Abbildungen der Seite

That Grief has left no trace-thy banks I tread
And hear those tones that rise through all thy way,

Like Memory's Music from enchanted bed.
So when some gusty Storm hath passed away,

This little Flower uplifts its humbled head,
In thankful wonder at thy water's play.


I saw a Lover-on his upraised brow

The Midnight Moon had in sweet token lighted.

Then knew he that his absent Love, his plighted, Was present—in her thought and in her vow. Blest Creatures ! whom night-wandering Angels bow

To bless, and leave the low sunk world benighted : Love knows no Time-for it is ever_Now! Love knows no space-for Hearts must live united ! Blest Creatures ye! for Nature's self doth plot

Your communing, and levels this terrene,

And prostrates all it holds, as it were not ;
And lifts her lamp up in the sky serene,
That both might gaze upon one Heavenly spot,
And Love alone might live and breathe between.


Ungentle Love wakes Love of gentler mood,

As tenderest Pity liveth link'd to Pain.

What else shall soothe the frenzy of the brain ?
Once I remember on a cliff I stood,
And gave a name out to the winds. • The Wood

Down the ravine moan'd with it to the plain

The river bore it onward to the main That roll'd it back again in every flood.

It called the Fiends out of the passing clouds,

As they th' uprooted rocks would on me cast, And the dim wood gleamed pale with ghostly shrouds. Then Laura came-she smil'd—the Frenzy pass'd. She kneel'd to me-and laid upon her breast My aching head-and look'd me into rest.


Soft be thy step! Night, the meek mother, lies
In the deep bosom of the silent wood,
Around her nestled all the feather'd brood;
The sainted stars, that sentinel the skies,
Take watchword from the River Mysteries
(Whose streamlets skirt this silvan neighbourhood,
Tuning their music to their dreamiest mood),
To shed their influence on her sleeping eyes.
So some pale Abbess, in her shadowed cell-

While all around her the pure sisters rest-
Blends in her dreams the organ's distant swell

And bright-eyed Angels hovering o'er her breast. Here Heavenly Peace, and Peace on Earth combineNight be thy pillow too, their guarded shrine.


She was a lusty maid, to Winter wed,
Young Winter, a fresh bridegroom-yet full soon
Came Sorrow, ere 'twas half the honeymoon ;
And gusty Passion stormed—then tears she shed-
And when she fain would smile, she hung her head.
Overseer Poverty, a surly loon,
Knocked at the door, and chilled their suoless noon;
Hard was their fare, and harder still their bed
Then Winter rigorous was. This ill she brooked,
And in her pinched consumption, as she bowed,
The impatient Bridegroom daily on her looked,
And soon he wrapped her in her snowy shroud ;
Then, while the winds moaned o'er her lonely grave,
He sped—and tuned his voice to many a merry stave.


Say what is Art? Th' acquirement of a sens
Discoverable, dormant, incomplete-
Poetry, Painting, Music; do they cheat
The understanding with false ravishments
Of things that are not ? No: when man invents
He but discovers; and, with favoured feet,
Walks privileged where Angels pass and meet-
And bringeth back, as 'twere, the rudiments
Of their high language, that in perfect state
Of Being transformed celestial shall be ours;
With thorough knowledge to communicate,
Though there were neither Eye nor Ear. O Powers
Illimitable !-'tis but the outer hem
Of God's great mantle our poor stars do gem.


Time was that Death and I were bitterest foes,
And oft I pictured him with noiseless feet

Threading the busy crowds from street to street, While his fell finger touch'd and thinn'd their rows--

And still the waves of Life did round him close. And then the Tyrant left his wonted beat, Stealing 'mong children at their play, unmeet

For his strong grasp-and chill'd their vernal rose. But now methinks a kinder form he takes

The good Physician, bringing anodyne
For aching hearts—and oft his glass he shakes
To speed Life's woes, that with the sands combine.
Now, like a gentle friend, my pillow makes,
And with soft pressure lays his hand in mine.


Cusimir Perier.



Part II.

