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RULE XLII.

EXECUTIVE COMMUNICATIONS.

Estimates of appropriations, and all other com All Executive

communications munications from the Executive Departments, in- shall be ad.

.dressed to the tended for the consideration of any committees of Speaker. the House, shall be addressed to the Speaker, and by him submitted to the House for reference.

RULE XLIII.

QUALIFICATIONS OF OFFICERS AND EMPLOYÉS.

Officers and

No person shall be an officer of the House, or con

employés shall tinue in its employment, who shall be an agent for not be agents in the prosecution of any claim against the Govern- the Government: ment, or be interested in such claim otherwise than as an original claimant; and it shall be the duty of the Committee on Accounts to inquire into and report to the House any violation of this rule.

RULE XLIV.

JEFFERSON'S MANUAL.

The rules of parliamentary practice comprised Jeff orson's in Jefferson's Manual shall govern the House in ern procedure of all cases to which they are applicable and in which inconsistent

with standing they are not inconsistent with the standing rules rules. and orders of the House and joint rules of the Senate and House of Representatives.

RULE XLV.

RULES OF THE HOUSE.

These rules shall be the rules of the House of These rules to

prevail in sucRepresentatives of the present and succeeding ceeding con Congresses unless otherwise ordered.

gresses.

RULE XLVI.

AS TO PRINTING BILLS.

uted.

500 copies of There shall be printed 500 copies of each bill public bills and 100 of private of a public nature, of which 25 shall be deposited harbor bills to be in the office of the Clerk of the House, 100 copies printed.

shall be delivered to the Senate document room, and the remainder shall be deposited in the document room of the House for the use of members; and there shall be printed 100 copies of each pri

vate bill and bills relating to rivers and harbors, How distrib- of which 25 copies shall be delivered to the Senate

document room, and the remainder shall be deposited in the document room of the House for the use of members. Motions to print additional numbers of any bill, report, resolution, or other public

document shall be referred to the Committee on Estimates of Printing; and the report of the committee thereon fore reprinting shall be accompanied by an estimate of the probaordered.

ble cost thereof. Unless ordered by the House no bill, resolution, or other proposition reported by a committee shall be reprinted unless the same be placed upon the Calendar.

RULE XLVII.

PROPOSITIONS INTRODUCED “BY REQUEST."

“By request" When a bill, resolution, or memorial is introtoober entered on duced "by request” these words shall be entered

upon the Journal.

DIGEST

OF THE

RULES AND PRACTICE OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

OF THE UNITED STATES.

SECOND SESSION, FIFTY-SECOND CONGRESS.

ABSENT MEMBERS.

Every Member shall be present within the Hall of the House during its sittings, unless excused or necessarily prevented.Rule VIII, clause 1.

The House has a right to have every Member present; if but one or two Members are absent it could send for them if it desires.- Journal, 1, 52, p. 160.

A smaller number than a quorum may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent Members, in such manner and under such penalties as the House may provide.-Const., 1, 5, 8.

In the absence of a quorum, fifteen Members, including the Speaker, if there is one, shall be authorized to compel the attendance of absent Members, and in all calls of the House the names of the Members shall be called by the Clerk, and the absentees noted; the doors shall then be closed, and those for whom no sufficient excuse is made may, by order of a majority of those present, be sent for and arrested, wherever they may be found, by officers to be appointed by the Sergeant-at Arms for that purpose, and their attendance secured; and the House shall determine upon what condition they shall be discharged. Members who voluntarily appear shall, unless the House otherwise direct, be immediately admitted to the

Hall of the House, and they shall report their names to the Clerk to be entered upon the Journal as present.-Rule XV, clause 2.

Pending proceedings under a call of the House, the House may order the roll call to be repeated to ascertain which of the Members are then absent; and it is in order to direct the Sergeant-at-Arms to take into custody Members who have absented themselves since the first call of the roll.Journal, 2, 52, p. 106.

It is competent for a quorum as well as for a minority of the House to compel the attendance of absent members, notwithstanding the language of clause 2 of Rule XV. The majority of the House has a right, under the Constitution, to transact business, and it has the right to compel the attendance of absent Members. The expression that less than a majority can send for absent Members does not exclude the right of a majority to transact business and to require the attendance of all Members of the House in order to do so.-Journal, 1, 52, p. 166.

An adjournment terminates proceedings under a call of the House unless otherwise ordered by the House. The House may, however, by resolution, continue in force beyond an adjournment the orier that the Sergeant-at-Arms take into custody and bring to the bar absent Members, and may make such order returnable to a day subsequent to the day of ad. journment.Journal, 1, 30, pp. 1034, 1035; (also Speaker Crisp, Journal, 1, 52, pp. 166, 167).

Absent Members taken into custody after adjournment, under such order so continued in force, have the same status, and are subject to the same restrictions, as if they had been taken and brought to the bar before the adjournment.-Jour. nal, 1, 52, p. 167.

When a motion is made to discharge from custody several Members at the same time, the Members thus in custody are not entitled to vote on the question; but when several Mem. bers are present in custody under the same order and a motion is made to discharge one, it is competent for the other Members in custody to vote on the question.-Ibid., pp. 167–168.

It is competent for the House, if it so elect, to discharge from custody and to excuse several members at the same time by a single resolution or order.-Journal, 1, 52, p. 168.

A motion to revoke leave of absence previously granted is in order pending a call of the House, and may be determined by less than a quorum, being a proceeding to compel the attendance of absent Members.—Journal, 1, 48, p. 621; 1, 50, p. 1571.

The failure of a quorum being disclosed, a resolution directing the Sergeant-at-Arms to enforce the provisions of section 40 of the Revised Statutes, relative to deduction from compen. sation of Members on account of absence, was held not in order as a proceeding to compel attendance of absent Members.Congressional Record, 1, 51, p. 9922.

Leave of absence can not be granted by the House when less than a quorum is present.Record, 2, 50, p. 512.

Whenever a Committee of the Whole House finds itself without a quorum, the chairman shall cause the roll to be called, and thereupon the committee shall rise, and the chairman shall report the names of the absentees to the House, which shall be entered on the Journal; but if on such call a quorum shall appear, the committee shall thereupon resume its sitting without further order of the House.—Rule XXIII, clause 2.

Upon such roll call the names of Members not responding are not called a second time, as in the case of a yea-and-nay vote. When the absence of a quorum is disclosed in a Committee of the Whole, there is but one motion in order, namely, to rise. If this motion be not made, the roll of the Members must be called without further order.

(See Call of the House.)

ACCOUNTS, COMMITTEE ON.

This committee is authorized to report at any time on all matters of expenditure of the contingent fund of the House.Rule II, clause 51. Such reports are therefore privileged reports.

See Committees; Privileged Questions.

A resolution reported from the Committee on Accounts for the payment of money out of the contingent fund of the House is subject to the point of order that its first consideration must be in Committee of the Whole.—Journal, 2, 52, p. 126.

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