons weight each, and upwards, mixed with others beyond the line of protection were wrecked with smaller materials, in the line of the intended break. a serious loss of life. About 200 yards of the rubble water, was considered the best and most advisable plan, were displaced ; blocks weighing from two to five tons and was accordingly adopted. These blocks of stone, it were carried over from the outer to the inner slope. was justly considered, would naturally find their own The former had been built up one foot perpendicular for position, and slope or inclination, according to the depth each three feet horizontal, but after the gale the proof the water, the strength of the waves, and their own portions were five feet to one. The sea had thus found specific gravity; and after a time, would become wedged its own slope, and washed the rubble to an angle at and consolidated together by the sea, in a much more which it would remain undisturbed. The slope of three effectual, substantial, and economical manner than could feet to one was adopted, in deference to the opinion of be effected by any artificial means; and great saving of Mr Whidbey, although Mr Rennie had from the first time and cost would be effected in carrying on the work, recommended an inclination of five to one. In their and in giving protection to the Sound.'

report to the Admiralty on the extent of the derangeThis method of throwing down rubble, which was ment, the engineers declared that, far from being inknown to the Tyrians and Carthaginians, had been jured, the stability of the work was greatly increased, adopted in constructing the harbours of Howth and the only circumstance to regret being that the storm Holyhead, but never before attempted in this country had not occurred twelve months earlier. In such an on so large a scale, or with so successful a result. Abun- undertaking a gale was the best artificer; and they redant materials for the work were found in the hills commended that the whole should be finished in the forming the shores of the Sound: the corporation of same way, and left to the weather to prepare it for its Plymouth offered to supply 2,000,000 tons of stone, free casing of masonry. In defiance of experience, the slope of charge, if quarried according to the terms they pre- of three feet to one was adhered to, and by the middle scribed. The quarries, however, were opened at Oreston, of 1824, 1241 yards in length of the mass had been a place which presented facilities for shipping the stone, raised to the full height of two feet above high water. and operations actually commenced in March 1812 : In November of this year another gale occurred; the rails were laid down, wharfs built, and vessels and tide rose seven feet higher than usual, 796 yards of the machinery provided. Two mooring chains, 1200 yards work, comprising many thousand tons of stone, were in length, were sunk, one on each side of the site of thrown over to the inner side, and the outer slope again the breakwater. Smaller chains, connected with buoys, reduced to one foot perpendicular for five feet horizontal: were attached to these at certain intervals, to mark out below the level of low water no disturbance of the rubble the line of work. The larger stones were conveyed in had taken place. vessels of peculiar construction, from seventy to eighty Mr Rennie died in 1821. The Admiralty appointed tons burden. These were fitted, both in the hold and four gentlemen, two of them the present Messrs on deck, with a double line of rails, with windlasses for Rennie, to inspect the breakwater after the gale, and heaving loaded trucks from below, and tilting platfornis draw up a report. After careful investigation, they at the stern. The trucks, loaded at the quarry, were determined to leave the slope at the angle formed by lifted in by powerful cranes, or, when the tide permitted, the sea; the centre line of the work was removed run on board by inclined tramways. The vessel, with thirty-six feet nearer the shore; and the width of the top reduced from fifty to forty-five feet. Both slopes four refractors, and five tiers containing 118 mirrors. were to be evenly paved with the largest blocks of There is, besides, a bell, which in foggy weather is limestone and granite, and the top laid at a curve of struck a certain number of times every minute by one foot in its whole breadth, so as to throw off the clock machinery. The light can be seen at a distance water readily from the surface. The granite paving of eight miles: it is red to seawards, and white when was first placed, but was continually undermined and looked at from the land, or within the line of the breakdisplaced by the waves where it met the low-water water. line. To remedy this defect, a benching or foreshore So great were the protection and security afforded by of rubble was thrown in, and brought up so as to cover the breakwater, that vessels of every class resorted to several feet of the granite, to which it afforded com- the Sound. A supply of fresh water was wanted to plete protection, by breaking the force of the waves render the benefit complete. This has since been found before they reached the toe of the paving. Below or at Bovisand Bay, opposite the eastern arm. Here the above this line but little risk of displacement was to be authorities have established a reservoir capable of conapprehended. Before laying down the surface blocks, taining 12,000 tons of water, and erected a pier and jetty the interstices of the rubble were filled with refuse accessible at all times of the tide ; and water is supplied and screenings from the quarries, to increase the sta to any vessel at any time free of charge. bility; and vent-holes were left in certain parts, to In addition to the breakwater, there is much at facilitate the escape of compressed air from below. In Plymouth to repay the traveller for a visit: the dockthis way the work has gone on to the present time ; yard, extending over more than 100 acres ; another, of and so solid has it become, that it appears to be but nearly equal extent, in course of construction for stean one huge stone. Whenever excavations are required, vessels ; and barracks, marine and military, for the they can only be made by quarrying in the usual way. accommodation of 3000 men. The great victualling The fact of the foreshore and lower blocks being thickly establishment built in 1834, we are informed,.covers overgrown with seaweed, is considered the surest indi- a surface of about fourteen acres, which includes all cation of permanency.

