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1767. which is the western coast of Patagonia, runs April.

w nearly north and south, and consists wholly of

broken islands, among which are those that
Sharp has laid down by the name of the Duke.
of York's Inands; he has indeed placed them
at a considerable distance from the coast, but if
there had been many islani's in that situation, it
is impossible but that the Dolphin, the Tamar,
or the-Swallow, must have seen them, as we ran
near their supposed meridian, and so did the ..
Dolphin and the Tamar the last voyage. Till
we came into this latitude, we had tolerable
weather, and little or no current in any direc-
tion, but when we came to the northward of
48°, we found a current setting strongly to the
north, so that probably we then opened the
great bay, which is said to be ninety leagues
deep. . We found here a vast swell from the
N. W. and the winds generally blew from the
fame quarter ; yet we were set every day twelve
or fifteen miles to the northward of our ac-

count. Wednel. 15. On Wednesday the 15th, at about four

'o'clock in the morning, after surmounting many dangers and difficulties, we once more got abreast of Cape Pillar, with a light breeze at S. E. and a great swell. Between five and fix o'clock, just as we opened Cape Deseada, the wind suddenly shifted to S. and S. by W. and blew fo

hard that it was with great difficulty we could 1767.

April. carry the reefed top-fails : the sudden changing w as of the wind, and its exceffive violence, produced

Wednes. 15. a sea fo dreadfully hollow, that great quantities of water were thrown in upon our deck, so that we were in the utmost danger of foundering; yet we did not dare to shorten fail, it being neceffary to carry all we could spread, in order to weather the rocky isands, which Sir John Narborough has called the Inands of Direction, for we could not now run back again into the Streight, without falling down among the broken land, and incurring the dangers of the northern shore, which was to leeward; towards this broken land, however, and lee-shore, the ship settled very fast, notwithstanding our utmost efforts : in this pressing emergency we were obliged to stave all the water-casks upon the deck, and between decks, to clear the vessel, and to make her carry better fail, and at length happily escaped the danger which threatened us. After we got clear of these islands, and drew off from the Streight's mouth and the land, we found the sea run more regularly from the S. W. and the wind soon after coming from S. S. W. to S. S. E. we had by noon got a pretty good offing, about nine leagues from Cape Victory, which is on the north shore. Thus we cleared the western entrance of the Streight, which, in Vol. II, C

my

April.

1767. my opinion, is too dangerous for navigation;

a deliverance which happened in the very crisis dnes, 15. of our fate, for almost immediately afterwards,

the wind came again to the S. W., and if it had continued in that quarter, our destruction would have been inevitable.

снА Р.

CHA P. II.

The Passage from Cape Pillar, at the Western

Entrance of the Streight of Magellan, to
Mafafuero ; with some Account of that
Isand.

I TOOK my departure from Cape Pillar, 1767. 1 which I make to lie in the latitude of 52° 45'

April. S., and in the longitude 750 10 W. of the meri. Wednes, 15. dian of London, and as soon as I got clear of the Streight, steered to the northward along the coast of Chili. Upon examining what quantity of fresh water we had now on board, I found that it amounted only to between four and five and twenty tons, which I thought not sufficient for so long a voyage as was probably before us; . I therefore hauled to the northward, intending to make the island of Juan Fernandes, or Masafuero, that we might increase our stock before we failed to the westward.

In the middle of the night of the i6th, we Thursd, 16, had the wind first to the S. S. E. and then to the S. E. with which we kept away N. W. and N. N. W. in high spirits, hoping that in a short time we should be in a more temperate climate : we had the misfortune, however, very soon to C 2

find

1767. April.

Saturd, 18.

find ourselves disappointed, for on the 18th, the
wind came to the N. N. W. and blew directly
from the point upon which we were steering.
We had now got about a hundred leagues from
the Streight's mouth; our latitude was 48° 39'
S., and we were, by account, 4° 33' W. of
Cape Pillar; but from this time, till the 8th
of May, the wind continued unfavourable, and,
blew a continued storm, with sudden gufts still
more violent, and much rain and hail, or rather
fragments of half melted ice : at intervals also
we had thunder and lightning, more dreadful
than all the past, and a sea which frequently laid
the whole vessel under water.

From the time of our clearing the Streight,
and during our passage along this coast, we saw
a great number of sea birds, particularly alba-
troffes, gannets, sheerwaters, and a thick lumpish
bird, about as big as a large pigeon, which the
failors call a Cape of Good Hope hen : they are
of a dark brown or blackish colour, and are
therefore sometimes called the black gull: we
faw also a great many pintado birds, of nearly the
fame fize, which are prettily fpotted with black
and white, and constantly on the wing, though
they frequently appear as if they were walking
upon the water, like the peterels, to which sailors
have given the name of Mother Carey's
chickens; and we saw also many of these.

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