« ZurückWeiter »
... came to near
of L.5.' Presently after this, he was again settled in a law's workshop and barn ; the loss resulting from this school at Lynn, and his father gives him some advice, accident, as usual, falling upon the poor old man. The that loses none of its value through age.
memoirs close with a lamentation over the deaths of * As for his preaching, I prevailed upon him to do it many worthy men of the nonconformist persuasion, plainly to the edification of his people, and not to that within a year, or little more, had left their earthly preach himself as he did at his first setting out. And habitations in Lancashire for a better in Heaven. if some of his matter were sublime and uncouth [a When God is housing his sheep (or rather his shepstrange junction of terms !] to such ears, and his en- herds) so fast, it is a dangerous gnostic of a storin largement in the university style, I question not heere long to ensue.' The manuscript here ends abruptly. would in time have come to be more plain and affec- All that is further known of him is from the parish tionate for the good of the vulgar. In 1679, he entered register at Roseterne, where the burial of Adam Marupon his place at Northwich (called Witton School), tindale is entered, “ September 21, 1686.' which put me into a necessity of affording him fresh assistance. I therefore gave him some household goods,
THE YOUNG ACTRESS. lent him others (which proved gifts in the event), and furnished him with money to buy such as I could not Some time since, a beautiful young girl made her first spare. But, alas ! all was suddenly dashed, for he en- appearance on the stage of one of the minor theatres in jored this place only ten months. There was in the Paris. Her grace and loveliness attracted admiration, town a very mortal fever, whereof his wife fell exceed which her rising talent promised to secure.
She coning ill; and he desiring her life, and fearing her death, cluded a long engagement with the manager, giving her begged of God that he might die in her stead, and was
services for a very moderate remuneration, but which taken at his word. His corpse was accompanied from sufficed for her wants and those of an invalid mother, who Witton School to his grave with many gentlemen, and was totally dependent on her exertions. According to other fashionable persons. But none suffered so much the usual custom, a clause in the contract stipulated that by his death as I and mine ; for I did not only part a forfeit should be paid in case of its non-fulfilment by with an only son in the best of his time (about thirty
either party: years of age), whose education had cost me so dear, ..
Theatrical managers never fail to insert this article in but also I sustained considerable additional losses :-For, the treaties signed by their actors; and it often happens 1st, He was the only life in my lease of this tenement, that a very small salary is accompanied by an immense save only his mother, who was then fifty-nine years of forfeit. In this case it was fixed at ten thousand francs ; age--a very considerable loss; 2d, The money that he but the young actress attached no importance to the owed me, and the goods I lent him,
amount, being fully resolved to fulfil her engagement, L.40; 3d, I have kept his child ever since, and I would and steadily apply to the cultivation of her powers. She not take any man's L.30 to do for his child what we walked in the right path, refusing to be turned from it
felt how much depended on her success, and on she have already done for it, and are farther to do whether I live or die; so that, upon a moderate account, this by the flattering vows and insidious homage which she last loss (after all the rest) may well be computed at daily received. But in our uncertain world the good and L.80 or L90; besides the charges of the funeral, denly as the foolish and the fickle.
the prudent may sometimes change their plans as sudwhich those that observed it will say was handsomely done.'
One day the young actress entered the manager's room, What a mixture of the pathetic and the thrifty! and announced to him that she wished to leave the The trouble of losing an eldest son just settled in life, and also losing some L.80 or L.90 by his death, besides his I should have expected such caprice.?
How!' cried he; 'you are the last person from whom funeral expenses! But then the consolation of having him followed to his grave by fashionable persons !'
• Indeed, sir, it is not caprice.' The next is rich. If the shrewd chaplain (he was
Is it, then, the offer of another engagement?' then living in Lord Delamere's family) had been allowed excellent young man, who wishes to marry me.'
'It is, sir, and one which I cannot refuse: it is from an to manage matters, a better bargain than this would have been struck with my Lord Conway, who got his
Here's a pretty business; a marriage in question!'