The ordinances of July 1830 did not the hereditary and royal powers of the surprise M. Casimir Perier. But state, he should succeed in restoring what would be the conduct of France that equilibrium which even Casimir with respect to them? That was the Perier could not but feel had been dequestion with him—and he was re. ranged. M. Casimir Perier resolved, solved not to be the leader of the Op- when the ordinances appeared, on re. position. Was resistance legitimate ? maining a spectator. He could not Did not the 14th article of the Charta believe that a Government, making of 1830 fully enable the King to re- such ordinances, and committing such sort to the measures he had enacted ? measures, was unprepared to defend And, were not the intentions of the them; and he had too great a horror coalition such as to compel Charles X. of civil war to encourage, even by a to avail himself of the special powers look, any other than what he termed a conferred by that article? Why did legal resistance. The ordinances apCharles X. make the ordinances in peared on Monday. He remained at question ? To gratify an inordinate home the whole day, and took no part love of power and domination ?. His at the meetings of political clubs, worst enemies do not accuse him of or even private assemblies. On the that. To carry into effect a long pre. evening of the second day, Tuesday, meditated attack on the Charta of some young men waited upon him at 1814, and on the constitutional liber- bis house and asked him to give them ties thereby conferred? There is no a signal, a drapeau, a word, a sign. evidence to establish such a pre- “ What would you do?" he replied; sumption. To gratify the Ultra Ro. “ do you think, then, that the Gomanists and the Court ? Charles X. vernment, when it made such ordi. was not the dupe of that party, though, nances as these, did not propose, first to avoid the infidelity and irreligion of of all, the forces to defend them? And the popular leaders, he preferred the have we the thunderbolts of Heaven Roman Catholic ascendency. Did he at our command to strike them? No ; make the ordinances in question with those who made the ordinances have, the intention of establishing perma- doubtless, large forces to defend them; nently a new form of Government in our resistance can only be a legal, beFrance ? This is not probable; and, fore the Chambers, the Tribunals, and indeed, to the end of his days, the mo- at the Electoral Colleges.' Thus, narch declared that he was friendly to from the testimony of Casimir Perier the constitutional form established by himself, it is evident that if the Prince the Charta. Why, then, did he make de Polignac and his coadjutors had the ordinances of July? It was be taken those steps which it was expectcause he was satisfied that the Cham- ed they would have done, to defend ber of Deputies and the Press had the ordinances they counselled the formed a coalition to overthrow the King to make, the ordinances would principle of a constitutional govern- not have been overthrown by an unment-viz., that of three powers in armed populace, and an arrangement the state, intending to usurp for the would have been made which would representative power in the Govern- have secured to the Crown its herediment the rights which belonged to the tary and legal rights, and to the ChamChamber of Peers, as well as those bers their just but defined privileges. which belonged to the Crown. It was But the Ministry that counselled the because the monarch believed that ordinances did not dare to tell the France sincerely desired a constitu- King that it was probable they would tional monarchy, and not a sham be resisted by brute force. Thus all republic — because he believed that military precautions were omittedFrance was attached to her princes; the command of the city and the troops and because he thought that by taking was left in inefficient hands—a few this decision to stand against the en- proletaires” and “ gamins” swelled croachments of the representative, or their ranks—and a mere emeute of


journeymen printers became a revolu- ed to the public place, he no longer tion!

remained at home; “ We must save As soon as the ordinances appeared, the remains of the monarchy at least," Lafitte and his party sent to all the he exclaimed ; and by his energy and environs of Paris, twenty leagues influence he prevented the continuance round, agents charged to ascertain the of a civil war. He counselled some number and names of the regiments faithful, but abandoned battalions, no marching to the capital, or within its longer to resist, since that resistance reach. These reports were transmit- would be useless. He spoke of a king, ted, by various means, to the head and a mona

onarchy, when no one else quarters of the Rue Lafitte- then the dared to mention the words; and Rue d'Artois! These reports were when the populace and the revolutionfavourable to the Revolution. They ary leaders wished to confer unlimited communicated the astounding fact that power on the municipal commission, no troops of any importance were to he refused to accept the offer which be found that the Government had was made, and distinctly stated that all left itself to the mercy and sympathy he should do would be purely of a of the most democratical populace in municipal character, reserving to the the world—and that the precautions electors and the Chambers the right taken by the Government were not of establishing a general Government. more than those which would have The last platoon of the royal guards been taken in the event of some serious had not left Paris before his mind was strike among workmen, or of some filled with apprehension at the then apmobs on account of a scarcity of palling state of the country. It was work, or a rise in the price of bread. without a Government—all was anar

From that moment, i. e. from Tues- chy; and but one thought then filled day evening, when these reports ar- his mind-it was to re-establish order. rived from many and sure agents, the This thought never abandoned him to Revolution party resolved on attempt- the last moment of his life. He had ing a physical resistance. Up to that not made the Revolution, and they had moment it was purely moral. But M. not sufficiently trusted him. This Casimir Perier was no party to a phy- want of mutual confidence had been a sical resistance. On the contrary, he great evil. Such men as Guizot and waited on the Ministers on Wednes. Perier might have adorned any Go. day, endeavoured to prevail on the vernmeut, and their devotion would Cabinet to counsel the King to with- have been as sincere as their counsels draw the ordinances, and resorted to would have been beneficial. every wise and honourable measure to Casimir Perier was one of the first prevent, if possible, the effusion of to recognise the right and the fact of blood. Wednesday was a day of a new royalty. Admitted immediately doubt to all parties. The Deputies at into the counsels of the LieutenantParis vainly met, and vainly protested. general, and then of the King, he took In the evening, some faithful servants one of the most active parts in the of the Royal Family waited on Casi- decisive acts of that epoch. Presi. mir Perier, and endeavoured to pre

