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small islands and reefs that circumscribe the lake 1769.

April. have the appearance of a chain, and we therefore w gave it the name of Chain Island. Its length Saturd. 8. seemed to be about five leagues, in the direction of N. W. and S. E. and its breadth about five miles. The trees upon it appeared to be large, and we saw smoke rising in different parts of it from among them, a certain sign that it was inhabited. The middle of it lies in latitude 170 23'S. and longitude 145° 54' W. and is distant from Bird Inand forty-five leagues, in the direction of W. by N. The variation here was, by several azimuths, found to be 4° 54' E.

On the roth, having had a tempestuous night Monday 10i with thunder and rain, the weather was hazy till about nine o'clock in the morning, when it cleared up, and we saw the island to which Captain Wallis, who first discovered it, gave the name of Osnaburgh Inand, called by the natives Maitea, bearing N. W. by W. diftant about five leagues, It is a high round inand, not above a league in circuit; in some parts it is covered with trees, and in others a naked rock. In this direction it looked like a high crown'd hat; but when it bears North, the top of it has more the appearance of the roof a house. We made its latitude to be 170 48' S. its longitude 148° 10' W. and its distance from Chain Inand 44 leagues, in the direction of W. by S.

Vol. II.



The Arrival of the Endeavour at Otaheite,

called by Captain Wallis, King George the III.'s Island. Rules established for Traffic with the Natives, and an Account of several Incidents which happened in a Visit to Tootahab and Toubourai Tamaida, two Chiefs.

1769. ABOUT one o'clock, on Monday the 10th April.

I of April, fome of the people who were 110. looking out for the isand to which we were

bound, faid they saw land ahead, in that part of the horizon where it was expected to appear ; but it was fo faint that, whether there was land

in light or not, remained a matter of difpute till Tuesday 11. funset. The next morning, however, at six

o'clock, we were convinced that those who faid
they had discovered land, were not mistaken;
it appeared to be very high and mountainous,
extending from W. by S. & S. to W. by N.
N. and we knew it to be the same that Captain
Wallis had called King George the III.'s Ifand.
We were delayed in our approach to it by light

airs and calms, so that in the morning of the Wednes. 12. 12th we were but little nearer than we had been


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ANiew of Matavai Bay in O TAHEITE from One Tree Hill

Wednes. 121

the night before; but about seven a breeze 1769.

April. sprung up, and before eleven several canoes a nd were seen making towards the ship: there were but few of them, however, that would come near; and the people in those that did, could not be persuaded to come on board. In every canoe there were young plantains, and branches of a tree which the Indians call E'Midho; these, as we afterwards learnt, were brought as tokens of peace and amity, and the people in one of the canoes handed them up the ship's fide, making signals at the same time with great earnestness, which we did not immediately understand ; at length we guessed that they wished these symbols should be placed in some confpicuous part of the fhip; we, therefore, immediately stuck them among the rigging, at which they expreffed the greatest satisfaction. We then purchased their cargoes, confifting of cocoa nuts, and various kinds of fruit, which after our long voyage were very acceptable.

We stood on with an easy fail all night, with Thursd. 13i foundings from 22 fathom to 12, and about se.. ven o'clock in the morning we came to an anchor in 13 fathom, in Port-royal bay, called by the natives Matavai. We were immediately surrounded by the natives in their canoes, who · gave us cocoa-nuts, fruit resembling apples, bread-fruit, and some small fishes, in exchange for beads and other trifles. They had with them Y 2

a pig

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