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bones; the women both upon their wrists and ancles, the meň upon their wrifts only; but to compensate for the want of bracelets on their legs, they wore a kind of fillet of brown' worsted round their heads. They feemed to set a particular value upon any thing that was red, and preferred beads even to a knife or a hatchet.
Their language in general is guttural, and they express some of their words by a found exactly like that which we make to clear the throat when any thing happens to obstruct it; yet they have words that would be deemed foft in the better languages' of Europe. Mr. Banks learnt what he supposés to be their name for beads and water. When they wanted beads; instead of ribbons or other trifles, they said hallēcă; and when they were taken on shore from the ship, and by signs afked where water migh¢ be found; they made the sign of drinking, and pointing as well to the casks as the wateringplace, cried Ooda.
We saw no appearance of their having any food but shell-filhi; for though feals were frequently seen near the shore, they seemed to have no implements for taking them. The shell fish is collected by the women, whose business it seems to be to attend at low water, with a basket in one hand, and a stick, pointed and barbed, in the other, and a fatchel at' their backs: they loosen the limpets, and other fifh that adhere to U 2
the rocks with the stick, and put them into the
M. de Bougainville, who, in January 1768, just one year before us, had been on shore upon this coast in latitude 53° 40 41", had, among other things, given glass to the people whom he found here; for he says, that a boy about twelve years old took it into his head to eat
some 1769. January.
Tome of it: by this unhappy accident he died
It is also probable that the place where we found them was only a temporary residence, from their having here nothing like a boat or canoe, of which it can scarcely be supposed that they
were wholly destitute, especially as they were
and deftitute of every convenience that is furnished by the rudeft art, having no implement even to dress their food: yêt they were contenti
They seemed to have no wish for any thing more than they possessed, nor did any thing that we offered them appear acceptable but beads, as an ornamental fuperfluity of life. What bodily pain they might suffer from the severities of their winter we could not know, but it is certain; that they suffered nothing from the want of the innumerable articles which we consider, not as the luxuries and conveniencies only, but the neceffaries of life: as their desires are few, they probably enjoy them all; and how much they may be gainers by an exemption from the carey labour, and solicitude; which arise from a per. petual and unsuccessful effort to gratify that infinite variety of defires which the refinements of artificial life have produced among us, is not very easy to determine : poffibly this may counterbalance all the real disadvantages of their situation in comparison with ours, and make the scales by which good and evil are distributed to man, hang even between us.
In this place we faw no quadruped except feals, sea-lions, and dogs; of the dogs it is remarkable that they bark, which thofe that are originally bred in America do not. And this is a further proof, that the people we saw here had, either immediately or remotely, communicated U 4