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1767.

April.

Wednef.15.

AX

which is the western coaft of Patagonia, runs nearly north and fouth, and confifts wholly of broken islands, among which are those that Sharp has laid down by the name of the Duke of York's Islands; he has indeed placed them at a confiderable distance from the coaft, but if there had been many islands in that fituation, it is impoffible but that the Dolphin, the Tamar, or the Swallow, must have seen them, as we ran near their fuppofed meridian, and fo did the Dolphin and the Tamar the last voyage. Till we came into this latitude, we had tolerable weather, and little or no current in any direction, but when we came to the northward of 48°, we found a current setting strongly to the north, fo that probably we then opened the great bay, which is faid to be ninety leagues deep. We found here a vaft fwell from the N. W. and the winds generally blew from the fame quarter; yet we were fet every day twelve or fifteen miles to the northward of our account.

On Wednesday the 15th, at about four o'clock in the morning, after furmounting many dangers and difficulties, we once more got abreast of Cape Pillar, with a light breeze at S. E. and a great fwell, Between five and fix o'clock, just as we opened Cape Defeada, the wind fuddenly shifted to S. and S. by W. and blew fo

hard that it was with great difficulty we could
carry the reefed top-fails: the fudden changing
of the wind, and its exceffive violence, produced
a fea fo dreadfully hollow, that great quantities
of water were thrown in upon our deck, fo that
we were in the utmost danger of foundering;
yet we did not dare to fhorten fail, it being
neceffary to carry all we could fpread, in order
to weather the rocky islands, which Sir John
Narborough has called the Islands of Direction,
for we could not now run back again into the
Streight, without falling down among the
broken land, and incurring the dangers of the
northern fhore, which was to leeward; towards
this broken land, however, and lee-fhore, the
ship settled very fast, notwithstanding our utmost
efforts in this preffing emergency we were
obliged to stave all the water-caíks upon the
deck, and between decks, to clear the veffel,
and to make her carry better fail, and at length
happily escaped the danger which threatened us.
After we got clear of these islands, and drew off
from the Streight's mouth and the land, we
found the fea run more regularly from the S. W.
and the wind foon after coming from S. S. W.
to S. S. E. we had by noon got a pretty good
offing, about nine leagues from Cape Victory,
which is on the north fhore. Thus we cleared
the western entrance of the Streight, which, in
VOL. II.
C
my.

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1767.

April.

Wednef. 15.

my opinion, is too dangerous for navigation; a deliverance which happened in the very crifis Wednef.15. of our fate, for almost immediately afterwards, the wind came again to the S. W., and if it had continued in that quarter, our destruction would have been inevitable.

1767. April.

CHAP.

1

CHA P. IÍ.

The Paffage from Cape Pillar, at the Weftern
Entrance of the Streight of Magellan, to
Mafafuero; with fome Account of that
Iland.

I

TOOK my departure from Cape Pillar, which I make to lie in the latitude of 52° 45′ S., and in the longitude 75° 10′ W. of the meri- Wednes. 15. dian of London, and as foon as I got clear of the Streight, fteered to the northward along the coaft of Chili. Upon examining what quantity of fresh water we had now on board, I found that it amounted only to between four and five and twenty tons, which I thought not fufficient for fo long a voyage as was probably before us; I therefore hauled to the northward, intending to make the island of Juan Fernandes, or Masafuero, that we might increase our stock before we failed to the westward.

:

1767. April.

In the middle of the night of the 16th, we Thursd, 16. had the wind firft to the S. S. E. and then to the S. E. with which we kept away N. W. and N. N. W. in high spirits, hoping that in a short time we should be in a more temperate climate: we had the misfortune, however, very foon to find

C 2

find ourselves disappointed, for on the 18th, the wind came to the N. N. W. and blew directly Saturd, 18. from the point upon which we were fteering.

We had now got about a hundred leagues from the Streight's mouth; our latitude was 48° 39′ S., and we were, by account, 4° 33′ W. of Cape Pillar; but from this time, till the 8th of May, the wind continued unfavourable, and blew a continued ftorm, with fudden gufts still more violent, and much rain and hail, or rather fragments of half melted ice: at intervals alfo we had thunder and lightning, more dreadful than all the past, and a fea which frequently laid the whole veffel under water.

1767. April.

From the time of our clearing the Streight, and during our paffage along this coast, we saw a great number of fea birds, particularly albatroffes, gannets, fheerwaters, and a thick lumpish bird, about as big as a large pigeon, which the failors call a Cape of Good Hope hen: they are of a dark brown or blackish colour, and are therefore fometimes called the black gull: we faw alfo a great many pintado birds, of nearly the fame fize, which are prettily fpotted with black and white, and conftantly on the wing, though they frequently appear as if they were walking upon the water, like the peterels, to which failors have given the name of Mother Carey's chickens; and we faw alfo many of these.

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