the buildings and machinery for manufacturing and The centre line of the breakwater is 3000 feet long, storing flour, bread, biscuit, beer, casks, fresh meat, from either extremity of which an arm or kant 1050 vegetables, and water; the last distributed by flexible feet in length runs off towards the shore at an angle of hoses, laid to the principal landing-places and wharfs, 120 degrees. Three faces are thus presented to the sea, which boats and vessels can approach, and thus comwhich have the effect of promoting the regular flow of plete their watering without loss of time.' Three small currents, and preventing the eddies which would have and imperfect establishments were superseded by this been caused by one straight unbroken line, while the arrangement : they were far apart; when the wind inrun' and force of the waves are correspondingly served for one, it was contrary for another : the expense weakened. Two entrances remain for the passage of of shipping stores was consequently enormous, especially shipping—the western one being 1600, and the eastern when required in a hurry. As Sir John Rennie observes, 1000 yards wide, with ample depth of water for the the system ought to have been changed years ago ; . but largest vessels, and space for the discharge of alluvium we go on patching up old establishments, and submitting brought down by the three rivers, besides affording to the losses arising from them, whereas, with a little means of ingress and egress in all winds. Everything, courage and determination to apply an effective remedy in fact, that was contemplated by the original pro- at once, we should be more than amply indemnified for moters of the measure has been accomplished. A safe all the expense incurred in making new and efficient anchorage is provided without any loss of depth : sur- establishments adapted to their several objects.' veys made so recently as 1845, prove that shoals have neither been formed nor increased. In the first year of the works, 16,045 tons of stone

ANDREW WYNTOUN, THE CHRONICLER. were thrown down; in subsequent years, the quantity | AFTER getting tired of the modern poets, with their eterhas varied from 4000 to 373,773 tons: the total in nal straining after the transcendental in thought, senJune 1847 was 3,620,444 tons. Seventy lineal yards timent, and description, it is pleasant to fall back upon of the eastern arm remain to be finished, which will some of the simple bards of bygone ages, who thought require 50,000 tons more, making altogether 3,670,444 of little beyond a clear and faithful recital of events. tons. In addition to this enormous bulk, there are one of those on whom the blasé critic of the present 2,512,696 cubic feet of granite and other stone used in day might have some satisfaction in resting, is Andrew the paving and facings. The cost of limestone laid Wyntoun, who lived at the end of the fourteenth and down on the breakwater is ls. 10d. per foot, granite beginning of the fifteenth century, and is only known 2s. 8d. The blocks of rubble not exceeding two tons to have written a Chronicle of Scottish history in verse. in weight were quarried at ls. per ton; conveyance to It was a simple time, before the revival of learning had the work, and sinking, cost at first 28. 10d. per ton, but spread to this island. The Stuart family was newly as the contractors gained experience, the charge was seated on the throne. Men alive remembered the wars reduced. In 1816 it was ls. 10d., and in 1843-47, 1s. of Edward III., by which Scotland had been brought to The greatest number of workmen employed at one a condition of such distress, that lier continued indetime was 765; at present there are but 120: masons pendence looks almost like a miracle. The great men earn from 3s. to 3s. 6d. per day, labourers 28. to 3s. of the country were the nobles, and the leading churchThe whole cost of the breakwater, when complete, men, bishops, abbots, and priors : the king was comwhich will be in the course of a year or two, will be paratively a weak power. Beyond these exalted classes, L.1,500,000.

