Abbildungen der Seite

mark, ‘Bide a wee, Doctor, bide a wee, and ye’s and Robert Hall, in whose lofty eloquence be dry eneuch when ye get into the pulpit.' he evidently believes — he was perhaps the

Secondly, there is the Biblical-criticism example of our seventh style — and of style, growing too common with many least is new :

whom he gives this anecdote, which to us at among the more scholarly of the clergy, which produces sermons very valuable in “ Hall was of an independent spirit, and often type, but not equally valuable in the pulpit; winced under the control exercised, or attempted thirdly, there is the moral or didactic style, to be exercised, by English Dissenters over the which as the audience gets educated tends preaching of their pastors. I had the following to pass away, audiences of to-day not being anecdote from Dr. Chalmers: – A member of much edified by Sunday essays on life, his flock, presuming on his weight and influence which the Saturday Review or the Spectator in the congregation, had called upon him and can do twice as well; fourthly, the alarmist took him to task for not more frequently or more style, which as universalism spreads becomes fully preaching Predestination, which he hoped of less and less moment, except as it emp-most moderate and cautious of men on this dark

would in future be more referred to. Hall, the ties churches ; and fifthly, the gentle style question, was very indignant; he looked steadily which urges the promises of the Gospel. at his censor for a time, and replied, “Sir, I perDean Ramsay descants on each in a gossipy ceive that you are predestinated to be an ass; but withal serious and gently forbearing and what is more, I see that you are determined way irresistibly attractive; but nevertheless to make your calling and election sure !! " he forgets both the sixth and the seventh styles, which seem to us to be among the

Mere brutality, most readers will say; effective styles of preaching, namely, the but Dean Ramsay has lived among churches human, in which the preacher talks of re- where every old woman is a critic, and canligion as a man talks with his brethren of not forbear a certain sympathy, and neither other things of importance, using plain can we.

He then glides into an analysis of words, and familiar illustrations, and strong the power displayed in the pulpit by Chalappeals, and caring only to convince; and mers and Irving — an analysis of little orithe oratorical, when a man gifted to that ginality, and revealing, we think, a someend makes ideas which are perhaps old

and what florid taste — and ends with this genthoughts which are perhaps flat, powerful eral counsel, at least as much needed in through his faculty at once of delivery and England as in the Dean's own country :expression. Of all styles, that last is the

“ Sermons will vary much in language, in most common and effective


the preachers of this world, the least frequentities which should be found in all sermons, and

style, and in ability; but there are certain qualamong the preachers of the next. This

, certain qualities which should be excluded from we take it, was the main gift of Chrysostom, all There should always be gravity, sincerity, in whom the Dean believes so greatly, but simplicity, earnestness, and truth. There never whose discourses, if badly delivered or so should be affectation, buffoonery, or self-conceit. arranged as to lack some of that external There never should be the vanity which would beauty of which it is so difficult to divest sacrifice propriety to popularity. Men will have them, might seem in a modern pulpit very their favourite preachers — men will have their

But flat things indeed. No man appears among own ideas of what are the finest sermons. us even now with the fire of the genuine the essential elements of the true Christian ora orator on his lips, the prose poet

who can

tor have been already drawn by the hand of a

master :stir men, but his church or chapel fills to the roof with men careless of his special “ • Would I describe & preacher such as Panl, dogmatic opinions.

Were he on earth, would hear, approve, and Dean Ramsay passes lightly, but easily,

own, over the historical portion of his subject, Paul should himself direct me. I would interlacing short but pithy accounts of an

trace cient, medieval, and Reformation preach

His master strokes, and draw from his deing with many a quaint or humorous anec

sign; dote; outlines Hooker, Barrow, and Jeremy

I would express him simple, grave, sincere; Taylor, — of which triad he prefers the last,

In doctrine uncorrupt; in language plain, as the man of genius, “ the Shakespeare of

And plain in manner; decent, solemn, chaste,

And natural in gesture; much impressed the pulpit," — mentions, not we think very

Himself, as conscious of his awful charge, lovingly, Massillon and Lacordaire, Whit

And anxious mainly that the flock he feeds field, whose sermons, however, he had never

May feel it too; affectionate in look, seen, John Wesley, of whom he quotes the And tender in address, as well becomes markedly doctrinal opinion given above, A messenger of grace to guilty man.'"