My happiness for life, sir, I feel is in question.' L.5000, but seems to us to have earned a cudgelling,
• Then don't hesitate an instant; marry at once.? than whom none would have administered it more
• But the person who has proposed for me, would not heartily than Martindale.
wish his wife to continue on the stage.' About this time the Earl of Conway married that virtuous and religious lady, Elizabeth, daughter of my life?'
* A fine prejudice forsooth! What is his situation in Lord Delamere. There was great rejoicing at this mar- 'He is at present a merchant's clerk, but he intends to riage, he being a person of so great dignity and estate; set up in business, and he will want me to attend our but for my part I was much troubled and unsatisfied.
shop.' The truth is, I liked not the man, for several weighty • My dear child, I shall want you also to study your reasons; and I was utterly against the giving of L.10,000 part a new afterpiece which I have just received.' portion, absolutely, without any exception, whether she • Then, sir, you refuse to set me free?' lived or died, leaving any issue or none. This I thought 'I must think about it. At all events, you have it in unreasonable, and more than could well be spared. The your power to break the agreement by paying the forfeit.' next summer, the religious lady (an hundred times too • Ten thousand francs ! 'tis very dear.' good for such a man) dies while he was proling at 'It was very dear when you signed your name, but court in a gainful office for money, and would not come now your services are worth more than that.' down to her funeral, pretending excess of grief; but, * Alas, it will prevent our marriage!' said the poor however, it was soon past; for within a few weeks (as girl in a voice choked with tears; and with a despairing I remember, five), this excessively mournful lord took heart she left the room. another comfortable importance, marrying a young, Two days afterwards, the manager was seated close to airy lady. After much ado, and long waiting on his the grate in his apartment, trying with all his skill to lordship's pleasure, at last he declared he would be so kindle a fire. All the theatrical attendants were engaged kind as to take only L.5000 for nothing, and ssigned at rehearsal, so he was obliged to dispense with their the other L.5000 to my lord's youngest daughter, the assistance. Lady Diana
The cashier entered with a visage wofully elongated. But the close of his eventful career is now at hand, The affairs of the theatre were in a critical state; the and things grow worse instead of mending. Misfor- receipts had diminished ; and pay-day at the end of the tunes rapidly follow each other, more than we care to month approached with a menacing aspect. transcribe : : among the rest, the burning of his son-in- 'Yes,' said the manager, 'our situation certainly is embarrassing. And this plaguy fire that wont light ! I mined it, as I have done, house by house, and room by must call the souffleur* to help me.'
room, can form any conception of the depths of degraAstonished that he could jest under the circumstances, dation to which human beings may be sunk by a vicious the cashier retired. As he was leaving the room, the system, the offspring of cupidity and negligence. The young actress entered.
overcrowding which results from this system, reinforced 'Ah, is it you?' said the manager. 'You are coming by the want of water, and the entire absence of the from rehearsal ?'
means of decency and comfort, convert every house and “No, sir, I have come to return the part you gave me room into a focus of disease from which the workhouse to study.'
infirmary is largely supplied, to the punishment of the So it seems you still think of quitting the stage?' ratepayer, whose indifference to his true interest has 'I have brought you the forfeit.'
been one cause of his being thus made to bear the just "The ten thousand francs?'
burdens of other men. Such are the effects of indiviIlere they are.'
dual and national negligence. The owner of property * And how have you procured this sum ?'
becomes an absentee, and neglects his duty. Disease My intended husband gave it me.'
and destitution are the inevitable results; and the light Is he then so rich ?'
burden of prevention which should liave been borne by * These ten thousand francs are nearly all he possessed. the guilty proprietor, is shifted, as a dead weight of But he said, “ What does it signify? we shall only have local taxation, to the shoulders of the innocent and unto defer setting up in business; or perhaps I may succeed conscious ratepayer.' in borrowing some money.'
