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decisive. M. T. henceforth entirely gave up his action of calomel swallowed years aftereigar, took steel tonics for a month, and has ever wards. The old superstition about antisince enjoyed robust health.' - Case II. . M. ob- dotes probably had its origin in facts of the served that his energies had been declining; he same kind, observed, perhaps, in times was excessively thin, ate little, and only found when men had a greater capacity for becomfort in smoking very strong cigars. He com- lieving what they saw than they have in this plained ofacute abdominal pains every afternoon, which only ceased at night; trembling of the century of ours. If this suggestion is corlimbs, palpitations, and sometimes sickness. He rect, and no other explains the facts, towas advised to relinquish tobacco during one bacco is a permanent danger to mankind, month; did so, and the symptoms disappeared; important whenever the conditions of men's but he afterwards declared that he would rather lives or the specialties of their constitution endure the sufferings than be deprived of tobacco. makes overdoses probable. He resumed his old habit, and the old pains re It would be very useful to ascertain, if it turned.-Case III. A man aged forty-five, of lym- were possible, what those conditions and phatic temperament, extremely sober, and very constitutions are, an inquiry towards which regular in all his habits, was troubled by the pre- the writer in the St. Paul's gives us very monitory symptoms of melancholy mania. He little help. It has been proved by experiwas perfectly aware of his hallucinations, but ment that inaction of the kidneys make nicocould not escape them. After two or three weeks' tine additionally dangerous, and the essaymedical treatment they passed away, and he re- ist lays it down as a proposition that anysumed his labours at the bank, where he held the thing which diminishes excretory action, a that his patient was a smoker,-a moderate severe fall in the temperature, for example, smoker,—and that during his treatment the de- creates danger. So probably does any sesire for tobacco had not made itself felt, but on vere reduction in the pulse, if coincident his recovery he again resumed his cigar, and with the overdose; or hunger, or deep deonce more the old symptoms appeared. Warned pression of mind. Constitutions vary so thus by experience, he renounced tobacco en- infinitely that it is scarcely possible to lay tirely, and from that day has had no recurrence down many rules, but most physicians of the symptoms.”

would, we imagine, endorse one or two; as,

for example, that a severe cold is always a There are physicians in London who could hint to diminish tobacco, that it should add greatly to this list. One we know never be taken fasting, and that to most watched a case in which a violent nervous men it is specially, and as it were oddly, inand mental affection, cured by the disuse of jurious during the intervals of sleep. That tobacco, returned after an interval of years last is a caution smokers do not need, - in when the patient had thoughtlessly smoked Europe at least, – but snufftakers do, and a few cigars, and disappeared again on the it is one which this writer, without pretendcessation of the habit ; and numbers of ing to understand the reason, offers serioussmokers will testify to occasional "fits" of ly. One pinch of snuff taken between severe malaise from a smaller allowance of sleeping and waking at night will do more tobacco than usual. Is it not, then, at least to produce the symptoms of nicotine poisonpossible, if the facts are true — and every ing than a boxfull taken in the day-time, physician in large practice knows them to will produce in many cases actual vomiting be correct, – that almost any devotee of hours after. And finally, it may be laid tobacco may accidentally get an overdose, down as an axiom that men of highly-strung, and may thenceforward be liable to suffer sensitive, nervous organizations, and men more or less severely whenever the ordinary who habitually eat little, are better without dose happens not to be carried off as rapid- tobacco. They need it least, it is on them ly as usual? The poison is then absorbed, that it exerts its worst effects, and they, of all as the writer in the St. Paul's describes, and men, are most liable to become slaves to a permanent, though it may be minute, in the indulgence, which they fancy relieves jury is inflicted on the nervous system. In the dyspepsia it produces. To all sufferers what way the overdose alters the victim's from tobacco, we would add that if the theliability to attack is a question for physiolo- ory we have tried to maintain is correct, gists; but it may be held to be certain that and we speak as those who know by dreary it does, and though we have called the ac- experience the hold tobacco gets over the tion special, it is not unique. The vaccine affections, – there is no remedy whatever virus permanently alters the liability of except total abstinence. If the mischief has every child in the empire to be poisoned by once been done, one cigar or one pinch of smallpox; there are drugs — are there not? snuff is as bad as a hundred. Some of them – which produce a liability to epilepsy, and can act on the advice without an effort, an overdose of mercury will intensify the nothing in the history of tobacco being so