From The Spectator, 22 Aug,

going under

any circumstances with great THE LESSON OF THE FRENCH LOAN. ease at 4 1-2 per cent. The effort would be

great, the burden would be great, the ultiPEOPLE who care to understand Conti- mate suffering might be very great indeed; nental politics, that is, the inter-relation of but still, Napoleon could find in a day the three out of the four active races of man- means of waging a war of the grandest kind, will do well to read, and read with magnitude, the sort of war which extinsome care, M. Magne's report to the Em- guishes States and creates Empires, through peror upon the recent Loan. It is for poli- an entire year. And there is no sufficient ticians a most instructive paper. It is very proof, in fact, no proof at all

, that France, easy and quite true to say that it is “ lyri- with greater effort, and a heavier burden, cal," and " inflated,” and “Byzantine,” and more ultimate suffering, could not reand no doubt the style of the Second Em- peat the exertion, could not, that is, keep pire is as offensive either to a simple or to up a national war, in the highest, fullest, à cultivated taste as it is well conceivable and most exhausting sense of that phrase, that any system of arranging words should for two full years. Even the first fact

, be. That habit of ascribing the earth's mo- which is beyond doubt, is a tremendous tion on its axis to the wisdom of the Em- one, one it is most unwise to forget, one peror, or the Constitution of the United which explains many circumstances otherStates, or to the glorious revolution of wise inexplicable in Continental affairs, one 1688, is, no doubt, extremely wearisome, that fully justifies Continental statesmen in and when the theme is pursued in a quasi- a certain terror, or, as it were, awe of Ossianic dialect, like that of M. Magne, or France which we are apt in our islands someMr. Seward, or the Daily Telegraph, it ex- times to despise. They know better than cites a feeling very hard to be distinguished we do what the resources of France are, from loathing. Nevertheless, truth is how splendidly great are the latent powers truth, however expressed, and the truth on at the disposal of any French ruler once which the French Minister of Finance di- fairly engaged in war. They know, and so lates with such offensive unction is one it is do we, that France is organized permamost inexpedient to forget. Six hundred nently like an army, that the exquisite millions sterling, says M. Magne, thirty- mechanism really works, that the Emperor four times all we asked, have been sub- in Paris cannot breathe without some faint scribed to a loan at three per cent., and film appearing on mirrors in Auxerre and what a magnificence of power is there? Marseilles. They know, and so do we, Well, M. Magne, if judged by arithmeti- that ten words uttered in a little white and cians or financiers who understand what the gold room in the Tuileries would set in resources of nations really are, is, no doubt, motion a machine as strong as a locomotive lending himself to the publication of fibs. and as carefully regulated as a watch. And No nation, not England or the Union, they know, what we sometimes forget, the could subscribe 600,000,0001. in cash to any depth of the mine from which this machine loan, on any terms, in any season, however can be supplied. We English hear of disfavourable. Half the subscriptions to the contents in France, and opposition, and French Loan must be struck away at once conscriptions, and exhaustive administrative as mere figures put down in order to ensure devices, and the petite culture, and peasants a chance of the premium, with no intention mortgages, and bad farming, and high of actually subscribing anything but the de- taxes, till we are blinded to the grand fact posit, and at least half of the remaining that in one of the richest corners of the moiety as the result of a bold guess that the earth thirty-five millions of the most indusGovernment would not require a fifth or a trious, most inventive, and least wasteful third of the amount nominally subscribed. of mankind are exhausting energy in the Nevertheless, when these allowances are effort to produce. Among countries thormade, the facts remain that 26,000,0001. oughly organized or fairly developed, there were paid as a deposit in hard cash, that is none like France, none with so varied a the tenth which will be allotted to most sub- richness of soil and climate. We are very scribers is less than they hoped for, that, to proud of counties like Essex, where the use conjectural but still obviously trustwor- land, if one puts ten pounds an acre into it, thy figures, "the Empire could have raised can be made to yield ten quarters of good 100,000,0001., rather more than an extra wheat; but there are districts of France as year's revenue, eight years' of the ordinary large as Essex which would bear a rental expenditure on the Army, a year of the of ten pounds an acre, and then yield a highest estimated cost of that Army in full profit to the cultivator of the vine. There motion — two millions a week would keep it lare Englands in France as rich as England

