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quantity of goods increases in an astonishing manner every fair, and the sale becomes constantly less. The inhabitants of the provinces ceded to Prussia, cannot for the most part visit the fair, because the tariff makes the goods too dear for them, and hawkers bring them cheaper to their own doors. We have not heard of any considerable bankruptcy this fair. Madrid, Oct. 21.-Their majesties' nuptial ceremony was solemnized at court yesterday, in the presence of all the great of. ficers of state, dignitaries, foreign ministers, &c. The religious ceremony will take place to-morrow, in the church of St. Francis the Great. The august bride will be given away by the infant don Carlos; cardinal don Louis de Bourbon, archbishop of Toledo and primate of the Spanish kingdoms, &c. will perform the ceremonial. Individuals attempting to enter Madrid, whether provided with passports or not, who come from the infected provinces, or those suspected, and not having been examined by the health committees, nor presented themselves to the officers of the cordon established at various points to perform the regulated quarantine, are declared irrevocably liable to suffer death. 22. Although the 16th article of the constitutional charter of Poland declares, “that the liberty of the press is guaranteed, and that the law will regulate the means of repressing its abuses,” the emperor Alexander has abolished that liberty by his own au

thority, in the following document : — r “Wishing to prevent the abuses that may take place from the liberty of the press, till a new law be made to check it, we have decreed as follows:– ** “All gazettes and periodical writings will be henceforward subjected to a government censorship.” : The other two articles of this decree relate to the mode of executing the imperial mandate. A second decree says— “To complete our ordinance of the 22nd of May, which subjects journals and other periodical publications to a government censorship, we decree, that the article which applies to periodical publications, shall likewise apply to all writings, and to works of all kinds which may be printed in the kingdom of Poland, whether periodical or not. “. This provisional ordinance shall have the force of law, till the legislation on the press shall be definitively fixed by a decree of his imperial and royal majesty.” The ordinance is dated Warsaw, July 16, 1819. 23. Between one and two o'clock yesterday morning, a great àf of snow commenced, accompanied by a violent hurricane. The wind blew from the north-west, and has done considerable damage in and about the metropolis. The roads at the entrance of London were in several parts impassable, particularly at Walthamstow, where a number of trees were torn up by the roots and lay across the highway, compelling travellers to make

make a circuit of several miles. The snow had also accumulated near a foot deep, and the pathways in the fields were not passable for foot passengers. 23. Within these few months, many new and excellent arrangements have been adopted throughout the country for expediting the mails. Liverpool now receives all its letters, with the exception of the York mail, early in the morning, instead of at various hours in the day, and dispatches them many hours later (after exchange time) than it formerly did; with a dispatch one day later of its foreign letters intended for the continent. A complete and direct moving chain of mailcoaches proceeds about 1,000 miles, from Penzance to Thurso, by Bristol, Birmingham, Manchester, Carlisle, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. By a late junction at Manchester, Scotland receives and dispatches letters one day Quicker each way; and by a newly-established mail-coach from Aberdeen, travelling daily to the Land’s-end and Thurso, through a country no stage-coach ever went, and where in general no post-horses were kept, in most instances the letters reach that extremity of the island several days sooner. The counties of Caithmess, Ross and Sutherland, each subscribed 200l. towards any loss the proprietors of this mail-coach might sustain. The nuptials of her imperial and royal highness the archduchess Caroline, of Austria, with the prince royal of Saxony, were celebrated by his imperial and royal highness and eminence the archduke, cardinal archbishop

