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1768. his boat. When the officer on board the guard. November.

boat found that Mr. Hicks was determined to Sunday 20.

obey my orders, he did not proceed to force, but attended him to the landing-place, and reported the matter to the viceroy. Upon this his excellency refused to receive the memorial, : and ordered Mr. Hicks to return to the ship; when he came back to the boat, he found that a guard had been put on board in his absence, but he absolutely refused to return till the soldier was removed : the officer then proceeded to enforce the viceroy's orders; he seized all the boat's crew, and sent them under an armed force to prison, putting Mr. Hicks at the same time into one of their own boats, and fending him under a guard back to the ship. As soon as he had reported these particulars, I wrote again to the viceroy, demanding my boat and crew, and in my letter inclosed the memorial which he had refused to receive from Mr. Hicks: these papers I fent by a petty officer, that I might wave the dispute about a guard, against which I had never objected except when there was a commissioned officer on board the boat. The petty officer was permitted to go on fhore with his guard, and, having delivered his letter, was told that an answer would be sent the next day.

About eight o'clock this evening it began to blow very hard in suddengusts from the south, and


our long-boat coming on board just at this time 1768.

November with four pipes of rum, the rope which was thrown to her from the ship, and which was taken hold of by the people on board, unfortunately broke, and the boat, which had come to the ship before the wind, went adrift to windward of her, with a small skiff of Mr. Banks's that was fastened to her ftern. This was a great misfortune, as the pinnace being detained on shore, we had no boat on board but a four-oard yawl: the yawl, however, was immediately manned and sent to her assistance; but, notwithstanding the utmost effort of the people in both boats, they were very soon out of sight: far indeed we could not see at that time in the evening, but the distance was enough to convince us that they were not under command, which gave us great uneasiness, as we knew they must drive directly upon a reef of rocks which ran out just to leeward of where we lay: after waiting fome hours in the utmost anxiecy, we gave them over for loft, but about three o'clock the next morning had the Monday 21. satisfaction to see all the people come on board in che yawl. From them we learnt, that the longboat having filled with water, they had brought her to a grappling and left her; and that, having fallen in with the reef of rocks in their return to the ship, they had been obliged to cut Mr. Banks's little boat adrift. As the loss of our long-boat, which we had now too much reason

,1768. to apprehend, would have been an unspeakable November,

disadvantage to us, considering the nature of our expedition, I sent another letter to the viceroy, as soon as I thought he could be seen, acquainting him with our misfortune, and requesting the affistance of a boat from the shore for the recovery of our own; I also renewed my demand that the pinnace and her crew should be no longer detained: after some delay, his excellency thought fit to comply both with my request and demand; and the same day we happily recovered both the long-boat and skiff, with the rum, but

every thing else that was on board was lost. Ono Wednes. 23 the 23d, the viceroy, in his answer to my remon

strance against seizing my men and detaining the boat, acknowledged that I had been treated with some incivility, but said that the resistance of my officers, to what he had declared to be the King's orders, made it absolutely necessary; he also expressed some doubts whether the Endeavour, considering her structure and other circumstances, was in the service of his Majesty, though I had before shewed him my commission: to this I answered in writing, That, to remove all scruples, I was ready to produce my commission again. His excellency's scruples however still remained, and in his reply to my let. ter he not only expressed them in still plainer terms, but accused my people of smuggling. This charge, I am confident, was without the


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least foundation in truth. Mr. Banks's servants 1768.

November. had indeed found means to go on shore on the in 22d at day-break, and stay till it was dark in the evening, but they brought on board only plants and insects, having been sent for no other purpose. And I had the greatest reason to believe that not a single article was smuggled by any of our people who were admitted on lhore, though many artful means were used to tempt them, even by the very officers that were under his excellency's roof, which made the charge still more injurious and provoking. I haveindeed some reason to suspect that one poor fellow bought a single bottle of rum with some of the clothes upon his back; and in my answer I requested of his excellency, that, if such an attempt at illicit trade should be repeated, he would without scruple order the offender to be taken into custody. And thus ended our altercation, both by conference and writing, with the viceroy of Rio de Janeiro.

A friar in the town having requested the affiftance of our surgeon, Dr. Solander easily got ad. mittance in that character on the 25th, and re-' Friday 26. ceived many marks of civility from the people. On the 25th, before day-break, Mr. Banks also Saturd. 26. found means to elude the vigilance of the people in the guard-boat, and got on shore ; he did not however go into the town, for the principal objects of his curiosity were to be found in the fields: to him also the people behaved with great


1768. civility, many of them invited him to their November,

houses, and he bought a porker and some other Saturd. 26.

things of them for the ship's company; the porker, which was by no means lean, cost him eleven shillings, and he paid something less than

two for a Muscovy duck. Sunday 27. On the 27th, when the boats returned from

watering, the people told us there was a report in town, that search was making after some persons who had been on shore from the ship without the viceroy's permission; these persons we conjectured to be Dr. Solander and Mr. Banks, and therefore they determined to go on shore no more.

On the first of December, having got our waThurnal ini

ter and other necessaries on board, I sent to the
viceroy for a pilot to carry us to sea, who came
off to us; but the wind preventing us from get-
ing out, we took on board a plentiful supply

of fresh beef, yams, and greens for the ship's Friday 2.. company. On the 2d, a Spanish packet arrived,

with letters from Buenos Ayres for Spain, commanded by Don Antonio de Monte Negro y Velasco, who with great politeness offered to take our letters to Europe: I accepted the fa. vour, and gave him a packet for the secretary of the Admiralty, containing copies of all the

papers that had paffed between me and the vice· roy; leaving also duplicates with the viceroy, to

be by him forwarded to Lisbon,


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