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by no means satisfied with the transactions of 1769. the day.

A pril. Upon questioning our people more particu. Satur larly, whose conduct they soon perceived we could not approve, they alleged that the centinel whose musquet was taken away, was violently assaulted and thrown down, and that a push was afterwards made at him by the man who took the musquet, before any command was given to fire. It was also suggested, that Owhaw had suspicions, at least, if not certain knowledge, that something would be attempted against our people at the tent, which made him so very earnest in his endeavours to prevent our leaving it; others imputed his importunity to his delire that we thould confine ourselves to the beach: and it was remarked that neither Owhaw, nor the Chiefs who remained with us after he had sent the rest of the people away, would have inferred the breach of peace from the firing at the tent, if they had had no reason to suspect that some injury had been offered by their countrymen ; especially as Mr. Banks had just fired at the ducks : and yet that they did infer a breach of peace from that incident, was manifest from their waving their hands for the people to disperse, and instantly pulling green branches from the trees. But what were the real circumstances of this unhappy affair, Z 2


1769. April,

Suoday 16,

and whether either and which of these conjec. tures were true, can never certainly be known.

The next morning but few of the natives were seen upon the beach, and not one of them canie off to the ship. This convinced us that our en. deavours to quiet their apprehensions had not been effectual; and we remarked with particular regret, that we were deserted even by Owhaw, who had hitherto been so constant in his attachment, and so active in renewing the peace that had been broken.

Appearances being thus unfavourable, I warped the ship nearer to the shore, and moored her in such a manner as to command all the N. E. part of the bay, particularly the place which I had marked out for the building a fort. In the evening, however, I went on shore with only a boat's crew, and some of the gentlemen : the natives gathered about us, but not in the same number as before, there were I believe between thirty and forty, and they trafficked with us for cocoa-nuts and other fruit, to all appear. ance as friendly as ever.

On the 17th, early in the morning, we had the misfortune to lose Mr. Buchan, the person whom Mr. Banks had brought out as a painter of landscapes and figures. He was a sober, diligent, and ingenious young man, and greatly regretted by Mr. Banks; who hoped, by his means, to have gratified his friends in England

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with representations of this country and its inha- 1769.

April. bitants, which no other person on board could delineate with the fame accuracy and elegance. » He had always been subject to epileptic fits, one of which seized' him on the mountains of Terra del Fuego, and this disorder being aggra- ' vated by a bilious complaint which he contracted on board the ship, at length put an end to his life. It was at first proposed to bury him on tore, but Mr. Banks thinking that it might perhaps give offence to the natives, with whose customs we were then wholly unacquainted, we como mitted his body to the sea, with as much decency and folemnity as our circumstances and situation would admit.

In the forenoon of this day we received a visit from Tubourai Tamaide and Tootahah, our chiefs, from the West: they brought with them, as emblems of peace, not branches of plantain, but two young trees, and would not venture on board till these had been received, having probably been alarmed by the mischief which had been done at the tent. Each of them also brought, as propitiatory gifts, some bread-fruit, and a hog ready dressed: this was a most acceptable present, as we perceived that hogs were not always to be got; and in return we gave to each of our noble benefactors a hatchet and a nail. In the evening we went on shore and set up a tent, in which Mr. Green and myself spent the

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1769. night, in order to observe an eclipse of the first April.

satellite of Jupiter; but the weather becoming

cloudy, we were disappointed. Tuesday 18. On the 18th, at day-break, I went on shore,

with as many people as could possibly be spared from the ship, and began to erect our fort. While some were employed in throwing up in. trenchments, others were busy in cutting pickets and fascines, which the natives, who soon gathered round us as they had been used to do, were so far from hindering, that many of them yoluntarily affifted us, bringing the pickets and fascines from the wood where they had been cut, with great alacrity: we had indeed been so scrupulous of invading their property, that we pure chased every stake which was used upon this occasion, and cut down no tree till we had first obtained their consent. The soil where we constructed our fort was fandy, and this made it necessary to strengthen the intrenchments with wood; three sides were to be fortified in this manner; the fourth was bounded by a river, upon the banks of which I proposed to place a proper number of water-casks. This day we served pork to the ship's company for the first time, and the Indians brought down so much bread-fruit and cocoa-nuts, that we found it ne. cessary to send away part of them unbought, and to acquaint them, by signs, that we should want no more for two days to come. Every thing


was purchased this day with beads: a single 1769.

April. bead, as big as a pea, being the purchase of five or six cocoa-nuts, and as many of the bread. Tueld fruit. Mr. Banks's tent was got up before night within the works, and he slept on shore for the first time. *Proper centries were placed round it, but no Indian attempted to approach ir the whole night.

The next morning, our friend Tubourai Ta- Wednes. 19. maide made Mr. Banks a visit, at the tent, and brought with him not only his wife and family, but the roof of a house, and several materials for setting it up, with furniture and implements of various kinds, intending, as we understood him, to take up his residence in our neighbourhood: this instance of his confidence and goodwill gave us great pleasure, and we determined to strengthen his attachment to us by every means in our power. Soon after his arrival, he took Mr. Banks by the hand, and leading him out of the line, signified that he should accompany him into the woods. Mr. Banks readily consented, and having walked with him about a quarter of a mile, they arrived at a kind of awning which he had already set up, and which seemed to be his occasional habitation. Here he unfolded a bundle of his country cloth, and taking out two garments, one of red cloth, and the other of very neat matting, he clothed Mr, Banks in them, and without any other ceremony, • Z4


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