curious as the readiness with which many one useful line of advice. Fight the habit confirmed victims give up the habit, with your whole will and attention, as if it readiness in part due, it may be, to the fact were a stutter or a twitch. Bear the torthat no consequences follow its disuse such ture of disuse as you would bear a disease; as follow the disuse of opium or alcohol. go to bed, or to sea, and remember that Others could as soon be broken of opium- one cigar or one pinch of snuff will in bad smoking, or hemp-eating, or dram-drinking cases re-arouse, after an interval of months, as of tobacco, and for them there is only the insatiable crave.

PRECIOUS JEWELS. — Colour is never so composed of the same material as the emerald, with mercially valuable as in precious stones. For the exception of its colouring matter. This can instance, the ruby, the sapphire, and the Ori- scarcely be called a precious stone, as it is found ental topaz are identically the same so far as the in large quantities. We are told, indeed, that a materials of which they are composed go, but mass weighing five tons was found in America. they differ in value immensely. The ruby is, in It is used in Birmingham, under the name of fact, the same as a red sapphire, but the first- aqua marina, in making cheap jewelry, Rockmentioned jewel is the most precious of stones, crystal is one of many valuable minerals which whilst the blue sapphire is not of any great value. belong to the quartz system. It is very generOf old all blue stones were called sapphires, and ally distributed over the globe in large crystals. extraordinary virtues were attributed to them. Lumps of this mineral, often weighing many In these days we go to the analytic chemist when hundred weight, are found; and it is used rather we wish to discover if there is any poison in a in the manufacture of articles of vertu than of drink, but our forefathers imagined that Nature gems for the adornment of the person. We meet took the place of science, and attributed to this with it in old goldsmiths' work, and curious cups gem the power of discovering the presence of and goblets are made out of it, which are often noxious matter in any liquid in which it may most delicately cut. Like some of the gems, it have been placed. The ancients believed that was supposed by the ancients to flush with colthese precious gems changed colour on being our when poison was poured into cups made brought in contact with poisonous matters, and from it. Indeed, crystal has always been supthat they even had the power of killing spiders, posed to possess magical properties. We all have which in past times were considered poisonous. heard, for instance, of Dr. Dee's Crystal Globe, The sapphire is very easily imitated, and there upon looking into which, it is said, he foretold are many sham jewels that are passed off as the events. The Japanese and Chinese use it largely, real thing. Indeed, we do not doubt that this and, among other purposes, as a refrigerator to is the case with many so-called jewels which we cool the hands. A ball of this material may be see on fair necks, and never dream of doubt- seen in the shop window of an establishment in ing. The Oriental emerald is an exceedingly Regent-street, where Japanese nicknacks are exrare jewel, and so is the Oriental amethyst. These, posed to view. The cairngorm, onyx, cornelian, like the ruby and the sapphire, are varieties of amethyst, sardonyx, agate, and chalcedony, ali the corundum, the Indian name by which they belong to the same quartz system as the rockare known. The reader may not be so well ac- crystal. The opal, the most delicate of gems, quainted with what is termed the cat's-eye jewel; depends for its beauty very much upon the temit has the reputation of being a very lucky stone, perature: its rainbow-like tints-or rather, we and it is sold sometimes for very large prices in should say, its iridescent flashes, like those on the consequence of this supposed quality, for there is breast of a pigeon — are always the most brilnothing very beautiful in its appearance to re- liant in warm weather; this fact should teach commend it. The ancients, who had not arrived the wearer that it should be worn as a summer at the modern perfection in jewel-cutting, were gem only. There are several kinds of opals, the in the habit of engraving their jewels, and Mr. most valuable being known as the noble opal; King, in his volume on precious gems, has given then there is a more deeply and evenly tinted us some very beautiful examples of this art. red opal; and the Mexican opal, which loses The emerald is principally found in New Gra- much of its lustre upon being exposed to water. nada, but many are also found in Salzburg and Thus it will be seen this jewel is very sensitive to Siberia, principally in limestone rock. This gem atmospheric effects, and possibly this is the reais a great favourite with Mohametans, chiefly, son why it has been supposed to possess some suwe suppose, from the colour. The Orientals be- pernatural gift. The opal is unique in one relieve it possesses marvellous powers of a very di- spect, it cannot be imitated with any success. verse nature; for instance, it is considered capa- This jewel, when large, is very valuable. There ble of endowing the men with courage and the is one in the museum at Vienna valued at thirty women with chastity; it is supposed to possess thousand pounds. many medicinal qualities as well, but it is not

