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the first foot is often a trochee, and sometimes an iambus, and the second in one verse a spondee.
It may be divided as a choriambic monometer hypercatalectic, with a basis usually a spondee.
This is combined with the Glyconic in Carm. 24, 39.
XII. The Priapean. It has six feet, a trochee, dactyle, amphimacer, trochee, dactyle, trochee. The first foot is sometimes a spondee, the third a dactyle, and the fourth a spondee.
XIII. The Galliambic, a loose kind of measure, which is used by no Latin poet except Catullus, and by him only in Carmen 41. It derives its name from the Galli priests of Cybele. It consists of six feet, of which the first is usually an anapaest, sometimes a spondee or tribrachys, the second an iambus, rarely an anapaest, tribrachys, or dactyle, the third an iambus or spondee, the fourth a dactyle or spondee, the fifth a dactyle or amphimacer or spondee, the sixth an anapaest, or an iambus preceded by an amphimacer.
Carey divides it into two iambic dimeters catalectic, the first beginning with a spondee or an anapâest, and ending with a long syllable, the second wanting the last syllable; and gives this scheme.
sůpěr ål I tă vēc | tủs ā tõs || cělěrī | rătě mă | ria
Catullus makes very frequent use of elisions, ecthlipses and other figures of scanning.
C. VALERII CATULLI
Ad Cornelium Nepotem.
Quoi dono lepidum novum libellum,
10 CARMEN II.
Ad Passerem Lesbiæ,
Passer, deliciæ meæ puellæ,
Luctus in Morte Passeris.
Lugete, o Veneres, Cupidinesque,
Quem plus illa oculis suis amabat:
Phaselus ille, quem videtis, hospites,