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In the evening of Monday the 27th, which 1767.
April. was very dark, as we were standing to the westward under our courses, and a close reefed Monday 27. top-fail, the wind, in a hard squall, suddenly Shifted, and took the vessel right a-head; the violent jerk with which the fails were instantly thrown a-back, was very near carrying the masts away by the board, and oversetting the ship: the fails being at this time extremely wet, and the gale in the highest degree violent, they clung so fast to the masts and rigging, that it was scarcely possible to get them either up or down; yet by the dexterous activity of our people, we got the main.sail up, clewed up the main topsail, and got the ship's head round without receiving much damage. The violence of the wind.continued several hours, but before morning it veered again to the N. W. and continued in that quarter till the afternoon of the 29th, Wednes, 29, when it died away, and we had a dead calm for fix hours. During this time we had a high sea, which ran in great confusion from all quarters, and broke against the ihip in a strange manner, making her roll with so violent and sudden a mation, that I expected every moment to lose our masts. The wind afterwards sprung up at W. S. W. which was fair, and we carried all the sail we could set to make the most of it. It blew very hard in this direction, with heavy rain for a few hours, but by noon on the
17676 30th, it returned to its usual quarter, the N. W.
and was so violent as to bring us again under Thursd. 30. our courses, there being at the same time a pro
digious swell, which frequently broke over us. May. At five o'clock the next morning, as we were Friday 1.
lying to under the reefed main-fail and balanced mizen, a vast sea broke over the quarter where the ship's oars were lashed, and carried away fix of them, with the weather-cloth; it also broke the mizen gaff close where the fail was reefed, and the iron strap of one of the main dead eyes, "laying the whole vessel for some time under water: we were however fortunate enough to haul up the main-fail without splitting, though it blew a hurricane, and a deluge of rain, or rather of half melted ice, at the same time poured down upon us. The wind soon after shifted again from N. W. to S. W. and for about an hour blew, if possible, stronger than ever. This wind made the ship come up with her head right against the vast sea which the north-west wind had raised, and at every pitch which the made against it, the end of the bowsprit was under water, and the surge broke over the forecastle as far aft as the main-mast, in the same manner as it would have broke over a rock, so that there was the greatest reason to apprehend she would founder. With all her defects she was indeed a good sea boat, and if she had not, it would have been impoffible for her to have
outlived this storm, in which, as well as on seve. 1767. ral other occasions, we experienced the benefit of w the bulk-heads which we had fixed on the fore. Friday 1. part of the half-deck, and to the after-part of the fore-castle.
Notwithstanding this wind was fair, we durst not venture to put the ship before it, for if in wearing, any of these enormous seas had broken on her side, it would inevitably have carried away all before it. After some time, however, it became more moderate, and we then got up our yards and made fail, steering N. by W.; and now the men having been up all night, and being wet to the skin, I ordered every one of them a dram.
By the next morning, the 2d of May, the Saturd. 2. wind came again to the N. W. and N. N. W. but by this time we had got down the broken mizen gaff, repaired it as well as we could, got it up again in its place, and bent the fail to it; but we now most sensibly felt the want of a forge and iron.
On the 3d, at day-break, we found the rud- Sunday 3. der-chain broken, and upon this occasion we again most feelingly regretted the want of a forge; we made, however, the best shift we Monday 4. could, and the next day, the weather being more moderate, though the wind was still contrary, we repaired our rigging, and the carpenters fixed a new dead eye where the old one had C4
1767., been broken; the fail-maker also was busy in May.
mending the fails that had been split. Tuesday 5.
On the sth, we were again brought under
Oni our courses by a hurricane from the N. by W. and. N. N. W. and the thip was tossed about with such violence that we had no command of her. During this storm, two of our chainplates were broken, and we continued toiling in a confused hollow sea till midnight, when a
light gale sprung up at N. W. which soon blew Wednes. 6. very hard; but at two in the morning, we were
again taken right a-head' by a sudden and violent squall at west, which at once threw all our fails aback, and before we could get the ship round, was very near carrying all by the board. With this gale we stood north, and in the forenoon the carpenters fixed new chain-plates to the main shrouds, and one to the fore shrouds, in the place of those which had been broken in the squall during the night. This was another occasion on which it was impossible not to re
gret the want of a forge and iron. Thursd. 7. The gale continued in this direction till eight
in the morning of the 7th, when it returned to Friday 8. the N. W. with unsettled weather. On the 8th,
it came to fouth, and this was a fine day, the first we had seen after our leaving the Streight of Magellan. Our latitude at noon was 360
39 S., and we were about five degrees to the Saturd. 9. westward of Cape Pillar. The next day we
made the island of Masafuero, and on the roth, 1767. the island of Juan Fernandes: in the afternoon we got close to the eastermost part of it, and Sunday 19. soon after hauled round the north end, and opened Cumberland Bay. As I did not know that the Spaniards had fortified this island, I was greatly surprised to see a considerable number of men about the beach, with a house and four pieces of cannon near the water-side and a fort about three hundred yards farther from the sea, just upon the rising of the hill, with Spanish colours flying on the top of it. This fort, which is faced with stone, has eighteen or twenty ernbrafures, and within it a long house, which I supposed to be barracks for the garrison : five and twenty or thirty houses of different kinds are scattered round it, and we saw much cattle feeding on the brow of the hills, which seemed to be cultivated, as many spots were divided by enclosures from each other; we saw also two large boats lying on the beach. The gusts of wind which came right out of this bay, prevented my going so near as I intended, for they were so violent as to oblige us many times to lec fly our top-fail sheets, though the sails were close seefed ; and I think it is impossible to work a ship into this bay when the wind blows hard from the southward. As we stood cross the bay to the westward, one of the boats put off from the shore, and rowed towards us; but perceive