Cassell's Magazine. necessary to mention them. The beryl is com

No. 1280. - December 12, 1868.

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CONTENTS. 1. ON SOME FEATURES OF AMERICAN SCENERY, Fortnightly Review, 2. PHINEAS FINN. Part XIII.

Saint Paul's, . 8. THE DEATH OF THE CZAR NICHOLAS,

The Month, 4. LITTLE SEAL-SKIN,

Macmillan's Magazine, 6. THE MONCRIEFF GUN-CARRIAGE,

Examiner, 6. The Country-HOUSE on the Ruine. Part IV. By

Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the German
for the “ Living Age,"

Die Presse, 7. THE LAME AND THE LAZY,

Sunday Magazine, 8. INTERVIEW BETWEEN THE QUEEN OF SPAIN AND THE FRENCH EMPEROR,

Blackwood's Magazine, 9. The Sun's DISTANCE,

Macmillan's Magazine, 10. A SWIMMING LESSON,

Gentleman's Magazine, 11. ON SOME PLEASANT BOOKS,

Gentleman's Magazine, 12. THE PRESIDENT ELECT,

Spectator, 13. THE POET HALLECK,

N. Y. Evening Post,

POETRY. THE OUTWARD VOYAGE,

642 LITTLE SEAL-SKIN, . PARTED, .

: 642 AUTUMN VIOLETS, THE PICTURE OF THE WORLD,

642 INTO MY HEART A SILENT LOOK,

SHORT ARTICLES. VOLTAIRE AND LORD BYRON,

656 BOAR-HUNT IN BURGUNDY, MEXICAN RESURRECTION PLANT,

656 HERALDIC ANIMALS, SWEDISH ARCTIC EXPEDITION,

656

686 688 690 693 699 701

669 671 671

.

[blocks in formation]

NEW BOOKS:

From G. P. Putnam & Son, New York. GREAT OUTLINE OF GEOGRAPHY FOR HIGH SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES. BY THEODORE S. Fay. In two volumes : 1. A Folio Atlas, beautifully printed and colored; 2. A Textbook in duodecimo. “A correct opinion of the work cannot be formed by turning over the leaves. It is not a book of reference or reading. It is a teaching, a studying book.”. It is highly commended by Alexander de Humboldt, a fac-simile of whose letter to Mr. Fay is given. We have shown our copy to some teachers well qualified to judge, who express their pleasure very heartily. We recommend it as a family book, as well as for teachers. The Atlas is beautiful and useful on the parlor table.

From Sheldon & Co., New York.
THE CHILD WIFE: a Tale of the Two Worlds. By Capt. MAYNE REID.
SPECTACLES FOR YOUNG EYES. New York. By $. W. LANDER.
GLEANINGS AMONG THE SHEAVES. By the Rev C. H. SPURGEON.

From J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia. MOSAICS OF HUMAN LIFE. By ELIZABETH A. THURSTON. We have only had time to admire this as a beautifully printed book, The Boston Transcript says of it:-*

