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for the purpose of carrying on the grammar-school in such a manner as to preserve the boni mores of the scholars, which the charter declared to be one of the principal objects of the school. Then, as to the hours of attendance, and the morning and evening prayers, how was it possible for a Jew, acting conscientiously, to allow his son to comply with these and various other regulations, which it was unnecessary for him to enumerate 2 On the whole, he could have no doubt that Jew boys were not admissible into the grammar-school. The next point to be considered was, whether Jewish girls were entitled to the provision made for poor maids. The primary object of the charity being instruction in the Christian religion, was there any thing to warrant him in saying that it ought to be applied to other purposes? He could not believe that the acts of parliament contemplated the admission of Jewish girls to this charity, because, in mentioning the regulations with which the candidates were to comply, it was directed that each of them should give in her Christian name and her surname. He was aware it might be said that a Christian name did not necessarily mean the name by which a person was baptized, but it was used in contradistinction to a surname. This he was ready to admit, when the distinction was applied to the names of a person professing the Christian religion; but still he thought that a Christian name was something that did not belong to a Jew,something to which a Jew could not lay claim. He, therefore,
* could not consider the Jewish girls entitled to become candidates for the portions of poor maids. As to the right of admission into the alms-houses, it was evident that such a thing was never contemplated by those who framed the act of parliament, for there it was directed that the persons enjoying the benefit of this charity should go to a place of public worship on Sundays, or be expelled from the institution. Mr. Heald begged to remind his lordship that the point here was not whether Jewish poor maids were to be admitted as candidates for marriage portions, but whether they were entitled to become ão for apprentice fees. The Lord Chancellor was perfectly aware of that, but the principle was precisely the same in . both cases. The regulations prescribed by the act of parliament for casting lots, &c. were precisely the same in the one case as in the other, and therefore he did not think it necessary to go into the details of them all. It was his opinion that the Jews were not entitled to participate in any part of this charity; but that judgment being founded on a petition which had been argued, he did not mean that the order should be drawn up for a fortnight, in order that the parties might have an opportunity of communicating to him any remarks that they might think of importance. His lordship directed the costs of the trustees to be paid out of the estate; and in answer to an application from Mr. Heald, for the payment of his client's “. also also out of the estate, he said he must dismiss the first petition. In a case of summary jurisdiction like the present he could not give costs unless the act of parliament had authorized him.
At a court-martial held on board his majesty’s ship , Conqueror, in St. Helena-roads, on the 30th day of August, and continued till #. 2nd of September, to try Mr. John Stokoe, surgeon of the said ship, for improper conduct with regard to certain particulars relative to his intercourse with the French prisoners detained at the island of St. Helena, and on the following charges:— 1st. For having, on or about the 17th of January last, when permitted, or ordered, by rearadmiral Plampin, commander in chief of his majesty’s ships and vessels at the Cape of Good-hope and the seas adjacent, &c. to visit Longwood for the purpose of affording medical assistance to general Buonaparté, then represented as being dangerously ill, communicated with the said general or his attendants upon subjects not at all connected with medical advice, contrary to standing orders in force for the government of his majesty's naval officers at St. Helena. 2nd. For having, on or about the said day, on receiving communieations, both in writing and verbally, from some of the French prisoners at Longwood, taken notice of, and given an answer to, such communications, previous
to making the same known to the commander in chief, contrary to the said standing orders. 3rd. For having, in pursuance of such unauthorized communication, , signed a paper purporting to be a bulletin of general Buonaparté's health, and delivered the same to the said general or his attendants, contrary to the said orders and to his duty as a British naval officer. 4th. For having, in such bulletin, stated facts relative to the health of general Buonaparté, which did not fall under his, the said Mr. John Stockoe's, own observation, and which, as he afterwards acknowledged, were dictated or suggested to him by the said general or his attendants, and for having signed the same as if he had himself witnessed the said facts, which was not the truth, and was inconsistent with his character and duty as a British naval officer. 5th. For having, in the said bulletin, inserted the following paragraph:-". The more alarming symptom is that which was experienced in the night of the 16th, a recurrence of which may soon prove fatal, particularly if medical assistance is not at hand;" intending thereby, contrary to the character and duty of a British of ficer, to create a false impression or belief, that general Buonaparté was in imminent or considerable danger, and that no medical assistance was at hand, he, the said Mr. John Stokoe, not having witnessed any such symptom, and knowing that the state of the patient was so little urgent that he was four hours at Longwood before he was admitted to See
see him, and farther knowing that Dr. Verling was at hand, and ready to attend, if required, in any such emergency. 6th. For having, contrary to his duty, communicated to general Buonaparte or his attendants, information relative to certain books, letters and papers, said to have been sent from Europe for the said persons, and which had been intercepted by the governor of St. Helena; and for having conveyed to the said general or his attendants, some information respecting their money concerns, contrary to his duty, which was to afford medical advice only. • 7th. For having, contrary to his duty and to the character of a British naval officer, communicated to the said general Buonaparte or his attendants, an infamous and calumnious imputation cast upon lieutenant-general sir Hudson Lowe, governor of St. Helena, by Barry O'Meara, late a surgeon in the royal .# implying that sir H. Lowe had practised with the said O’Meara to induce him to put an end to the existence of the said general Buonaparte. 8th. For having disobeyed the positive command of his superior officer, in not returning from Longwood on or about the 21st of January aforesaid, at the hour *...*. to him by the rear-admiral, there being no justifiable cause for his disobeying such command. 9th. For having, knowingly and wilfully, designated general Buonaparte, in the said bulletin, in a manner different from that in which he is designated in the act Vol. LXI.