of Olmutz, in the presence of the whole court, with unusual pomp. His holiness has conferred upon their imperial highnesses and eminences, the archduke Antony, cardinal archbishop of Gran, and the archduke Rudolphus, cardinal archbishop of Olmutz, brothers to his apostolic majesty, the palium. Prince Napoleon, duke of Reichstadt, has been nominated by the emperor coadjutor to the archbishop of Olmutz, and leaves Vienna for Olmutz, to reside with his uncle, the cardinal Rudolphus, where three priests of the order of Jesus will take charge of his theological studies. Newcastle, Oct. 23.-Since the unfortunate affair of Thursday se'nnight, North Shields has continued in a most agitated state. Crowds of disorderly persons have nightly assembled in the streets, and alarmed the inhabitants by their threats and frightful shouts. On almost every door and wall there has been written, “ Blood for blood,” and other terrible and threatening expressions; the shops have been nightly shut up immediately after dark. So daring have the mob been, that they have actually threatened to burn or destroy the ships of war in the harbour, if the person who fired the fatal shot was not given up. On Friday se’nnight (the 15th inst.) an inquest was held at the George tavern, Dockwray-square, before Stephen Reed, esq. coroner, on the body of Joseph Cleckson, the unfortunate §.". who was killed upon the New Quay, during the riot on the preceding evening. The examination of the witnesses. witnesses lasted five days, when, after a patient investigation of most contradictory evidence, the jury on Wednesday afternoon returned a verdict of “Justifiable Homicide.” This verdict, we regret to state, has caused the evil-disposed to break out into fresh acts of violence. About seven o'clock the same evening, as Mr. Coppin, one of the jury, who resides near Milburn-place, was sitting in his parlour, a pistol-shot was fired at the window, but owing to the thickness of the window-shutter, the bullet fortunately did not pass through, or otherwise it would have proved fatal, from the direction in which it had been fired. A short while after, another shot was fired at the house of Mr. Fenwick, in Milburn-place, brother to the foreman of the jury; the villains having mistaken the houses of the two brothers, who reside next door to each other; the windows of Mr. Fenwick's house were also broken... This shot was also providentially unattended with any fatal consequences. Both these shots are strongly suspected to have been fired by four men dressed in blue jackets and white trowsers, who were seen in the neighbourhood at the time; and who, after the last shot, ran down the steps in front of Milburnplace, and, seizing a boat, escaped on the river. About the same time, a new mortice doorhinge was thrown through one of the bed-room windows of Mr. Hall, another of the jury, who resides in the same neighbourhood; it fell upon a bed in which a child was asleep. These daring outrages, as might be expected, Vol. LXI.

excited the alarm and roused the indignation of all the respectable inhabitants, who, at a meeting held the next day, resolved to offer a reward of 300 guineas for the discovery of the miscreants,

and to use every exertion to brin

them to justice. A most libera subscription was instantly entered into for this purpose. The streets of the town were patroled by cavalry on Wednesday; and on Thursday evening, conjoined parties of special constables, cavalry, and infantry, were preparing to patrol the streets that might. Accounts of these disturbances have been transmitted to government, and a large ship, on board of which are 300 marines, is daily expected to arrive off Shields. We are happy to state, that the keelmen on this river returned to their work on Friday morning. The sailors on the Wear io returned to their work last week, the ship-owners having acceded to their terms. On Saturday last, the South Tyne and the Axwell and Bywell yeomanry cavalry assembled in this town and Gateshead, where they have since remained on duty. Some companies of the 40th foot have also been stationed in this town, and have each day paraded in marching order. Brussels, Oct. 24.—The following article has been communicated to us, and gives some new details of the troubles which took place last year in the island of Java:The troubles which broke out in Cherebon (Java), at the beginning of 1818, show to what a deso the Javanese suffer themselves r te to be led astray by superstition; and how, on the other hand, the prudence and intrepidity of our brave countrymen were displayed on that occasion. The . of the insurgents had declared himself to be a saint, who could not be touched by any of the European arms, and much less killed. This trick had gained him numerous partisans, so that it was found necessary to march troops against them. An action ensued on the 4th and 5th February, 1818; the rebel Javanese took flight the first day, but on the 10th they again advanced in great numbers. Lieutenant Bornemann, being sent with 33 lancers of Bengal to occupy a position, was attacked by the pretended saint, who was followed by 1,000 Javanese, each armed with a creese or dagger. Lieutenant Bornemann, who had only his 33 lancers with him, ordered them to do nothing against the rebels without his express commands: waiting for a favourable opportunity, he rushed forward himself upon the chief of the insurgents, and after a short skirmish cut off his head, to the great astonishment of the Javanese, who, seeing him rolling in the dust without his head, lost all confidence in his sanctity, and fled in disorder. Some few of the rebels were cut down, and some taken prisoners; the rest escaped into the woods. courage of lieutenant Bornemann cannot be sufficiently praised. Paris, Oct. 23.-On the evening of the 19th inst. four young Germans were arrested in Paris; they stated that they belonged to the legion of Hohenlohe. It has since been discovered, that three