A volume which possesses a kind of endless interest, for it is a collection of the sayings and sing. ings of the philosophers and poets of the world on the most important eras of human life. Sense, wit, sagacity, sentiment, imagination, reason, embodied in pithy sentences, or extended paragraphs, or beautiful verses, are the staple of the work. As a volume for the parlor table, as a book of reference to the vast realms of thought and emotion, it will be found full of suggestion, information, and inspiration. It is for sale in Boston at 80 Washington St.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
LIT TELL & GAY, BOSTON.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOR EIGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on

less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

curious as the readiness with which many one useful line of advice. Fight the habit confirmed victims give up the habit, - a' with your whole will and attention, as if it readiness in part due, it may be, to the fact were a stutter or a twitch. Bear the torthat no consequences follow its disuse such ture of disuse as you would bear a disease; as follow the disuse of opium or alcohol. go to bed, or to sea, and remember that Others could as soon be broken of opium- one cigar or one pinch of snuff will in bad smoking, or hemp-eating, or dram-drinking cases re-arouse, after an interval of months, as of tobacco, and for them there is only the insatiable crave.

PRECIOUS JEWELS. - Colour is never so composed of the same material as the emerald, with mercially valuable as in precious stones. For the exception of its colouring matter. This can instance, the ruby, the sapphire, and the Ori- scarcely be called a precious stone, as it is found ental topaz are identically the same so far as the in large quantities. We are told, indeed, that a materials of which they are composed go, but mass weighing five tons was found in America. they differ in value immensely. The ruby is, in It is used in Birmingham, under the name of fact, the same as a red sapphire, but the first- aqua marina, in making cheap jewelry. Rockmentioned jewel is the most precious of stones, crystal is one of many valuable minerals which whilst the blue sapphire is not of any great value. belong to the quartz system. It is very generOf old all blue stones were called sapphires, and ally distributed over the globe in large crystals extraordinary virtues were attributed to them. Lumps of this mineral, often weighing many In these days we go to the analytic chemist when hundred weight, are found; and it is used rather we wish to discover if there is any poison in a in the manufacture of articles of vertu than of drink, but our forefathers imagined that Nature gems for the adornment of the person. We met took the place of science, and attributed to this with it in old goldsmiths' work, and curious cups gem the power of discovering the presence of and goblets are made out of it, which are often noxious matter in any liquid in which it may most delicately cut. Like some of the gems, it have been placed. The ancients believed that was supposed by the ancients to flush with colthese precious gems changed colour on being our when poison was poured into cups made brought in contact with poisonous matters, and from it. Indeed, crystal has always been supthat they even haul the power of killing spiders, posed to possess magical properties. We all have which in past times were considered poisonous. heard, for instance, of Dr. Dee's Crystal Globe, The sapphire is very easily imitated, and there upon looking into which, it is said, he foretold are many sham jewels that are passed off as the events. The Japanese and Chinese use it largely, real thing. Indeel, we do not doubt that this and, among other purposes, as a refrigerator to is the case with many so-called jewels which we cool the hands. A ball of this material may be see on fair necks, and never dream of doubt- seen in the shop window of an establishment in ing. The Oriental emerald is an exceedingly Regent-street, where Japanese nicknacks are exrare jewel, and so is the Oriental amethyst. These, posed to view. The cairngorm, onyx, cornelian, like the ruby and the sapphire, are varieties of amethyst, sardonyx, agate, and chalcedony, all the corundum, the Indian name by which they belong to the same quartz system as the mekare known. The reader may not be so well ac- crystal. The opal, the most delicate of gems, quainted with what is termed the cat's-eye jewel; depends for its beauty very much upon the ternit has the reputation of being a very lucky stone, perature: its rainbow-like tints - or rather, we and it is sold sometimes for very large prices in should say, its iridescent flashes, like those on the consequence of this supposed quality, for there is breast of a pigeon — are always the most brilnothing very beautiful in its appearance to re-liant in warm weather; this fact should teach commend it. The ancients, who had not arrived the wearer that it should be worn as a summer at the modern perfection in jewel-cutting, were gem only. There are several kinds of opals, the in the habit of engraving their jewels, and Mr. most valuable being known as the noble opal: King, in his volume on precious gems, has given then there is a more deeply and evenly tinted us some very beautiful examples of this art. red opal; and the Mexican opal, which looks The emerald is principally found in New Gra- much of its lustre upon being exposed to water. nada, but many are also found in Salzburg and Thus it will be seen this jewel is very sensitive to Siberia, principally in limestone rock. This gem atmospheric effects, and possibly this is the red is a great favourite with Mohametans, chiefly, son why it has been supposed to possess some sawe suppose, from the colour. The Orientals be- pernatural gift. The opal is unique in one man lieve it possesses marvellous powers of a very di- spect, it cannot be imitated with any sures verse nature; for instance, it is considered capa- This jewel, when large, is very valuable. There ble of enclowing the men with courage and the is one in the museum at Vienna valued at thirty women with chastity; it is supposed to possess thousand pounds. many medicinal qualities as well, but it is not

Cassell's Magazine necessary to mention them. The beryl is com

No. 1280. - December 12, 1868.