all was rudeness and darkness. And yet the people do In the original design of the breakwater, two light not appear in general to have been ill off or unhappy. houses, one on each extremity, were contemplated. Andrew was himself a high ecclesiastical personage, The erection of a beacon, however, on the eastern arm, being a canon-regular of St Andrews, and prior of the has been considered sufficient for the purposes of naviga- monastery of St Serf's Inch, an insular establishment tion. This is forty-two feet high, surmounted by a hol. in Lochleven, in Fife. low copper globe six feet in diameter, contrived so that He tells us that he was requested to write a History a shipwrecked seaman may take refuge within it. The of Scotland by a lord to whom he owed service, Sir end of the western arm was strengthened by facings of John of the Wemyss, 'ane honest knight, and of gude masonry, and finished off in a circular form, to serve fame.' This was a man of old family in Wyntoun's time. as a foundation for the lighthouse, which was finished If we are not mistaken, its lineal representative still sits in 1844. It rises sixty-eight feet above the surface of in the grand old château, which it has occupied since the breakwater; the lantern is eight feet in height, the days of the Maiden of Norway-Wemyss Castle on supported by gun-metal pilasters, and provided with the Forth. Such instances of permanency may there be even in a country so harassed by external and civil the moral affairs of the world. Take as an example wars as Scotland has been. Andrew begins before the his remarks on Fortune :beginning; for he prefaces his Scottish narration with

• Wha will of Fortune understand, a sketch of ancient history_generally, garnished with

It is her law to be movand: descriptions of the ark of Noah and of the spate (still

She were false, if she should be

Stedfast standing in a 'gree.! a Scottish word for flood); of how the land of Afrik

Reproved she should not be forthy? lies; how the land of Europe lies; and so forth. Even

of falsehood and of treachery, the early part of his history of Scotland is full of monk

For till overturn that is above ish tales, which might well have been spared, though it

Sin' Nature gives her sae till move, must be admitted they are not always as dull as they

Whiles giving great thing, and whiles small,

Fools to gar trow that she shall are incredible. For example, a notice of some of the

Aye truly in that freedom last ; wonderful doings of St Serf:

But when they trust her all their best,

All that is given by that lady,
In Tullibody ane ill spirit

She overturns it suddenly.'
A Christian man that time tarrít;?
Of that spirit he was then

As a history, the Chronicle of Wyntoun is of course
Delivered through that haly man.

not to be received with implicit credit. Where the In Tillicoultry, till a wife Twa sons he raised fra dead to life.

general facts, however, can be authenticated from other This haly man had a ram,

sources, the details given by Andrew may be adopted as That he had fed up of a lamb,

good material for filling up the outline, being generally And used him to follow aye,

very minute and graphic. For the century of Bruce Wherever he passed in his way: A thief this sheep in Athren stall,

and his successors, his history becomes of considerable And ate him up in pieces all.

value, for there he gives many particulars which must When St Serf his ram had missed,

have been derived more or less directly from persons who Wha that it stall was few that wiss't. 3

had been eye-witnesses of, and actors in, the events. He On presumption, nevertheless, He that it stall arrested was;

himself must have lived close upon the dismal time And till St Serf syne was he brought:

during which Edward III. ravaged 'Scotland with a view That sheep he said that he stall nought.

to its subjugation ; accordingly, we find him rich in And theretill for to swear an aith*

traits of that period, as where he tells that, from the He said that he wald not be laith ;6

desolation of the country, the deer waxed numerous, and But soon he worthied red for shame; The sheep there bleated in his wame!

approached towns without terror. So likewise we may Sae was he tainted shamefully,

suppose it to have been from immediate knowledge that And at St Serf asked mercy.'

he described the simple, but well-meant legislation of An awkward sort of miracle this last, surely, yet effectual the warden of Scotland, Sir Thomas Murray :for its purpose.