All who are acquainted with our large towns, must Going in debt! That's a fine prospect for young admit that the appalling picture here presented is unihousekeepers! So, the dowry you mean to bring your versally applicable—the community is everywhere bur. husband is want and ruin; you take from him the hard. dened with rates, and exposed to dangers from the overearned fruit of his industry, and you oblige him to re- crowding of mean dwellings, and the general want of nounce the prospect of honourable independence.'
sanitary regulations. A social wrong of this kind ought * Pray, sir-pray don't speak so cruelly!' sobbed the not to be perpetrated with impunity. The owners of young girl.
properties should be compelled either to put them in a ‘llave you considered that such a union cannot fail to
proper condition, and under proper regulations, as be unhappy? Listen to reason-take back this money, respects health and decency, or abandon them to the and return it to him who gave it you. And if you're public, so as to make way for dwellings of an improved absolutely resolved to leave the theatre, I'll show you a character. We are aware that landlords in too many simple way of doing it, that wont cost you anything. instances are offered little inducement to improve Take this paper, and have the kindness to put it in the houses of a humble class, in consequence of the diffi. grate.' So saying, he handed her a sheet of paper carefully hence the practice of letting such houses to middle-men.
culty of getting any rent from tenants in return; and folded, which she threw among the smouldering sticks. The manager watched it as the languid fame gradually which society is exposed in this, as in other matters,
But this excuse will not palliate the grievous wrong to curled round it, and then shot up in a bright blaze. • Do you know,' said he, 'what that paper was? It was
private interest, injuriously exercised, must yield to that your signed engagement! And now I have no longer any
of the public. Notwithstanding the alleged valuelessclaim on your services, and consequently can demand no
ness of much humble property in towns, it is remark. forfeit. Go, my child, marry, employ your little capital able that there is scarcely a possibility of purchasing well, and be happy.'
it except at an enormous price. Tenements inhabited Deeply affected by this generous deed, the young which are almost abandoned by proprietors as worth
by paupers, and the constant focus of disease-houses actress expressed her gratitude as fervently as her tears less-no sooner become an object of request for the sake permitted.' ‘Don't talk to me of gratitude,' replied the manager,
of public improvement, than prices many times their we are only quits. See, for the last hour I have been value are demanded. On a late occasion, we required blowing in vain at that obstinate fire : you threw your dwellings of a respectable order for our workmen.
a site near our printing premises on which to erect engagement into it, and directly it blazed up. Thanks to me, you are free; and thanks to you, I am giving my An old half-ruinous house was on the spot required; hands a good warming !'
but though yielding a very trifling rent to its proprietor, and discreditable as respects its internal con
dition-one of those structures, in short, which ought DWELLINGS FOR THE HUMBLER CLASSES. to be removed as a public nuisance-L700 was de. Mr W. A. Guy, in a late lecture on the health of towns manded for it; and as this price would have been (Journal of Public Health, No. 4), makes some strong equal to a ground rent of L.35 annually, the plan of observations on the negligence of owners of houses building was given up. Other instances of greed on occupied by the humbler classes in London and else the part of proprietors in Edinburgh-a greed which where.
invariably defeats itself-could be mentioned: One of * One of our boasted metropolitan improvements—an the most instructive examples is that of a person askapt illustration in itself of the evils of narrow and par. ing L.700 for a single floor in an old tenement which tial legislation-has left a single street with a few at produced only L.7 of clear rent annually, the exortached courts as a standing reproach to its owners and bitant demand being made under the impression that a to the public. These owners, who are persons of wealth projected improvement could not be executed unless and good position in society, are absentees, having pro- the purchase were made. The improvement, however, bably as little knowledge of, or care for, their property, has been effected without requiring the old building, as if it were at the antipodes; and they sub-let it for which is therefore left standing as a public eyesore, a fixed sum to middle-men, who, in their turn, let the greatly to the sorrow of its too avaricious owner, who houses out in rooms, at exorbitant rents. The ten- would now gladly accept of L.300 for the wretched mass ants of these rooms, true to this wretched system, earn of decayed stone and timber, for which she formerly their living, or add to their means, by converting them declined taking less than L.700. It is in no small deinto low lodging-houses, at a charge of threepence a gree the consequence of this species of cupidity that, night, or accommodate whole families of weekly lodgers private capitalists being prevented from doing anythivg in the corners or at the sides of the apartments. No in the way of renovation, large sections of the town one who has not visited this wretched place, and exa- subside into that miserable condition so well depicted
by Mr Guy. * In French, souffleur signifies both a stage-prompter and a
The remedy for this state of affairs appears to be, a bellows-blower.
