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1769. and cloth being deposited upon the floor, the April.

a woman went out, and in about half an hour reFriday 54. turned with the opera glass, expresling the same

joy upon the occasion that had before been expreffed by the Chief. The beads were now returned, with an inflexible resolution not to accept them; and the cloth was, with the same pertinacity, forced upon Dr. Solander, as a recompence for the injury that had been done him. He could not avoid accepting the cloth, but insisted in his turn upon giving a new prefent of beads to the woman. It will not per. haps be easy to account for all the steps that were taken in the recovery of this glass and fnuff-box; but this cannot be thought ftrange, considering that the scene of action was among a people whose language, policy, and connections are even now but imperfectly known ; upon the whole, however, they show an intelligence and influence which would do honour to any system of government, however regular and improved. In the evening, about six o'clock, we returned to the ship.

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CH A P. IX.

A Place fixed upon for an Observatory and

Fort: an Excursion into the Woods, and its Consequences. The Fort erected: a Visit from several Chiefs on board and at the Fort, with some Account of the Music of the Natives, and the Manner in which they dispose of their Dead.

N the next morning, Saturday the 15th,

1769. several of the Chiefs whom we had seen April. the day before came on board, and brought Saturd. 15 with them, hogs, bread-fruit, and other refreshments, for which we gave them hatchets and linen, and such things as seemed to be most acceptable.

As in my excursion to the westward, I had not found any more convenient harbour than that in which we lay, I determined to go on fhore and fix upon fome spot, commanded by the ship's guns, where I might throw up a small fort for our defence, and prepare for making our astronomical observation.

I therefore took a party of men, and landed without delay, accompanied by Mr. Banks, Dr.

Solander,

Satu

1769. Solander, and the astronomer, Mr. Green. We April,

foon fixed upon a part of the sandy beach, on the N. E. point of the bay, which was in every respect convenient for our purpose, and not near any habitation of the natives. Having marked out the ground that we intended to occupy, a small tent belonging to Mr. Banks was set up, which had been brought on shore for that purpose: by this time a great number of the people had gathered about us; but, as it appeared, only to look on, there not being a single weapon of any kind among them. I intimated, however, that none of them were to come within the line I had drawn, except one who appeared to be a Chief, and Owhaw. To these two per. sons I addressed myself by signs, and endeavoured to make them understand, that we wanted the ground which we had marked out to Neep upon for a certain number of nights, and that then we should go away. Whether I was understood I cannot certainly determine; but the people behaved with a deference and respect that at once pleased and surprised us: they sat down peaceably without the circle, and looked on, without giving us any interruption, till we had done, which was upwards of two hours. As we had seen no poultry, and but two hogs, in our walk when we were last on shore at this place, we suspected that, upon our arrival, they had been driven farther up the country; and

the

the rather, as Owhaw was very importunate 1769.

April. with us, by signs, not to go into the woods, which, however, and partly for these reasons, Saturd. is. we were determined to do. Having therefore appointed the thirteen marines and a petty offi. cer to guard the tent, we set out, and a great number of the natives joined our party. As we were crossing a little river that lay in our way we saw some ducks, and Mr. Banks, as soon as he had got over, fired at them, and happened to kill three at one shot : this struck them with the utmost terror, so that most of them fell suddenly to the ground, as if they also had been shot at the same discharge : it was not long, however, before they recovered from their fright, and we continued our route; but we had not gone far before we were alarnied by the report of two pieces, which were fired by the guard at the tent. We had then ftraggled a little distance from each other, but Owhaw immediately called us together, and by waving his hand, fent away every Indian who followed us except three, each of whom, as a pledge of peace on their part, and an entreaty that there might be peace on ours, hastily broke a branch from the trees, and came to us with it in their hands. As we had too much reason to fear that some mischief had happened, we hafted back to the tent, which was not distant above half a mile, and VOL. II.

when

1769. when we came up, we found it entirely deferted, April.

* except by our own people. Saturd, 15. 15. It appeared, that one of the Indians who re

mained about the tent after we left it, had
watched his opportunity, and, taking the cen-
try unawares, had snatched away his musquet.
Upon this, the petty officer, a midshipman, who
commanded the party, perhaps from a sudden
fear of farther violence, perhaps from the na-
tural petulance of power newly acquired, and
perhaps from a brutality in his nature, ordered
the marines to fire: the men, with as little con-
sideration or humanity as the officer, immedi-
ately discharged their pieces among the thickest
of the flying crowd, consisting of more than a
hundred; and observing that the thief did not
fall, pursued him, and shot him dead. We af-
terwards learnt, that none of t
either killed or wounded.

Owhaw, who had never left us, observing that we were now totally deserted, got together a few of those who had Aed, though not without some difficulty, and ranged them about us : we endeavoured to justify our people as well as we could, and to convince the Indians that if

they did no wrong to us, we should do no wrong . to them : they went away without any appearance of distrust or resentment; and having ftruck our tent, we returned to the ship, but

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