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quired by the commanding general by his former victories. Such are the facts as they appear to the committee, and such are the views taken by them of the important subjects referred to their consideration, and, together with their report, they submit various depositions and documents, to which, and to the correspondence and documents relating to the Seminole war communicated to the senate by the president of the United States, at the last and present session, they refer.
By Lord Cochrane, Vice-Admiral of Chili, Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Ships and Vessels of the States.
Being authorized and commanded by the supreme government of Chili strictly to blockade the ports, bays, harbours and the whole coast of the kingdom of Peru, I hereby declare as follows, WIZ. 1. That the port of Callao, an all other ports, bays and harbours, as well as the line of coast from the port of Guyaquil to Alacama in Peru, are in a state of formal blockade. 2. All vessels are strictly prohibited from carrying on any commerce, or holding communication with the said ports and places within the fore-mentioned line of blockade. 3. No ships or vessels belonging to friendly or neutral powers now in the bay of Callao, or in any of the ports or anchorages com
prehended within the blockade aforesaid, shall be permitted to sail therefrom after the lapse of eight days from the date hereof. 4. No neutral flag shall in any case be suffered to cover or neutralise the property of Spaniards, or of the inhabitants of the countries subject to the king of Spain. 5. Any neutral vessel navigating under false or double papers, or which shall not have the necessary documents to prove the ownership of the property, shall suffer the penalties applicable to the goods and merchandise of enemies. 6. Every neutral vessel which shall have on board military officers, masters, supercargoes, or merchants, of the countries subject to the king of Spain, shall be sent to Valparaiso, there to be adjudged according to the law of nationS. 7. The present notification shall be transmitted to those whom it may concern. Given on board the O'Higgins, bearing the flag of the commander-in-chief, in the bay of Callao, this 1st of March 1819. (Signed) By his lordship's command, Coch RAN.E. AND. A. JonTE, Sec.
Substance of the Convention con
cluded between Norway and
Denmark. Stockholm, September 28.
Act I. Fixes the Norwegian
part of the common debt at a . round sum of three millions rix dollars,
dollars, Hamburgh banco, with 4 per cent usual interest.
Act II. Stipulates that these three millions shall be paid in ten equal annual payments, beginning with the 1st of July 1820 and ending with the 1st of July 1829.
Act III. The interest shall be reckoned from the 1st of January 1820. The 60,000 dollars, which are the amount of the interest from that day till the 1st of July 1820, shall be paid in two equal payments—namely, the first half, or 30,000 dollars, on the 1st of July 1820, and the second half on the 1st of July 1821.
Act IV. From the 1st of July 1820, the interest shall be paid quarterly.
Act V. Obliges the king of
Norway to cause a bond for
300,000 rix dollars, payable on the 1st of July, to be issued by his Norwegian department of the finances, after the exchanges of the ratifications, and to bind the Storthing, which is to assemble on the 1st of February 1821, to sanction the issue of the bonds for the remaining payment. Acts VI to VIII. Stipulate the giving up of the archives, maps, &c. Act IX. Mutual adjustment of all kinds of claims which may originate in the old union between Norway and Denmark. Act X. Exchange of the ratifications within 20 days. A separate article stipulates the delivery of the bonds into the hands of the minister of the mediating power at Stockholm. Declaration of the Danish Plenipotentiary-Renunciation by his majesty the king of Denmark of
the use of the Norwegian Lion in the arms; in this respect it is stipulated as follows:– “The Danish monarchy in Europe ceases to use the emblem before the 1st of January next year, the agents and officers within a year, and the Danish colonies within two years.” The counter declaration of the Norwegian Plenipotentiaries accedes to the above periods.
Propositions of the Minister of his Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, President of the Germanic Diet, to the Diet sitting at Frankfort.
The Minister of his Imperial and Royal Apostolic Majesty, presiding at the Diet, has received orders from his Court to make the following communications to this Assembly:— His Majesty is persuaded that all the members of the Confederation participate with him in the wish that the Diet, before adjourning, should direct its particular attention to the spirit of inquietude and fermentation, the symptoms of which have for some years been daily more distinctly manifested in Germany; and which has finally shown itself in openly seditious writings, in criminal plots, embracing more than one part of Germany, in individual crimes and atrocious acts of violence. His Majesty is desirous that this assembly should seriously examine the causes of these disorders, and the suitable means for henceforth securing public order, respect for the laws, cons fidence in governments, calm and general
general contentment, and the tranquil possession of all the benefits which the German princes, under the protection of a peace solidly guaranteed to Europe, have conferred on, or are preparing for the enjoyment of, their people. The sources of the evil which the governments of Germany are loudly called upon to terminate exist, it is true, partly in temporary embarrassments and derangements, produced by circumstances on which no government can directly or momentarily operate; but they are also connected with defects, vices, or F. abuses, which it is doubtess possible to remedy by wellconcerted and maturely combined In easures. Among the objects which in this last respect merit the particular attention of the Diet, the following may be regarded as the most urgent:— 1. The uncertainty which prevails as to the sense of article 13 of the act of confederation. 2. The want of an accurate definition of the rights and powers of the Federal Diet, and of the means necessary for establishing them. 3. The defects of public education in the schools and universities. 4. The abuse of the press, and particularly the excesses which appear in the journals, periodical papers and ephemeral publications. In the hope that the Diet will immediately occupy itself with these important objects, the minister of his imperial Majesty has been ordered to present several
plans of decrees to this assembly, as well as measures relative to the points indicated above, as for the establishment of a central commission, the object of which will be found explained in the sequel of the present proposition.