The personal.

of them are students of the university of Jena. - 25. The duke del Infantado has addressed a letter, of which the following is a translation, to the Secretary of the British and Foreign School Society:— “Madrid, Sept. — Sir, I have the pleasure of handing you a copy of a royal decree, which authorizes the establishment of schools upon the Lancasterian system throughout the kingdom, and have reason to hope that it will be adopted in all the towns and villages of the realm, as numbers already come to our central school, which was opened in April last, and in which 320 boys are educated. “I have impatiently awaited, and now eagerly embrace, this opportunity to assure the members of the British and Foreign School Society, of my sincere feelings of gratitude for the honour they have been pleased to confer on me, by electing me an honorary member of that charitable and patriotic association; an honour that I esteem much more than I can express. “DUKE DEL INFANTADo. “James Mellar, esq.” The Royal Decree. His excellency D. Juan Lozano de Torres, secretary of state, and of the office of Favour and Justice, on the 30th of March last, addressed to his grace the duke del Infantado the following Royal Order:“The king our sovereign lord being desirous of affording the first elements of education to the most indigent class of his beloved subjects, of which they are in diverse places deficient, and for - which which the gratuitous schools established throughout his dominions do not at present provide, authorizes the introduction of the Lancasterian system of education, as set forth by your grace, who, together with other noblemen of the first rank in the kingdom, actuated by the love of their sovereign, their country and their fellow-subjects, have established a school in this capital at their own expense, to serve by way of experiment. “The exertions used by your grace, and others who have cooperated with you, in promoting so laudable an undertaking, have been highly approved of by his majesty, and having taken into consideration the praise-worthy sentiments which excited the projectors of this system of education, his majesty has thought fit to direct that a Central School be established in this capital, for instructing upon the aforesaid method, which may serve as a model for other schools in the kingdom, that this mode of instruction may be adopted in any towns in his dominions; provided that one school only of this description be established in each town, and that it be at the request of the respective municipalities, but not otherwise; not even requiring the established masters to adopt the system against their will, though supported by the public funds. , “The Lancasterian schools are to be upon a new establishment, and wholly dependent upon the Central School in the capital. And, in order to prevent deviation from this method—to watch over the uniformity of these

schools—to observe the progress of the scholars—to qualify such masters as are to conduct the schools—and otherwise to promote the objects of this institution, his majesty gives to your grace ... authority jointly with the duke of Montemar, the duke de Villahermosa, the marquis de Ceralvo, the marquis de Santa Cruz, the duke de Medinaceli, the marquis de Astorgas, the duke de San Fernando, and the count de Santa Coloma, to conduct the same; and you are required, through the secretary's office, to give an account to his majesty of whatever may relate to the aforesaid system, the schools wherein it is to be practised, and the masters charged with conducting the same, forbidding the tribunals, corporations, and others, who by the laws and royal decreesare charged with the superintendence of education, to take any cognizance thereof, provided they are not obstructed in the exercise of their functions. “That a director-general be appointed for the superintendence of schools, with a salary of 16,000 rials of vellon (350l. sterling), to be paid out of the surplus revenue of the public lands, which appointment his majesty has deigned to confer on D. Juan Kearney. And lastly, it is his majesty's sovereign will, that becoming thanks be given in his royal name to your grace and to the other individuals who have co-operated with you in this paz triotic measure, for the 'zeal shown in serving him and the state; and by his majesty’s direction I communicate it to your G 2 grace

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