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leagues distant from Cape George. As I 1767.
September. coasted not New Britain, but the northermoft coast of the Streight, I passed through the pal
Thursd. 10. fage that is formed by that coast, and the corre. sponding side of the Duke of York's Ifand, which is about eight leagues broad, and may be considered as the First Nariow of the Streight; and then steering N. W. by W. all night, we found at day-break that we had lost fight of the Friday 11. fouthermoft inand, or New Britain, and having now ascertained the supposed bay to be a Streight, I called it Saint George's CHANNEL, and to
Channel. the northern island I gave the name of NovA New Item
land, HIBERNIA, or New IRELAND. The weather being hazey, with a strong gale and sudden gufts, I continued to steer along the coast of New Ire. Jand at about the distance of fix leagues from the shore, till I came off the west end of it, and then, altering our course, I steered W. N. W. I could plainly perceive, that we were set along the shore by a strong wefterly current. At noon, we found, by observation, that we were much to the northward of the log; but as it was impossible the current could let due north, as that would be right against the land, I was obliged, for the correction of my account, to allow no less than four and twenty miles W. N. W. which is nearly as the land ljes along the shore. At this time we had about half a point caft yariation; and at night we discovered a fine H 3
1767. large island, forming a streight or paffage with September.
New Ireland. As it was very dark and squally,'. day 11. with rain, we brought to, not knowing to what
danger the navigation of this streight might expose us. The night was tempestuous, with much thunder and lightning, but about two in the morning the weather cleared: the gufts settled into a light breeze, and the moon fhone very bright. At this time therefore we made fail again, and found a strong current setting us to the westward, through the passage of the Second Narrow, which is about five leagues wide. The island, which has a pleasant appearance,
and is very populous, I called SANDWICH Sandwich
Island, in honour of the Earl, now First Lord of the Admiralty : it is larger than the Duke of York's Isand, and there seems to be some good bays and harbours upon the coast. On the north part of it there is a remarkable peak, like a sugar loaf; and opposite to it, upon the coast of New Ireland, there is just such another: they are diftant about five leagues, in the direction of S. by E. E. and N. by W. W. All the while we lay to off this island, we heard an incessant noise in the night, like the beating of a drum: and being becalmed just as we got through the Streight, ten canoes put off from New Ireland, with about one hundred and fifty men on board, and rowed towards the fhip; they came near enough to exchange some trifles
with us, which were conveyed at the end of'a 1767. long stick, but none of them would venture on a board. They seemed to prefer such iron as we: Saturd. 12. gave them to every thing else, though none of it was manufactured except nails; for, as I observed before, we had no cutlery ware on board. The canoes were very long and very narrow, with an outrigger, and some of them were very neatly made: one of them could not be less than ninety feet long, for it was very little shorter than the ship; it was, notwithstanding, formed of a single tree; it had some carved ornaments about it, and was rowed or paddled by three and thirty men: we saw no appearance of fails. The people are black, and woolly-headed, like Negroes, but have not the fat nose and thick lips; and we thought them much the same people as the inhabitants of Egmont's Inand: like them, they were all stark naked, except a few ornaments made of shells upon their arms and legs. They had, however, adopted a practice without which none of our belles and beaus are supposed to be completely dreft, for the hair, or rather the wool upon their heads, was very abundantly powdered with white powder; the fashion of wearing powder, therefore, is probably of higher antiquity than it is generally supposed to be, as well as of more extensive influence; it is indeed carried farther among these people than among any of the in
1767. habitants of Europe, for they powder not only September.
o their heads but their beards too. Their heads Saturd, 12.
however were decorated with more showy ornaments, for I observed that most of them had, just above one ear, stuck a feather, which appeared to have been taken from the tail of the common dunghill cock; fo that these gentlemen are not without poultry for their table. They were armed with spears, and long sticks or poles, like the quarter-staff; but we did not fee any bows and arrows among them : possibly they might have them on board, and think proper to keep them out of sight. On my part, I kept every body at their quarters while they were hovering about the ship, and I observed that they had a very watchful eye upon our guns, as if they apprehended danger from them; fo that possibly they are not wholly unacquainted with the effect of fire-arms. They had fishing nets with them, which, as well as their cordage, feemed to be very well made. After they had þeen fome time with us, a breeze sprung up, and they returned to the shore.
The peak upon Sandwich Inand lies in latitude 2° 53' S., longitude 149° 17' E. After the Indians had left us, we steered nearly west, and soon after faw a point of land, which proved
to be the south-west extremity of New Ireland, Cape Byron. to which I gave the name of CAPE BYRON : i[ lies in latitude 2° 30' S., longitude 149° 2' E.
Over-against the coast of New Ireland, to the 1767.
In September. westward of Cape Byron, lies a fine large island, to which I gave the name of New HANOVER. Between this island and New Ireland, there is a ver, streight or passage, which turns away to the N. E. In this passage lie several finall islands, upon one of which there is a remarkable peak: this Inand I called Byron's ISLAND, and the passage, or Byron's
Inand. ftreight, I called Byron's STREIGHT. The land of New Hanover is high; it is finely covered with trees, among which are many plantations, and the whole has a most beautiful appearance. The south-west point of it, which is a high bluff point, I called Queen CharLOTTE's FORELAND, in honour of her Majesty. This foreland, and the land about it, is remarkable for a great number of little hummocks or hills, but night coming on, with thick weather, hard squalls, and much rain, we could not see more of it diftinctly enough to describe its ap. pearance.
We steered westward all night, and in the Sunday 13. morning, the weather being still thick, our view of New Hanover was very imperfect; but we faw, about eight leagues to the westward of it, six or seven small islands, which I called the
Duke of Duke OF PORTLAND'S ISLANDS, two of which Portland's are pretty large. I now perceived by the swell of the sea that we were clear of all the land, and I found Saint George's Channel to be a much