of parliament for the better custody of his person, and contrar to the practice of his majesty's government, of the lieutenantgeneral governor of the island and of the said rear-admiral; and for having done so at the special instance and request of the said general Buonaparte or his attendants, though he, the said Mr. John Stokoe, well knew that the mode of designation was a point in dispute between the said general Buonaparte and lieutenant-general sir H. Lowe and the British government, and that by acceding to the wish of the said general Buonaparte, he, the said Mr. John Stokoe, was acting in opposition to the wish and practice of his own superior officers, and to the respect which he owed to them under the general printed instructions. 10th. For having, in the whole of his conduct in the aforesaid transactions, evinced a disposition to thwart the intentions and regulations of the said governor and of the said rear-admiral, and to further the views of the French prisoners, in furnishing them with false or colourable pretences for complaint, contrary to the respect which he owed to his superior officers, and to his own duty as an officer in his majesty's royal navy. The court having heard the evidence in support of the charges,
as well as what the prisoner had
to offer in his defence, and hav. ing considered the whole with the most minute attention, is of opinion, that his conduct (with respect to certain particulars relative to his intercourse with the French prisoners detained at St. R Helena)
Helena) being improper,isproved; that the 1st charge is proved; that the 2nd charge is proved; that the 3rd charge is proved; that the 4th charge is proved; that the 5th charge is proved; that the 6th charge is proved; that the 7th charge is proved; that the 8th charge is proved; that on the 9th charge it is proved, he called general Buonaparte “the patient;" that the 10th charge is proved. The court do therefore adjudge the said Mr. John Stokoe to be dismissed his majesty's service; but in consideration of his long services, recommend him to the consideration of the admiralty for half-pay.
LANCASTER, SATURDAY, sepT.11.
Conspiracy to raise the Wages,
of Weavers at Blackburn.—This was an indictment against James Watson and Laurence Moss, for a conspiracy to raise the wages of those employed in the art, craft, or mystery of weaving. John Kay was a constable, in September last, at Blackburn. There were meetings about the beginning of September. There was a meeting on the 7th at Blakely-moor, within the town of Blackburn. There were about 2,000 ersons, the greatest part weavers. e saw them come in procession into the town, four or five or six a-breast. He saw the defendant, James Watson a weaver, amongst the crowd. He heard him speaking to the people around him, and advising the weavers to stick true to one another and they would come to the point; that they had got their wages at Bolton, and he
had no doubt they would get them there; that in Bolton they had got 7s, in the pound. Defendant desired them to go home peaceably and quietly, and to come the next day, clean washed and with clean shirts on. On Wednesday the 9th, a great many more met than on the Monday. He should not wonder if there were 4,000 or 5,000. There were women and children. Women were employed in weaving there. On the Friday morning there was another meeting. He only saw the defendant
in the street. Cross-examined by the defendant.—Witness was not on the Moor on Wednesday. He always heard the defendant advise the people to be peaceable and to keep within the law, and not so much as touch the hem of the garment of the law, and to disperse quietly; and if they saw so much as a dog battle in the streets, not to meddle with it. He heard him say the laws of England were the best in the world; he never saw him but sober and industrious, and never knew him connected with any
bad company. David Hogg lived at Blackburn in December last. He was at a meeting on Monday the 7th, and saw James Watson standing with several others on a heap of earth. One spoke, and called out, “Preston delegate.” One went up to the place where Watson was, and Watson went away. That man that was called to said he came from Preston that morning. James Watson came again, and wished them all to go peaceably away, and not to hurt the hem of the garment of the law. § He He had said before, those that had a mind to work might work, but those who had a mind to stand out were to make a show of hands. People put up their hands. Either he or some other person said they might be mistaken, and desired them to put up their hands again. He said they might all do as they would ; those that had a mind to work might work, and those that had not might stand out for wages. He said they might, when tired of sitting, take a walk for a mile or two on the high road, but not to go over any man’s grounds, or hurt any man's property. Mr. Ephraim Maymond, a master manufacturer, was, on the 7th, in a yard adjoining the meeting ; he saw Watson there on a midden of dirt, with several more. He heard Watson address the weavers to be firm and to stick out for advance of wages; he wished for an advance of 7s... in the pound upon the present wages; he wished them to show a firmness by a show of hands; and said, if they would be firm they would gain their object; he wished them not only to put up their hands, but their hearts with it. There was a show of hands. A great many did put up their hands. Watson wished them again to be firm to that cause; they might class themselves in companies and be firm to a man till they got their wages advanced; if any one of his relations wove under 7s. advance, he would cut their yarn across; “but,” he said, “I don't say you must do so; because, if I cut it I can piece it again, and perhaps ou cannot.” Watson went for a jug of water and returned with a jug, and putting it to his mouth,
said, “Gentlemen, here is all your good healths. This is Adam's ale, and I wish you to be firm.” Watson then said, “You weavers, you think that we have a secret; and so we have, and we must keep it to the last: for, had our ministers told the army what they were for with them, they would never have gone to fight; they kept their secrets till they had got the armies together, and then they were obliged to fight. We must do the same.” Watson ordered them to collect a penny a loom a week till they could collect a fund, and they might return peaceably home and choose every one a leader to their classes, and parade the streets till the advance of wages was obtained. Several persons spoke in the same way. There was a turn-out that day. The greatest bulk were weavers. Either that day or the day following witness's weavers turned out. The defendant read a paper in his own defence. It represented, that those of the master manufacturers upon whom the defendant had waited, had agreed to an advance of 7s. in the pound, if the whole would agree to it. He had mentioned at the meetings, that the weavers in Bolton and Manchester had obtained the required advance, and that if they would follow the example, the effect would be the same. But he had stated, that he would act so for himsels, and leave it to others to act as they chose. When he spoke on the 7th, there had been a partial advance, but it was totally inadequate, and the masters at the same time possessed every advantage over them. It R 2 the