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1767. with nails, so that the worms would have eated September. ihn

through it; besides that our provision would Monday 4. long before that time have been totally ex

hausted. I therefore weighed anchor and quitted this station, which was much the beft that had been our lot during the whole run

from the Streight of Magellan, on the oth in the Wednes.s. morning, at break of day, with a light breeze

from the land.

To this place we gave the name of CARTERet's HARBOUR; It is about W. N. W. four leagues from English Cove, and formed by two

islands and the main; the largest, which is to Cocoa-nut the N. W. we called CocoA-NUT ISLAND, and

the other, which is to the S. E. we called LEIGH's Island. · Between these two islands there is shoal water, and each of them forms an entrance into the harbour; the south east or weather entrance is formed by Leigh's Island, and in this there is a rock that appears above water, to which we gave the name of BOOBY Rock; the passage is between the rock and the island, nor is the rock dangerous, there being deep water close to it. The north-west, or lee entrance, is formed by Cocoa.nut Inand, and this is the best, because there is good anchorage in it, the water in the other being too deep: we entered the harbour by the fouth-eaft passage, and went out of it by the north-west. At the south-east end of the harbour there is a



large cove, which is secure from all winds, 1767.

September. and fit to haul a fhip into. Into this cove a river seemed to empty itself, but our boats did Wedncl. 9. not examine it. In the north-west part of the harbour there is another cove, which our boat did examine, and from which she brought us very good water: this also is fit for a ship to haul into, and very convenient for wooding and watering shę may lie in any depth from thirty to five fathom, and at any distance from the shore, with a bottom of soft mud. The harbour runs about S. E. by $. and N. W. by N. and is about three miles long, and four cables' length broad. We anchored in thirty fachom, near the north-west entrance, and a-breast of the trees on Cocoa-nut INand.

Vol. II.



Discovery of a Streight dividing the Land

called Nova Britannia into two Trands,
with a Description of several small Islands
that lie in the Pasage, and the Land on
each Side, with the Inhabitants.


Wednes. 9.

U HEN we got about four leagues off the

land, after leaving this harbour, we met with a strong gale at E. S. E. a direction just contrary to that which would have favoured our getting round the land, and doubling Cape Saint Maria. We found at the same time a strong current, setting us to the N. W. into a deep bay or gulph, which Dampier calls Saint George's Bay, and which lies between Cape Saint George and Cape Orford. As it was impoflible to get round the land, against both the wind and current, and follow the track of Dampier, I was under the necessity of attempting a passage to the westward by this gulph, and the current gave me hopes that I should succeed. When I had got, therefore, about five miles to the south-weit of Cocoa-nut Inand, I steered to the N. W. and the N. N. W. as the land trends, and had foon good reason to believe that what has



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been called Saint George's Bay, and thought to 1767.

September. be formed by two points of the same island, was in indeed a channel between two islands, and so the Wednes.go. event proved it to be.

Before it was dark, we found this channel divided by a pretty large island which I called the Duke of York's ISLAND, and some smaller iNands that were scattered about it. On the loucherinoft side of the main, or the largest of the two islands that are divided by the channel or ftreight, which I left in poffeffion of its ancient name, New Britain, there is some high land, and three remarkable hills close to each other, which I called the MOTHER AND DAUGHTERS. The Mother is the middlemost and largest, and behind them we saw a vast column of smoke, so that probably one of them is a volcano: they are easily seen in clear weather at the distance of twenty leagues, and will then, by those who do not know them, be taken for islands: they seem to lie far inland, and the Mother bears about west from the Duke of York's Island. To the east of these hills there is a point making like a cape land, which I called Cape Palliser; and another to the westward, which I called CAPE STEPHENS. Cape Stephens is the northermost part of New Britain. North of this Cape is an island, which I called the ISLE OF Man. Cape Ile of Man, Palliser and Cape Stephens bear about N. W. and S. E. of each other; and between them is a H2



Wednes. g.

(1767. bay, the land of which near the water-lide is

low, pleasant, and level, and gradually rises, as el. g. it retires towards the Mother and Daughters,

into very lofty hills, in general covered with vast woods, but having many clear spots like plantations intermixed. Upon this part of the country we saw many fires in the night, and have there fore reason to suppose that it is well inhabited. The Duke of York's Inand lies between the two points, Cape Palliser and Cape Stephens. As it was not safe to attempt either of the pasfages into which the Streight was divided by this island in the dark, we brought to for the night, and kept founding, but had no ground with one hundred and forty fathom. The Streight here, including the two passages, is about fifteen leagues broad. The land of the Duke of York's Inand is level, and has a delightful appearance: inland it is covered with lofty woods, and near the water-side are the houses of the natives, which stand not far from each other, ainong groves of cocoa-nut trees, fo that the whole forms a prospect the most beautiful and romantic that can be imagined. We saw many

of their canoes, which are very neatly made, Thursd. to. and in the morning, soon after I made fail, fome

of them came off towards the fhip; but as we had a fresh gale at that time, we could not stay for them. The latitude of this isand is 40 g S., longitude 151° 20' E.; and it is five and twenty


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