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about eleven leagues, and the passage is about four 1767 miles broad; both of them appear to be fertile, and have a pleasant appearance, being covered Monday 19. with tall trees, of a beautiful verdure. Lord Howe's Inand, though more flat and even than the other, is notwithstanding high land. About thirteen leagues W. N. W. 1 N. by compass, from Cape Byron, there is an island of a stupendous height, and a conical figure. The top of it is shaped like a funnel, from which we saw smoke issue, though no fame; it is, however, certainly a volcano, and therefore I called it Volcano ISLAND. To a long flat island that; when Howe's and Egmont's INands were right a-head, bore N. W. I gave the name of Keppel's Island. It lies in latitude 10° 15 S., longitude, by account, 165° 4' E. The largest
Lord Edge of two others to the S. E. I called LORD EDG
cumb's CUMB'S ISLAND, the small one I called OURRY'S
Nand. ISLAND. Edgcumb's Illand has a fine pleasant Illando appearance, and lies in latitude 11° 10 S., longitude 165° 14' E. The latitude of Ourry's İnand is 11° 10' S., longitude 165° 19' E. The other islands, of which there were several, I did not particularly name.
The inhabitants of Egmont Iland, whose persons have been described already, are extřemely nimble; vigorous, and active, and seem to be almost as well qualified to live in the water as upon the land, for they were in and out VOL. II.
1767: of their canoes almost every minute. The caAuguft.
noes that came out against us from the west end Monday 17. of the island, were all like that which our people
brought on board, and might probably, upon occasion, carry about a dozen men, though three or four manage them with amazing dexterity: we faw, however, others of a large size upon the beach, with awnings or shades over them.
We got two of their bows, and a bundle of their arrows, from the canoe that was taken with the wounded man; and with these weapons they do execution at an incredible distance. One of them went through the boat's washboard, and dangerously wounded a midshipman in the thigh. Their arrows were pointed with Aint, and we saw among them no appearance of any metal. The country in general is woody and mountainous, with many vallies intermixed; several small rivers flow from the interior part of the country into the sea, and there are many harbours upon the coast. The variation here was about 11° 15' E. '
CH A P.
CHA P. V.
to Nova Britannia; with a Description
VI E made fail from this island in the even- 1767.
Auguft. ing of Tuesday the 18th of August, with a fresh trade-wind from the eastward, and a fuelda few squalls at times. At first we only hauled up W. N. W. for I was not without hope of falling in with some other islands, where we might be more fortunate than we had been at those we left, before we got the length of Nova Britannia.
On the 20th, we discovered a small, flat, low thotfdoo island, and got up with it in the evening: it lies in latitude 7° 56' S., longitude 1580 56' E. and I gave it the name of Gower's Island. TO Gower's our great mortification we found no anchorage
INand. here, and could procure only a few cocoa-nuts from the inhabitants; who were much the same kind of people that we had seen at Ine Egmont, in exchange for nails, and such trifes as we had; they promised, by signs, to bring us more the next day, and we kept off and on all night: the G2
1767. night was extremely dark, and the next morning Auguft.
a t day-break, we found that a current had set us
considerably to the southward of the island, and brought us within sight of two more. They were situated nearly east and west of each other, and were distant about two miles. That to the
eastward is mucli the smallest, and this we called Simpson's
Simpson's ISLAND: to the other, which is lofty, and has a stately appearance, we gave the name
of Carteret's Island. The east end of it Inand.
bears about south from Gower's Isand, and the distance between them is about ten or eleven leagues. Carteret's INand lies in about the lati. tude of 8° 26'S., longitude 159' 14. E. and its length from east to west is about six leagues : we found the variation here 80 30 E. Both these islands were right to windward of us, and we bore down to Gower's Island. It is about two leagues and a half long on the western side, which makes in bays: the whole is well wooded, and many of the trees are cocoa-nut. We found here a considerable number of the Indians, with two boats or canoes, which we supposed to belong to Carteret's INand, and to have brought the people hither only to fish. We sent the boat on shore, which the natives endeavoured to cut off, and hoftilities being thus commenced, we seized their canoe, in which we found about an hundred cocoa-nuts, which were very acceptable; we saw some turtle near the beach, but
were not fortunate enough to take any of them. The canoe, or boat, was large enough to carry eight or ten men, and was very neatly built, with planks well jointed; it was adorned with shell-work, and figures rudely painted, and the seamns were covered with a substance somewhat like our black putty, but it appeared to me to be of a better consistence. The people were armed with bows, arrows, and spears; the spears and arrows were pointed with fint. By some signs which they made, pointing to our muskets, we imagined they were not wholly unacquainted with fire-arms. They are much the same kind of people as we had seen at Egmont Inand, and like them, were quite naked; but their canoes were of a very different structure, and a much larger size, though we did not discover that any of them had fails. The cocoanuts which we got here, and at Egmont INand, were of infinite advantage to the sick. ..
From the time of our leaving Egmont Island, we had observed a current setting strongly to the fouthward, and in the neighbourhood of these isands we found its force greatly increased: thiş determined me, when I failed from Gower's Island to steer N. W. feasing we might otherwise fall in with the main land too far to the southward; for if we had got into any gulph or deep bay, our crew was so sickly, and our ship so bad, that