law of universal application, which shall give magis. trates the power of removing waste, ruinous, and other hood; but from the account before us, we learn that tenements, injurious to public health, and interruptive such has by no means been the case. Much of the disof public improvements--in which improvements are to like to the edifice is perhaps attributable to a prejudice be reckoned the opening up of new thoroughfares, and against living on common stairs, as lawyers do at the erection of dwellings of a proper kind for the labour chambers, or as the Scotch, French, and Germans of ing classes. By these means the regeneration of towns all classes are in the habit of doing, without any loss of would be placed on a simple and self-working principle. individual independence. Something also is due to an Private individuals and joint-stock societies would, for unwillingness to be governed by any sort of regulations. their own interest, be found undertaking schemes of A great number of objectors are amateurs of orniimprovement publicly beneficial. Instead of being taxed thology and zoology; and the moment some of them for the making of new streets, communities would be found they would not be allowed to keep pigs, or free of all trouble and cost on that account. We do pigeons, or fowls, or rabbits, or dogs, they declined innot of course expect that proprietors of old buildings quiring further particulars, and walked away: All this should, by such a scheme, be robbed of their property, is very lamentable, because it renders the benevolent vile as it is. Let them be paid a fair equivalent by all labours of such associations as the builders of these means, but no more.
lodgings, when specifically directed, almost hopeless. Whether a law of this nature be put in operation or The new dwellings, however, are not without tenants ; not, it might be possible for the working-classes, by who are indeed of a higher grade than those aimed at union among themselves, to rent better dwellings at by the Association-persons already living in cleaniy lower rents than those they now generally occupy. All comfort, though obtained at extravagant prices. The that seems desirable for them to do, is to offer a sufficient tenants are chiefly artisans of a superior order, such as guarantee to landlords, and this might be done by a journeymen pianoforte-makers, compositors, and perfund previously provided, and currently maintained. By sons who follow chamber trades, such as tailors, floweran arrangement with employers-as, for example, leav- makers, chasers, jewellers, &c.; besides clerks, and one ing a certain sum weekly in their hands, and all becom- or two who possess small independencies. As if to proing conjointly and severally bound to make good defi- vide an exception on purpose to prove a rule, there is ciencies, a guarantee might also be organised. We have one tenant who belongs to the class for which the buildheard of an instance of this nature, by which a large ing was meant - a gasmaker from the neighbouring body of men are provided with good houses on what works.' may be called a wholesale principle, the rents not being We are told, in conclusion, that the labours of the two-thirds of what they would be if let individually, and Association for Improving the Dwellings of the Induswithout the guarantee we mention.