.

.

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.

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CONTENTS. 1. ON SOME FEATURES OF AMERICAN SCENERY,

Fortnightly Review, 2. PHINEAS FINN. Part XIII.

Saint Paul's, . 3. THE DEATH OF THE CAR NICHOLAS,

The Month, 4. LITTLE SEAL-SKIN,

Macmillan's Magazine, 5. THE MONCRIEFF GUN-CARRIAGE,

Examiner, 6. Tue Country-HOUSE ON THE Ruine. Part IV. By

Berthold Auerbach. Translated from the German
for the “Living Age,”

Die Presse, 7. THE LAME AND THE LAZY,

Sunday Magazine, 8. INTERVIEW BETWEEN THE QUEEN OF SPAIN AND THE FRENCH EMPEROR,

Blackwood's Magazine, 9. The Sun's DISTANCE,

Macmillan's Magazine, 10. A SWIMMING LESSON,

Gentleman's Magazine, 11. ON SOME PLEASANT BOOKS,

Gentleman's Magazine, 12. THE PRESIDENT ELECT,

Spectator, 13. THE POET HALLECK,

N. Y. Evening Post,

POETRY THE OUTWARD VOYAGE,

642 | LITTLE SEAL-SKIN, PARTED, .

642 AUTUMN VIOLETS, THE PICTURE OF THE WORLD,

642 INTO MY HEART A SILENT LOOK,

SHORT ARTICLES. VOLTAIRE AND LORD BYRON,

656 | BOAR-HUNT IN BURGUNDY, MEXICAN RESURRECTION PLANT,

656 HERALDIC ANIMALS, SWEDISH ARCTIC EXPEDITION,

656

686 688 690 693 699 701

.

669 671 671

703 704

NEW BOOKS :

From G. P. Putnam & Son, New York. GREAT OUTLINE OF GEOGRAPHY FOR HIGH SCHOOLS AND FAMILIES. BY THEO

DOBE S. Fay. In two volumes : 1. A Folio Atlas, beautifully printed and colored; 2. A Text- .
book in duodecimo. “A correct opinion of the work cannot be formed by turning over the leaves.
It is not a book of reference or reading. It is a teaching, a studying book." It is highly com-
mended by Alexander de Humboldt, a fac-simile of whose letter to Mr. Fay is given. We have
shown our copy to some teachers well qualified to judge, who express their pleasure very heartily.
We recommend it as a family book, as well as for teachers. The Atlas is beautiful and useful on
the parlor table.

From Sheldon & Co., New York.
THE CHILD WIFE: a Tale of the Two Worlds. By Capt. MAYNE REID.
SPECTACLES FOR YOUNG EYES. New York. By S. W. LANDER.
GLEANINGS AMONG THE SHEAVES. By the Rev C. H. SPURGEON.

From J. B. Lippincott & Co., Philadelphia. MOSAICS OF HUMAN LIFE. By ELIZABETH A. THURSTON. We have only had time to admire this as a beautifully printed book, The Boston Transcript says of it :

A volume which possesses a kind of endless interest, for it is a collection of the sayings and sing. ings of the philosophers and poets of the world on the most important eras of human life. Sense, wit, sagacity, sentiment, imagination, reason, embodied in pithy sentences, or extended paragraphs, or beautiful verses, are the staple of the work. As a volume for the parlor table, as a book of reference to the vast realms of thought and emotion, it will be found full of suggestion, information, and inspiration. It is for sale in Boston at 80 Washington St.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY

LIT TELL & GAY, BOSTON.

TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOR EIGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually for. warded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

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