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Voyage round the World.


CH A P. I.
The Passage from Plymouth to Madeira,

with some Account of that Isand.

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TTAVING received my commission, which 1768. 11 was dated the 25th of May 1768, I went on board on the 27th, hoisted the pennant, and Friday 27. took charge of the lip, which then lay in the bafon in Deptford Yard. She was fitted for sea with all expedition; and stores and provisions being taken on board, failed down the river on Satuudio the 30th of July, and on the 13th of August Saturday 13. anchored in Plymouth Sound. .

While we lay here waiting for a wind, the articles of war and the act of parliament were read to the ship's company, who were paid two


1762. months wages in advance, and told that they Auguft.

were to expect no additional pay for the per.

formance of the voyage. Friday 26. On Friday the 26th of August, the wind be.

coming fair, we got under fail, and put to sea. Wednes.31. On the 31st, we saw several of the birds which

the sailors call Mother Carey's Chickens, and

which they suppose to be the forerunners of a September. storm ; and on the next day we had a very hard Thursd. 1.

gale, which brought us under our courses, washed over-board a small boat belonging to the Boatswain, and drowned three or four dozen of

our poultry, which we regretted still more. Friday 26 On Friday the ad of September we saw land,

between Cape Finister and Cape Ortegal, on Monday 5. the coast of Gallicia, in Spain ; and on the 5th,

by an observation of the fun and moon, we found the latitude of Cape Finister to be 42° '53' North, and its longitude 8° 46' West, our first meridian being always supposed to pass through Greenwich; variation of the needle 21° 4' W.

During this course, Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander had an opportunity of observing many marine animals, of which no naturalist has hitherto taken notice; particularly, a new species of the Oniscus, which was found adhering to the Medusa Pelagica ; and an animal of an angular figure, about three inches long, and one thick, with a hollow palling quite through

it, and a brown spot on one end, which they : 1768.

September. conjectured might be its stomach; four of u these adhered together by their sides when they were taken, so that at first they were thought to be one animal, but upon being put into a glass of water they foon separated, and swam about very briskly. These animals are of a new ge. nus, to which Mr. Banks and Dr. Solander gave the name of Dagysa, from the likeness of one species of them to a gem: several speci. mens of them were taken adhering together sometimes to the length of a yard or more, and shining in the water with very beautiful colours. Another animal of a new genus they also disco. vered, which shone in the water with colours still more beautiful and vivid, and which indeed exceeded in variety and brightness any thing that we had ever seen: the colouring and splendour of these animals were equal to those of an Opal, and from their resemblance to that gem, the genus was called Carcinium Opalinum. One of them lived several hours in a glass of salt water, swimming about with great agility, and at every motion displaying a change of colours almost infinitely various. We caught also a. mong the rigging of the ship, when we were at the distance of about ten leagues from Cape Fi. nister, several birds which have not been describ. ed by Linnæus ; they were supposed to have come from Spain, and our gentlemen called the


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1968. species Motacilla velificans, as they said none September,

but sailors would venture themselves on board a ship that was going round the world : one of them was so exhauited that it died in Mr. Banks's hand, almost as soon as it was brought to him.

It was thought extraordinary that no naturalift had hitherto taken notice of the Dagyja, as the sea abounds with them not twenty leagues from the coast of Spain; but, unfortunately for the cause of science, there are but very few of those who traverse the sea, that are either difposed or qualified to remark the curiosities of

which Nature has made it she'repository. Monday 12. On the 12th we discovered the islands of

Porto Santo and Madeira, and on the next day anchored in Funchiale road, and moored with the stream-anchor: but, in the night, the bend of the hawser of the stream-anchor Nipped, owing to the negligence of the person who had been employed to make it fast. In the morning the anchor was heaved up into the boat, and carried out to the southward; but in heaving it again, Mr. Weir, the Master's Mate, was car: ried overboard by the buoy-rope, and went to the bottom with the anchor; the people in the fhip saw the accident, and got the anchor up with all possible expedition ; it was however too late, the body came up intangled in the buoy. rope, but it was dead.

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