trious Classes do not end in the Old St Pancras Road. While on this subject, it may be mentioned that an It is their intention to found similar establishments in exceedingly creditable effort has lately been made by a large manufacturing towns in the provinces; and we society in London to erect dwellings of an improved trust they will be able to secure another site in the kind for the working classes. We do not allude to Metropolis, for a building easily accessible to London the Model Lodging-Houses which have been here and journeymen. Example placed before the eyes of the there set on foot, but to a large edifice recently erected inhabitants of squalid neighbourhoods, may in time by the Metropolitan Association for Improving the wean them from the sloughs in which they now choose Dwellings of the Industrious Classes,' in the neigh- to exist. If, however, they do not profit by the specbourhood of the old St Pancras Road. From the tacle of comfort and cleanliness, their children and sucDaily News we gather the following particulars of cessors may.' this structure :-It is a building of four storeys, with a long frontage and two wings at right angles, the
A PEEP AT MINORCA. open space in front being designed as a playground, and the back space as a drying-ground for clothes. The following sketch of a chance visit to Mahon--a The building is on the Scotch plan of including a great spot so much out of the beaten track of our English nunber of separate houses under one roof, all reached tourists--will not prove uninteresting to our readers, by common stairs of stone. There are eight entries and if we may judge from the surprise and pleasure we
staircases, and these give access to houses for one ourselves experienced, during our twenty-four hours' " hundred and ten families ; some of the dwellings con- halt at Minorca, on our voyage to Algeria. i sisting of two, and others of three apartments, but each In the beginning of December 184, I embarked at
possessing every accominodation within itself. The Toulon in the Montezuma steam frigate, employed to aspect of each house is neat and pleasing, and the transport from France to Algiers mules, soldiers, and arrangements for insuring cleanliness and ventilation colonists. Three hundred men, four hundred women, satisfactory. Houses with two rooms are let for a rent and three hundred children, were stowed on the decks of from 38. to 58. per week, according to size; and the of this ship, under the superintendence of the French sets of three rooms from 4s. 6d. to 7s. per week. These government. A brilliant sun shone on our departure, I charges include taxes, parish and water rates, and gas a light breeze filled the sails, and before long, the coast in the staircases. “Even they might have been less, of Provence disappeared from our sight. but for the oppressive operation of the window-tax, The sea was calm, the sky serene, the future couleur which exacts, according to the mode of assessment in de rose,' and the deck was crowded with its thousand sisted on, the same taxation for ten of these dwellings passengers. Nothing, however, is so treacherous as as that for one forty-windowed house ; while each of the Mediterranean; you may feel, as we did, the most these sets of rooms would have been exempt from the perfect security on its tranquil waters, and in a few tax had they been separate cottages. This exaction hours the vessel may pitch and toss in a terrific storm. we cannot understand; for in Scotland all dwellings on Such was our case in the present instance. The light conmon stairs are legally considered to be distinct breeze which had so gently borne us onward changed houses, and each accordingly pays no window duty if to a violent gale, the waters rose, the waves broke it has fewer than the chargeable number of windows against our ship; in sliort, everything foreboded a wild belonging to itself. An appeal to the lords of her night! As if by magic, our decks became deserted, Majesty's treasury would surely rectify the mistake and soon the sighs and moans of the unfortunate sufhere complained of.
ferers were to be heard on all sides. Englishmen are Considering the cheapness, the commodiousness, the so well acquainted with the evils of sea-sickness, that airiness, and respectability of the dwellings which have I shall only remark, its usual horrors were in this pasteen so meritoriously got up by the Association, it might sage tenfold increased by the sight of the four hundred have been expected that they would have been caught unfortunate women, with their three hundred children, at with avidity by the working-men of the neighbour- heaped on one another in a space of forty feet by twenty, through the culpable negligence of the French most obliging cicerone. Through his means we were authorities. Their sufferings during the night were enabled, in twenty-four hours, to visit every curiodreadful, especially towards midnight, when the storm sity of the town. Besides, the Mahonese (or I should became a perfect hurricane. French nature is not say the Mahonese ladies) are so very courteous, that rough, even in a seaman; and the delicate attentions every door is open to a stranger, provided his manners of the officers and men to these miserable passengers and appearance be that of a gentleman. Senor, were unremitting. At length day dawned, but stormy, let us speak of France-let us speak of Paris!' were the dark, and gloomy; while the wind and waves seemed first words that greeted us on entering. On my reto drive us forward towards the coast of Sardinia, marking this to my French friend, he replied, with the
