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Unreasonable searches and seizures. And no warrants shall be

issued but upon probable cause, supported by oath or
affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be
searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

(Amendments]
Unusual punishments inflicted. Excessive bail shall not be re-

quired, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and.

(Amendments] Use without just compensation. Private property shall not be

taken for public. (Amendments] ----
Useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and invent-

ors the exclusive right to their writings and inventions.
Congress shall have power to promote the progress of
science and the..

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V.

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Vacancies happening in the representation of a State. The ex

ecutive thereof shall issue writs of election to fill.--Vacancies happening in the Senate in the recess of the legisla

ture of a State. How filled ... Vacancies that happened during the recess of the Senate, by

granting commissions which shall expire at the end of

the next session. The President shall have power to fill. Validity of the public debt incurred in suppressing insurrection

against the United States, including debt for pensions

and bounties, shall not be questioned. [Amendments) Vessels bound to or from the ports of one State shall not be

obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another State.. Veto of a bill by the President. Proceedings of the two Houses

upon the...
Vice-President of the United States shall be President of the

Senate
He shall have no vote unless the Senate be equally divided.
The Senate shall elect a President pro tempore in the ab-

sence of the
Ile shall be chosen for the term of four years.---
The number and the manner of appointing electors for

President and
In case of the removal, death, resignation, or inability of

the President, the powers and duties of his office shall

devolve on the.--Congress may provide by law for the case of the removal, death, resignation, or inability both of the President and.

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Art,

Sec.

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l'ice-President. On impeachment for and conviction of trea

son, bribery, and other high crimes and misdemeanors
shall be removed from office. The

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17 Vice-President. The manner of choosing the. The electors

shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot
for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least,
shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with them-
selves. (Amendments] ----

28 The electors shall name, in distinct ballots, the person voted for as Vice-President. (Amendments) --------- 12

28 They shall make distinct lists of the persons voted for a

Vice-President, which lists they shall sign and certify,
and send sealed to the seat of government, directed to
the President of the Senate. (Amendments]

.- 28 The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the

Senate and House of Representatives, open all the cer-
tificates and the votes shall then be counted. [Amend.

ments] ---
The person having the greatest number of votes shall be

Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the
whole number of electors. [Amendments] ------

28 If no person have a majority, then from the two highest

numbers on the list the Senate shall choose the Vice-
President. ' [Amendments) -------

28 A quorum for this purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the

whole number of Senators; and a majority of the whole
number shall be necessary to a choice. (Amendments)-- 12

28 But if the House shall make no choice of a President be

fore the 4th of March next following, then the Vice-
I resident shall act as President, as in the case of the
death or other constitutional disability of the President.

[Amendments] ------
No person constitutionally ineligible as President shall be

eligible as. [Amendments] ---
Violence. The United States shall guarantee to every State a

republican form of government, and shall protect each
State against invasion and domestic

4 Virginia entitled to ten Representatives in the first Congress..

3 Vote. Each Senator shall have one

3 The Vice-President, unless the Senate be equally divided, shall have no...

3 Vote requiring the concurrence of the two Houses (except upon

a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the
President. Every order, resolution, or

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Vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or

by any State on account of race, color, or previous con-
dition of servitude. The right of citizens of the United

States to. (Amendments]
Vote of two-thirds. Each House may expel a member by a...

A bill vetoed by the President may be repassed in each

House by a
No person shall be convicted on an impeachment except

by a
Whenever both Houses shall deem it nec essary, Congress

may propose amendments to the Constitution by a----The President may make treaties, with the advice and

consent of the Senate, by a
Disabilities incurred by participation in insurrection or

rebellion may be relieved by Congress by a. (Amend-
ments]

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War, grant letters of marque and reprisal, and make rules con

cerning captures on land and water. Congress shall

have power to declare For governing the land and naval forces. Congress shall

have power to make rules and articles of...... No State shall, without the consent of Congress, unless

actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not

admit of delay, engage in.---War against the United States, adhering to their enemies, and

giving them aid and comfort. Treason shall consist only

in levying. Warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, on oath or

affirmation, describing the place to be searched, and the

persons or things to be seized. No. (Amendments) -Weights and measures. Congress shall fix the standard of.... Welfare, and to secure the blessings of liberty, &c. To promote

the general. [Preamble] -Welfare. Congress shatl have power to provide for the common

defense and general Witness against himself. No person shall, in a criminal case,

be compelled to be a. (Amendments] Witnesses against him. In all criminal prosecutions the accused

shall be confronted with the. (Amendments) -------

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Witnesses in his favor. In all criminal prosecutions the accused

shall have compulsory process for obtaining. (Amend

ments] ---Witnesses to the same overt act, or on confession in open court.

No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the

testimony of two...Writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless in case of

rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it... Writs of election to fill vacancies in the representation of any

State. The executive of the State shall issue.---
Written opinion of the principal officer in each of the executive

departments on any subject relating to the duties of his
office. The President may require the

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Y.

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Veas and nays of the members of either House shall, at the desire

of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journals. The votes of both Houses upon the reconsideration of a

bill returned by the President with his objections shall
be determined by ---

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JEFFERSON'S MANUAL

ON

PARLIAMENTARY PRACTICE.

101

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