Edict of Censorship for the Kingyo. of Hanover.
“George, Prince Regent, in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, &c. King of Great Britain and Ireland, King of Hanover, &c. We have, in consequence of the resolution adopted with our consent by the German diet in the sitting of the 20th of September, with reference to the liberty of the press, agreed to the following edict of censorship, published on the 31st of May 1731.” Then follows the edict of 1731, underthereign of George II, which confirms one passed in 1705, under the reign of George, Elector of Hanover, afterwards George I of England. By the former, no work is allowed to be published in the Hanoverian dominions, or sold by Hanoverian booksellers, which has not previously undergone the revision of a censor appointed by government. The publisher's , name and the editor's, if a periodical work, must likewise be mentioned. “This decree,” says the edict, “ is hereby renewed and declared binding for the whole of our royal German territories; “And besides, farther to order and decree, that no writing shall be either printed, or (if printed out of the country) circulated in our kingdom of Hanover, ". oes does not bear on it the name of the publisher, and in so far as it belongs to the class of newspapers and periodical publications, also the name of the editors. Printed works, in which this regulation is not observed, shall be seized as soon as discovered, and the circulators punished by fine or imprisonment, according to the circumstances of the case.
“It is commanded, that all the authorities ofthe kingdom of Hanover, whom it may concern, shall pay due regard to this ordinance; and in order that it may be generally known, it shall be inserted in the first division of the collection of the laws.
“By the special command of his royal highness the Prince Regent.
“ DECKEN, BREMER,
“ Hanover, 14th October.”
Prussian Edict of Censorship, Oct. - 18th, 1819.
1. All the books and writings destined to be published in our states shall be subject to the approbation of a censorship, regulated by the subjoined articles, and can neither be printed nor sold without permission given in writing.
2. The censorship will not prevent the sincere and discreet investigation of truth. It will impose no restraint on writers, and will not shackle the bookselling trade. Its object is to prevent whatever is contrary to the principles of religion in general, without making any distinction between the opinions and doctrines
of the different communions and sects tolerated in the state, to suppress whatever attacks morals and manners; to resist the fanatical mania of mixing the truths of religion and politics, and to prevent the confusion of ideas resulting therefrom ; finally, to avert whatever might tend to compromise the safety and the dignity either of the Prussian monarchy, or of the other states of the Germanic confederation. In the latter class are included all theories which tend to shake the monarchic and other constitutions existing within thesestates; injuries directed against governments having amicable relations with the Prussian state and the persons administering those governments; every thing which might excite discontent in Prussia or in the other states of the confederation, and resistance to the existing laws; all attempts having for their object to form, within or without the country, illegal parties or associations, or finally to present under a favourable point of view the parties who, in a state, labour to overthrow its constitution. 3. The superintendence of the censorship of all the writings which appear in our states, whatever may be their contents, is exclusively intrusted, both in Berlin and the provinces, to the first presidents, who shall propose for each department, for the greatest possible expedition, a sufficient number of able and well-informed censors worthy of confidence. This proposition shall be made through the medium of the supreme college of censorship, established
established by article 4, at the police department of the minister of the interior; and for exterior relations at the office of the mimistry for foreign affairs; for works of theology and science at the office of the ministry for worship and public instruction. These censors shall, under the direction of the first presidents and according to the instructions they may have received, examine the manuscripts delivered to them. 4. The censorship of newspapers, periodical publications, or more considerable works, which treat exclusively or in part of the history of the times or of politics, is under the supreme direction of our ministry for foreign affairs; that of works of theology and purely scientific works is under the direction of the ministry for worship and public instruction. All the other objects of censorship are under the superintendence of the police department, of the ministry of the interior. The censorship of poetry and miscellaneous writings, programs for schools, and other detached papers of that description, is abandoned, except in towns where there is a first president, to the police authorities of the place where, such papers are printed; nevertheless under the superintendence and control of the first presidents. The superior authority of censorship is authorized to declare to the proprietor of a gazette, that the editor named by him is not a person in whom the necessary, confidence can be placed. In this case, the proprietor is obliged either to get another
editor; or, if he chooses to retain the one he has appointed, to find security for him to an extent which shall be fixed by our minister of state, on the proposition of the superior authority of censorship.
Decree of Regulation for Provisional Execution relative to Article 2 of the Act of Confederation.
Art. 1. Until a regulation of execution definitive and complete in all its parts, be prepared, the Diet of the Germanic Confederation is authorized and invited, by the present provisional regulation, to assure, in the following manner, the accomplishment and execution of all the resolutions which it may consider itself sufficiently engaged and authorized to adopt, for the preservation of internal security and public order, and for the maintenance of the rights of the state of possession until legal or judicial process take place. 2. For this purpose the Diet will, every six months, elect for that period a commission of five members chosen from its body, which commission shall continue in activity during the vacations. 3. To this commission shall be addressed all representations, reports, propositions and questions relative to the execution of the resolutions of the Diet. The remaining articles of this decree point out the means by which the commission is to communicate with the members of the confederation, and regulate its powers and duties. Provisional