Suddenly the watch cried, · Land!' 'It must be usual vanity of his nation, 'Ah! mon ami, Paris is the Minorca,' 'exclaimed the captain. “We can now stop Mecca of all the civilised women in the world!' Not at Mahon, our passengers can recruit themselves, and being prepared to prove the contrary, I prudently reregain their strength, and we can clean out the vessel.' frained from pursuing the subject, especially as the This decision was received with acclamation, and ere Mahonese ladies to whom we spoke seemed to regard it long the rocks of Minorca began to rise up before us. as the 'tomb of their prophet.' Several had made their
Had it been a hundred times more bare and arid, we pilgrimage thither; and their graceful appearance, dress, should have hailed it as a terrestrial paradise. A cannon and engaging manners, bore ample evidence to my comfrom our deck demanded a pilot; and in an instant we panion of the advantages they had derived. saw issuing from the fog, which covered the steep shore Mahon boasts the manufacture of those flowers in of the island, a boat, so small, as to be familiarly termed enamel so much prized for ornaments in Paris. No. a 'cockle shell :' it now appeared on the summit of a thing is more attractive or coquettish than the workwave, and then disappeared, as if for ever, in a valley shops of these flower-makers. There, alone, are to be between. Two men steered the tiny craft, which soon seen no jalousies, or blinds, those stupid jailors of Spanish approached : a sailor threw a rope; one of them climbed houses. The atélier is on the ground floor; and while on board; it was the pilot; and in a few moments we passing in the street, you see twelve or fifteen young perceived a streak of white at the base of the cliff. It girls, all pretty (there is not an ugly woman in Malion), was Mahon! or rather the sentinel of Mahon-Fort St cease their work, and fix their large eyes on the prying Philip.
stranger who stops to observe them. As a matter of We steered round an enormous rock, against which course, the owner of the establishment invites you to the waves dashed with violence-the surge soon sub- enter and examine her collection of flowers. Who could sided; a bay opened: it was the port, and Mahon lay refuse such an invitation? A selection is soon made, before us.
and the purchase concluded; and he who only entered It is but justice to the Spanish authorities to say, through curiosity, still lingers to answer the numerous they did not keep us long waiting for permission to land. questions which are addressed to him in the most fasIn a quarter of an hour after casting anchor, we were cinating manner, and he departs in admiration of the clambering up the steep rock leading from the har- grace and wit of his fair interlocutors. bour to the town.
The gravity of the Spanish authorities forms a strikMahon is built on a rock, and the port, one of the ing contrast to the charming vivacity of this gay people. largest and safest in the Mediterranean,' is enclosed Inasmuch as the Mahonese love conversation and intelwithin two lines of almost perpendicular cliffs. In the lectual society, so are the Spaniards of Mahon morose centre, and near the entrance of the harbour, lies a and melancholy. Their character does not sympathise small island, covered with buildings now half in ruins. with that of the inhabitants, who take every occasion To this spot the invalided French soldiers of Algeria to draw the distinction of, 'I am not a Spaniard, I am resorted for many years, to recruit their strength in the a Mahonese!' pure air of Minorca, or to make use of it as a resting- Mahon contains no public buildings, with the excep. place on their passage from Africa to France. But the tion of three or four churches, of very doubtful architeclittle island Del Rey is no longer ceded to them for this ture, and still more equivocal ornaments, in which the purpose by the Spanish government; and the French, enamel flowers, as may be supposed, figure conspicuously. glad to attribute every annoyance they meet with to the In the cathedral are a few monuments of carved wood, jealousy of the English, allege (with what reason I gilt, which at first sight make a brilliant effect, though could not learn) that this refusal is owing to the inter- the taste is not of the purest. The organs are the obference of our foreign office with the cabinet of Spain. jects most worthy of admiration in the churches. That • But,' enthusiastically exclaimed one of my French in the cathedral was made by a German, and the tones fellow - travellers, what has been the consequence? | are as sweet and full as any I ever heard. A young England (“perfide Albion ") did not foresee the result, Maestro di Cappella' performed for us on this magniMahon has come to seek France!'
ficent instrument for nearly an hour. He was a clever Without doubt the town is now deserted. Its po- musician, and played twenty different pieces, from a pulation, formerly amounting to 30,000 souls, at pre- sonata of Bach to the modern airs of Rossini, Auber, sent scarcely numbers 6000. All Mahon is at Algiers, and Verdi. During this concert, given for our benefit, Oran, or Marseilles. The men, clever gardeners, steady the nave of the church became crowded with listeners, and industrious merchants, leave it to make their for- and their joyous countenances proved how well they tunes at the above-named places; and the young girls, valued the talents of their young organist. graceful, pretty, and witty, go in quest of husbands : After the church, the cemetery is most worthy of both are eminently successful.