in all but minds, and those Englands are with Europe behind them, were still opnot tilled by slouching hinds with nothing pressed with one sovereign dread, might but the Union before them; but by owners, not France rise to spit them out ? - and by men to whose thrift the thrift of Lowland the Allies were right. So far from wonScotchmen is wastefulness, men who dream dering that Bismarck hesitates, we wonder of the spade as they sleep, men who never that he can even dream of internecine war in life lighted a lamp because the sun costs with a power so terrible, a power which, nothing per hour. There is nothing in the were the Channel dry land, would make world quite so greedy as the greed of a every Englishman a soldier, and then leave French peasant, and he expends it first of him doubtful whether, being a soldier, he all upon his land. He has insufficient capi- was secure in his sleep. tal?" True, so he makes it up in toil; mort That this power of France, this organized gages ? so his wife and children grow old with strength, is no protection to the Empire, labour before their time; heavy taxes ? so he considered as an alternative form of Govlives on lentils; a conscription ? so women ernment, we may readily admit. A Repubdraw as well as guide the plough. We lic once established could get a loan just as should like to set a few industrious ” Brit- easily as the Empire ; Louis Philippe did ish labourers, or artizans either, down in a get loans at a much cheaper rate. M. central district of France, say Auvergne, to Grévy's election for the Jura is not the less get a living out of a handkerchief estate, ominous a sign, because his constituents obwith the regular mortgages on it, for five tain and hoard more cash than Englishmen years. They would come back with a suppose. M. Magne's success may, for slightly different notion of what work ought we can prove, be altogether forgotten meant, and what extravagance meant too. in the Tuileries, in presence of the fact that With everything against him except his soil, an agricultural department without a city insufficient capital, heavy taxation, a con- has, for the first time since 1848, declared scription, and no machinery, the French by a vote of two to one that it will none of peasant gets wealth out of his sweat of Bonapartism, that it prefers the man who which Englishmen are wholly unaware, resisted the establishment of the Presidency, wealth which dispenses with the poor law, and moved that the Sovereign Assembly wealth which, when the nation calls on it, elect and remove its own executive when seems practically exhaustless, or if de- needful, as Premiers are elected in Engstroyed is, like the wealth of Egypt, re- land. All that is proved by M. Magne's newed in the next overtlooding. Nobody report, all that we wish to make clear to. in France is wealthy as in England, but in our readers, is that the Jura is none the every one of those eight millions of houses poorer or weaker because M. Grévy is there is cash, cash kept though its owners elected, that France is immensely, terribly are driven to lentils without salt -- cash powerful, whether the Opposition or the 1 which, if they were educated, would be ex- Emperor rules. They know quite as well pended in a hundred fruitful enterprises; as we do the permanent corollary of that bat which, being as they are, they will trust fact, that while the Head of the Administraonly to the State, that is, to themselves, tion rules, – be he Napoleon or Cavaignac, and to the land. People talk of repudia- worshipped or hated, — he can dispose of tion in France. Well

, Paris may decree this strength; that if two hundred and fifty repudiation, if her rulers dare at the same MM. Grévys were elected, they, war once moment wipe out the mortgages on the land, declared, would be for conducting it to victhe private as well as the public Rente; but tory. If, then, France is so great and her if not, Paris, with all her chequered history, mechanism so absolutely under the control will never have been in such danger yet. of the engineer, can we wonder that GerAnd all this, all these hoards, these estates, many pauses to think out the risk of invathese people, are at the disposal of the sion, that every power on earth, from the Government for a national war, for any war Union to Spain, hesitates and delays and which seems essential to the honour of the negotiates and sometimes succumbs, before one thing the peasant sets before himself - it compels the engineer to set in motion France. After twenty years of battle, after such a machine. It is nervous work, cutthe Emperor had decreed that only sons ting the dam of a pond; but cutting the should enter the ranks, when whole districts dyke of a reservoir, and that as full as were tilled by women, and beasts fit to draw France ! the plough were not in the land, the Allies,

