The Federalist Papers

Cover
Cosimo, Inc., 01.12.2006 - 656 Seiten
The Federalist papers -- 85 essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison in support of the adoption of the U.S. Constitution -- began appearing in New York newspapers beginning in the autumn of 1787. And though controversy still swirls around authorship of certain individual essays, and the impact the papers had on the public opinion of the time remains open to debate, it's clear that the dramatic impact on global civilization of these spirited defenses of the nation's founding document cannot be exaggerated. As masterful examinations of the fundamental principals of the U.S. system of government, they are unrivaled -- as works of political philosophy, they have moved and influenced peoples and nations around the world in their battles toward freedom and democracy. This edition also includes The Articles of Confederation of the United States, and The Declaration of Independence. ALEXANDER HAMILTON (1757-1804), JOHN JAY (1745-1829), and JAMES MADISON (1751-1836) are among the most revered of America's Founding Fathers, men whose animated advocacy of the new nation continues to reverberate in political thought today.
 

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Inhalt

I
3
II
7
III
13
IV
17
V
22
VI
27
VII
34
VIII
41
XLVIII
321
XLIX
327
L
332
LI
335
LII
341
LIII
347
LIV
353
LV
359

IX
47
X
53
XI
62
XII
70
XIII
76
XIV
79
XV
86
XVI
95
XVII
101
XVIII
106
XIX
113
XX
119
XXI
125
XXII
131
XXIII
141
XXIV
147
XXV
153
XXVI
159
XXVII
166
XXVIII
170
XXIX
175
XXX
182
XXXI
188
XXXII
193
XXXIII
198
XXXIV
203
XXXV
209
XXXVI
216
XXXVII
224
XXXVIII
233
XXXIX
242
XL
250
XLI
259
XLII
270
XLIII
278
XLIV
289
XLV
298
XLVI
304
XLVII
312
LVI
365
LVII
370
LVIII
377
LIX
383
LX
389
LXI
395
LXII
400
LXIII
407
LXIV
416
LXV
423
LXVI
429
LXVII
436
LXVIII
441
LXIX
445
LXX
454
LXXI
463
LXXII
468
LXXIII
474
LXXIV
481
LXXV
485
LXXVI
491
LXXVII
496
LXXVIII
502
LXXIX
512
LXXX
515
LXXXI
522
LXXXII
534
LXXXIII
538
LXXXIV
555
LXXXV
567
LXXXVI
575
LXXXVII
577
LXXXVIII
584
LXXXIX
585
XC
587
XCI
605
XCII
619
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Über den Autor (2006)

Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1757 on the West Indian Island of Nevis. His mother died in 1769, around the same time his father went bankrupt. Hamilton joined a counting house in St. Croix where he excelled at accounting. From 1772 until 1774, he attended a grammar school in Elizabethtown, New Jersey, and went on to study at King's College. Hamilton entered the Revolutionary movement in 1774 at a public gathering in New York City with a speech urging the calling of a general meeting of the colonies. That same year, he anonymously wrote two pamphlets entitled, A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress from the Calumnies of Their Enemies and The Farmer Refuted. When the Revolutionary War began, Hamilton joined the army and became a Captain of artillery, where he served with distinction in the battles of Long Island, White Plains, Trenton and Princeton. He was introduced to George Washington by General Nathaniel Greene with a recommendation for advancement. Washington made Hamilton his aide-de-camp and personal secretary. He resigned in 1781 after a dispute with the General, but remained in the army and commanded a New York regiment of light infantry in the Battle of Yorktown. Hamilton left the army at the end of the war, and began studying law in Albany, New York. He served in the Continental Congress in 1782-83, before returning to practice law, becoming one of the most prominent lawyers in New York City. In 1786, Hamilton participated in the Annapolis Convention and drafted the resolution that led to assembling the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He then helped to secure the ratification of the Constitution of New York with the help of John Jay and James Madison, who together wrote the collection of 85 essays which would become known as The Federalist. Hamilton wrote at least 51 of the essays. In 1789, Washington appointed him the first Secretary of the Treasury, a position at which he excelled at and gained a vast influence in domestic and foreign issues, having convinced Washington to adopt a neutral policy when war broke out in Europe in 1793. In 1794, Hamilton wrote the instructions for a diplomatic mission which would lead to the signing of Jay's Treaty. He returned to his law practice in 1795. President John Adams appointed Hamilton Inspector General of the Army at the urging of Washington. He was very much involved with the politics of the country though, and focused his attentions on the presidential race of 1800. Hamilton did not like Aaron Burr and went out of his way to make sure that he did not attain a nomination. Similarly, when Burr ran for mayor of New York, Hamilton set about to ruin his chances for that position as well. Burr provoked an argument with Hamilton to force him to duel. Hamilton accepted and the two met on July 11, 1804 at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton was shot and mortally wounded and died on July 12, 1804.

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