• He gart ordain, in that tide, Andrew was probably not unlearned after the manner

What man that through the land wald ride, of his age. He makes reference to both Homer and

Fra he lighted, he should knit

His bridle fast; and if that it Virgil, to Horace and Ovid, to Josephus and to Valerius

Happened to be stolen away, Maximus. The entire list of authors mentioned in his

The sheriff of that land should pay book is, however, limited. It fills only a page, and gives

The price of that bridle then, us a striking idea of the narrow field on which a literary

But3 lang delay, to that man.

And that, before all other thing, man of that age was at liberty to pasture his Pegasus.

Allowed should be intill reckoning, He alludes with respect to his contemporary Barbour,

The next count, that that sheriff there whose metrical life of Bruce is a work of genuine merit.

Should give, where halden the 'Chequer ware. That he was not ill-informed on physical subjects, may

He bade, that ilka* man alsae

Should not frae their ploughs ta'5 be inferred from the explanation he gives of an eclipse

Their plough-irons, but let them lie of the sun :

On their ploughs, or near thereby;
• In the time that the host there lay,

And if they happened stolen to be,
A great eclipse was of the sun.

Till him that aught them ordained he

The sheriff to pay shillings twa,
Therefore folk that was not won7
To see sic event as they saw there,

And that allowed to be alsae.
Abased at that sight they were.

A greedy carle soon after was
But had they known the cause all

Burning in sic greediness,
That garso sic eclipse to fall,

That his plough-irons himself stall,?
They should not have abasing.

And hid them in a peat-pot8 all.
Eclipse is nane other thing

Ile plained to the sheriff sair,
Than when the moon that runs near

That stolen his plough-irons were ;
Till us, than does the sun by far,

The sheriff' then paid him shillings twa,
Happens even to come between

And after that he done had sae,
Our sight and the sun, that is so sheen, 10

Soon a great court he gart' set,'
It lets us the sun to see

Witting 10 of that stealth to get.
In as mickle quantity

The driver he gart, and other ma,
As it passes betwixt our sight,

Sae be examined, that soon they
And of the sun letsil us the light.

Tald him that the carle them stall,
The sun all time, withouten weir,12

And hid them in the peat pot all,
Is in the self baith light and clear.'

And took syne the payment.

Therefore, by leal judgment, He is not so enlightened, it must be confessed, on

To the gallows he gart harl," comets.

And there he gari hing up that carle.'
The comet appeared that year (1401],

In pithiness this could not be excelled, except by the !
A fair bright stern and a clear :
That stern appearing signifies,

conduct of the warden himself.
As clerks find in great treatise,

Some of the particular actions which took place in Death of princes and pestilence,

the course of the wars are narrated by Wyntoun To fall or wedel3 with violence,' &c.

with no small force and spirit, while it never appears But this was a superstition which lingered long after that he has the least wish to exaggerate. There is

, his day. It is interesting, moreover, to find that this indeed, a merit in these parts of his Chronicle, that monk of four hundred years ago, while aiming at none would make us wonder that it has never been presented of the graces of literature, could pronounce rationally on in a popular form, if we were not aware how difficult it

is to induce the masses to read what they think anti1 Distressed.

