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Annual expenditures as shown by reports of 1869 and 1870—Continued.

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A few days ago I addressed a letter to the Commissioner of Pensions asking him to furnish me a statement showing the amount paid for pensions from 1860 to 1870, inclusive, to which he replied as follows:

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, PENSION OFFICE,

Washington, D. C., July 25, 1876. Sir: In compliance with your request of the 24th instant, I have the honor to transmit the inclosed table of the amount paid for Army and Navy pensions from 1860 to 1870, inclusive.

Inclosed is also the annual report of this office for the year 1865; the copies for the year 1864 are exhausted. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

0. P. G. STARKE, Chief Clerk. Hon. H. G. DAVIS, United States Senate.

Statement showing the total amount paid in each fiscal year fır Army and Navy pensions from

1860 to 1870, inclusive. 1860

$1, 154, 321 73 1861

1,089, 218 75 1862

800, 819 94 1863

1,044, 364 47 1864

4,521, 622 18 1865

8,542, 885 27 1866

13, 250, 980 17 1867

18,681, 711 79 1868

24, 079, 403 18 1869

28, 445, 089 09 1870

27,780, 811 81 Total for eleven years..

129, 391, 228 38 Statement showing the total amount paid in each fiscal year for Army and Navy pensions, as per Finance Report for 1870 and letter of the Commissioner of Pensions of July 25, 1876.

Years.

From Secretary's
table, Finance
Report of 1870,

From letter of

Commissioner
of Pensions.

Increase.

Decrease.

page 30.

$53, 519 41 54, 619 02

1860. 1861.. 1862 1863 1864. 1865. 1866. 1867 1868 1869 1870

$1, 100, 802 32
1, 034, 599 73

852, 170 47
1, 078, 513 36
4, 985, 473 90
16, 347, 621 34
15, 605, 549 88
20, 936, 551 71
23, 782, 386 78
28, 476, 621 78
28, 340, 202 17

$1, 154, 321 73
1, 089, 218 75

800, 819 94
1, 044, 364 47
4,521, 622 18
8, 542, 885 27
13, 250, 980 17
18, 681, 711 79
24, 079, 403 18
28, 445, 089 09
27, 780, 811 81

$51, 350 53

34, 148 89 463, 851 72 7, 804, 736 07 2, 354, 569 71 2, 254, 839 92

297, 016 40

31, 532 69 559, 390 36

Total.

142, 540, 493 44

129, 391, 228 38

13, 554, 419 89

405, 154 83

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Year.

Report for 1869. Report for 1871.

Increase.

1844 1846 1847 1860

$5, 192, 445 05
10, 362, 374 36
35, 776, 495 72
14, 472, 202 72

$5, 218, 183 66
10, 413, 370 18
35, 840, 030 33
16, 472, 202 72

$25, 738 61
50, 995 82

63, 534 61 2, 000, 000 00

Total increase

2, 140, 269 04

Erpenditures in Indian Bureau.

Year.

Report for 1869. Report for 1871.

Increase.

1848 1849 1854 1855 1856 1857 1862 1864 1865 1866

$1, 103, 251 78

509, 263 25
1, 413, 995 08
2, 708, 347 71
2, 596, 465 92
4, 241, 028 60
2, 223, 402 27
2, 538, 297 80
4, 966, 964 90
3, 247, 064 56

$1, 252, 296 81
1, 374, 161 55
1, 550, 339 55
2,772, 990 78
2, 644, 263 97
4, 355, 683 64
2, 327, 948 37
2, 629, 975 97
5,059, 360 71
3, 295, 729 32

$149, 045 03
864, 898 30
136, 344 47
64, 643 07
47, 798 05
114, 655 04
104, 546 10
91, 678 17
92, 395 81
48, 664 76

Total increase

1, 614, 668 80

Statement showing total receipts as stated for the same year.

Year.

Report for 1869. Report for 1871.

Decrease.

