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the sea, for which reason they resolved to return. 1769.

April. Just as they had formed this resolution, one of the natives offered them refreshment, which they Monday 24 accepted. They found this man to be of a kind that has been described by various authors, as mixed with many nations, but diftinct from them all. His skin was of a dead white, with out the least appearance of what is called complexion, though some parts of his body were in a small degree less white than others: his hair, eye-brows, and beard, were as white as his skin ; his eyes appeared as if they were bloodshot, and he seemed to be very short-lighted.

At their return they were met by Tubourai Tamaide, and his women, who, at seeing them, felt a joy which not being able to express, they burst into tears, and wept some time before their passion could be restrained.

This evening Dr. Solander lent his knife to Tuesday 25. one of these women, who neglected to return it, and the next morning Mr. Banks's also was mif sing; upon this occasion I must bear my testi. mony, that the people of this country, of all ranks, men and women, are the errantest thieves upon the face of the earth: the very day after we arrived here, when they came on board us, the chiefs were employed in stealing what they could in the cabbin, and their dependents were no less industrious in other parts of the ship; they snatched up every thing that it was possible


1769. for them to secrete till they got on shore, even to April. .

the glass ports, two of which they carried off Tuesday 25. undetected. Tubourai Tamaide was the only

one except Tootahah who had not been found
guilty, and the presumption, arising from this
circumstance, that he was exempt from a vice,
of which the whole nation besides were guilty,
cannot be supposed to outweigh strong appear.
ances to the contrary. Mr. Banks therefore,
though not without some reluctance, accused
him of having stolen his knife: he solemnly and
steadily denied that he knew any thing of it; up-
on which Mr. Banks made him understand, that
whoever had taken it, he was determined to
have it returned : upon this resolute declaration,
one of the natives who was present produced a rag
in which three knives were very carefully tied up.
One was that which Dr. Solander had lent to the
woman, another was a table knife belonging to
me, and the owner of the third was not known."
With these the chief immediately set out, in or.
der to make restitution of them to their owners
at the tents. Mr. Banks remained with the
women, who expressed great apprehensions that
some mischief was designed against their lord.
When he came to the tents he restored one of the
knives to Dr. Solander and another to me, the
third not being owned, and then began to search
for Mr. Banks's in all the places where he had
ever leen it. After some tiine, one of Mr.



Banks's servants, understanding what he was 1769. about, immediately fetched his master's knife, u which it seems he had laid by the day before, Tuesday 25 and till now knew nothing of its having been missed. Tubourai Tamaide, upon this demonstration of his innocence, expressed the strongest emotions of mind, both in his looks and gestures; the tears started from his eyes, and he made signs with the knife, that, if he was ever guilty of such an action as had been imputed to him, he would submit to have his throat cut. He then rushed out of the lines, and returned haftily to Mr. Banks, with a countenance that severely reproached him with his suspicions, Mr. Banks foon understood that the knife had been received from his servant, and was scarcely less affected at what had happened than the chief; he felt himself to be the guilty person, and was very desirous to atone for his fault. The poor Indian, however violent his passions, was a stranger to fullen resentment; and upon Mr. Banks's spending a little time familiarly with him, and making him a few trilling presents, he forgot the wrong that had been done him, and was perfectly reconciled.

Upon this occasion it may be observed, that these people have a knowledge of right and wrong from the mere dictates of natural conscience; and involuntarily condemn themselves when they do that to others, which they would condemn



1769, others for doing to them. That Tubourai TaApril.

maide felt the force of moral obligation, is cer. 25. tain; for the imputation of an action which he

considered as indifferent, would not, when it appeared to be groundless, have moved him with such excess of passion. We must indeed estimate the virtue of these people, by the only standard of morality, the conformity of their conduct to what in their opinion is right; but we must not haftily conclude that theft is a testi. mony of the same depravity in them that it is in us, in the instances in which our people were sufferers by their dishonesty; for their temptation was such, as to surmount would be considered as a proof of uncommon integrity among those who have more knowledge, better principles, and stronger motives to resist the temptations of illicit advantage: an Indian among penny knives, and beads, or even nails and broken glass, is in the same state of trial with the meanest servant in Europe among unlocked coffers of jewels and

gold. Wednes, 26. On the 26th, I mounted six swivel guns upon

the fort, which I was sorry to see ftruck the natives with dread: some fishermen who lived up. on the point removed farther off, and Owhaw told us, by signs, that in four days we should fire great guns. .

: On the 27th, Tubourai Tamaide, with a Thursd. 29. friend, who eat with a voracity that I never saw


Thursd. 27.

before, and the three women that usually at 1769.

April. tended him, whose names were TERAPO, TIRAO, w and OMIË, dined at the fort: in the evening they took their leave, and set out for the house which Tubourai Tamaide had set up in the skirts of the wood; but in less than a quarter of an hour he returned in great emotion, and hastily seizing Mr. Banks's arm, made signs that he should follow him.: Mr. Banks immediately complied, and they foon came up to a place where they found the ship's butcher, with a reaping-hook in his hand: here the chief stop ped, and, in a transport of rage which rendered his signs scarcely intelligible, intimated that the butcher had threatened, or attempted, to cut his wife's throat with the reaping-hook. Mr. Banks then signified to him, that if he could fully explain the offence, the man should be punished. Upon this he became more calm, and made Mr. Banks understand that the offender, having taken a fancy to a stone hatchet which lay in his house, had offered to purchase it of his wife for a nail: that she having refused to pare with it upon any terms, he had catched it up, and throwing down the nail, threatened to cut her throat if she made any refiftance: to prove this charge the hatchee and the nail were produced, and the butcher had so little to fay in his defence that there was not the least reason to doubt of its truth. VOL. II.


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