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1769. a pig, which they would not part with for any April.

t hing but a hatchet, and therefore we refused to Thursd. 13. purchase it; because, if we gave them a hatchet

for a pig now, we knew they would never afterwards fell one for less, and we could not afford to buy as many as it was probable we should want at that price. The bread-fruit grows on a tree that is about the size of a middling oak: its leaves are frequently a foot and an half long, of an oblong shape, deeply sinuated like those of the fig-tree, which they resemble in consistence and colour, and in the exuding of a white milky juice upon being broken. The fruit is about the size and shape of a child's head, and the surface is reticulated not much unlike a truffle : it is covered with a thin skin, and has a core about as big as the handle of a small knife: the eatable part lies between the skin and the core; it is as white as snow, and somewhat of the consistence of new bread : it must be roasted before it is eaten, being first divided into three or four parts : its taste is insipid, with a night sweetness somewhat resembling that of the crumb of wheaten-bread mixed with a Jerusalem artichoke.

Among others who came off to the ship was an elderly man, whose name, as we learnt afterwards, was OwHAW, and who was immediately known to Mr. Gore, and several others who had been here with Captain Wallis ; as I was inform




ed that he had been very useful to them, I took 1769. him on board the ship with some others, and more was particularly attentive to gratify him, as I Thursd. 13. hoped he might also be useful to us.

As our stay here was not likely to be very short, and as it was necessary that the merchandise which we had brought for traffic with the natives should not diminish in its value, which it would certainly have done, if every person had been left at liberty to give what he pleased for such things as he should purchase; at the same time that confusion and quarrels muft necessarily have arisen from there being no standard at market: I drew up the following rules, and ordered that they should be punctually observed.

Rules to be observed by every person in or belonging

to his Majesty's Bark the Endeavour, for the better establishing a regular and uniform trade for provision, &c. with the inhabitants of George's Ifand.

“ I. To endeavour, by every fair means, to 6 cultivate a friendship with the natives; and “ to treat them with all imaginable humanity.

“II. A proper person, or persons, will be ap“ pointed to trade with the natives for all man“ ner of provisions, fruit, and other productions c of the earth, and no officer or seaman, or w other person belonging to the ship, excepting 66 such as are so appointed, shall trade or offer to

66 trade

Y 3.

1769. “ trade for any sort of provision, fruit, or other

" productions of the earth, unless they have Thursd, 13. u leave so to do.

“ III. Every person employed on shore, on “ any duty whatsoever, is strictly to attend to 66 the same, and if by any neglect he loseth any “ of his arms, or working tools, or suffers then “ to be stolen, the full value thereof will be “ charged against his pay, according to the cu« ftom of the navy in such cases, and he shall “ receive such farther punishment as the nature “ of the offence may deserve.

“ IV. The same penalty will be inflicted on “ every person who is found to embezzle, trade, 6 or offer to trade, with any part of the ship's 6 stores of what nature soever.

“ V. No fort of iron, or any thing that is " made of iron, or any sort of cloth, or other « useful or necessary articles, are to be given in “ exchange for any thing but provision.

J. Cook,"

As soon as the ship was properly secured, I. went on shore with Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander, a party of men under arms, and our friend Owhaw. We were received from the boat by some hundreds of the inhabitants, whose looks at least gave us welcome, though they were struck with such awe, that the first who approached us crouched so low that he almost crept upon his


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hands and knees. It is remarkable that he, like the people in the canoes, presented to us the same symbol of peace that is known to have been in use among the ancient and mighty nations of the northern hemisphere, the green branch of a tree. We received it with looks and gestures of kindness and satisfaction; and observing that each of them held one in his hand, we immediately gathered every one a bough, and carried it in our hands in the fame manner.

They marched with us about half a mile to. wards the place where the Dolphin had watered, conducted by Owhaw; they then made a full stop, and having laid the ground bare, by clear. ing away all the plants that grew upon it, the principal perfons among them threw their green branches upon the naked spot, and made signs that we should do the same; we immediately showed our readiness to comply, and to give a greater folemnity to the rite, the marines were drawn up, and marching in order, each dropped his bough upon those of the Indians, and we followed their example. We then proceeded, and when we came to the watering-place it was intimated to us by figns, that we might occupy that ground, but it happened not to be fit for our purpose. During our walk they had shaken off their first timid sense of our superiority, and were become familiar: they went with us from

1769. the watering-place and took a circuit through

April. w the woods; as we went along, we distributed Thursd. 13. beads and other small presents among them, and

had the satisfaction to see that they were much gratified. Our circuit was not less than four or five miles, through groves of trees, which were loaded with cocoa-nuts and bread-fruit, and afforded the most grateful shade. Under these trees were the habitations of the people, most of them being only a roof without walls, and the whole scene realized the poetical fables of Arcadia. We remarked however, not without some regret, that in all our walk we had seen only two hogs, and not a single fowl. Those of our company who had been here with the Dolphin told us, that none of the people whom we had yet seen were of the first class; they suspected that the chiefs had removed, and upon carrying us to the place where what they called the Queen's palace had stood, we found that no traces of it were left. We determined therefore to return in the morning, and endeavour to

find out the Noblesse in their retreats. Friday 14. In the morning, however, before we could

leave the ship, several canoes came about us, most of them from the westward, and two of them were filled with people, who by their dress and deportment appeared to be of a superior rank: two of these came on board, and each fingled out his friend; one of them, whose


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