3 Knew.

4 Oath.
5 Loath.
6 Waxed, became. 7 Wont, accustomed.

1 Degree.
2 Therefore, for that. 3 Without.

4 Each. B Frightened. 9 Causes.

10 Bright.

6 Take.

6 Owned. 7 Stole. 8 A hole in a mo88. 11 Hinders.

9 Caused. 10 Knowledge.

2 Stole.

12 Injury.

13 Rage.

11 Drag.


* * *

quated, however wrong they may be in this supposition. In preparing this paper, use has been made of the In reality, the language of Wyntoun is the English of only printed edition of Wyntoun, a very elegant speci. the present day, with only a few obsolete words and men of the typography of Bensley, in two volumes, 1795, phrases scattered throughout; and when presented, as which was given to the world under the care of David it is here, in modern orthography, all that is necessary Macpherson, with a glossary and notes. to understand it is to read a little more slowly and carefully than usual. We select the account of the taking

THE SORROWS OF A LIEUTENANT, R.N. of Edinburgh Castle from the English in 1341, as an event interesting in itself, and here, as we think, re- I am a lieutenant in the royal navy. I am on half-pay, markably well told :

and have been so for several years. As it is well known Worthy William of Douglas

in our service, that nothing short of immense interest, Intill his heart all angry was,

or extraordinary merit, can insure promotion or advanceThat Edinburgh Castle sae

ment, a man who expects to get on should marry Did to the land annoy and wae. * *

into some old family, have the command of a dozen He thought to cast a jeopardy: With Wat he treated of Curry,

votes in an intractable county, or invent some wonThat purveyed a ship intill Dundee,

derful machine for doing that which human power has And hardy men therein put he.

hitherto been unable to accomplish. Now it so happens William Fraser was ane of tha',

I am unfortunately a married man. To commit bigamy And Joachim of Kinbuck alsae,

would never do: my first chance of getting on is conAnd William Bullock, that was then The King of Scotland's sworn man.

sequently stopped. With regard to the second means They feigned that they were merchants,

of promotion, I regret to say I am equally deficient, That came there of their own chance,

having not the shadow of a vote, or the power of influOut of England, with wheat and wine, And other sundry victuals. Syne

encing one. I am, however, an ingenious fellow; and Till Inchkeith they come in hy;

the third mode is therefore widely open to me, which And this Wat then of Curry

will yet serve to make an admiral of me before I die. Went to the castle, and can say,

To tell my tale, however, I must go back to the year That merchants of England were they,

182-, when William, our late sailor king, became That had made hither their travel In that land, with sindry victual;

lord high admiral of Great Britain. It was a happy And, for till have his maintaining,

moment for us tars : down to the very cabin-boy we all They wald him send in the morning

rejoiced. Like triumphant electors, who had just A present of victual and of wine;

secured the return of their favourite candidate, we And, wald he mair, he should syne Have at his will what he wald buy;

naturally felt that we should now begin to look upAnd that the master wald early

that the naval service, which had been neglected for Come, and a part of his shipmen,

many years, would obtain its fair share of patronageTo speak with him, and bade him then

that the soldiers would not now carry away the honours Let them come hardily him till, And they should enter at their will. * * *

-that. Britannia rules the waves' would again become The shipmen soon in the morning

a popular air, and brevets prove a little less partial than Tursed on twa horses their flitting;

hitherto. Of all this we received assurance by the pride [Ane) a pair of coal-creels 3 (bare),

with which our royal patron donned his admiral's uniThat covered well with cloths are; The t'other barrel-ferrers twa;

form on every occasion, and the pleasure he evidently Full of water als were they,

felt in talking like a British tar. The whole service Before, and they all twelve followand,

rejoiced, but none more cordially than myself. I had Ilk ane a good burden in hand;

just been placed on half-pay. Here was a brilliant And rude frocks on their arming, To cover them for perceiving,

opportunity for re-entering on active service, and And all their beards shaven were.

winning honours at the cannon's mouth. I had an Wat of Curry was with them there,

invention, a long-perfected invention, one that would That convoyed them upward the gait,

have done great credit to, and benefited the service in And went before them to the yett, And fand the porter. " Thir are they

no common degree. Under the patronage of my own The warden spake of yesterday:

ingenuity, I determined to present myself before our Open the yett anon," said he:

royal chief.

For weeks I watched the newspapers, Him had been better letten it be.

anxiously following him through the course of visits he The meikle yett opened he then, And he that neist was till him, ran,

paid, and the inspections he made. I must confess I And laid him at the earth fatly.

thought he was rather too fond of reviewing the redThen a staff took Wat of Curry,

coats, and not quite so liberal as I had expected towards And set under the portcullis,

his own brother officers.
That come down might it on nae wise.