1837
1840
1847
1848
1850
1853
1859

$27, 947, 142 19
25, 069, 662 84
55, 401, 804 58
57, 006, 889 65
47, 669, 766 75
61, 803, 404 58
81, 773, 965 64

$27, 883, 853 84
25, 032, 193 50
55, 338, 168 52
56, 992, 479 21
47, 649, 388 88
61, 500, 102 81
81, 758, 557 30

$63, 288 35
37, 409 34
63, 636 06
14, 410 44
20, 377 87
303, 301 77
15, 408 34

Total decrease.

517, 892 17

Miscellaneous receipts.

Year.

Report for 1769.

Report for 1871.

Decrease.

1837 1848

$5, 625, 479 15

627, 021 13

$5, 562, 190 80

577, 775 99

$63, 288 35 49, 245 14

Statement of the public debt from 1835 to 1871.

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1835. 1836 1837 1838 1839. 1840 1841 1842. 1843. 1844. 1845 1846.

1847 • 1848.

1849. 1850. 1851. 1852. 1853. 1854. 1855. 1856. 1857 1858 1859. 1860 1861. 1862 1863 1864 1865. 1866 1867 1868 1869. 1870

$313, 776 00 $45, 868 78 1,429, 900 52 5, 576, 560.68

8, 410, 393 71 125, 797 91 6,857, 082 73 5, 572, 739 91 5, 539, 471 31

1, 286, 535 73 1, 168, 491 79 1, 200, 723 36

130, 088 61 1, 481, 517 14 1, 642, 835 02

775, 464 82 5, 744, 400 76 1,067, 619 58

7, 537, 511 08 4, 999, 983 63

4,382, 774 49 1,008, 628 26

360, 555 05 1, 103 37

257, 861 45 72, 584 80

286, 954 96 9, 965, 040 21 20,978, 957 26 *75, 093, 881 68

1, 945, 156 79 10, 189, 705 52 14, 073, 111 25

24, 633, 113 48 99, 449, 733 36 94, 313, 828 07 332, 843, 228 59 85, 076, 553 88

85, 076, 553 88 247, 766, 674 71

$20, 221, 399, 098 41 19, 973, 622, 423 72

RECAPITULATION.
Report of 1871.
Report of 1870.
Increase in report of 1871 over 1870..

Should be $75,093,881.08; difference, $0.60; typographical error.

247, 766, 674 71

Statements in speech November 16, 1877.

PUBLIC DEBT.

The annual statement of the public debt from 1835 to 1371, as appears in the Finance Reports for 1869 and previous reports, and 1871 and subsequent reports, shows the difference in each year and the total difference between the two reports (see pages 12 and 368, Finance Reportfor 1871, and page 317, Finance Report for 1869):

Year.

Reports of 1869 Reports of 1871 Increase in re-
and previous and subsequent

port of 1871
years.
years.

over 1869.

Decrease.

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1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870

$351, 289 05

291, 089 05
1, 878, 223 55
4, 857, 660 46
11, 983, 737 53
5, 125, 077 63
6, 737, 398 00
15, 028, 486 37
27, 203, 450 69
24, 748, 188 23
17, 093, 794 80
16, 750, 926 33
38, 956, 623 38
48, 526, 379 37
64, 704, 693 71
64, 228, 238 37
62, 360, 395 26
65, 131, 692 13
67, 340, 628 78
47, 242, 206 05
39, 969, 731 05
30, 963, 909 64
29, 060, 386 90
44, 410, 777 66
58, 754, 699 33
64, 769, 703 08
90, 867, 828 68
514, 211, 371 92
1,098, 793, 181 37
1, 740, 690, 489 49
2, 682, 593, 026 53
2, 783, 425, 879 21
2, 692, 199, 215 12
2, 636, 320, 964 67
2, 489, 002, 480 58
2, 386, 358, 599 74

$37, 513 05

$313, 776 00 336, 957 83 $45, 868 78 3, 308, 124 07 1, 429, 900 52 10, 434, 221 14 5, 576, 560 68 3, 573, 343 82

