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1769. January,

with the inhabitants of Europe. There are, however, other quadrupeds in this part of the country; for when Mr. Banks was at the top of the highest hill that he afcended in his expedi. tion through the woods, he saw the footsteps of a large beast imprinted upon the surface of a bog, though he could not with any probability guess of what kind it might be.

Of land-birds there are but few; Mr. Banks saw none larger than an English blackbird, except some hawks and a vulture; but of waterfowl there is great plenty, particularly ducks. Of fish we faw scarce any, and with our hooks could catch none that was fit to eat; but shellfish, limpets, clams, and muffels were to be. found in abundance.

· Among the insects, which were not numerous, there was neither gnat nor musquito, nor any other species that was either hurtful or troublesome, which perhaps is more than can be said of any other uncleared country. During the snow-blasts, which happened every day while we were here, they hide themselves; and the moment it is fair they appear again, as nimble and vigorous as the warmest weather could make them.

Of plants, Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander found a vast variety; the far greater part wholly diffe. rent from any that have been hitherto described. Besides the birch and Winter's bark, which have?


1769. January

béen' mentioned already, there is the beech, Eagus antarEticus, which, as well as the birch, may be used for timber. The plants cannot be enumerated here'; but as the scurvy-grass, Cardamine antiscorbutica, and the wild celery, Apilera antarEticum, probably contain antiscorbutic qualicies, which may be of great benefit to the crews of such ships as shall hereafter touch at this place, the following short defcription is in. serted :. .! Sien sit :. it

The scurvy-grass will be found in plenty-in damp places, near springs of water, and in general in all places that lie near the beach, especially at the watering-place in the Bay of Good Success: when it is young, the state of its greatest perfection, it lies fat upon the ground, having many leaves of a bright green, standing in pairs opposite to each other, with a single one at the end, which generally makes the fifth upon a foot stalk : the plant, pafsing from this ftate, shoots up in stalks that are sometimes two feet high, at the top of which are small white blossoms, and these are succeeded by long pods: the whole plant greatly resembles that which in England is called Lady's smock, or Cuckow-flower. The wild celery is very like the celery in our gardens, the flowers are white, and stand in the same manner, in small tufts at the top of the branches, but the leaves are of a deeper green. It grows in great abundance


1769. January

near the beach, and generally upon the foil that lies next above the spring tides. It may indeed easily be known by the taste, which is between that of celery and parsley. We used the celery in large quantities, particularly in our foup; which, thus medicated, produced the same good effects which seamen generally derive from a vegetable diet, after having been long confined to falt provisions.

On Sunday the 22d of January, about two o'clock in the morning, having got our wood and water on board, we failed out of the Bay, and continued our courfe through the Streight,

Sunday 22.

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A general Description of the S. E. Part

of Terra del Fuege, and the Streight
of Le Maire; with some Remarks PH
Lord Anson's Acegunt of them, and Din
rections for the Paffage Westward, round

this Part of America, into the South Seas. ALMOST all writers who have mentioned

the idland of Terra del Fuego, defçribe January. it as deftitute of wood, and covered with snow. In tke winter if may pofiibly be covered with fnow, and thofę who saw it at that reason might perhaps be easily deceived, by its appearance, into an opinion that it was deftitute of wood. Lord Anson was there in the beginning of March, which answers to our September; and we were there the beginning of January, which answers to our July, which may account for the difference of his description of it from ours. We fell in with it about twenty-ope leagues to the westward of the Streight of Le Maire, and from the time that we first saw it, trees were plainly to be distinguished with our glaffes; and as we came nearer, though here and there we discovered patches of snow, the sides of the hills and the fea-coast appeared to be covered

1769. January.

with a beautiful verdure. The hills are lofty, but not mountainous, though the summits of them are quite naked. The soil in the valleys is rich, and of a considerable depth ; and at the foot of almost every hill there is a brook, the water of which has a reddish hue, like that which runs through our turf bogs in England, but it is by no means ill tasted, and upon the whole proved to be the best that we took in during our voyage. We ranged the coast to the Streight, and had foundings all the way from 40 to 20 fathom, upon a gravelly and sandy bottom. The most remarkable land on Terra del Fuego is a hill, in the form of a sugar-loaf, which stands on the west fide not far from the sea; and the three hills, called the Three Brothers, about nine miles to the 'westward of Cape St. Diego, the 'low point that forms the north entrance of the Streight of Le Maire.

It is said in the account of Lord Anson's voyage, that it is difficult to determine exactly where the Streight lies, though the appearance of Terra del Fuego be well known, without knowing also the appearance of Staten Land; and that some navigators have been deceived by three hills on Staten Land, which have been mistaken for the Three Brothers on Terra del Fuego, and so over-shot the Streight. But no Thip can possibly miss the Streight that coasts


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