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1768. The river, and indeed the whole coast, December.

abounds with a greater variety of fish than we
had ever seen; a day seldom passed in which one
or more of a new fpecies were not brought to
Mr. Banks: the bay also is as well adapted
for catching these fish as can be conceived; for
it is full of finall islands, between which there is
shallow water, and proper beaches for drawing
the feine. The sea, without the bay, abounds
with dolphins, and large mackrel of different
kinds, which readily bite at a hook, and the in-
habitants always tow one after their boats for
that purpose. .
* Though the climate is hot, the situation of this
place is certainly wholesome ; while we stayed
here the thermometer never rose higher than 83
degrees. We had frequent rains, and once a
very hard gale of wind. .

Ships water here at the fountain in the great
square, though, as I have observed, the water is
not good; they land their casks upon a smooth
sandy beach, which is not more than a hundred
yards distant from the fountain, and upon appli-
cation to the viceroy, a centinel will be appoint-
ed to look after them, and clear the way to the
fountain where they are to be filled.
· Upon the whole, Rio de Janeiro is a very good
place for ships to put in at that want refresh-
ment: the harbour is safe and commodious; and
provisions, except wheaten bread and flour, inay

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be easily procured : as a succedaneum for bread,
there are yams and cassada in plenty; beef, both
fresh and jerked, may be, bought at about two
pence farthing a pound; though, as I have be-
fore remarked, it is very lean. The people here
jerk their beef by taking out the bones, cutting
it into large but thin slices, then curing it with
salt, and drying it in the shade: it eats very
well, and, if kept dry, will remain' good a long
time at sea. Mutton is scarcely to be procured,
and hogs and poultry are dear; of garden-stuff and
fruit-trees there is abundance, of which, however,
none can be preserved at sea but the pumpkin;
rum, sugar, and molasses, all excellent in their
kind, may be had at a reasonable price ; tobacco
also is cheap, but it is not good. Here is a yard
for building shipping, and a small hulk to heave
down by; for, as the tide never rises above fix
or seven feet, there is no other way of coming at
a ship's bottom.

When the boat which had been sent on shore returned, we hoisted her on board, and stood out to fea.

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СНАР. ІІІ.

The Passage from Rio de Janeiro to the Entrance of the Streight of Le Maire, with a Description of some of the Inhabitants of Terra del Fuego.

768.

O

sea to be con coveral of them

O n the oth of December, we observed the December.

sea to be covered with broad streaks of a

yellowish colour, several of them a mile long, Friday 9.

and three or four hundred yards wide: some of the water thus coloured was taken up, and found to be full of innumerable átoms pointed at the end, of a yellowish colour, and none more than a quarter of a line, or the forrieth part of an inch long: in the microscope they appeared to be Fasciculi of sınall fibres interwoven with each other, not unlike the nidus of some of the Phyganeas, called Caddices; but whether they were animal or vegetable substances, whence they cane, or for what they were designed, neither Mr. Banks nor Dr. Solander could guess. The same appearance had been observed before, when we

first discovered the continent of South America. Sunday 11.

On the 11th we hooked a shark, and while we were playing it under the cabbin window, it threw out, and drew in again several times what

appeared

CIC

appeared to be its stomach: it proved to be a 1768.

December, female, and upon being opened six young ones were taken out of it; five of them were alive, Sunday II. and swam briskly in a tub of water, but the sixth appeared to have been dead some time.

Nothing remarkable happened till the 30th, Friday 3o. except that we prepared for the bad weather, which we were shortly to expect, by bending a new suit of sails; but on this day we ran a course of one hundred and sixty miles by the log, through innumerable land insects of various kinds, some upon the wing, and more upon the water, many of which were alive; they appeared to be exactly the same with the Carabi, the Grylli, the Phalana, Aranea, and other fies that. are seen in England, though at this time we could not be less than thirty leagues from land; and some of these insects, particularly the Grylli Aranea, never voluntarily leave it at a greater distance than twenty yards. We judged ourselves to be now nearly opposite to Baye sans fond, where Mr. Dalrymple supposes there is a passage quite through the continent of America, and we thought from the insects that there might be at least a very large river, and that it had overflowed its banks.

On the 3d of January, 1769, being in latitude 1969. 47° 17' S. and longitude 61° 29' 45" W. we were January all looking out for Pepys' island, and for some

Vo

Wedner

1769. time an appearance was seen in the east which

so much resembled land, that we bore away for 3. it; and it was more than two hours and an half

before we were convinced that it was nothing but what sailors call a Fog-bank.

The people now beginning to complain of cold, each of them received what is called a Magellanic jacket, and a pair of trowsers. The jacket is made of a thick woollen-stuff, called Fearnought, which is provided by the government. We law, from time to time, a great number of penguins, albatrosses, and sheerwaters, seals, whales, and porpoises : and on the 11th, having pafled Falkland's ilands, we discovered the coast of Terra del Fuego, at the distance of about four leagues, extend. ing from the W. to S. E. by S. We had here five and thirty fathom, the ground foft, small late stones. As we ranged along the shore to the S. E. at the distance of two or three leagues, we perceived smoke in several places, which was made by the natives, probably as a ügnal, for they did not continue it after we had passed by. This day we discovered that the fhip had got near a degree of longitude to the westward of the log, which, in this latitude, is 35 minutes of a degree on the equator: probably there is a small current setting to the westward, which may be caused by the westerly current coming round Cape Horn, and through

the

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