dent of the Elective Chamber, he prevail on him to raise his voice to sented to Louis Philippe the Constituquell the tumult. He consented to tional Charta, which he swore to before do so, on one condition, viz. that the God and his country. But he felt ordinances were withdrawn. The that this was but the mere commence.. next day his wishes were complied

ment of his duties. It was necessary with, and he was appointed Prime to secure the repeal of the old dynasty. Minister. But the mob had defeated It was necessary to obtain at least the the troops—the paving stones had tri- non-resistance of France to the Revo. umphed over the cannon, and the race lution. It was necessary to re-estabof Hugues Capet was dethroned by lish and maintain material order, the the fatal word of the chief of the Re- authority of the laws, the action of an volution, Lafayette, who replied Administration, and to show to Europe Count D'Argout, It is too late.something like the form of a Govern

When, on Thursday the 29th July, ment. Something yet more difficult 1830, Casimir Perier perceived that was necessary, for it was essential to the army had joined the mob, and that govern this Revolution. The work the populace was triumphant, he rush- was new in France, and it appeared impossible; but Casimir Perier brought be unstained with the blood of innoto it all the power of a vigorous and cent and unoffending victims. No one manly mind, and all the energies of a had deplored more sincerely than he deep and settled, as well as energetic had done the assassination of Louis conviction.

XVI. and the butchery of Marie AnThe Revolution of 1830 was re- toinette, and he had a horror of regarded by Europe not only with sus- volutionary scaffolds.

He regarded picion, but with hate. This was just the Revolution of 1830 as a great neand natural. One Revolution had cessity, which could only be justified scarcely been closed, and France had by the moderation of its character, by hardly begun to enjoy the benefits of a the abstinence of its agents from all constitutional and mixed Government, sorts of extravagances—by the wis. when a new abyss opened, and new dom of its measures, and the tempehorrors presented themselves to the rance of its demands; and by, in fact, view. The chiefs of that Revolution showing, by its conduct and conversawere well known. Their mancuvres tion, that it did not desire to annul had long attracted the attention of the treaties, to break through engageNorthern Powers. The Governments ments, to disturb neighbours, to plot of Europe were not wholly taken by against thrones, to unsettle the minds surprise, except as to the moment of of other people and the institutions of the convulsion, and they were prepa- other nations, but that its unique obred at once to decide that the watch- ject was to establish in France a conword should be “RESISTANCE." This stitutional monarchy, with a prince on word “resistance" was that of Casi- the throne, chosen because he was a mir Perier. He resolved rather to die Bourbon, and because he was a man a victim to order than to live the slave of firm character, energetic mind, and of anarchy. He determined rather resolute habits, having a large family to perish on the revolutionary block of sons to succeed him, and thus to than be linked to the revolutionary car. establish a new and a permanent dyHe knew France-her first revolu- nasty. tion_her public men—her parties- There can be no doubt that Europe her causes of complaint-her preju- viewed with dismay the Revolution of dices-her aversions. He knew that 1830, and it is as true that nearly all France was wholly unfitted for re- the Governments resolved not ly to publican or popular government, and resist Propagandism in their own he had suffered too much bimself in states, but likewise to attack and dehis own proud and independent spirit stroy that spirit and party in France. from the despotism of the empire, to The almost simultaneous movements desire to see re-established the Impe- in Belgium, Poland, Germany, and rial regime. He was not, therefore, on the Spanish frontiers, demonstrated at all surprised that the first move- to the northern and southern Govern. ment of foreign powers should be to ments of Europe that, whatever might distrust the Revolution, distrust all be the intentions of such men as Louis who had been concerned in the Oppo- Philippe, and his servants Casimir Pesition, either in or out of the Cham- rier, M. Guizot, Baron Louis, and the bers, under the Restoration. Yet he Duke de Broglio, those who may be knew, as far as he was personally con- said to have made the Revolution of cerned, that he had never desired the 1830, to have prepared it and conductoverthrow of the dynasty of the Bour- ed it, were also en mesure to carry the bons, and had never conspired with fire and the sword into all neighthe Orleanist party, from 1820 down. bouring states. They were resolved, wards, to place that Prince upon the coûte qu'il coûte, on maintaining the throne. He had been a member of Revolution the work of their hands, the Opposition, it was true, but he had and it was for Europe to decide whenever belonged to a cabal. Casimir ther, to avoid and avert the tremenPerier, in his early interviews with dous evils of a general conflagration, the Lieutenant-General, always direct- it would consent to the independent ed the conversation to the necessity of existence of the new French dynasty. paying more attention to the opinions It was clear to Casimir Perier that of Europe, and less to those of the Europe would consent to no such populace. He was, above all, desir- thing, unless France should first prove ous that the Revolution of 1830 should by her conduct that she had no desire

« ZurückWeiter »