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April.

Wedno

1769. immediately conducted him back to the tent.

His attendants soon after hrought him some .19. pork and bread-fruit, which he eat, dipping his

meat into salt water instead of fauce: after his
meal he retired to Mr. Banks's bed, and nept
about an hour. In the afternoon, his wife To-
mio brought to the tent a young man about two
and twenty years of age, of a very comely ap:
pearance, whom they both seemed to acknow-
ledge as their son, though we afterwards disco-
vered that he was not so. In the evening, this
young man and another chief, who had also paid
us a visit, went away to the westward, but Tu-
bourai Tamaide and his wife returned to the
awning in the skirts of the wood.
· Our surgeon, Mr. Monkhouse, having walked
out this evening, reported, that he had seen the
body of the man who had been shot at the tents,
which he said was wrapped in cloth, and placed
on a kind of bier, supported by stakes, under a
roof that seemed to have been set up for the
purpose: that near it were deposited some in-
struments of war, and other things, which he
would particularly have examined but for the
stench of the body, which was intolerable. He
said, that he saw also two more sheds of the fame
kind, in one of which were the bones of a human
body that had lain till they were quite dry. We
discovered afterwards, that this was the way in
which they usually disposed of their dead.

O

.

: A kind of market now began to be kept just 1769. without the lines, and was plentifully supplied with every thing but pork. Tubourai Tamaide Wednes 19. was our constant guest, imitating our manners, even to the using of a knife and fork, which he did very handily.

As my curiosity was excited by Mr. Monkhouse's account of the lituation of the man who had been shot, I took an opportunity to go with some others to see it. I found the shed under which his body lay, close by the house in which he resided when he was alive, some others being not more than ten yards distant, it was about 15 feet long, and 11 broad, and of a proportionable height: one end was wholly open, and the other end, and the two sides, were partly enclofed with a kind of wicker work. The bier on which the corps was deposited, was a frame of wood like that in which the fea-beds, called cotts, are placed, with a matted bottom, and supported by four posts, at the height of about five feet from the ground. The body was covered first with a matt, and then with white cloth; by the side of it lay a wooden mace, one of their weapons of war, and near the head of it, which lay next to the close end of the fhed, lay two cocoa-nut shells, such as are sometimes used to carry water in; at the other end a bunch of green leaves, with some dried twigs, all tied together, were stuck in the ground, by which

lay

1769. April.

Wednes, 19

lay a stone about as big as a cocoa-nut: near
these lay one of the young plantain trees, which
are used for emblems of peace, and close by it a
ftone axe. At the open end of the shed also.
hung, in several strings, a great number of palm-
nuts, and without the shed, was stuck upright in
the ground, the stem of a plantain tree about
five feet high, upon the top of which was placed
a cocoa-nut shell full of fresh water: against the
fide of one of the posts hung a small bag, con.
taining a few pieces of bread-fruit ready roasted,
which were not all put in at the same time, for
fome of them were fresh, and others ftale. I
took notice that several of the natives observed
us with a mixture of solicitude and jealousy in
their countenances, and by their gestures ex-
pressed uneasiness when we went near the body,
standing themselves at a little distance while we
were making our examination, and appearing to
be pleased when we came away.

Our residence on shore would by no means have been disagreeable if we had not been incessantly tormented by the Ries, which, among other mischief, made it almost impossible for Mr. Parkinson, Mr. Banks's natural history painter, to work, for they not only covered his subject so as that no part of its surface could be feen, but even eat the colour off the paper as fast as he could lay it on. We had recourse to mulquito.nets and fly-traps, which, though they made

the

the inconvenience tolerable, were very far from 1769.

April. removing it.

On the 22d, Tootahah gave us a specimen of Saturd. 12. the music of this country; four persons performed upon Autes, which had only two stops, and therefore could not found more than four notes, by half tones: they were founded like our German Autes, except that the performer, instead of applying it to his mouth, blew into it with one nostril, while he stopped the other with his thumb: to these instruments four other persons sung, and kept very good time; but only one tune was played during the whole concert.

Several of the natives brought us axes, which they had received from on board the Dolphin, to grind and repair; but among others there was one which became the subject of much specula. tion, as it appeared to be French: after much inquiry, we learnt that a ship had been here be, tween our arrival and the departure of the Dol. phin, which we then conjectured to have been a Spaniard, but now know to have been the Boudeuse, commanded by M. Bougainville.

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CH A P. X.
An Excursion to the Eastward, an Account

of several Incidents that happened both on
board and on fore, and of the first Inter-
view with Oberea, the Person who, when
the Dolphin was here, was supposed to be
Queen of the Island, with a Description of
the Fort.

1769. April.

Monday 24.

N the 24th, Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander

examined the country for several miles along the shore to the eastward : for about two miles it was fat and fertile; after that the hills stretched quite to the water's edge, and a little farther ran out into the sea, so that they were obliged to climb over them. These hills, which were barren, continued for about three miles more, and then terminated in a large plain, which was full of good houses, and people who appeared to live in great affluence. In this place there was a river, much more considerable than that at our fort, which issued from a deep and beautiful valley, and, where our travellers crossed it, though at some distance from the sea, was near one hundred yards wide. About a mile beyond this river the country became again barren, the rocks every where projecting into

was

the

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