From Temple Bar. Miscellany," in the days when Dickens came SAMUEL LOVER.

out in that periodical with his “Oliver


bert Smith with his “Ledbury Family"

and “Marchioness of Brinvilliers." LovThe grave has just closed over the most er's Irish novel had some capital scenes, popular of Ireland's song-writers since the full of rich humour here and there, but it days of Moore; and although his sweet pa- failed in sustainment and artistic treatment thós and genuine native humour are un

generally. Finis coronat opus — the end doubted, he cannot be ranked anything like and test of such works are their sale; and second to the noblest of her lyric writers. the sale of “ Handy Andy," when repubLover died at the ripe age of seventy-two, lished from the " Miscellany” in the usual after having enjoyed life peacefully and three-volume novel, was anything but a pleasantly enough, and fulfilled a destiny crowning success. The fortunate writer of which, estimating his genius and education short and racy episodes in the history of the at their true worth, was quite as fortunate Irish national character, such as those which as he or his warmest admirers had a right introduced him at his first going off to Dubto expect. Some perhaps who, remember- lin notice, and which he rendered additioning his earlier productions, which were by ally attractive by his accompanying pencil far his best, and disappointed at the falling sketches, as well as by reciting them at off he displayed in his subsequent efforts, the best evening parties and convivial meetwould rank him amongst

ings of the Irish capital, completely failed “ The inheritors of unfulfill'd renown;"

when he came to make a longer and more

laborious, in other words, a more compliwhilst others look upon his merits, in a lit- cated effort. erary point of view, as overrated, and the “Rory O'More," which as a ballad, and renown he attained, if the term can be ap- a first-rate one it is, was sung in every diplied to such literary achievements as his, rection, from the drawing-room to the street, in a great measure unmerited. The truth and played by the band of every regiment lies mid-way between, as in similar cases of throughout the United Kingdom - even the exaggeration on both sides. At his period Temperance Bands of Hope used to play it of middle age (in his younger days he was was raised, after some by no means una miniature-painter), he achieved very con- skilful manipulations on the part of its ausiderable, indeed high fame, as having writ- thor, to the dignity of an operetta, and had ten about a dozen very pretty — some of no inconsiderable success. It lived its little them pathetic, some of them humourous day, and shared the fate of much higher songs, all of them on Irish subjects, and productions of our lyric stage at the hands placed a successful Irish comedy (“The of a people who never will have a native White Horse of the Peppards”) on the school of music, because they will not steadstage, the chief character in which latter ily encourage one by whom Barnet, Balfe, production drew out the best powers of the Loder, Macfarlane, and Wallace, were most popular Irish actor of our time, the praised, patronised for a little season, neglate lamented Tyrone Power. This was lected, and forgotten! something for an Irishman, and an unlet It was upwards of thirty years ago, when tered one, conventionally speaking, to I was a student of Trinity College, and a achieve, when Moore was yet alive, and we scribbler in one or other of the Dublin pubwere still reminded of Sheridan in the pres- lications, that I met, for the first time, Mr. ence of his beautiful and gifted granddaugh- Lover, then approaching his fortieth year, ters,

on the occasion of both of us paying a mornFortunate would it have been for Lover ing visit to an English prima donna who if, instead of abandoning his portrait-paint- was then starring it on the Dublin boards. ing, he had followed it as his chief support, This lady's musical knowledge and judgment and made his literary realisations a second- as well — and they do not always go toary consideration to his original and legiti- gether — were superior to her voice, which mate profession. But he had thrown himself was of a high range, but not of the highest. upon the world of literature, and he must The little pet of the Dublin drawing-room, fag on.

