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Annual expenditures as shown by reports of 1869 and 1870—Continued.

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A few days ago I addressed a 'letter to the Commissioner of Pensions asking him to furnish me a statement showing the amount paid for pensions from 1860 to 1870, inclusive, to which he replied as follows:

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, PENSION OFFICE,

Washington, D. C., July 25, 1876. Sir: In compliance with your request of the 24th instant, I have the honor to transmit the inclosed table of the amount paid for Army and Navy pensions from 1860 to 1870, inclusive.

Inclosed is also the annual report of this office for the year 1865; the copies for the year 1864 are exhausted. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

0. P. G. STARKE, Chief Clerk. Hon. H. G. DAVIS, United States Senate.

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Statement showing the total amount paid in each fiscal year for Army and Navy pensions from

1860 to 1870, inclusive. 1860.

$1,154,321 73 1861 ....

1,089, 218 75 1862 ...

800, 819 94 1863..

1, 044, 364 47 1864 ..

4,521, 622 IR 1865 ..

8,542, 885 27 1866.

13, 250, 980 17 1867

18, 681, 711 79 1868

24.079, 403 18 1869 ..

28, 445, 089 09 1870 ..

27,780, 811 81

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Total for eleven years....

129, 391, 228 38 Statement showing the total amount paid in each fiscal year for Army and Navy pensions, as per Finance Report for 1870 and letter of the Commissioner of Pensions of July 25, 1876.

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Secretary's table, Finance Report for 1875.............

............ $142, 540, 493 44 Increase ... Letter of Commissioner of Pensions, July 25, 1876 ........

129, 391, 228 38 Decrease............................

Difference or increase in Secretary's table ..................... 13, 149, 265 06

$13, 554, 419 89

405, 154 83 13, 149, 265 06

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Statement of the public debt from 1835 to 1871.

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1835.. 1836. 1837 1838 1839. 1840. 1841 1842 1843.. 1844.. 1845 1846.

1847 · 1848...

1849. 1850. 1851.. 1852.. 1853 1854. 1855.. 1856.. 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861.. 1862.. 1863. 1864 1865 1866. 1867... 1868... 1869. 1870.

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1,945, 156 79 10, 189, 705 52 14, 073, 111 25 24, 633, 113 48

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RECAPITULATION. Report of 1871....

$20, 221, 399, 098 41 Report of 1870....

19, 973, 622, 423 72 Increase in report of 1871 over 1870....................

247, 766, 674 71 * Should be $75,093,881.08; ditference, $0.60 ; typographical error.

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Statements in speech November 16, 1877.

PUBLIC DEBT.

The annual statement of the public debt from 1835 to 1871, as appears in the Finance Reports for 1869 and previous reports, and 1871 and subsequent reports, shows the difference in each year and the total difference between the two reports (see pages 12 and 368, Finance Reportfor 1871, and page 317, Finance Report for 1869):

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1835 .. 1836. 1837 1838 1839 1840. 1841 1842 1843 1844.. 1845... 1846 1847 1848 1849. 1850.. 1851 1852. 1853. 1854... 1855 1856 .. 1857. 1858 1859... 1860 1861 1862 .. 1863 1864 ... 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869.. 1870

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Total..................

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And the increased figures appear in all Finance Reports since 1871.

* Should be $1,200,723.36; difference, $0.03 ; typographical error.
+ Should be $9.963.040.21 : difference, $900 ; typographical error.
Should be $75,093,881.08; difference. $0.60 ; typographical error.
Should be $19,973,632,423,71; difference, $10,000, typographical error.

Again, by comparing the public-debt statements found in the report for 1870 (page 276) and 1871 (pages 368, 369), we find large differences, commencing with the year 1862. And although these changes extend as far back'as 1835, yet the greatest increase, indeed almost all of it, was from 1862 to 1870, as the following table will show:

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Again, the statements made by the Secretary of the Treasury in the annual Finance Reports and in the monthly debt statements, as also those made by the Register of the Treasury for a given year, often differ materially from each other. For instance, take the year 1869 : Finance Report for 1869, page 29........

$2,656, 603, 955 73 Monthly debt statement, July 1, 1869 ............................ 2,645, 170, 294 16 Finance Report, 1870 (June 30, 1869), page 25..................... 2,588, 452, 213 94 Finance Report, 1870 (by the Register), page 276......

2, 489, 002, 480 58 Again the Register, at page 317, Finance Report for 1869, states the public debt for that year to be.........

2, 489, 002, 480 58 The Secretary, at page 25, Finance Report for 1870, and page 13, re

port for 1871, states the public debt for the year 1870 to be...... 2, 480, 672, 427 81

The difference between these sums ought to show the decrease of

the public debt for 1870, which is ........ But the monthly debt statements for the year 1870 state the decrease

of the public debt for that year was......... Making a difference between the Finance Reports and monthly

statements of .........

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Now, up to 1869 the Pacific Railroad debt was carried as part of the

public debt, but in 1870 it was taken from the public debt and stated as the debt of the Pacific Railroad, amounting at that time,

which was only an apparent and not real reduction, to.......... If from this amount we subtract the real decrease as shown above.

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It would appear that the public debt for 1870 was increased ......
And not decreased, as set forth in the monthly debt statements....

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