At last I heard that our gracious commander had
Syne the coals and creels withal
Upon the turnpike let he fall,

arrived at Chatham, and was about to hold a levee. I And ane syne blew a horn in by,

bought a new set of uniform (which, by the by, looked Then in the castle raise the ery.

like an artilleryman's turn out), mounted my swabs, set The folk syne sped them to the yett;

my fore and aft, and under the patronage of Sir But they fand stout porters thereat, That them rencountered sturdily.

made my first bow to our royal head. They fought a while right cruelly,

• This is the young officer of whom I spoke to your While that William of Douglas,

royal highness,' said Sir ---, as I made a sea scrape: That in the walls ambushed was,

this is the person I mentioned.'
Has heard the noise and the cry;
Then in the castle hastily

• Ain't you on half-pay ?' quickly demanded the duke. Ile sped him fast. When he came there,

I am, your royal highness.'
Fighting he fand that there were ;

Then pray, sir, what do you mean by appearing in
But he that mellée staunched soon;

And in short time sae has he done,
That the castle he has ta'en,

I had been told how best to please our chief, so I
And vanquished the castellans ilk ane.

replied without hesitation - It is not, perhaps, cusSome he took, and some he slew,

tomary ; but I feared to appear, before one so exalted as And some fled down o'er the heugh.

a lord high admiral, dressed otherwise. If I have done The yetts he gart keep stoutiy: They of the town then come in hy;

wrong, I trust your royal Highness will pardon me for of that winning they were all blythe,

the excess of my loyal zeal.' And soottismen become right swyth.'

In an instant he was mollified. All right-all right!

What do you want, eh ?' 1 Tlaste. * Packed. 3 Panniers.

• Nothing save your royal sanction to an invention I 4 Road, street.


6 Precipice.


6 Gate.


'Yes, yes, I know: a telegraph, an extraordinary you know he was an officer in the navy? Eh, eh, telegraph, isn't it?'

sir?' No, please your royal highness. My invention is * Please your royal highness, I am very sorry. The pumps, by which an immense quantity of water may be gentleman' And here, overcome by emotion and drawn up and thrown to any distance required, so great conscious guilt, he stopped short. is the force of them.'

I stepped forward and pleaded for him. * Pumps ! pumps ! fine things pumps : very creditable, • Well, Mr as you solicit for him, l'il pardon young gentleman, very creditable indeed. Sir --, we him this once. You owe your pardon, do you hear, must look to this young man. Where are your pumps ?' sir ? you owe your continuance in office to this officer's • They are in London.'

kindness. But now, listen to me : if ever I hear any. Go and fetch them directly.'

thing of the sort again, although, as I understand, • They will require some short time preparing.' you have been twenty-two years in the service, I'll

. Then what do you want here? What do you bother turn you off at an instant's notice, without a farthing me for?'

of pension; so now look out. Come, no reply: cut . For leave to submit them to your royal highness's your stick. And away went the penitent porter. He inspection.'

now turned to me. • Where are your pumps ?' Sir whispered something in the duke's ear. * Please your royal highness, I have brought only the

• Well, well, that'll do. Bring them to me next plans.' Thursday at the Admiralty. Very creditable for a * I want to see the pumps themselves : where are young officer to employ himself so well. Shan't forget they? Can't you run and fetch them ?' you: there, be off.' And I was at once dismissed. • Impossible: they would take some time packing.'