for he had come out successfully in the lead* Handy Andy," a rollicking sort of ing society of the Irish capital a season or novel, immeasurably inferior to any of the two previously, with his droll native stories " Harry Lorrequer ” set, appeared at irreg- and recitations, had come to submit a ular intervals in the pages of “Bentley's song for her opinion, which, although it was

one of his first efforts* at song-writing, he when he wrote everything short ; when he sat down to the pianoforte and threw off conceived a happy thought or seized on for us without any mauvaise honte or hesita- some one else's, packed it up into a little tion. His voice, if not like the great poet's casket or cadre of a dozen or score of pretty “ still small voice of conscience," was still lines, and made the most of it. Like a sınall one enough, in all conscience. Like Moore, he sang his songs to his own accomTom Moore's, however, it was sweetly mod- paniment, and quite as judiciously did he ulated, and had not a false note in it. The manage (in private, but not on the stage) song he sung, if not equal in simple beauty to let you hear his words distinctly. The and originality to the best of his songs of same method may be observed with many the “ Irish Superstitions," was not far be- accomplished Irishmen, some of them of low them, and may be ranked amongst his long standing, who sing with the sweetness happiest efforts. It was “The Secret," and enjoyment of their younger days; for as sometimes called “Under the Rose," a Lover himself said: chanson d'amour, full of playful point and

“We sometimes get young, but we never grow beauty, and set to a graceful and appropri

old.” ate air of his own composition. As it may have been long since forgotten by most of They read their songs well, and make use the generation who first heard it - and not of the instrument not to drown, but to susone out of five hundred of the younger gen- tain their voice. Generally speaking noeration may have heard it at all – it may body can sing their native songs like this not be inappropriate to recall it to the one class of Irishmen, not even the Irish ladies class of our readers and to introduce it to themselves, who for the most part, like the other:

most ladies whom I have heard, especially in

England, overwhelm their voices with the UNDER THE ROSE.

instrument, and make the song subservient “If a secret you'd keep, there is one I could tell, to the accompaniment. Though I think from my eyes you may guess it Although Dublin was at the time when as well ;

Lover first came out upon the drawing-room But as it might ruffle another's repose,

stage full of clever dröles who figured on Like a thorn let it be, that is — under the rose. the same miniature boards, such as Brophy, “ As Love in the garden of Venus one day the vice-regal dentist, Butler, the architect, Was sporting where he was forbidden to play, and Jones, the sculptor, who had each of He feared that some sylph might his mischief dis- them a hearty welcome wherever they went, close,

through the noblest and then really hospitSo he slyly concealed himself — under the rose. able country mansions of Ireland, none of “Where the likeness is found to thy breath and them could get through that sort of work so thy lips

neatly and off-hand, with such a seeming The sweetest of honey the summer bee sips — want of effort, and with such little chance Where Love, timid Love, found the safest repose, of boring you, as Lover. Brophy, Butler There our secret we'll keep, dearest - under the and Jones have all three, within the last ten rose.

years or so, gone to that bourne from which

the drollest and the saddest never return, “ The maid of the East a fresh garland may every one who had listened to them when

wreathe, To tell of the passion she dares not to breathe; they set the table in a roar, crying out, as Thus in many bright flowers her flame she'll

dis- each of them dropped under it, goblet in close,

hand, into the tomb, “ Alas poor Yorick!” But in one she finds secresy — under the rose.” Brophy's “Blind Beggar of Carlisle The fourth stanza was an after-thought of successful performances of its kind ever wit

" was one of the most amusing and

Bridge” long after years, and, although not un- nessed on or off the stage. The old mendiworthy of the other three, I have often cant was known by the name of Zosimus, thought the song would do well enough from the hero of his chief metrical recitation, without it. The happiest hits are the short- one of the early monks of the desert, who est; and a pretty thought is often spoiled had a great throw off in politics and polemics when too much time is taken in the tell with no less a personage in the martyrology ing of it. The epigrammatic felicity was than St. Mary of Egypt. Another of the Laver's most peculiar one in his best days, blind man's ballads, ** Moses in the Bul

* The Dark-haired Girl, a simple and tender little rushes," was equally popular; and the state lieve, his first; and was as universally sung at Irish course of a speech in court one day, in a love song to the air of Bonny Mary Haye was, I be dentist was equally at home in it. In the parties in its day as Annie Laurie was throughout tae United Kingdom in after years.

case where the name and evidence of this

« ZurückWeiter »