8, 410, 393 71 5, 250, 875 54 125, 797 91 13, 594, 480 73 6,857, 082 73 20, 601, 226 28 5, 572, 739 91 32, 742, 922 00 5, 539, 471 31 23, 461, 652 50

1, 286, 535 73 15, 925, 303 01

1, 168, 491 79 15, 550, 202 97

*1, 200, 723 39 38, 826, 534 77

130, 088 61 47, 044, 862 23

1, 481, 517 14 63, 061, 858 69

1, 642, 835 02 63, 452, 773 55

775, 464 82 68, 304, 796 02 744, 400 76 66, 199, 341 71 1, 067, 649 58 59, 803, 117 70

7, 537, 511 08 42, 242, 222 42

4, 999, 983 63 35, 586, 956 56

4, 382, 774 49 31, 972, 537 90 1, 008, 628 26 28, 699, 831 85

360, 555 05 44, 911, 881 03

1, 103 37 58, 496, 837 88

257, 861 45 64, 842, 287 88 72, 584 80 90, 580, 873 72

286, 954 96 524, 176, 412 13 79, 965, 940 21 1, 119, 772, 138 63 20, 978, 957 26 1, 815, 784, 370 57 75, 093, 881 68 2, 680, 647, 869 74 2, 773, 236, 173 69

1,945, 156 79

10, 189, 705 52 2, 678, 126, 103 87

14, 073, 111 25 2, 611, 687, 851 19

24, 633, 113 48 2, 588, 452, 213 94 99, 449, 733 36 2, 480, 672, 427 81 94, 313, 828 07 20, 221, 399, 098 42 332, 843, 228 5983, 076, 553 88 19, 973, 622, 423 71 85, 076, 553 88

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247, 766, 674 71 247, 767, 674 71

And the increased figures appear in all Finance Reports since 1871.
* Should be $1,200,723.36 ; difference, $0.03 ; typographical error.
Should be $9, 965, 040:21; difference, $900 ; typographical error.
Should be $75,093,881.08; difference, $0.60 ; typographical error.
Should be $19,973,632,423.71; difference, $10,000 ; typographical error.

Again, by comparing the public-debt statements found in the report for 1870 (page 276) and 1871 (pages 368, 369), we find large differences, commencing with the year 1862. And although these changes extend as far back as 1835, yet the greatest increase, indeed almost all of it, was from 1862 to 1870, as the following table will show:

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Again, the statements made by the Secretary of the Treasury in the annual Finance Reports and in the monthly debt statements, as also those made by the Register of the Treasury for a given year, often differ materially from each other. For instance, take the year 1869: Finance Report for 1869, page 29...

$2, 656, 603, 955 73 Monthly debt statement, July 1, 1869

2, 645, 170, 294 16 Finance Report, 1870 (June 30, 1869), page 25..

2,588, 452, 213 94 Finance Report, 1870 (by the Register), page 276..

2, 489, 002, 480 58 Again the Register, at page 317, Finance Report for 1869, states the public debt for that year to be....

2, 489, 002, 480 58 The Secretary, at page 25, Finance Report for 1870, and page 13, re

port for 1871, states the public debt for the year 1870 to be..... 2,480, 672, 427 81 The difference between these sums ought to show the decrease of the public debt for 1870, which is

8, 330, 052 77 But the monthly debt statements for the year 1870 state the decrease of the public debt for that year was..

102, 643, 880 84 Making a difference between the Finance Reports and monthly statements of ...

94, 313, 828 07 Now, up to 1869 the Pacific Railroad debt was carried as part of the

public debt, but in 1870 it was taken from the public debt and stated as the debt of the Pacific Railroad, amounting at that time, which was only an apparent and not real reduction, to....

58, 38, 320 00 If from this amount we subtract the real decrease as shown above. 8, 330, 052 77 It would appear that the public debt for 1870 was increased

50, 608, 267 23

And not decreased, as set forth in the monthly debt statements....

102, 643, 880 84

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