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1769. the back. The albatrosses we skinned, and January.

having foaked them in salt water till the morning, we parboiled them, then throwing away the liquor, stewed them in a very little fresh water till they were tender, and had them served up with favoury fauce; thus dressed, the dish was universally commended, and we eat of it very heartily even when there was fresh pork upon the table.

From a variety of obfervations which were made with great care, it appeared probable in

the highest degree, that, from the time of our February. leaving the land to the 13th of February, when y 13. we were in latitude 49° 32', and longitude 900

37, we had no current to the west.

At this time we had advanced about 129 to the westward, and 3 and to the northward of the Streight of Magellan: having been , just three and thirty days in coming round the land of Terra del Fuego, or Cape Horn, from the east entrance of the Streight to this situation. And though the doubling of Cape Horn is so much dreaded, that, in the general opinion, it is more eligible to pass through the Streight of Magellan, we were not once brought under our close reefd topsails after we left the Streight of Le Maire. The Dolphin in her last voyage, which she performed at the same season of the year with ours, was three months in getting through the Streight of Magellan, ex



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clufive of the time that she lay in Port Famine ; and I am persuaded, from the winds we had, that if we had come by that passage, we should not at this time have been in these feas; that our people would have been fatigued, and our anchors, cables, fails, and rigging much damaged; neither of which inconveniencies we had now fuffered. But fupposing it more eligible to go round the Cape, than through the Streight of Magellan ; it may still be questioned, whe. ther it is better to go through the Streight of Le Maire, or ftand to the eaftward, and go round Staten Land. The advice given in the Account of Lord Anson's voyage is, " That " all fhips bound to the South Seas, instead of " passing through the Streight of Le Maire, “ should constantly pass to the eastward of « Staten Land, and should be invariably bent Śc on running tọ the southward as far as the las * titude of 61 or 62 degrees, before they en. 4 deavour to stand to the westward.” But, in my opinion, different circumstances may at one time render it eligible to pass through the Streight, and to keep to the eastward of Staten Land at another. If the land is fallen in with to the westward of the Streight, and the wind is favourable for going through, I think it would be very injudicious to lose time by going round Staten' Land, as I am confident that, by attending to the directions X2


1769. February

which I have given, the Streight may be passed with the utmost safety and convenience: but if, on the contrary, the land is fallen in with to the eastward of the Streight, and the wind should prove tempestuous or unfavourable, I think it would be best to go round Staten Land. But I cannot in any case concur in recommending the running into the latitude of 61 or 62, before any endeavour is made to stand to the westward. We found neither the current nor the storms which the running so far to the southward is supposed necessary to avoid; and indeed, as the winds almost constantly blow from that quarter, it is scarcely possible to pursue the advice. The navigator has no choice but to stand to the southward, close upon a wind, and by keeping upon that tack, he will not only make fouthing, but westing; and, if the wind varies to. wards the north of the west, his westing will be considerable. It will indeed, be highly proper to make sure of a westing sufficient to double all the lands, before an attempt is made to stand to the northward, and to this every man's own prudence will of neceffity direct him,

We now began to have strong gales and heavy seas, with irregular intervals of calm and fine weather.



The Sequel of the Passage from Cape Horn to

the newly discovered Islands in the South
Seas, with a Description of their Figure
and Appearance; Some Account of the In-
habitants, and several Incidents that hap-
pened during the Course, and at the Ships
Arrival among them.

N the ist of March, we were in latitude 1760.

38° 44' S. and longitude 110° 33' W., March. both by observation and by the log. This Wednes. 1. agreement, after a run of 660 leagues, was ; thought to be very extraordinary; and is a demonstration, that after we left the land of Cape Horn we had no current that affected the ship. It renders it also highly probable, that we had been near no land of any considerable extent ; for currents are always found when land is not remote, and sometimes, particularly on the east side of the continent in the North Sea, when land has been distant 100 leagues.

Many birds, as usual, were constantly about the ship, so that Mr. Banks killed no less than 62 in one day; and what is more remarkable, he caught two forest Aies, both of them

1769. March.

Wedne. I.

of the fame species, but different from any thae
have hitherto been described ; these probably
belonged to the birds, and came with them from
the land, which we judged to be at a great dil-
tance. Mr. Banks also, about this time, found
à large cuttle-fish, which had just been killed by
the birds, floating in a mangled condition upon
the water; it is very different from the cuttle.
fishes that are found in the European seas; for
its arms, instead of suckers, were furnished with
a double row of very sharp talons, which re-
semble those of a cat, and, like them, were re.
tractable into a sheath of skin, from which they
might be thrust at pleasure. Of this cuttle-fifh
we made one of the best soups we had ever

The albatroffes now began to leave us, and after the 8th there was not one to be seen. We continued our course without any memorable event till the 24th, when some of the people who were upon the watch in the night, reported that they faw a log of wood pass by the ship; and that the sea, which was rather rough, became fuddenly as smooth as a mill pond. It was a general opinion, that there was land to windward; but I did not think myself at liberty to search for what I was not sure to find; though I judged we were not far from the islands that were discovered by Quiros in 1606. Our latitude was 220 II' S. and longitude 127° 55' W.


Wedne?, 8.

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