remark. The Campo Santo, or burial-ground of Mahon, There are two representatives of France at Mahon, is a large yard encircled by high walls, and in which one official, the consul; the other officious! the landlord are as many entrances to mortuary chapels as the space of the Hotel de France. The former, a clever man, permits. The names and rank of the deceased are reis of Dutch extraction, but his family have inhabited corded on a tablet over an altar, and the body lies in a Mahon for upwards of a century. His house is a per- vault underneath. The graveyard itself is nothing but fect museum of Balearic history, literary and artistic; an avenue divided into as many compartments as there doubly interesting when examined in the company of are tombs; a horizontal slab contains the style and title its agreeable and well-informed owner. The officious of their inmates. The walls, in general, are painted black representative, M. Huot, is an old French prisoner and blue, which gives them a fantastic appearance
. of 1809. Brought then to Mahon, he there married, Nothing looks more melancholy than the gardens in and made his fortune. The houses at Mahon are the environs of Mahon. The gardeners, valued for their extremely clean, but our host's hotel surpassed them talents in other countries, have surrounded with heaps all. He is most attentive to his guests; and in ad. of pebbles the squares of cultivated earth which they dition to his other qualifications, is a clever and have created for themselves on the barren rock, whereon
ABOVE AND BELOW.
stands the town. They have carried this earth up from mind the series of images he has suggested. Let any the valley in the same way they carried up the pebbles, one read the 'Light in the Window,' for instance, and which prevent its being swept off by the annual torrents he will comprehend what we mean; or let him read of rain. Imagine a country cut into squares like a here . Above and Below,' which is only one of the chess-board by heaps of pebbles, and without the shade numerous examples we could give, from this cheap and of a single tree! On this arid soil grow the vincs of neat little volume, of the suggestive lyrics: Mahon.
Mahon possesses a theatre supplied alternately by Spanish and Italian artistes. The latter enjoyed un
Mighty river, oh! mighty river,
Rolling in ebb and flow for ever divided sway at the time of our visit, and we availed
Through the city so vast and old ; ourselves of the leisure granted us by the storm to hear
Through massive bridges-by domes and spires, the Elisir d'Amore.' Certainly the singers were far
Crowned with the smoke of a myriad fires : from being first-rate. Their voices were worn, and
City of majesty, power, and gold ; their instruction incomplete; yet the opera, as a whole,
Thou lovest to float on thy waters dull
The white-winged fleets so beautiful, was better perfornied than in many of the provincial
And the lordly steamers speeding along, towns of the continent. It must be said, to the honour
Wind-defying, and swift and strong; of the Mahonese, that they possess great musical taste.
Thou bearest them all on thy motherly breast, Far from being indifferent, they applaud every good
Laden with riches, at trade's behest
Bounteous trade, whose wine and corn effect, or well-executed passage. This love of music
Stock the garner and fill the horn, seenis born with them; and the orchestra, which is
Who gives us luxury, joy, and pleasure, excellent, is composed of amateurs of the town, who
Stintless, sumless, out of measure perform like true artists. The interior of the theatre
Thou art a rich and a mighty river,
Rolling in ebb and flow for ever. is of a good size, and makes a pretty effect. The first, second, and third rows are divided into boxes, and a con
Doleful river, oh! doleful river, siderable portion of the pit is occupied by the orchestra.
Pale on thy breast the moonbeams quiver,
Through the city so drear and coldThe Mahonesc ladies appear there in full dress. Nearly
City of sorrows hard to bear, all wear the mantilla or national veil, fastened coquet
Of guilt, injustice, and despairtishly on their hair, and the fan plays in their hands
City of miseries untold ; the same graceful and malicious part which I believed
Thou hidest below, in thy treacherous waters,
The death-cold forms of Beauty's daughters; alone to be the secret of the Spanish ladies.
