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ror. This sudden attack, however, rather 1767.

December. roused than depressed us, and though our ene. was my attempted to board' us, before we could Thur have the least apprehension that an enemy was near, we defeated his purpofe: he then plied us with what we supposed to be swivel guns, and small arms, very briskly; but though he had the start of us, we soon returned his falute with such effect, that shortly after he sunk, and all the unhappy wretches on board perished. It was a small vessel, but of what country, or how manned, it was impossible for us to know. The lieutenant, and one of the men, were wounded, though not dangerously; part of our running rigging was cut, and we received some other flight damage. We knew this pirate to be a vessel which we had seen in the dusk of the evening, and we afterwards learnt that she belonged to a freebooter, who had more than thirty such vessels under his command. The smallnels of our vefsel encouraged the attack, and her strength being so much more than in proportion to her size, supposing her a mere chantman, rendered it fatal,

On Saturday the 12th, we fell in with the Saturd, 12. dangerous shoals called the Spera Mondes, and had the mortification to find that the westerly monsoon was now set in, against which, and the current, it was impossible for any ship to get as far westward as Batavia. As it was now necef

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1767. December

Salurd. 12.

sary to wait till the return of the eastern mona foon, and the shifting of the current; as we had buried thirteen of our crew, and no less than thirty more were at the point of death; as all the petty officers were among the sick, and the lieutenant and myself, who did all duties, in a feeble condition, it was impossible that we fhould keep the sea, and we had no chance of preserving those who were still alive, but by getting on shore at some place, where rest and refreshment might be procured; I therefore dea termined that I would take advantage of our being so far to the southward, and endeavour to reach Macassar, the principal settlement of the Dutch upon the island of Celebes.

The next day, we made some islands which lie not far from that place, and saw, what somę, times we took for shoals, and sometimes for boats, with men on board, but what afterwards appeared to be trees, and other drift Aoating about, with birds sitting upon them; we suddenly found ourselves twenty miles farther to the southward than we expected, for the current, which had for some time fet us to the northward, had set uş to the southward during che night. We now hauled up east, and E. N. intending to have gone to the northward of a shoal, which has no name in our East India Pilor, but which the Dutch call the Thumb: by noon, however, we found ourselves upon it, qur water shallowing at once to four fathom, with 1967.


Sanday 13

December. rocky ground. We now hauled off to the south-west, and keeping the boat a-head to Sunday 13. sound, ran round the west side of the shoal in ten and cwelve fathom; our water deepening when we hauled off to the west, and shallowing when we hauled off east. Our latitude, by obfervation, when we were upon the shoal, was 50 20 S, and the northermost of the islands, called the Three Brothers, then bore S. 81 E. at the distance of five or six leagues. This island is, in the English Pilot, called Don Di. nanga, but by the Dutch the North Brother.

Between the Three Brothers, and the main of Celebes, there is another island, much larger than either of them, called the Inand of Tonikiky; bụt none of them are inhabited, though there are a few huts belonging to fishermen upon them all. The passage beţween the shoal and this island is clear and good, with from ten to thirteen fathom and a sandy bottom; but the foundings are to be kept on the side of the island in twelve fathom, and never under ten: it is, however, very difficult and dangerous for fhips to fall in with the land this way without a pilot on board, for there are many fhoals and rocks under water. I ran in by a chart in the English East India Pilot, which upon the whole I found a good one, though the names of '



1767 the inands, points, and bays, differ very much December.

from those by which they are now known. Sunday 13. When we got near to the Celebes shore, we had

land and sea-breezes, which obliged us to edge along the coast, though our strength was so much reduced, that it was with the utmost diffi

culty we could work the stream anchor. Tuesday 15. : In the evening of Tuesday the 15th, we an

chored at about the distance of four miles from
the town of Macassar, which, according to my
account, lies in latitude 5° 10 or 5° 12' S.,
longitude 117° 28' E. having spent no less than
five and thirty weeks in our passage from the
Streight of Magellan.
· I have been the more particular in my de.
scription of as much as I saw of this Streight,
because all the charts, both English and
French, that I consulted, are extremely defi-
cient and erroneous, and because an exact
knowledge of it may be of great service to our
China trade: the ships by which that trade is
carried on, may pafs this way with as little dan-
ger as by the common one, which lies along the
Prassel shoals; and when they miss their pas-
sage to China, in the south-east monsoon, and
lose the season, they may be sure of a clear
channel here, and fair winds at W. S. W., W.
and round to W. N. W., in November, De-
cember, and the four following months : I am



also of opinion, that it is a better and 1767. shorter' way to go to the N. E. and east- am ward of the Philippine Iands, than to thread Tuesday 15. the Moluccas, or coast New Guinea, where there are shoals, currents, and innumerable other dangers, as they were forced to do when the French were' cruizing for them in the common passage during the last war.

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