In what blissful dreams of hope did I now depict the Well, then, go and pack them, and bring them here almost certainty of employment and promotion awaiting next week, and don't come again without them. Do my next interview, not to speak of the fortune I was you hear, sir-el? Let the next come in.' sure to make. During the ensuing five days, away I I was ushered out, with my pet plans unopened in trotted as happy as a prince. Loyalty is a delightful my hands. feeling: I never felt so buoyant, so happy in my life. On the levee day following, behold me strutting into

On the following Thursday I was exact to my appoint- the courtyard of the Admiralty, followed by a cart, in ment, and marched into the Admiralty hall with all which my precious pumps were carefully placed, and the pride and consequence of a favoured protégé. I two or three shabby-looking assistants, who were des. strutted up to the porter, on whom I had hitherto tined to unpack them and carry them up stairs. O looked with no small degree of respect, but whom I Cerberus looked monstrously savage at me, and would now regarded as the mere menial of higher powers. not stir from his chair to lend me a hand; but that

* I am come by appointment to see his royal high- signified nothing. I had foreseen this, and, as I said ness.'

before, brought my own men, who removed them from • You can't see him,' gruffly replied Cerberus, with the vehicle, and placed them in a chamber, which the out even looking up.

porter sulkily pointed out to me as the one in which * I repeat I come by appointment.'

they were to be inspected. All this done, I waited half • You can't see him, I tell you : his royal highness is an hour, till his royal highness condescended to come and engaged.'

look at them. After a short nod of recognition, and a • I'll wait then.'

significant hem,' which rather indicated approval, he * It's no use: I've no orders to admit you. Where suddenly turned to me. * Pump away, pump away. are your vouchers ?'

Let us see how they work. Pump away, sir!' • I am an officer in the navy, and I give you my word *I have no water, please your royal highness.' of honour as such. I come by his royal highness's No water! no water! Then what did you bring the commands. If you will take my name up, you will see pumps for, eh?' I'm correct.'

By your royal highness's commands.' * I shall do no such thing: you can't see him ; so it's " True, true: but what's the use of them if they wont no use talking further.' And the sulky old fellow work? Can't you get any water?' turned to talk to a knot of fag officers, who were A sudden thougiit struck me. standing by, and who evidently looked upon the porter * Please your royal highness, I'll remedy this in a as a person of considerable power.

minute.' Gentlemen,' said I, appealing to them, you will of I rushed out, and ordered the men who had accomcourse have no objection to bear witness to this scene, panied me to fetch half a dozen buckets of water. These as I shall most certainly report it.' They bowed. brought, I conveyed the sock of my pump into one of The old porter grinned a sneer at me, and I left the them, and began to work away. I caused the window Admiralty mortified, yet determined on having ample to be opened, and to the great admiration of the lord revenge.

high admiral and the officer that attended him, I ejected I instantly went home and wrote an account of the the water at least fifty yards into the space beneath. occurrence to Sir ; and the next day, to my great The duke was delighted. He rubbed his hands in an delight, I received a most polite reply, assuring me ecstasy, and passed several glorious compliments on me. that my complaint should be attended to; the case I was a made man. I wouldn't have given up my chance ; would be thoroughly investigated; and that if I called for the swabs of a post-captain. At last he desired me on the Monday following, his royal highness would to let him try his hand. Not content with pumping receive me.

out of the window, lie pumped upon the ceiling, he • Bravo, Sam!' cried I, addressing myself—* Bravo, pumped at the door, he deluged the walls and all around; Sam ! you're a made man.'

and as the water sprang back from the force with which On the day appointed, again I hurried to the Admi- it was driven, he continued to applaud the powers of ralty. No officious porter dared to stop me this time. my pump, the utility of my invention. Tired at length I was ushered straight into the presence of the royal with his exertions, he suddenly stopped. duke.

• Here, take these pumps to Sir B. M-: tell him I Ah, ah ; come about the old story: been saucy, eh? approve of them highly; say I desire that he'll forthTell him to come in.' Ere the words were out of his with report upon them officially. Lieutenant- you mouth, old Cerberus walked in, no longer, however, the are a very meritorious young officer. Tell Sir B. Msurly overbearing jack-in-office. The mighty were in- to communicate his report to me forthwith; and do you deed humbled. Crestfallen, he tremblingly approached. hear, sir, come back to me next Thursday?' And with * So, sir, you've chosen to be impudent ! Tell me, sir, these words he left me, while I hastened to Sir B. Mwhen you refused to take this gentleman's word, did who shook me cordially by the hand, assured me of his



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