The corsey pale of the young and sad Such is Mahon; and by what it now is, in its aban
Of the old whom sorrow has goaded maddonment and poverty, we may judge of what it was in
Mothers of babes that cannot know the days of its greatness. Of this grandeur of the past,
The sires that left them to their wonothing now remains but a vague reminiscence. And,
Women forlorn, and men that run
The race of passion, and die undone; alas ! we are told that all this varnish of politeness, this
Thou takes them all in thy careless wavc, elegance of manners, covers many a moral wound, and
Thou givest them all a ready grave; a vast deal of misery. Fortunately, we had no time to
Thou art a black and a doleful river, dispel our illusions by convincing ourselves of this fact.
Rolling in ebb and flow for ever. The morning after our arrival at Mahon, a cannon-shot
In ebb and flow for ever and everrecalled us to our ship. At one o'clock that afternoon
So rolls the world, thou murky river, we cast a farewell glance at this town, once so flourish
So rolls the tide, above and below :
Above, the rower impels his boat; ing, at this hospitable port, which nature has formed in
Below, with the current the dead men float: the centre of the Mediterranean; and, our last look rest
The waves may smile in the sunny glow, ing on the little island Del Rey, the rugged shores of
While above, in the glitter, and pomp, and glare, Minorca vanished from our view.
The flags of tho vessels flap the air ;
But below, in the silent under-tide, The following morning, about nine o'clock, I beheld
The waters vomit the wretch that dicd : rising before my enchanted sight the rich verdure of
Above, the sound of the music swells, | the Sahel of Algiers, and the white houses of this
From the passing ship, from the city bells ;
From below there cometh a gurgling breath, capital of French Africa.
As the desperate diver yields to death :
Bearing their burden of joy or wo;
Rolling along, thou mighty river,
In ebb and flow for ever and ever. We do not know that the term 'minor poetry' is justly applicable to such pieces as these, many of which rank with the highest of their class. They are at least major
A LATE CONTRIBUTION TO THE BANNATYNE in their own circle; and that circle, though compara
CLUB. tively humble in point of genius, is far wider in extent, more general in influence, and therefore more important The Duke of Sutherland has made an interesting contriin its bearings upon the public mind, than the one
bution to the works the Bannatyne Club. It is a which comprises only the higher and more complicated thin quarto volume, containing two ancient records of the works of art.
bishopric of Caithness, procured from the charter-room There is one point in respect to which we are in- at Dunrobin. To the records are attached a few prelimiclined to place Charles Mackay at the head of the nary pages descriptive of the early history of Caithness, of
which the county of Sutherland once formed a part. The fugitive or occasional poets of the day; and that is period referred to is the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the suggestive character of his verses. Mrs Hemans, when this extreme northern part of the island of Great and most of the writers who followed, or walked side Britain owned a divided allegiance to the kings of Scotland by side with her, exhaust the subject they illustrate. and Norway-the power of the former latterly predominatThere is a neatness and completeness in their pieces ing, partly from the influence of the church. Some parts which leave the mind of the reader in a state of of this curious work present a graphic picture of the rudetranquil satisfaction. Charles Mackay, on the other ness of ancient manners. hand, not only stirs up our thoughts like these, but
Earl Harald, for the redemption of his sins, had granted leaves them in the midst of the turbulence. He makes to the church a penny yearly from each inhabited house in poets of us all for the time; and when we have come to Andrew, the first bishop of the diocese, till his decease in
the earldom of Caithness, and this revenue was levied by the end of his verses, our glazed eye rests without | 1185. The next bishop was John, who, it appears, declined speculation upon the page, and we continue in our own
to exact the contribution ; 'but the Pope (Innocent III.)
summoned him to obedience, and even granted a commis* Town Lyrics, and other Poems. By Charles Mackay, LL.D. sion to the bishops of Orkney and Rosmarky to compel him Author of Voices from the Crowd,' &c. London: Bogue. to levy the tax, by the heavy censures of the church.